ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 18, ISSUE 1,           January 2016
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Christmas Dinner Photos, January Program (next), November, December(last),
Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1865 Events (Dec), Coming Events Links,


Earlier this month we were greeted  with  the  disturbing  news  of  the
desecration  of  Confederate  related  monuments  in Oakwood Cemetery in
Raleigh, N.C.  Last month I attended a  funeral  in  Richmond's  Oakwood
Cemetery.  So far I am constantly appreciative that we have not suffered
similar vandalism here where so many Confederate soldiers are buried and
memorialized.   Unfortunately  this type of immature behavior by private
individuals might be expected given the culture in which  we  now  live.
What is more surprising though is the calculating erosion of support for
Confederate memorials seen by municipal governmental bodies and  now  by
some courts.                                                            

Our attention recently was called to a Danville Court  case  wherein  it
was  ruled  that  only war monuments erected after 1998 are protected by
state code.  Previously it was assumed that Code of Virginia  15.2-1812,
(monument   protection)   would  protect  all  monuments.   Clearly  our
Legislature needs to exercise more care when laws are  enacted  and  now
needs  to  amend  this  particular  law  which  could avoid the need for
expensive litigation by the  SCV.   I  have  written  to  Representative
Massie and Senator Dunnavant on this matter and urge you to do the same.
Refer to Who's My Representative.  In the meantime we have been asked as
individuals  to  assist  in funding the legal costs of the battle and to
inventory Confederate monuments that might come under attack.           

We all are aware of the Confederate Monuments on Monument Avenue to Lee,
Stuart,  Davis,  Jackson  and  Maury,  who  are  always  mentioned first
whenever the topic of removing reminders of the past come up.  After the
travesty of the New Orleans decision to remove similar monuments, we now
know that anything is possible.  But there  are  lesser  known  Richmond
monuments which may be more threatened, if for no other reason than that
they are not as well known.  Robert C.  Layton published a book entitled
"Discovering  Richmond Monuments" in 2013 which catalogs most if not all
of Richmond's lesser known public monuments including seven that  relate
to the Confederate period either in whole or in part.  None of these are
in cemeteries or private property.  All appear to be  on  Richmond  City
owned  property  and thus potentially threatened.  Each month I will try
to highlight at least one of these or other local monuments.  See you at
the meeting on the 19th and hopefully earlier in the day at the VHS.    

Gen.   Robert  E.   Lee  Birthday  Commemoration - January 19 at 1:30 PM
Apparently, as a result of the standoff between the Lee-Jackson Camp and
the  VMFA,  this  year's  anniversary  program has been moved to the the
Virginia Historical Society, 428 N.  Boulevard, Richmond, VA.   It  will
be  held  on Lee's actual birthday.  David Palmer, in full uniform, will
speak in character as the General.                                      

Gen J.E.B.  Stuart Birthday Commemoration - February 6, 2016 at  9:00 AM
The artillery may be missing this year but I will be  there  to  present
the  Longstreet  wreath  at  the grave of General Stuart after a brief  
tribute to his life and service.                                        


Attendance at our November 17th Meeting totaled 18 members and 4 Guests.
Attendance  at  our  Christmas  Banquet  held  at  the  Westwood Club on
December 1, 2015, totaled 24 members and 26 guests.                     

Our  November meeting featured Speaker and Camp member, Barton Campbell.
He provided a very interesting talk on "What  If?---Alternate  Decisions
in the WBTS".                                                           

The  Christmas  Banquet  featured Cathy Wright of the American Civil War
Museum.  She  provided  a  talk  on  the  "The  Last  Christmas  in  the
Confederate White House." This talk gave us good insight as to the bleak
conditions in Richmond and the Confederate Government in 1864/1865.     

