ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 17, ISSUE 11,           November 2015
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, November Program (next), October(last),
Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1865 Events (Oct,Nov), Coming Events Links,


It is hard to believe that 2015 is rapidly coming to its  end  and  that
Christmas  will  soon  be  upon  us.   That means that our Westwood Club
December gala banquet is right around the corner  and  you  need  to  be
making  reservations  for  yourself and maybe a special guest.  Space is
limited but we still want to grow our attendance year  over  year.   The
Westwood  Club  will  be decked out for the holidays and will provide us
with a beautiful venue for our Camp's Annual Meeting.                   

This year, for the first time in my experience, the dinner will  provide
a buffet to go along with an excellent program.  The buffet will feature
surf and turf, i.e.  roasted Atlantic  salmon  with  spinach  and  lemon
caper sauce and grilled sirloin with bordelaise sauce.  Complementing it
will be soup, salads, vegetables, breads, dessert and coffee or tea. The
cost  is  $45  per person which includes a subsidy from the camp to help
hold down the price.  Our speaker will be Cathy Wright from the American
Civil  War  Museum  who  is  no stranger to our Camp.  Her topic for the
evening is "The Last Christmas in the  Confederate  White  House"  which
will  show  that  Christmas  can be celebrated without extravagance.  So
join us for comradery and to celebrate the end of  this  SCV  year.   We
will  rejoice  that at least here we can salute our flags with pride and
honor our ancestors  for  the  service  they  provided  while  suffering
through the Christmas of 1865, one we would never want to experience.   



Ed Sanders, Supervisor Ranger with the  Richmond  National  Battlefields
provided  our  camp with a very informative talk on "Drewry's Bluff: The
Confederacy's Perfect Gibraltar" (see writeup below)                    

A new  Member  Certificate  was  issued  to  Edward  Trope,  Jr.   whose
ancestor,  Noten George, was a member of the 57th Virginia Infantry.  In
addition a new Member Certificate was sent to his son, Edward C.   Trope
III, who is away in college and unable to attend the meeting.           

Life Membership Certificates to the Virginia Division S C V were awarded
to our Commander Andy Keller and Camp member Lee Crenshaw.  In addition,
a  Life  Membership  Certificate  in the VA Division S C V was mailed to
member Floyd Mozingo who was unable to attend the meeting.              

Thanks to the following members for their participation on  the  Studley
Road  Cleanup on Saturday, October 24, 2015.  Lee Crenshaw, Gene Golden,
Andy Keller, Floyd Lane, Lewis Mills, Paul  Sacra,  Walter  Tucker,  Hal
Vincent and myself.                                                     

The  deadline  for  2015-2016 Dues was October 31st, 2015 however the VA
Division and National have waived their late  fees  until  December  31,

It's not too late to sign up for our 2015 Christmas Banquet/Ladies Night "The Last Christmas in the Confederate White House" with Cathy Wright, Curator, The American Civil War Museum Catherine Wright was born in Kansas City, Missouri, and grew up there and in Norfolk, Virginia. She received bachelor's degrees in English and History from Truman State University (2003), and a master's degree in American History with a concentration in museum studies from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro (2006). She is the editor of "Lee's Last Casualty: the Life and Letters of Sgt. Robert W. Parker, Second Virginia Cavalry" and is a contributing historian to the online "Encyclopedia of Virginia" and "Civil War Times" magazine. Various national media outlets have interviewed her, including NPR and CNN, and she has appeared on the PBS program "History Detectives" and twice on the Travel Channel program "Mysteries at the Museum". She was formerly the curator at the Stonewall Jackson House in Lexington, Virginia, and is currently the curator at The American Civil War Museum in Richmond, Virginia.
Click here to goto the RSVP form, print it, fill it out, and mail it along with a check to Art for our December 1st Dinner/Program


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, November 17, 2015




 "What If? --- Alternate Decisions in the WBTS"
Barton Campbell

Some notable events during  the  war  that  significantly  impacted  the
course  of  affairs  were "happenstance".  But others were the result of
premeditated decisions. In these cases, what if a different decision had
been  made?   Barton  will  take  a  handful  of  these  to explore, and
hopefully stimulate your thinking about not only these, but others, that
might have changed the outcome of the war.                              

