THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 20, ISSUE 1, January 2018
Happy New Year!! 2018 is finally here. We made it through 2017 with all Virginia Confederate monuments still standing and hopefully a legislature which will continue to protect them. I hope everyone got what they wanted for Christmas. I got a cold which I certainly did not want. January is a very special month for the Sons of Confederate Veterans as we remember the births of General Robert E. Lee on January 19, 1807 and General Thomas J. Jackson on January 21, 1824. Friday the 19th is their state holiday. On that date the Lee-Jackson Camp #1, will hold its annual Remembrance Service for Gen. Robert E. Lee, on the 211th anniversary of his birth. The service will be held at the Confederate Memorial Chapel (2900 Grove Ave.) on the grounds of the RE Lee Confederate Memorial Park in Richmond, VA at 1:30 pm next to the VMFA. You are urged to attend to show your support for a courageous man who it greatly maligned by many in our present confused generation. The guest speaker will be well known reenactor Nora Brooks performing as Mildred Childe Lee, daughter of General Robert E. Lee. Parking is free in the VMFA deck for the service. Now is the time to get out those new 2018 calendars and mark the third Tuesday of each month as the Longstreet Camp meeting starting with dinner at 6:00. Be there and bring a friend. Andy
The January will be held on January 16th, 2018 at our usual location, Roma's Restaurant. Our December Christmas Banquet meeting was held on December 5, 2017 at the Westwood Club. We had 16 members and 18 guests in attendance. Our speaker, Kelly Hancock provided a very interesting talk on "The marriage of Hetty Cary and General John Pegram." Several of our Camp Members suffered the deaths of love ones recently. Andy Keller lost his brother, Bobby Keller due to illness and Paul Sacra lost his mother, Agnes due to a lengthy illness. Paul's mom had over 40 Confederate ancestors. Please keep these members in your thoughts and prayers. We currently have 61 of our members that have renewed their membership. Our Camp is in good financial condition however please consider donating to the Buck Hurtt Scholarship so we may provide a scholarship equal to those provided in the past. Art
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
"The Bermuda Hundred Campaign" by Scott Williams Scott is a Geographic Information Systems Analyst with Chesterfield County Environmental Engineering. He has worked for the county since 1996. During that time he has been active in helping to preserve, interpret and maintain Civil War sites in the county. He wrote several sections of the Bermuda Hundred Campaign Tour Guide and created all of the maps for that book. He also created the maps for "The Seventh South Carolina Cavalry: To the Defense of Richmond" and "Our Brave Boys, a History of the 21st North Carolina Infantry." Scott has served as the Chairman of the Military History Committee for the Chesterfield Historical Society since 2006. Scott is a 1986 graduate of Old Dominion University with a BA in Geography. Scott was born and raised in Richmond. He and his wife Sandy live within earshot of the falls of the James River near Pony Pasture Park. The Bermuda Hundred Campaign In May of 1864, Major General Benjamin F. Butler landed 38,000 men of the Army of the James at a neck of land in Chesterfield County known as Bermuda Hundred. Butler was to secure a base of operations, sever the rail link between Richmond and Petersburg, and move on Richmond. During the first days of May, battles fought at Port Walthall Junction, Swift Creek, Chester Station and Drewry's Bluff prevented Butler from reaching his objective. Meanwhile, Confederate commanders General George Pickett and General P. G. T. Beauregard scrambled to find enough spare troops to place in Butler's path. Butler ultimately fell back to his defensive positions at Bermuda Hundred where the Confederates constructed a strong line of earthworks that kept him there. Despite being overshadowed by other battles in Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign, the fighting in Bermuda Hundred played a very important role in the last years of the Civil War. Scott's talk will focus on the fighting that took place in Chesterfield County in the Spring of 1864 and the mistakes and lost opportunities of one of the lesser known campaigns of the Civil War.
