ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 17, ISSUE 1,           January 2015
SCV logo

A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, November Program (next),
November Program, December Dinner Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1864 Events (Jan,Feb), Coming Events Links,


Happy New Year.  I will try to be brief so we will have more  space  for
pictures  from  the December meeting and Installation of Officers.  2015
is the last year of the  150  Anniversary  Commemoration  of  the  "Late
Unpleasantness"  and  it  brings  two key events to our fair city.  Most
important to the SCV is that the SCV 120th National Reunion will be held
here  July  15-19, 2015 at the DoubleTree by Hilton Richmond-Midlothian.
Early registration is an affordable $40 but all meals are extra.   Visit
the  website  for  complete  details.   The  second  event is the Annual
Conference of the Civil War Trust which will also be  in  Richmond  from
June  3-7,  2015.   At  a  cost  of  $564  per  person it might be a bit
expensive for most of us but if you are a member of the Trust you  might
want  to  check it out.  There will be an Executive Committee meeting at
the Picadilly Cafeteria of West Broad Street on Feb.  3  at  6:00.   All
members are invited to attend.                                          

Our 2015 Executive Committee was installed by Everette Ellis. Art Waite Gary Paul Chris Andy Floyd


A Happy New Year to all. 

Our Christmas Dinner was  held  on  Tuesday  December  2,  2014  at  the
Westwood  Club.   We  had  a  good  turnout  with  46  members and guest
attending.  Bert Dunkerly, a ranger  with  the  National  Park  Service,
provided an excellent talk on the Richmond Bread Riot.                  

On  a  sad  note, we recently lost two members of the S C V known to our
camp.  David Ware (a former member of our camp) and a current member  of
the  James  City  Cavalry  Camp,  died  in  December in a tragic hunting
accident.  David P.  George, Sr.  a  current  member  of  our  Camp  and
former  editor  of  the Old War Horse died peacefully in December with a
severe form of dementia.                                                

Our sincere condolences to their families and friends.    


Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

My New Year's Resolution is to make no New Year's resolutions.  Well, at
least  not written down.  I'm not against them - I just try to "resolve"
to periodically assess where I  am,  and  strive  for  improvement.   An
on-going  goal  is  to  put  my  brain  in gear before I put my mouth in
motion.  [Can you relate?] Another is to remember it is "not  all  about
me".   And try to put myself in the other fella's shoes more.  The first
of a new calendar year is a good time for reflection - I  encourage  you
to  do  so.   And a great Bible verse for 2015 is Psa.  19:14 - "Let the
words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in your
sight, O Lord, my strength and my redeemer".  Psa. 19:14                


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, January 20, 2015




The Broken Circle
David P. Bridges
The Civil War's impact on Southern culture is depicted through
the experience of a young physician turned warrior.           

David P.  Bridges is a historian and works as an  Adjunct  Professor  of
Writing  at  the  University  of  Richmond, and has served 25 years as a
Presbyterian minister.  He also serves as a Military Chaplain at  Hunter
Holmes McGuire Veterans Hospital in Richmond, Virginia.                 

Bridges'  area  of  expertise  is 1850-1950 American history.  His first
non-fictional historical book, "The Best Coal Company  in  All  Chicago"
(2003),   is   about   the   Best   family,   coal   industrialists  and
philanthropists who impacted Chicago's history through the  distribution
of  coal  from  1908-1964.   His second book, "The Bridges of Washington
County" (2003), chronicles the Bridges family in Western  Maryland.   It
shows  how  industry,  politics  and  conservation  worked  together  to
preserve the Woodmont Rod and Gun Club, Hancock, Maryland and they built
a  New  York  Stock Exchange silica sand mining corporation beginning in
1878 through 1969.  Bridges' third  book,  "Fighting  with  JEB  Stuart:
Major  James  Breathed  and  the  Confederate  Horse  Artillery" (2006),
chronicles the life and Civil War trials and tribulations of Major James
Breathed,  Stuart  Horse  Artillery,  C.S.A.   The  Broken Circle is his
fourth book and first Literary Historical novel.                        

He is presently working on a new novel titled "The  Thomas  Brothers  of
Burkes  Garden,  Virginia:  Valor in the Confederacy" about his Virginia
ancestory from 1733 forward and seven of them who fought together in the
8th Virginia Cavalry to preserve their Agarian/Appalachian way of life. 

He  resides  in  Richmond,  Virginia,  with his faithful birddogs Angel,
Bella and Rosey.                                                        


Ruth Ann Coski opened her talk about John Singleton Mosby by telling  us
that  one  of  her tasks at the Museum of the Confederacy was cataloging
the letters of that Confederate icon.  She concluded that his regard for
justice and fair play were consistent throughout his life.              

Mosby  was  small in stature and was often bullied.  He fought back, but
usually lost.  At the University of Virginia Mosby  was  regarded  as  a
good  student,  but  a  reckless  rider.  He was expelled for shooting a
fellow student.  He went to jail, convicted of  unlawful  shooting.   He
won the friendship of his prosecutor and studied law under him.         

When  The War came, Mosby initially joined the Washington County Mounted
Rifles.  He subsequently  served  in  the  1st  Virginia  Cavalry  under
Colonel  Jeb  Stuart.   Mosby  served  as a scout during the famous ride
around McClellan in the spring of 1862.                                 

In January 1863 Jeb Stuart, with the  concurrence  of  Robert  E.   Lee,
authorized Mosby to form and take command of the 43rd Battalion Virginia
Cavalry.  Mosby appointed the officers in his command.  He had  as  many
as 1,900 men serving with him, but only 400 when The War ended.         

On 9 May 1863 at Fairfax Court House Mosby's men captured  three  Yankee
officers,  including  BGEN  Edwin  H.  Stoughton, who was in bed.  Mosby
awakened him and asked him if he'd heard of Mosby.  Stoughton  said  yes
and  asked, "Have you caught him?" Mosby's response, "No, I am Mosby and
he has got you!"                                                        

Mosby's men lived in private  homes  and  only  assembled  for  specific
actions.   He  was  referred  to as the bogeyman of Virginia.  Mosby was
wounded seven times during The War.                                     

Never surrendering, Mosby disbanded the 43rd on 21 April 1865.          

Pauline, Mosby's wife, wrote a personal appeal to U.  S.  Grant,  so  no
arrest was made in compliance with an order for Mosby's arrest which had
been issued after the assassination of Lincoln.  Pauline died in 1876.  

The only veterans reunion  that  Mosby  ever  attended  bored  him.   He
refused to cater to Southern sympathies.                                

Believing that reconciliation was needed, Mosby became a Republican.  He
always looked forward, rather  than  backward.   An  exception  was  his
defense  of Jeb Stuart's action at the battle of Gettysburg.  Stuart was
Mosby's patron and friend.                                              

Mosby served as consul in Hong Kong from 1878 to 1885.  From the  latter
year until 1901 he was a lawyer for the Southern Pacific Railroad.      

Mosby  was  opposed  to football, considering it to be school-sanctioned

Retirement came at age 76, and death in 1916 at age 82.                 
November Meeting Attendance: 24


Bert Dunkerly of the National Park Service stated that the 2 April  1863
Richmond  bread riot was the biggest Confederate protest during The War.
It was led by  women,  who  had  no  vote  and  held  no  offices.   The
population  of Richmond had more than doubled, putting a great strain on

Government contractors paid a government controlled  price,  much  lower
than  what  private  citizens  paid.   Some  of the citizens were paying
prices ten times higher.                                                

A lady named Mary Jackson called a meeting of wives at Belvidere Church.
They  wanted  to meet with the Governor to demand food at the government
price.  They gathered at the Washington statue in Capitol Square, saying
"We're  all  starving.  We're going to a bakery to get a loaf of bread."
The Governor told them to break up and disperse.  They marched to stores
on  several nearby streets to loot, taking more than food and loading up
wagons.  Some store owners threw goods out  their  windows.   Among  the
places  affected  were  a warehouse at 13th and Cary Streets and Pollard
and Walker's Market.  One store owner held off the crowd with a pistol. 

Mayor Mayo read them the Riot Act.  The crowd ignored  him.   Police  on
the  fringes  arrested  some and took them to "the cage." There was wild
confusion and pillage.                                                  

The mob spread out at 17th Street.  The Governor called out  the  Public
Guard  which provided security at state offices.  Marching west, the mob
encountered the State Guard,  which  pointed  weapons,  leading  to  the
breakup of the crowd.                                                   

Confederate  President  Jefferson  Davis addressed the crowd and emptied
his pockets, throwing money to the crowd and saying, "Here.  This is all
that  I have." Only when he threatened to have militiamen fire upon them
did they disperse.                                                      

Police arrested 43 women and 25 men, who were subsequently  tried  in  a
special court convened by Mayor Mayo.                                   