Barton is a native of Tenn., but has spent the majority of his  life  in
Virginia,  where  he  has roots dating back to colonial times.  He is an
engineering graduate of Princeton University,  and  has  a  Master's  in
Strategic  Studies  from the Army War College.  He spent almost 30 years
with Reynolds Metals Co., in engineering, sales and marketing,  retiring
from  senior  mgt  in  1996.   Subsequently  he  worked  for the Reserve
Officers Assoc.  in DC for 3+ years.  After a brief interlude, he served
as  executive  director  of  the  Museum of the Confederacy for 2 years,
followed by 2 terms on the board.  He spent 30+ years  with  the  active
Army, Army National Guard, and Army Reserve, retiring as a full colonel.
He is a member of  numerous  veterans  and  heritage  organizations-  he
joined  the  SCV in 1954, and is currently Cmdr-in-Chief of the Order of
the Southern Cross.  He and his wife are active in Gideons International
,  and  together  have  many  Confederate ancestors- Madge's great-great
grandfather was governor of NC 1845-49, and subsequently  Sec'y  of  the
Navy  under  President  Millard Fillmore.  They have two grown children,
and 5 granddaughters.                                                   


Ed Sanders of Richmond Battlefield  National  Park  opened  the  October
program  by  reminding  us of the beautiful view of the James River from
Drewry's Bluff, seven miles south of Richmond.                          

Yankee Major General George B.  McClellan had taken his Army to the  tip
of  the  Virginia  Peninsula  in March 1862.  CSS Virginia patrolled the
mouth of the James River, but its draft prevented it from coming up  the
river to defend Richmond.                                               

The  Southside  Artillery,  commanded  by  Captain  Confederate  Captain
Augustus Drewry, owner of the land, had begun began fortifying the  area
in  March.   CSS  Virginia  was  scuttled  on  11 May.  Its crew came to
Drewry's Bluff to man the big  guns.  Fortifications  were  still  under

Richmonders  looked with fear down the river, recalling that New Orleans
had fallen to the Yankee Navy, not the Army.  Confederates  blocked  the
narrow James River channel by sinking some ships, making navigation even
more difficult.                                                         

Yankee Navy Commander John Rodgers was in command of the U.   S.   Fleet
which came up the river on 15 May 1862.  His ships were Aroostok, Galena
(the flagship), Monitor, Naugatuck,  and  Port  Royal.   Galena's  armor
protected  only  the  sides  of  the ship.  It was hit numerous times by
Confederate fire.  It could not elevate  its  guns  enough  to  hit  the
Confederate fort, which was 90 feet above the river.  Firing went on for
3  hours.  Making no progress, the Yankees went back  down  the  river.
This  was the last naval attempt to take Richmond.  The Confederate guns
had fired the first shots of the War defending Richmond.                

Confederate Naval officer Sydney Smith Lee, brother of Robert  E.   Lee,
commanded  the  fort.   The  Confederate  Naval  Academy  was aboard CSS
Patrick Henry, located at the Bluff.  The Marines also  had  a  training
facility.   Improvements  included  a chapel, barracks, and quarters for
the officers.  Tourists came to visit for the next two years.           

On 16 May 1864 Yankee Major General Benjamin Butler's Army of the  James
attempted to capture Drewry's Bluff without success.                    

The  abandonment  of Richmond in April 1965 rendered the Fort useless to
the Confederates.   The  troops  stationed  there  joined  the  Army  of
Northern Virginia in its retreat.                                       

Drewry's  Bluff  had  lived  up  to its nickname of the Gibraltar of the
September Meeting Attendance: 25


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Chaplain:VACANT (call Art to report sickness)262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls 501-8436 Quartermaster: Floyd Lane 519-1023 Historian: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2015 - 10 October 2015               

Arthur Brian Cowardin   Leroy Crenshaw         Phillip L. Jones     
Crawley F.Joyner, III   Andy Keller            Peter I C Knowles, II
Lewis Mills             Robert H. Moore, Jr.   Floyd G. Mozingo     
Joseph Price            Waite Rawls, III       Joseph A. Moschetti  
Peyton Roden            Chris Trinite          Walter Tucker        


November 1865

6 Confederate Navy Lieutenant James Iredell Waddell, Commanding Officer of CSS Shenandoah, surrendered his ship to British officials in Liverpool. 10 Former Confederate Captain Henry Wirz, wartime commander of the Andersonville GA prison camp, was hanged after being convicted by a military commission of cruelty to Yankee prisoners of war. 13 South Carolina ratified the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.

December 1865

1 President Andrew Johnson restored the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus for all of the United States except former Confederate States, Washington, DC, and territories of Arizona and New Mexico. 2 Alabama's legislature ratified the 13th Amendment. 4 North Carolina's legislature ratified the 13th Amendment. Mississippi's legislature rejected it. 5 Georgia's legislature ratified the 13th mendment. 11 Oregon ratified the 13th Amendment. 13 Secretary of State William H. Seward declared the 13th Amendment to be in effect.


Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy/ The American Civil War Museum Online
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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