"The Battle of the Crater" Outstanding artist and historian Henry Kidd, a past Virginia Division SCV Commander, told us that Yankees were rebuffed twice at Petersburg in June 1864. The first was on 9 June by the Old Men and Young Boys. The second on 15 June was by regular Confederate troops. Among the Confederates defending Petersburg were soldiers of the 12th Virginia Infantry, which had evolved from the Virginia Infantry Battalion Volunteers (militia). The 4th was organized in Petersburg in November 1860 and became part of the 12th Virginia on 12 July 1861. Many of these soldiers had not been home for three years. Yankee Colonel Henry Pleasanton, a prewar mining engineer, suggested to Yankee LTGEN Ulysses S. Grant a plan to dig a tunnel under Confederate lines and set off explosives. Grant deplored the inactivity of siege warfare, so he approved the plan. Grant and MGEN George G. Meade, Commanding General of the Army of the Potomac, saw digging the tunnel as a mere way to keep their soldiers occupied. Meade was concerned about the use of black troops, so he ordered MGEN Ambrose Burnside not to use them to lead the assault. Burnside appealed this decision to Grant, who sided with Meade. The mine was exploded at 4:44 AM on 30 July. The explosion killed many soldiers of the 22nd South Carolina. The explosion caused confusion among Yankee troops as well. Instead of going around the Crater, many rushed into it. They were described as a mob in a hole. Confederate BGEN William Mahone organized his defending force and slaughtered Yankee troops as they tried to leave the Crater. Yankees sustained many casualties. Some Yankee doctors had to be ordered to care for black soldiers. Yankee BGEN James Ledlie, commander of a brigade in Burnside's IX Corps, was drunk and huddled in a bomb-proof ten rods in the rear of the main line. Ledlie was relieved of command. Burnside was granted a leave of absence in August and never returned to the IX Corps. The Crater fiasco prevented the Yankees from taking Petersburg and prolonged The War. Grant wrote to MGEN Henry W. Halleck in Washington, "It was the saddest affair I have witnessed in the war." Walter November Meeting Attendance: 21
"One Bright Moment: The Wedding of Hetty Cary and John Pegram" Kelly Hancock of the American Civil War Museum enlightened Camp members and guests at our annual Christmas banquet with her talk about Hetty Cary and Confederate BGEN John Pegram. Hetty Cary was described by Henry Kyd Douglas as the most beautiful woman in the South. She was born near Baltimore in 1836. She and her sister Jennie smuggled drugs and clothing across the Potomac River to Confederate troops. The Cary family was forced to leave Baltimore after Yankee authorities discovered their Southern sympathies. Arriving in Richmond in July 1861, they were invited to dinner at the Spotswood Hotel by General Robert E Lee, who introduced them to Jefferson Davis. Hetty, her sister Jennie, and their cousin Constance Cary became known as the Cary Invincibles. Acting on Beauregard's recommendation to change the Confederate flag, they made three battle flags of the Confederacy. The design became the battle flag of the Army of Northern Virginia. John Pegram was born in Petersburg. His grandfather and namesake John Pegram had been a major general, commanding all Virginia forces in the War of 1812. His father James Pegram was a prominent attorney, militia brigadier general, and bank president. James Pegram was killed in a steamboat accident on the Ohio River in 1844. His widow started a girls' school. John Pegram's Uncle George got him an appointment to the U. S. Military Academy at West Point. Jeb Stuart was a classmate. Pegram served in the West and later became an instructor of cavalry tactics at West Point. In May 1861 he learned that Virginia had seceded and resigned his commission. He became a lieutenant colonel in the Confederate army and commanded the 20th Virginia Infantry. Pegram's regiment surrendered his regiment at Rich Mountain on 11 July 1861. His men were paroled, but he was imprisoned for six months. He was promoted to colonel. The surrender was controversial. He became a brigadier general in November 1862. Diarist Mary Chesnut later wrote that Pegram got promoted regularly after his defeats. John met Hetty Cary at a party at his mother's home. They became engaged in 1862. Their wedding on 19 January 1865 was a major social event in Richmond, since it united the most beautiful woman in the South and one of Virginia's most eligible bachelors. John was killed at Hatcher's Run on 6 February. His coffin was taken to St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Richmond, site of their wedding. Reverend Minnigerode, who had married them, conducted the funeral service. After The War Hetty operated a girls school in Baltimore. In 1879 she married Dr. henry Newell Martin. She died at her Baltimore home 27 September 1892. Walter December Dinner Attendance: 34
CURRENT CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Chaplain:VACANT (call Art to report sickness)262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls 501-8436 Quartermaster: Floyd Lane 519-1023 Historian: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, Longstreet Camp General Fund and Corp. William Cowardin/Southern Valor Memorial Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 July 2017 - January 2018 Arthur Cowardin Gary Cowardin Leroy Crenshaw, III Cecil Duke, Jr Jerold Evans J Harrison Smith Michael Hendrick Phillip Jones Leroy Keller Roger Kirby Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Floyd Mozingo Jim Pickens Stephen Parsons Joseph Price Peyton Roden, Sr Leon Smith Chris Trinite Walter Tucker
Visit the American Civil War Museum at Tredegar and the White House of the Confederacy www.acwm.org