The  image  of  the  Confederacy  was  tarnished.   There was a delay in
reporting on this  event.   Some  women  were  sentenced  to  the  State
December Dinner Meeting Attendance: 46


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Quartermaster: Floyd Lane 519-1023 Historian: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2014 - 1 January 2015                 

Walter R. Beam        Leroy G Crenshaw         Arthur B. Cowardin
Dale A Harlow         Crawley F. Joyner, III   Phillip Jones     
Andy Keller           Peter I Knowles II       Jack Maxwell      
Lewis Mills                                                      
Conway Moncure        Robert H Moore, Jr.      Floyd G Mozingo   
Preston Nuttall       Jim Pickens              Joseph S Price    
S Waite Rawles        Peyton Roden             James Smith       
Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker            Harold E. Whitmore

January 1865

1 Butler ordered a canal cut to bypass a bend in the James River at Dutch Gap. 4 Yankee troops embarked at Bermuda Hundred for a new expedition against Fort Fisher. 6 Republican House of Representatives member J. M. Ashley of Ohio brought up the proposed 13th Amendment to abolish slavery. 7 Butler was removed from command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina and replaced by MGEN E. O. C. Ord. 8 The huge naval fleet under RADM David Dixon Porter arrived at rendezvous off Beaufort NC before attempting to take Fort Fisher. 9 The Constitutional Convention of Tennessee adopted an amendment abolishing slavery and putting it to the vote of the people. 11 The Constitutional Convention of Missouri adopted an ordinance abolishing slavery. 13 The attack on Fort Fisher, led by MGEN Alfred H. Terry, began. John Bell Hood resigned as commander of the Army of Tennessee. 15 Yankees assaulted and captured Fort Fisher. 19 Sherman ordered a march from Savannah through South Carolina. 23 President Jefferson Davis signed an act of Congress providing for the appointment of a General-in Chief of Confederate Armies. Confederate LTGEN Richard Taylor assumed command of the Army of Tennessee, reduced to 17,700 men. 24 Yankee GEN U. S. Grant accepted the offer of the Confederate Congress to resume exchange of prisoners. Confederate MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest assumed command of the Confederate District of Mississippi, East Louisiana, and West Tennessee. 25 Confederate cruiser CSS Shenandoah reached Melbourne, Australia and later left for the north Pacific to attack Yankee fishing and whaling fleets. 28 Jefferson Davis appointed Vice President Alexander Stephens, R. M. T. Hunter, and former U. S. Supreme Court Justice John A. Campbell to hold informal talks with Yankee authorities. Secretary of War Seddon recommended to Davis that GEN Robert E. Lee be named General-in-Chief of all Confederate Armies. 30 Yankee President Abraham Lincoln issued a pass for the three Confederate commissioners to go through Yankee military lines to Fort Monroe. 31 Yankee House of Representatives passed the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery. The amendment needed to be sent to the states for ratification. It became effective 18 December. Robert E. Lee was approved to be General-in-Chief of all Confederate Armies.

February 1865

1 Yankee MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman began his march into South Carolina from Savannah GA and Beaufort SC. 2 Lincoln left Washington for Hampton Roads to meet with the three Confederate commissioners awaiting him there. 3 Lincoln and Secretary of State William H. Seward met with the Confederate commissioners aboard the River Queen in Hampton Roads. Nothing resulted from the meeting because the Confederates demanded terms between independent nations and the Yankees demanded unconditional restoration of the Union. Maryland, New York, and West Virginia ratified the 13th Amendment. 4 Lincoln returned to Washington. 5 Grant's move to extend the Yankee lines south and west of Petersburg led to the battle of Hatcher's Run. 6 John C. Breckenridge became Confederate Secretary of War. Robert E. Lee received orders naming him General-in-Chief of all Confederate Armies. 7 Kansas and Maine approved the 13th Amendment, which failed to receive sufficient votes in Delaware. 8 The Yankee House of Representatives passed a joint resolution declaring that the eleven seceded states were not entitled to representation in the Electoral College. 9 Robert E. Lee proposed and Jefferson Davis approved a pardon to deserters who reported within 30 days. 10 Confederate Navy Captain Raphael Semmes was promoted to Rear Admiral and put in command of the James River Squadron. Missouri and Ohio ratified the 13th Amendment. 12 Lincoln was re-elected President by the Electoral College with 212 votes against 21 for McClellan. 17 Yankees captured Columbia, SC. Charleston, SC was evacuated by Confederates.


February 21, 2015 9:30am-4pm The American Civil War Museum presents: "Person of the Year 1865 Symposium" at the Library of Virginia This will be our last "Man of the Year" topic, and speakers include Bill Cooper, Will Greene, Bob Kenzer, Cassandra Newby-Alexander, and Elizabeth Brown Pryor. Reservations are required. You can sign up on line through
this link or by E-mailing John Coski at or Phone: (804)649-1861,Ext.131
Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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