THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 17, ISSUE 4, April 2015
We are now finishing the Sesquicentennial commemoration of the War Between the States which included three days of major events in the Richmond area. I hope you all took the opportunity to get involved. Many thanks to Waite Rawles and Art Wingo for the extra effort they made to provide these programs to our community. Now that we are wrapping up this series of events we will begin to prepare for an event that will bear a much greater impact on our Camp as we prepare to host the April 2016 SCV State Convention. This year's convention will be in Colonial Heights on the weekend of April 17-19 and you are urged to at least stop by the Holiday Inn there that weekend to get a flavor of what is involved even if you are not a registered delegate. Our planning will begin soon and everyone will need to join in to make it a great success. Please join us at the monthly meeting on April 21. You are also invited to join the Camp for our first Confederate grave marker dedication in several years. On April 25, 1pm, we will host the marker dedication for Private Franklin Sprinkle of North Carolina in Hollywood Cemetery Soldiers Section J Lot 56. The program will include a cannon and rifle salute. Private Sprinkle enlisted in Iredell County, NC on Mar. 1, 1862 with Company H 4 NC Infantry. As was all too common especially in the early years of the war, he contracted typhoid fever and was admitted to the hospital on May 20, where died on May 29, 1862. You are also urged to contact Walter Tucker to accept his invitation to join us at 10:00 AM on Saturday 2 May at Enon United Methodist Church on Studley Road, Road 606, Hanover County to clean up our one mile section. We usually finish by noon. His telephone number is 360-7247 and E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Andy
Our March meeting was held on March 17, "Saint Patrick's Day" at our usual location, Roma's Restaurant. With members plus 6 guest in attendance. Randy Watkins with the National Park Service provided us with an excellent talk on The Petersburg Campaign, Fort Steadman and the final 4 days of fighting in the Petersburg area. The State S C V Convention will be held on April 17-19, 2015 in Colonial Heights, VA. Our Camp is allowed 6 Delegates and thus far we have 4 attending. The Registration Form and Convention Schedule can be found on VA Division's Website. (www.scvva.org) The National Reunion will be held on July 15-19, 2015 at the 1021 Double Tree Inn 1021 Koger Center Boulevard, Richmond, VA. The Registration Form and Reunion Schedule can be found on National S C V Website. (www.scv.org) Our Executive Board has agreed to pay registration fees for at least 6 delegate members that attend the State Convention or National Reunion. In order to have the registration fee reimbursed by our camp, the participants must attend at least one of the business meetings of the State Convention and the National Reunion. Camp reimbursement is limited to six delegates. In addition please notify Art Wingo/Adjutant of your intentions to attend. Our camp is in need of donations to our Hurtt Scholarship fund. Please consider making a donation to this worthwhile cause. Art
"Well, we've tried everything else, let's pray". "I guess there is nothing else left to do but pray". Have you ever heard these expressions uttered? Why do we too often look at prayer as the "last resort", when it should be the first option? Prayer, most simplistically, is talking to God. A God for which nothing is too big, and nothing too small. A God who is infinite, and infinite in His wisdom and resources to answer any prayer. The next time you are faced with an issue, may I suggest the first response should be "Let's pray about it". Phil 4:6 Barton P.S. We just received word that Camp member Peyton Roden was seriously burned the end of last week while tending an outdoor fire. He is at MCV, but the prognosis is good for his recovery. We will try and secure an update on him prior to the meeting, but in the meantime, keep Peyton and his family in your prayers.
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
The Sesquicentennial by Waite Rawls Education: BA from VMI MBA & Law Degree from UVA Member Board of Visitors at VMI Trustee of the Civil War Preservation Trust Current Director of the Museum of the Confederacy Waite spent years in the Banking and Financial field before moving on to the world of the Non-Profits with his love of history. He also has a great interest in the National Pastime...Baseball. Under his current tenure at the MOC he has led the opening of the MOC outreach Museum at Appomattox and is a leader along with the Boards of the MOC and the American Civil War Center at Tredegar in their merger. Waite's ancestor was Robert Rawls of the 41st Va. Infantry. "I'll give the same talk that I gave on April 4th in Capitol Square. Starting with a great quote from Porter Alexander, I tried to capture the feelings of the Confederates as they evacuated Richmond and end with the respect shown to them at Appomattox. There will be plenty of time for question and answer about the whole Sesquicentennial and particularly the commemorations at Appomattox last week." Waite
