THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 17, ISSUE 1, January 2015
Happy New Year. I will try to be brief so we will have more space for pictures from the December meeting and Installation of Officers. 2015 is the last year of the 150 Anniversary Commemoration of the "Late Unpleasantness" and it brings two key events to our fair city. Most important to the SCV is that the SCV 120th National Reunion will be held here July 15-19, 2015 at the DoubleTree by Hilton Richmond-Midlothian. Early registration is an affordable $40 but all meals are extra. Visit the website for complete details. The second event is the Annual Conference of the Civil War Trust which will also be in Richmond from June 3-7, 2015. At a cost of $564 per person it might be a bit expensive for most of us but if you are a member of the Trust you might want to check it out. There will be an Executive Committee meeting at the Picadilly Cafeteria of West Broad Street on Feb. 3 at 6:00. All members are invited to attend. Andy
Our 2015 Executive Committee was installed by Everette Ellis. Art Waite Gary Paul Chris Andy Floyd
A Happy New Year to all. Our Christmas Dinner was held on Tuesday December 2, 2014 at the Westwood Club. We had a good turnout with 46 members and guest attending. Bert Dunkerly, a ranger with the National Park Service, provided an excellent talk on the Richmond Bread Riot. On a sad note, we recently lost two members of the S C V known to our camp. David Ware (a former member of our camp) and a current member of the James City Cavalry Camp, died in December in a tragic hunting accident. David P. George, Sr. a current member of our Camp and former editor of the Old War Horse died peacefully in December with a severe form of dementia. Our sincere condolences to their families and friends. Art
My New Year's Resolution is to make no New Year's resolutions. Well, at least not written down. I'm not against them - I just try to "resolve" to periodically assess where I am, and strive for improvement. An on-going goal is to put my brain in gear before I put my mouth in motion. [Can you relate?] Another is to remember it is "not all about me". And try to put myself in the other fella's shoes more. The first of a new calendar year is a good time for reflection - I encourage you to do so. And a great Bible verse for 2015 is Psa. 19:14 - "Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in your sight, O Lord, my strength and my redeemer". Psa. 19:14 Barton
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
The Broken Circle by David P. Bridges The Civil War's impact on Southern culture is depicted through the experience of a young physician turned warrior. David P. Bridges is a historian and works as an Adjunct Professor of Writing at the University of Richmond, and has served 25 years as a Presbyterian minister. He also serves as a Military Chaplain at Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Hospital in Richmond, Virginia. Bridges' area of expertise is 1850-1950 American history. His first non-fictional historical book, "The Best Coal Company in All Chicago" (2003), is about the Best family, coal industrialists and philanthropists who impacted Chicago's history through the distribution of coal from 1908-1964. His second book, "The Bridges of Washington County" (2003), chronicles the Bridges family in Western Maryland. It shows how industry, politics and conservation worked together to preserve the Woodmont Rod and Gun Club, Hancock, Maryland and they built a New York Stock Exchange silica sand mining corporation beginning in 1878 through 1969. Bridges' third book, "Fighting with JEB Stuart: Major James Breathed and the Confederate Horse Artillery" (2006), chronicles the life and Civil War trials and tribulations of Major James Breathed, Stuart Horse Artillery, C.S.A. The Broken Circle is his fourth book and first Literary Historical novel. He is presently working on a new novel titled "The Thomas Brothers of Burkes Garden, Virginia: Valor in the Confederacy" about his Virginia ancestory from 1733 forward and seven of them who fought together in the 8th Virginia Cavalry to preserve their Agarian/Appalachian way of life. He resides in Richmond, Virginia, with his faithful birddogs Angel, Bella and Rosey.
