ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 17, ISSUE 4,           April 2015
SCV logo

A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, April Program (next), March(last),
Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1865 Events (Apr,May), Coming Events Links,


We are now finishing  the  Sesquicentennial  commemoration  of  the  War
Between  the  States  which  included  three days of major events in the
Richmond area.  I hope you all took the  opportunity  to  get  involved.
Many thanks to Waite Rawles and Art Wingo for the extra effort they made
to provide these programs to our community.                             

Now that we are wrapping up this series  of  events  we  will  begin  to
prepare for an event that will bear a much greater impact on our Camp as
we prepare to host the April 2016 SCV  State  Convention.   This  year's
convention will be in Colonial Heights on the weekend of April 17-19 and
you are urged to at least stop by the Holiday Inn there that weekend  to
get  a  flavor  of  what  is  involved  even if you are not a registered
delegate.  Our planning will begin soon and everyone will need  to  join
in to make it a great success.  Please join us at the monthly meeting on
April 21.                                                               

You are also invited to join the Camp for our  first  Confederate  grave
marker  dedication in several years.  On April 25, 1pm, we will host the
marker dedication for Private Franklin Sprinkle  of  North  Carolina  in
Hollywood  Cemetery Soldiers Section J Lot 56.  The program will include
a cannon and rifle salute.  Private Sprinkle enlisted in Iredell County,
NC on Mar.  1, 1862 with Company H 4 NC Infantry.  As was all too common
especially in the early years of the war, he  contracted  typhoid  fever
and was admitted to the hospital on May 20, where died on May 29, 1862. 

You are also urged to contact Walter Tucker to accept his invitation  to
join us at 10:00 AM on Saturday 2 May at Enon United Methodist Church on
Studley Road, Road 606, Hanover County to clean up our one mile section.
We usually finish by noon.  His telephone number is 360-7247 and E-mail:                                      Andy     


Our March meeting was held on March 17, "Saint  Patrick's  Day"  at  our
usual  location,  Roma's  Restaurant.   With  members  plus  6  guest in
attendance.  Randy Watkins with the National Park  Service  provided  us
with an excellent talk on The Petersburg Campaign, Fort Steadman and the
final 4 days of fighting in the Petersburg area.                        

The State S C V Convention will be held on April 17-19, 2015 in Colonial
Heights,  VA.   Our  Camp  is allowed 6 Delegates and thus far we have 4
attending.  The Registration Form and Convention Schedule can  be  found
on VA Division's Website.  (                              

The National Reunion will be held on July 15-19, 2015 at the 1021 Double
Tree Inn 1021 Koger Center Boulevard, Richmond,  VA.   The  Registration
Form  and  Reunion Schedule  can  be  found  on  National S C V Website.

Our Executive Board has agreed to pay registration fees for at  least  6
delegate  members  that attend the State Convention or National Reunion.
In order to have the  registration  fee  reimbursed  by  our  camp,  the
participants  must  attend  at least one of the business meetings of the
State Convention  and  the  National  Reunion.   Camp  reimbursement  is
limited  to six delegates.  In addition please notify Art Wingo/Adjutant
of your intentions to attend.                                           

Our camp is in need of donations to our Hurtt Scholarship fund.   Please
consider making a donation to this worthwhile cause.                    

Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

"Well, we've tried everything else, let's  pray".   "I  guess  there  is
nothing  else  left  to  do  but  pray".   Have  you  ever  heard  these
expressions uttered?  Why do we too often look at prayer  as  the  "last
resort",   when   it   should   be   the  first  option?   Prayer,  most
simplistically, is talking to God.  A God for which nothing is too  big,
and  nothing  too  small.   A  God  who is infinite, and infinite in His
wisdom and resources to answer any prayer.  The next time you are  faced
with  an  issue,  may I suggest the first response should be "Let's pray
about it".  Phil 4:6                                                    

P.S.  We just received word that Camp member Peyton Roden was  seriously
burned  the  end  of  last week while tending an outdoor fire.  He is at
MCV, but the prognosis is good for his recovery.                        