Randy Hall Watkins of the National Park Service told us that Confederate MGEN John B. Gordon's initial success at Fort Steadman on 25 March 1865 was later overwhelmed by a Yankee counterattack, causing the last offensive action of the Army of Northern Virginia to result in a failure. The Yankee army's nine month campaign against Confederate forces in the Richmond-Petersburg area featured nine significant battles from June 1864 until April 1865. Therefore, it is misleading to refer to the campaign as the siege of Petersburg. LTGEN U. S. Grant's goal was to break the road and railroad networks leading into the area and thus eliminate the supply routes by which other southern states could supply the Army of Northern Virginia's key area with vital material. In a few initial attacks, the railroads were broken, but Confederates repaired them and used them again. Grant would order concurrent attacks north and south of the James River, making it difficult or impossible for Lee to shift troops to meet the threats. Most of the action was by the Yankee Army of the Potomac, since Yankee political MGEN Benjamin Butler's Army of the James spent a lot of time bottled up in Bermuda Hundred. President Abraham Lincoln's re-election in November 1864 eliminated Butler's usefulness and influence, and Grant was able to relieve him. Thereafter, the Army of the James was used mainly to back up the Army of the Potomac. Grant recalled the aggressive MGEN Phil Sheridan and his 10,000 cavalrymen from the Shenandoah Valley, gave him additional troops to command, and sent him around Confederate lines. Sheridan asked for the VI Corps, but was given instead the V Corps commanded by MGEN Gouverneur Warren. Sheridan wanted his troops in a certain order. BGEN Samuel W, Crawford's 3rd Division got lost in the woods. Sheridan was unhappy with the cautious Warren and relieved him. Warren requested a court of inquiry which in 1879 exonerated him and criticized the manner of his relief. Before the battle of Five Forks on 1 April, Confederate MGEN George Pickett went to a shad picnic and did not bother to tell his subordinates where he was going. The Confederates were routed. The Yankees major breakthrough by the VI Corps under MGEN Horatio Wright occurred 2 April. This fracture of the Confederate defensive line led General Robert E. Lee to evacuate Petersburg and Richmond and put into effect the effective plan that he had worked out for the escape of his Army. Walter Two books covering this campaign are The Last Citadel by Noah Allen Trudeau and The Richmond-Petersburg Campaign by Charles R. Bowery, Jr. March Meeting Attendance: 23
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Quartermaster: Floyd Lane 519-1023 Historian: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 August 2014 - 1 April 2015 Walter R. Beam Leroy G Crenshaw Arthur B. Cowardin Dale A Harlow Crawley F. Joyner, III Phillip Jones Andy Keller Peter I Knowles II Floyd Lane Jack Maxwell Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Robert H Moore, Jr. Floyd G Mozingo Preston Nuttall Jim Pickens Joseph S Price S Waite Rawls Peyton Roden James Smith Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Harold E. Whitmore
April 18651 Yankees seized Five Forks. 2 The Confederate government abandoned Richmond. General Robert E. Lee ordered abandonment of the Petersburg lines. 3 Yankees occupied Richmond and Petersburg. 4 Lincoln visited Richmond, traveling aboard River Queen, USS Malvern, and then a gig rowed by 12 sailors. He toured the White House of the Confederacy. 6 Yankees defeated Confederates at Sailor's Creek. 7 Grant opened correspondence with Lee, asking for surrender of Lee's Army. Lee asked Grant what terms would be. 8 Lee refused a suggestion from a number of his officers that he surrender. 9 Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia at the McLean house in Appomattox. 12 Confederates surrendered Mobile. 14 Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth. 24 Yankee LTGEN U. S. Grant met with MGEN William T. Sherman at the latter's headquarters in Raleigh, NC, and told him that President Abraham Lincoln had rejected Sherman's agreement with Confederate GEN Joseph E. Johnston. Grant ordered Sherman to give 48 hours notice that hostilities would resume if Johnston did not surrender. John Wilkes Booth and David Herold crossed the Rappahannock at Port Conway, VA, in fleeing Yankee pursuers. 26 David Herold surrendered at the Garrett farm. John Wilkes Booth was shot as the barn was burned. Johnston surrendered his army at the Bennett House near Durham Station, NC. The Confederate Cabinet met with President Jefferson Davis at Charlotte, NC, and agreed to leave with the purpose of getting west of the Mississippi River. 27 The heavily laden and overcrowded Yankee steamer Sultana was destroyed by a boiler explosion, killing up to 1,900 people. 28 Jefferson Davis accepted the resignation of Treasury Secretary G. A. Trenholm. 29 Yankee President Andrew Johnston removed trade restrictions in former Confederate territory east of the Mississippi within military lines. 30 Yankee MGEN Edward Richard Sprigg Canby and Confederate LTGEN Richard Taylor agreed to a truce prior to the surrender of Confederate forces in Alabama and Mississippi.
May 18651 Andrew Johnson ordered the naming of nine Yankee army officers to make up the military commission to try the eight accused Lincoln assassination conspirators. 2 Canby telegraphed Grant that Taylor had accepted surrender terms. Andrew Johnson issued a proclamation accusing Jefferson Davis and others of inciting the murder of Lincoln. A $ 100,000 reward was offered for the arrest of Davis. 3 Davis accepted the resignation of Secretary of the Navy Stephen R. Mallory. 4 Taylor surrendered to Canby. Abraham Lincoln was buried at Springfield, Illinois. 5 Connecticut ratified the 13th Amendment. 9 Andrew Johnson recognized Francis H. Pierpont as Governor of Virginia. 10 Yankee soldiers captured Jefferson Davis near Irwinville, GA, ending the Confederate government. 12 Confederates defeated Yankees at Palmito Ranch, TX in the last land battle of The War. Andrew Johnson appointed MGEN Oliver O. Howard to head the Freedmen's Bureau. 17 MGEN Phil Sheridan was assigned to command Yankee forces west of the Mississippi River and south of the Arkansas River. 19 Confederate Navy raider Stonewall surrendered at Havana, Cuba.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar