ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 20, ISSUE 1,           January 2018
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, January Program (next), November Program,
December Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, Coming Events Links,


Happy New Year!!  2018 is finally here.  We made it  through  2017  with
all  Virginia  Confederate  monuments  still  standing  and  hopefully a
legislature which will continue to protect them.  I  hope  everyone  got
what  they wanted for Christmas.  I got a cold which I certainly did not

January is a very special month for the Sons of Confederate Veterans  as
we remember the births of General Robert E.  Lee on January 19, 1807 and
General Thomas J.  Jackson on January 21,  1824.   Friday  the  19th  is
their  state  holiday.   On that date the Lee-Jackson Camp #1, will hold
its annual Remembrance Service for Gen.  Robert E.  Lee,  on  the  211th
anniversary  of  his birth.  The service will be held at the Confederate
Memorial Chapel  (2900  Grove  Ave.)  on  the  grounds  of  the  RE  Lee
Confederate  Memorial  Park in Richmond, VA at 1:30 pm next to the VMFA.
You are urged to attend to show your support for a courageous man who it
greatly maligned by many in our present confused generation.            

The guest speaker will be well known reenactor Nora Brooks performing as
Mildred Childe Lee, daughter of General Robert E. Lee.                  

Parking is free in the VMFA deck for the service.                       

Now is the time to get out those new 2018 calendars and mark  the  third
Tuesday  of  each  month  as  the  Longstreet Camp meeting starting with
dinner at 6:00.  Be there and bring a friend.                           


The January will be held on January 16th, 2018 at  our  usual  location,
Roma's Restaurant.                                                      

Our  December  Christmas Banquet meeting was held on December 5, 2017 at
the Westwood Club.  We had 16 members and 18 guests in attendance.   Our
speaker, Kelly Hancock provided a very interesting talk on "The marriage
of Hetty Cary and General John Pegram."                                 

Several of our Camp Members suffered the deaths of love  ones  recently.
Andy Keller lost his brother, Bobby Keller due to illness and Paul Sacra
lost his mother, Agnes due to a lengthy illness.  Paul's mom had over 40
Confederate  ancestors.   Please keep these members in your thoughts and

We currently have 61 of our members that have renewed their membership. 

Our Camp is in good financial condition however please consider donating
to  the  Buck Hurtt Scholarship so we may provide a scholarship equal to
those provided in the past.                                             


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, January 16, 2018




"The Bermuda Hundred Campaign"
Scott Williams

Scott is a Geographic  Information  Systems  Analyst  with  Chesterfield
County  Environmental  Engineering.   He has worked for the county since
1996.  During that time he has  been  active  in  helping  to  preserve,
interpret  and maintain Civil War sites in the county.  He wrote several
sections of the Bermuda Hundred Campaign Tour Guide and created  all  of
the maps for that book.  He also created the maps for "The Seventh South
Carolina Cavalry: To the Defense of Richmond" and  "Our  Brave  Boys,  a
History  of  the  21st North Carolina Infantry." Scott has served as the
Chairman  of  the  Military  History  Committee  for  the   Chesterfield
Historical Society since 2006.  Scott is a 1986 graduate of Old Dominion
University with a BA  in  Geography.   Scott  was  born  and  raised  in
Richmond.  He and his wife Sandy live within earshot of the falls of the
James River near Pony Pasture Park.                                     

The Bermuda Hundred Campaign
In May of 1864, Major General Benjamin F.  Butler landed 38,000  men  of
the  Army of the James at a neck of land in Chesterfield County known as
Bermuda Hundred.  Butler was to secure a base of operations,  sever  the
rail link between Richmond and Petersburg, and move on Richmond.  During
the first days of May, battles fought at Port Walthall  Junction,  Swift
Creek, Chester Station and Drewry's Bluff prevented Butler from reaching
his objective.  Meanwhile, Confederate commanders General George Pickett
and General P.  G.  T.  Beauregard scrambled to find enough spare troops
to place in Butler's path.  Butler ultimately fell back to his defensive
positions at Bermuda Hundred where the Confederates constructed a strong
line of earthworks that kept him there.  Despite being  overshadowed  by
other battles in Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign, the fighting in Bermuda
Hundred played a very important role in the last years of the Civil War.
Scott's  talk will focus on the fighting that took place in Chesterfield
County in the Spring of 1864 and the mistakes and lost opportunities  of
one of the lesser known campaigns of the Civil War.                     


"The Battle of the Crater"

Outstanding artist and historian Henry Kidd, a  past  Virginia  Division
SCV Commander, told us that Yankees were rebuffed twice at Petersburg in
June 1864.  The first was on 9 June by the Old Men and Young Boys.   The
second on 15 June was by regular Confederate troops.                    

Among  the  Confederates  defending Petersburg were soldiers of the 12th
Virginia  Infantry,  which  had  evolved  from  the  Virginia   Infantry
Battalion  Volunteers (militia).  The 4th was organized in Petersburg in
November 1860 and became part of the 12th Virginia on 12 July 1861. Many
of these soldiers had not been home for three years.                    

Yankee  Colonel Henry Pleasanton, a prewar mining engineer, suggested to
Yankee LTGEN Ulysses S.  Grant a plan to dig a tunnel under  Confederate
lines  and  set  off explosives.  Grant deplored the inactivity of siege
warfare, so he approved the plan.  Grant  and  MGEN  George  G.   Meade,
Commanding General of the Army of the Potomac, saw digging the tunnel as
a mere way to keep their soldiers occupied.                             

Meade was concerned about the use of black troops, so  he  ordered  MGEN
Ambrose Burnside not to use them to lead the assault.  Burnside appealed
this decision to Grant, who sided with Meade.                           

The mine was exploded at 4:44 AM on 30 July.  The explosion killed  many
soldiers  of  the  22nd  South Carolina.  The explosion caused confusion
among Yankee troops as well.  Instead of going around the  Crater,  many
rushed  into  it.   They were described as a mob in a hole.  Confederate
BGEN William Mahone organized his defending force and slaughtered Yankee
troops  as  they  tried  to  leave  the  Crater.  Yankees sustained many
casualties.  Some Yankee doctors had to be ordered  to  care  for  black

Yankee BGEN James Ledlie, commander of a brigade in Burnside's IX Corps,
was drunk and huddled in a bomb-proof ten rods in the rear of  the  main
line.   Ledlie was relieved of command.  Burnside was granted a leave of
absence in August and never returned to the IX Corps.                   

The Crater fiasco prevented  the  Yankees  from  taking  Petersburg  and
prolonged The War.  Grant wrote to MGEN Henry W.  Halleck in Washington,
"It was the saddest affair I have witnessed in the war."                

November Meeting Attendance: 21


"One Bright Moment: The Wedding of Hetty Cary and John Pegram"

Kelly Hancock of the American Civil War Museum enlightened Camp  members
and  guests  at  our  annual Christmas banquet with her talk about Hetty
Cary and Confederate BGEN John Pegram.                                  

Hetty Cary was described by Henry Kyd  Douglas  as  the  most  beautiful
woman  in  the South.  She was born near Baltimore in 1836.  She and her
sister Jennie smuggled drugs and clothing across the  Potomac  River  to
Confederate troops.                                                     

The  Cary  family was forced to leave Baltimore after Yankee authorities
discovered their Southern sympathies.   Arriving  in  Richmond  in  July
1861,  they  were  invited  to  dinner at the Spotswood Hotel by General
Robert E Lee, who introduced them to Jefferson Davis.                   

Hetty, her sister Jennie, and their cousin Constance Cary  became  known
as  the  Cary  Invincibles.   Acting  on  Beauregard's recommendation to
change the Confederate  flag,  they  made  three  battle  flags  of  the
Confederacy.   The design became the battle flag of the Army of Northern

John Pegram was born in Petersburg.  His grandfather and  namesake  John
Pegram  had  been a major general, commanding all Virginia forces in the
War of 1812.  His father James Pegram was a prominent attorney,  militia
brigadier  general,  and  bank  president.  James Pegram was killed in a
steamboat accident on the Ohio River  in  1844.   His  widow  started  a
girls' school.                                                          

John Pegram's Uncle George got him an appointment to the U.  S.  Military
Academy at West Point.  Jeb Stuart was a classmate.   Pegram  served  in
the  West  and  later  became  an  instructor of cavalry tactics at West
Point.  In May 1861 he learned that Virginia had  seceded  and  resigned
his  commission.  He became a lieutenant colonel in the Confederate army
and commanded the 20th Virginia Infantry.                               

Pegram's regiment surrendered his regiment at Rich Mountain on  11  July
1861.   His  men were paroled, but he was imprisoned for six months.  He
was promoted to colonel.  The surrender was controversial.  He became  a
brigadier  general  in  November 1862.  Diarist Mary Chesnut later wrote
that Pegram got promoted regularly after his defeats.                   

John met Hetty Cary at a  party  at  his  mother's  home.   They  became
engaged  in  1862.   Their wedding on 19 January 1865 was a major social
event in Richmond, since it united the most beautiful woman in the South
and one of Virginia's most eligible bachelors.                          

John was killed at Hatcher's Run on 6 February.  His coffin was taken to
St.  Paul's  Episcopal  Church  in  Richmond,  site  of  their  wedding.
Reverend  Minnigerode,  who  had  married  them,  conducted  the funeral

After The War Hetty operated a girls school in Baltimore.  In  1879  she
married  Dr.   henry  Newell  Martin.  She died at her Baltimore home 27
September 1892.                                                         

December Dinner Attendance: 34


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Chaplain:VACANT (call Art to report sickness)262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls 501-8436 Quartermaster: Floyd Lane 519-1023 Historian: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse,  Hurtt  Scholarship  Fund, Longstreet Camp General Fund and Corp.
William  Cowardin/Southern  Valor  Memorial  Fund.   As  you  know,  our
cumulative  listing  starts  in  July of each year and we do not meet in
August.                  1 July 2017 - January 2018                    

Arthur Cowardin    Gary Cowardin       Leroy Crenshaw, III
Cecil Duke, Jr     Jerold Evans        J Harrison Smith   
Michael Hendrick   Phillip Jones       Leroy Keller       
Roger Kirby        Lewis Mills         Conway Moncure     
Floyd Mozingo      Jim Pickens         Stephen Parsons    
Joseph Price       Peyton Roden, Sr    Leon Smith         
Chris Trinite      Walter Tucker                          


Visit the American Civil War Museum at Tredegar
and the
White House of the Confederacy

Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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