We will try and secure an update on him prior to the meeting, but in the
meantime, keep Peyton and his family in your prayers.                   


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, April 21, 2015




The Sesquicentennial
Waite Rawls

Education:  BA from VMI              
            MBA & Law Degree from UVA

Member Board of Visitors at VMI                  
Trustee of the Civil War Preservation Trust      
Current Director of the Museum of the Confederacy

Waite spent years in the Banking and Financial field before moving on to
the  world  of  the Non-Profits with his love of history.  He also has a
great interest in the National Pastime...Baseball.                      

Under his current tenure at the MOC he has led the opening  of  the  MOC
outreach  Museum  at Appomattox and is a leader along with the Boards of
the MOC and the American Civil War Center at Tredegar in their merger.  

Waite's ancestor was Robert Rawls of the 41st Va.  Infantry.            

"I'll give the same talk that I gave on April  4th  in  Capitol  Square.
Starting  with  a  great quote from Porter Alexander, I tried to capture
the feelings of the Confederates as they evacuated Richmond and end with
the  respect  shown to them at Appomattox.  There will be plenty of time
for  question  and  answer  about   the   whole   Sesquicentennial   and
particularly the commemorations at Appomattox last week."     Waite     


Randy Hall Watkins of the National Park Service told us that Confederate
MGEN John B.  Gordon's initial success at Fort Steadman on 25 March 1865
was later overwhelmed  by  a  Yankee  counterattack,  causing  the  last
offensive  action  of  the  Army  of  Northern  Virginia  to result in a

The Yankee army's nine month campaign against Confederate forces in  the
Richmond-Petersburg  area  featured  nine  significant battles from June
1864 until April 1865.  Therefore, it is  misleading  to  refer  to  the
campaign  as the siege of Petersburg.  LTGEN U.  S.  Grant's goal was to
break the road and railroad networks leading  into  the  area  and  thus
eliminate  the supply routes by which other southern states could supply
the Army of Northern Virginia's key area with vital material.  In a  few
initial  attacks,  the  railroads were broken, but Confederates repaired
them and used them again.                                               

Grant would order concurrent attacks north and south of the James River,
making  it  difficult  or impossible for Lee to shift troops to meet the
threats.  Most of the action was by the  Yankee  Army  of  the  Potomac,
since  Yankee political MGEN Benjamin Butler's Army of the James spent a
lot of time bottled up in Bermuda Hundred.  President Abraham  Lincoln's
re-election   in   November  1864  eliminated  Butler's  usefulness  and
influence, and Grant was able to relieve him.  Thereafter, the  Army  of
the James was used mainly to back up the Army of the Potomac.           

Grant  recalled  the  aggressive  MGEN  Phil  Sheridan  and  his  10,000
cavalrymen from the Shenandoah Valley, gave  him  additional  troops  to
command,  and sent him around Confederate lines.  Sheridan asked for the
VI Corps, but was given instead the V Corps commanded by MGEN Gouverneur
Warren.   Sheridan wanted his troops in a certain order.  BGEN Samuel W,
Crawford's 3rd Division got lost in the  woods.   Sheridan  was  unhappy
with  the cautious Warren and relieved him.  Warren requested a court of
inquiry which in 1879 exonerated him and criticized the  manner  of  his

Before  the  battle  of  Five  Forks on 1 April, Confederate MGEN George
Pickett  went  to  a  shad  picnic  and  did  not  bother  to  tell  his
subordinates where he was going.  The Confederates were routed.         

The Yankees major breakthrough by the VI Corps under MGEN Horatio Wright
occurred 2 April.  This fracture of the Confederate defensive  line  led
General  Robert E.  Lee to evacuate Petersburg and Richmond and put into
effect the effective plan that he had worked out for the escape  of  his

Two  books  covering  this  campaign  are The Last Citadel by Noah Allen
Trudeau and The Richmond-Petersburg Campaign by Charles R.  Bowery, Jr. 

March Meeting Attendance: 23


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Quartermaster: Floyd Lane 519-1023 Historian: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2014 - 1 April 2015                 

Walter R. Beam        Leroy G Crenshaw         Arthur B. Cowardin
Dale A Harlow         Crawley F. Joyner, III   Phillip Jones     
Andy Keller           Peter I Knowles II       Floyd Lane        
Jack Maxwell          Lewis Mills                                
Conway Moncure        Robert H Moore, Jr.      Floyd G Mozingo   
Preston Nuttall       Jim Pickens              Joseph S Price    
S Waite Rawls         Peyton Roden             James Smith       
Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker            Harold E. Whitmore

April 1865

1 Yankees seized Five Forks. 2 The Confederate government abandoned Richmond. General Robert E. Lee ordered abandonment of the Petersburg lines. 3 Yankees occupied Richmond and Petersburg. 4 Lincoln visited Richmond, traveling aboard River Queen, USS Malvern, and then a gig rowed by 12 sailors. He toured the White House of the Confederacy. 6 Yankees defeated Confederates at Sailor's Creek. 7 Grant opened correspondence with Lee, asking for surrender of Lee's Army. Lee asked Grant what terms would be. 8 Lee refused a suggestion from a number of his officers that he surrender. 9 Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia at the McLean house in Appomattox. 12 Confederates surrendered Mobile. 14 Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth. 24 Yankee LTGEN U. S. Grant met with MGEN William T. Sherman at the latter's headquarters in Raleigh, NC, and told him that President Abraham Lincoln had rejected Sherman's agreement with Confederate GEN Joseph E. Johnston. Grant ordered Sherman to give 48 hours notice that hostilities would resume if Johnston did not surrender. John Wilkes Booth and David Herold crossed the Rappahannock at Port Conway, VA, in fleeing Yankee pursuers. 26 David Herold surrendered at the Garrett farm. John Wilkes Booth was shot as the barn was burned. Johnston surrendered his army at the Bennett House near Durham Station, NC. The Confederate Cabinet met with President Jefferson Davis at Charlotte, NC, and agreed to leave with the purpose of getting west of the Mississippi River. 27 The heavily laden and overcrowded Yankee steamer Sultana was destroyed by a boiler explosion, killing up to 1,900 people. 28 Jefferson Davis accepted the resignation of Treasury Secretary G. A. Trenholm. 29 Yankee President Andrew Johnston removed trade restrictions in former Confederate territory east of the Mississippi within military lines. 30 Yankee MGEN Edward Richard Sprigg Canby and Confederate LTGEN Richard Taylor agreed to a truce prior to the surrender of Confederate forces in Alabama and Mississippi.

May 1865

1 Andrew Johnson ordered the naming of nine Yankee army officers to make up the military commission to try the eight accused Lincoln assassination conspirators. 2 Canby telegraphed Grant that Taylor had accepted surrender terms. Andrew Johnson issued a proclamation accusing Jefferson Davis and others of inciting the murder of Lincoln. A $ 100,000 reward was offered for the arrest of Davis. 3 Davis accepted the resignation of Secretary of the Navy Stephen R. Mallory. 4 Taylor surrendered to Canby. Abraham Lincoln was buried at Springfield, Illinois. 5 Connecticut ratified the 13th Amendment. 9 Andrew Johnson recognized Francis H. Pierpont as Governor of Virginia. 10 Yankee soldiers captured Jefferson Davis near Irwinville, GA, ending the Confederate government. 12 Confederates defeated Yankees at Palmito Ranch, TX in the last land battle of The War. Andrew Johnson appointed MGEN Oliver O. Howard to head the Freedmen's Bureau. 17 MGEN Phil Sheridan was assigned to command Yankee forces west of the Mississippi River and south of the Arkansas River. 19 Confederate Navy raider Stonewall surrendered at Havana, Cuba.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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