Ruth Ann Coski opened her talk about John Singleton Mosby by telling us that one of her tasks at the Museum of the Confederacy was cataloging the letters of that Confederate icon. She concluded that his regard for justice and fair play were consistent throughout his life. Mosby was small in stature and was often bullied. He fought back, but usually lost. At the University of Virginia Mosby was regarded as a good student, but a reckless rider. He was expelled for shooting a fellow student. He went to jail, convicted of unlawful shooting. He won the friendship of his prosecutor and studied law under him. When The War came, Mosby initially joined the Washington County Mounted Rifles. He subsequently served in the 1st Virginia Cavalry under Colonel Jeb Stuart. Mosby served as a scout during the famous ride around McClellan in the spring of 1862. In January 1863 Jeb Stuart, with the concurrence of Robert E. Lee, authorized Mosby to form and take command of the 43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry. Mosby appointed the officers in his command. He had as many as 1,900 men serving with him, but only 400 when The War ended. On 9 May 1863 at Fairfax Court House Mosby's men captured three Yankee officers, including BGEN Edwin H. Stoughton, who was in bed. Mosby awakened him and asked him if he'd heard of Mosby. Stoughton said yes and asked, "Have you caught him?" Mosby's response, "No, I am Mosby and he has got you!" Mosby's men lived in private homes and only assembled for specific actions. He was referred to as the bogeyman of Virginia. Mosby was wounded seven times during The War. Never surrendering, Mosby disbanded the 43rd on 21 April 1865. Pauline, Mosby's wife, wrote a personal appeal to U. S. Grant, so no arrest was made in compliance with an order for Mosby's arrest which had been issued after the assassination of Lincoln. Pauline died in 1876. The only veterans reunion that Mosby ever attended bored him. He refused to cater to Southern sympathies. Believing that reconciliation was needed, Mosby became a Republican. He always looked forward, rather than backward. An exception was his defense of Jeb Stuart's action at the battle of Gettysburg. Stuart was Mosby's patron and friend. Mosby served as consul in Hong Kong from 1878 to 1885. From the latter year until 1901 he was a lawyer for the Southern Pacific Railroad. Mosby was opposed to football, considering it to be school-sanctioned murder. Retirement came at age 76, and death in 1916 at age 82. Walter November Meeting Attendance: 24
Bert Dunkerly of the National Park Service stated that the 2 April 1863 Richmond bread riot was the biggest Confederate protest during The War. It was led by women, who had no vote and held no offices. The population of Richmond had more than doubled, putting a great strain on all. Government contractors paid a government controlled price, much lower than what private citizens paid. Some of the citizens were paying prices ten times higher. A lady named Mary Jackson called a meeting of wives at Belvidere Church. They wanted to meet with the Governor to demand food at the government price. They gathered at the Washington statue in Capitol Square, saying "We're all starving. We're going to a bakery to get a loaf of bread." The Governor told them to break up and disperse. They marched to stores on several nearby streets to loot, taking more than food and loading up wagons. Some store owners threw goods out their windows. Among the places affected were a warehouse at 13th and Cary Streets and Pollard and Walker's Market. One store owner held off the crowd with a pistol. Mayor Mayo read them the Riot Act. The crowd ignored him. Police on the fringes arrested some and took them to "the cage." There was wild confusion and pillage. The mob spread out at 17th Street. The Governor called out the Public Guard which provided security at state offices. Marching west, the mob encountered the State Guard, which pointed weapons, leading to the breakup of the crowd. Confederate President Jefferson Davis addressed the crowd and emptied his pockets, throwing money to the crowd and saying, "Here. This is all that I have." Only when he threatened to have militiamen fire upon them did they disperse. Police arrested 43 women and 25 men, who were subsequently tried in a special court convened by Mayor Mayo. The image of the Confederacy was tarnished. There was a delay in reporting on this event. Some women were sentenced to the State Penitentiary. Walter December Dinner Meeting Attendance: 46