A New Member Certificate was issued to  Stephen  W.   Boyle.   Stephen's
ancestor  was  Oliver Hanford Perry Churchill Jones, a member of the 1st
Virginia State Reserves.                                                

Membership in General James Longstreet S C V Camp #1247  now  totals 69,
which  includes 2 Associate Members, 4 New Members, 4 Reinstated members
and 3 transferred members.                                              

Our 2015 Christmas Dinner

(Click on any photo to view a full size image in a new tab)


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, January 19, 2015




 "The Battle of Lynchburg" 
Less Updike

Native of Lynchburg, Virginia
Vocational Electricity & Electronics Diploma: E.G. Glass High School    
Central VA C C: A.S. Degree, Summa Cum Laude, General Studies           
John Tyler C C: A.A.S. Degree, Summa Cum Laude, Mortuary Science        
Tennis Instructor: Central Virginia Community College: (1976-1987)      
Moody Bible Institute:                                                  
    Scofield Bible Course and Advanced Gospel Studies.                  
Calligraphy Instructor:                                                 
    City of Lynchburg & Campbell County Adult Education Departments     
Dog Obedience Training Instructor: Lynchburg Dog Owners' Club.          
He retired from AT&T as  a  Communications  Technician  with  38  years'
3ND Class Petty Officer, Electronics Technician, U.S. Navy (1960-1965)
2ND Class FCC Radio-Telephone Operators License                         
Board  Certified  Mortician:  National  Conference  of  Funeral  Service
Examination Boards                                                      
Gen. James Longstreet Camp 1247, SCV                                    
River Road Baptist Church                                               
American Legion                                                         
Mended Hearts International                                             
Richmond Shape Note Singers                                             
He and his wife Barbara, who is also a member of both the DAR  and  UDC,
have two sons, three grandchildren, and two great grandchildren.        
His hobbies include: a capella singing of old  time  shape  note  music,
playing  golf  with  his  buddies,  Bible  study, cruise ship vacations,
tracing his genealogy, and all  things  Confederate.   He  is  also  the
author of the Confederate Poem  Tis' For You, Dear Sir                  


Our camp member Barton Campbell chose six instances during  The  War  in
which a different decision might have produced a different result.      

On  3  July  1862  JEB  Stuart  had  his  cavalry  on  Evelynton Heights
overlooking McClellan's Army of the Potomac on the banks  of  the  James
River.   Without  waiting  for  Confederate infantry to join him, Stuart
ordered John Pelham to open fire with the only cannon  available.   This
forfeited  the element of surprise and enabled McClellan to drive Stuart
back.  Had Stuart waited for infantry, the Confederates might have  been
able to inflict heavy casualties on the Yankees.                        

Next decisive decision was General Robert E.  Lee's holding the field at
Sharpsburg (Antietam) on 16 September 1862.   Lee's  Army  had  lots  of
stragglers  who  were unwilling to leave the South.  Stonewall Jackson's
forces were at Harper's Ferry.  Had Lee returned to Virginia,  his  Army
would  have  been in much better shape.  Political repercussions led Lee
to stand and fight.  Artillerist E.  Porter Alexander called this one of
the worse decisions of The War.                                         

Unhappiness  with  Confederate General Braxton Bragg was prevalent among
his subordinates on 26 September 1863 after his Army of Tennessee failed
to  exploit  the  victory  at  Chickamauga.   Jefferson  Davis came from
Richmond to resolve the situation.  He considered  John  Pemberton,  who
surrendered Vicksburg, as a replacement.  Hardee and Longstreet declined
the offer to take command.  Davis  left  Bragg  in  charge  through  the
decisive  defeat  at Missionary Ridge.  A different commander might have
produced a Confederate victory.                                         

On 2 January 1864 General Patrick Cleburne  submitted  a  recommendation
that  slaves  be  armed  and  taken  into the Confederate Army.  General
Joseph E.  Johnston, Commander of the Army  of  Tennessee,  declined  to
forward  the  recommendation.   General  Walker sent a copy to Jefferson
Davis, who rejected  the  proposal.   A  year  later  the  proposal  was
adopted, but by then it was far too late.                               

On 25 July 1864 Army of  Tennessee  Commander  General  John  Bell  Hood
ordered  Stephen Dill Lee to block Sherman's Yankee Army at Ezra Church,
west of Atlanta.  Oliver O.  Howard entrenched.  Lee's piecemeal frontal
assaults were repulsed and contributed to the loss of Atlanta.          

At Franklin TN in November 1864 Confederate Corps  commanders  Cheatham,
Cleburne, and Forrest attempted to persuade Hood not to attack.  Forrest
wanted to lead a flank attack.  Hood ignored them and ordered a  frontal
assault, which  was  a  disaster and which essentially ended the Army of
Tennessee as an effective fighting  force.   Six  Confederate  generals,
including  Cleburne,  were killed.  Hood's listening to his subordinates
might have had a different result.                                      

Barton then gave each member a  quiz  which  asked  to  rate  these  six
decisive moments in their impact and success.                           
September Meeting Attendance: 22


At our Camp's Christmas banquet Cathy Wright, Curator  of  the  American
Civil  War  Museum, gave an interesting talk about Christmas 1864 in the
Confederate Executive Mansion, the last celebrated there during The War.
The  Executive Mansion was not called the White House of the Confederacy
when Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his family lived there.  

Much information about that last  Confederate  Christmas  came  from  an
article  written  in  December  1896  by  Jefferson Davis's widow Varina
Howell Davis, who had moved to New York City in 1891 and  had  become  a
writer.   She  edited  the  autobiography  of her late husband, the only
president of the Confederate States of America.                         

Times were very hard in the Confederacy in December 1864  including  the
capital  city  of Richmond.  People held starvation parties, where water
was the only beverage served.                                           

Varina wrote that what turned out  to  be  the  last  Christmas  in  the
Confederacy  occurred under the darkest cloud, and that there was a need
to make it pleasant for children.                                       

20 young people decorated a table-top Christmas tree  in  the  Executive
Mansion.   Some  of the decorations were homemade.  After the decoration
was complete, Jefferson Davis, Jr.  said, "Now I know  it's  Christmas."
There was a present for everyone.  Stockings were stuffed.              

Local  ladies sent food to First Lady Varina Davis to distribute to poor
children.  They also assembled  gifts  for  orphans.   Some  gifts  were
repaired  toys.  Jefferson Davis took time to give gifts to the smallest

The butler at the Mansion made a four room doll house.  Varina's friends
made miniature furniture for the doll house..                           

On  Christmas  Day  the  Davis  family  attended services at St.  Paul's
Episcopal Church, where Reverend Charles Frederick Minnigerode  preached
on Christian love.  Reverend Minnigerode, born in Westphalia (modern day
Germany), had introduced Christmas trees to Virginia.                   
December Dinner Meeting Attendance: 50


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Chaplain:VACANT (call Art to report sickness)262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls 501-8436 Quartermaster: Floyd Lane 519-1023 Historian: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2015 - 10 January 2016               

Arthur Brian Cowardin   Leroy Crenshaw         Phillip L. Jones     
Crawley F.Joyner, III   Andy Keller            Peter I C Knowles, II
Lewis Mills             Robert H. Moore, Jr.   Floyd G. Mozingo     
Joseph Price            Waite Rawls, III       Joseph A. Moschetti  
Peyton Roden            Chris Trinite          Walter Tucker        


December 1865

1 President Andrew Johnson restored the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus for all of the United States except former Confederate States, Washington, DC, and territories of Arizona and New Mexico. 2 Alabama's legislature ratified the 13th Amendment. 4 North Carolina's legislature ratified the 13th Amendment. Mississippi's legislature rejected it. 5 Georgia's legislature ratified the 13th mendment. 11 Oregon ratified the 13th Amendment. 18 Secretary of State William H. Seward declared the 13th Amendment to be in effect. (There will be no more Sesqui reports until 2 April 2016)


Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy The American Civil War Museum Online
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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