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Quartermaster: Floyd Lane 519-1023 Historian: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin firstname.lastname@example.org 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 August 2014 - 1 January 2015 Walter R. Beam Leroy G Crenshaw Arthur B. Cowardin Dale A Harlow Crawley F. Joyner, III Phillip Jones Andy Keller Peter I Knowles II Jack Maxwell Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Robert H Moore, Jr. Floyd G Mozingo Preston Nuttall Jim Pickens Joseph S Price S Waite Rawles Peyton Roden James Smith Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Harold E. Whitmore
January 18651 Butler ordered a canal cut to bypass a bend in the James River at Dutch Gap. 4 Yankee troops embarked at Bermuda Hundred for a new expedition against Fort Fisher. 6 Republican House of Representatives member J. M. Ashley of Ohio brought up the proposed 13th Amendment to abolish slavery. 7 Butler was removed from command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina and replaced by MGEN E. O. C. Ord. 8 The huge naval fleet under RADM David Dixon Porter arrived at rendezvous off Beaufort NC before attempting to take Fort Fisher. 9 The Constitutional Convention of Tennessee adopted an amendment abolishing slavery and putting it to the vote of the people. 11 The Constitutional Convention of Missouri adopted an ordinance abolishing slavery. 13 The attack on Fort Fisher, led by MGEN Alfred H. Terry, began. John Bell Hood resigned as commander of the Army of Tennessee. 15 Yankees assaulted and captured Fort Fisher. 19 Sherman ordered a march from Savannah through South Carolina. 23 President Jefferson Davis signed an act of Congress providing for the appointment of a General-in Chief of Confederate Armies. Confederate LTGEN Richard Taylor assumed command of the Army of Tennessee, reduced to 17,700 men. 24 Yankee GEN U. S. Grant accepted the offer of the Confederate Congress to resume exchange of prisoners. Confederate MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest assumed command of the Confederate District of Mississippi, East Louisiana, and West Tennessee. 25 Confederate cruiser CSS Shenandoah reached Melbourne, Australia and later left for the north Pacific to attack Yankee fishing and whaling fleets. 28 Jefferson Davis appointed Vice President Alexander Stephens, R. M. T. Hunter, and former U. S. Supreme Court Justice John A. Campbell to hold informal talks with Yankee authorities. Secretary of War Seddon recommended to Davis that GEN Robert E. Lee be named General-in-Chief of all Confederate Armies. 30 Yankee President Abraham Lincoln issued a pass for the three Confederate commissioners to go through Yankee military lines to Fort Monroe. 31 Yankee House of Representatives passed the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery. The amendment needed to be sent to the states for ratification. It became effective 18 December. Robert E. Lee was approved to be General-in-Chief of all Confederate Armies.
February 18651 Yankee MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman began his march into South Carolina from Savannah GA and Beaufort SC. 2 Lincoln left Washington for Hampton Roads to meet with the three Confederate commissioners awaiting him there. 3 Lincoln and Secretary of State William H. Seward met with the Confederate commissioners aboard the River Queen in Hampton Roads. Nothing resulted from the meeting because the Confederates demanded terms between independent nations and the Yankees demanded unconditional restoration of the Union. Maryland, New York, and West Virginia ratified the 13th Amendment. 4 Lincoln returned to Washington. 5 Grant's move to extend the Yankee lines south and west of Petersburg led to the battle of Hatcher's Run. 6 John C. Breckenridge became Confederate Secretary of War. Robert E. Lee received orders naming him General-in-Chief of all Confederate Armies. 7 Kansas and Maine approved the 13th Amendment, which failed to receive sufficient votes in Delaware. 8 The Yankee House of Representatives passed a joint resolution declaring that the eleven seceded states were not entitled to representation in the Electoral College. 9 Robert E. Lee proposed and Jefferson Davis approved a pardon to deserters who reported within 30 days. 10 Confederate Navy Captain Raphael Semmes was promoted to Rear Admiral and put in command of the James River Squadron. Missouri and Ohio ratified the 13th Amendment. 12 Lincoln was re-elected President by the Electoral College with 212 votes against 21 for McClellan. 17 Yankees captured Columbia, SC. Charleston, SC was evacuated by Confederates.
COMING EVENTS LINKSFebruary 21, 2015 9:30am-4pm The American Civil War Museum presents: "Person of the Year 1865 Symposium" at the Library of Virginia This will be our last "Man of the Year" topic, and speakers include Bill Cooper, Will Greene, Bob Kenzer, Cassandra Newby-Alexander, and Elizabeth Brown Pryor. Reservations are required. You can sign up on line through this link or by E-mailing John Coski at email@example.com or Phone: (804)649-1861,Ext.131
Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar