ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 11,           November 2014
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, November Program (next),
October Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1864 Events (Nov,Dec,Jan), Coming Events Links,


We have just completed the Sesquicentennial of the  1864  elections  and
appropriately  enough  the  Republicans  have  won again.  Hopefully the
results for the South will be more to our liking this time around.   The
Election  of  1864  confirmed  the ultimate outcome of the War making it
only a matter of months before the conflict would end  after  four  hard
years of suffering on both sides.                                       

Likewise  November  now  marks  the month of the Longstreet Camp officer
elections, so it might be helpful to highlight some of the duties of our
officers  so that you as members might be able to know how you may be of
assistance to them.  We have a tradition of very good  programs  at  our
camp  meeting.   The  responsibility for finding our speakers is that of
the First Lieutenant Commander.  Paul Sacra  has  been  preforming  that
duty now for just over two years and is running for re-election. Finding
good speakers may become more of a challenge after a while, so Paul  may
well  appreciate  your  recommendations or help in finding speakers.  If
you hear a program you enjoy, ask the speaker if they would be available
to  speak  to the Camp.  If they are, then get their contact information
for Paul.  This is especially true if they live in the Richmond area and
do not charge a fee for speaking.                                       

The  Second  Lieutenant Commander (SLC) has several new responsibilities
under our Constitution which include among  others  the  recruitment  of
members.   That is not his responsibility alone, but one that rests with
each of us.  Your responsibility is to invite  eligible  guests  to  our
meetings,  but  when  you  do, make an effort to introduce them to Chris
Trinite who is the current SLC  so  that  he  can  give  them  the  camp
information  package.   If  you  find a guest sitting at your table then
that is another opportunity for you to make them feel as welcome as  you
can and to introduce him to those at your table as well as to Chris.    

If everyone does their bit to help out then we will have a much stronger
Camp.  I hope to see you at the election meeting and  hopefully  at  the
Installation of Officers on December 2 at the Westwood Club.            

P.S.  Pat Sweeney underwent a total replacement of his left shoulder  on
Thursday,  Nov.   6  and  therefore  will not be able to attend the next
couple of meetings but sends his greetings to our camp Compatriots.     


Paul Sacra provided the camp with a very interesting talk on the  Battle
of Cedar Mountain.                                                      

Studley  Road  Cleanup  was  held  on November 18th, 2014.  The report is
    Road cleanup well done                                              
    On a beautiful Saturday 18 October nine Camp members plus the son of
    one  enabled  us  to  clean up our one mile section of Studley Road,
    Hanover County, in record time.                                     

    Peerless leader  Lewis  Mills  was  joined  by  David  Bridges,  Lee
    Crenshaw, Gene Golden, Phil Jones, Andy Keller, Robby Keller, Walter
    Tucker, Art Wingo, and George Woodson.                              
    Thanks to all who participated.   Walter                            

Christmas Dinner to be held Tuesday, December 2, 2014  at  the  Westwood
Club,  Richmond, VA 23226.  Speaker will be Bert Dunkerly talking on the
Richmond Bread Riot.  The Dinner cost  is  $39.00  per  person.   Please
complete a reservation form and mail to  Art  Wingo  by  11/26/14.   The
address is on the form:                                                 
Click here to goto the RSVP form, print it, fill out,
and mail along with a check to Art for our December 2rd Dinner/Program
Our December 2nd Dinner Meeting will be:

"The Richmond Bread Riots"
Robert "Bert" Dunkerly, NPS

Robert M.  Dunkerly is a historian, award-winning  author,  and  speaker
who  is  actively  involved  in  historic preservation and research.  He
holds a degree in History from St.  Vincent College  and  a  Masters  in
Historic  Preservation  from  Middle Tennessee State University.  He has
worked at nine historic sites,  written  seven  books  and  over  twenty
articles.   His  research  includes archaeology, colonial life, military
history, and historic  commemoration.   Dunkerly  is  currently  a  Park
Ranger  at  Richmond National Battlefield Park.  He has visited over 400
battlefields and over 700 historic sites worldwide.  When not reading or
writing, he enjoys hiking, camping, and photography.                    

Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

My wife and I were walking in  Regency Square Mall over the weekend, and
I  marveled  at  the  amount  of Christmas decor already in evidence.  I
know,  folks  have  been  bemoaning  the  ever-earlier  decorations  and
shopping  for  some time now, but it seems to get worse every year.  One
"display" struck me  particularly  forcefully  -  the  "Santa-land"  was
already  completely  in  place!   It reminded me of a story I first read
some years back.  A small boy was shopping with his mother, and watching
the activity surrounding a mall Santa, he asked "Where's the line to see
Jesus?".  Kind of sums it up, doesn't it?  Do we take any time to assess
our  blessings  and  give  thanks to the Lord at Thanksgiving?  And what
about Christmas?  Let's try to remember that "Jesus is  the  Reason  for
the  Season".   I  hope  you  and your family will have a holiday season
filled with meaning, and not just "stuff". Psa. 103:2                   


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, November 18, 2014




John Singleton Mosby, The Gray Ghost
Ruth Ann Coski

Ruth Ann Coski began working at  the  Museum  and  White  House  of  the
Confederacy  in  1988  and  spent  six  years as head of the White House
interpretive staff before becoming the Library Manager of  the  Museum's
Eleanor S.  Brockenbrough Library.                                      

She researched and wrote the scripts for the Museum's exhibitions on R.E.
Lee and Varina Anne "Winnie" Davis and "Art of the Confederacy." For the
last several years she has been a Special Correspondent for the Museum's
quarterly Magazine.  She is  the  author  of  The  White  House  of  the
Confederacy: a Pictorial Tour, and has contributed many book reviews and
articles to Civil War magazines and encyclopedias and has spoken  widely
on  the  Jefferson  Davis family.  Before coming to Richmond, she worked
seven years as a costumed interpreter At Colonial Williamsburg.         

Ruth Ann earned her B.A.  in History and English  from  Mary  Washington
College, where she met her future husband---and they have been following
each other around ever since.                                           


Having walked the Cedar Mountain battlefield with the inimitable  Robert
K.   Krick,  our  Camp's  1st LCDR Paul Sacra was eminently qualified to
speak about Stonewall Jackson's last battle in independent command on  9
August 1862.                                                            

Jackson  had  been  ordered  by  General  Robert E.  Lee to suppress the
Yankee Army of Virginia,  commanded  by  MGEN  John  Pope,  an  arrogant
braggart  who  had verbalized harsh measures against civilians.  Jackson
had 24,000 men, about half the number commanded by  Pope.   Jackson  had
the  good  sense  not  to  attack  Pope's  entire  Army,  but  chose  to
concentrate on the Corps of MGEN Nathaniel Banks, which was  located  in
the neighborhood of Culpeper.                                           

MGEN  Richard  S.  Ewell's Division led the Confederates marching north.
COL Charles A.  Ronald was in charge of the Stonewall Brigade.  MGEN  A.
P Hill was bringing his Division from Gordonsville.                     

The  weather  and  the  roads  were  miserable.   Afternoon temperatures
approached 100 degrees.  Many soldiers did not sleep on the night  of  8
August,  the  eve  of  the  battle.   The roads were ankle deep in dust,
choking the poor soldiers as they marched.                              

Jackson was the most tight-lipped commander  ever.   Someone  asked  his
servant  Jim Lewis why he was packing.  Lewis responded, "When I see him
getting up to pray several times in the night, I know something is going
to happen."                                                             

Yankees were initially successful, particularly against the left of BGEN
Jubal Early's Brigade.  BGEN George Henry Gordon's  Brigade  hit  a  gap
between  Ronald's  Stonewall  Brigade  and  the Brigade of COL Thomas A.
Garnett.  In the fierce fighting the  flag  of  the  21st  Virginia  was
carried  by  five  color  bearers.  BGEN Dorsey Pender's Brigade charged
Gordon's  flank.   Yankee  cavalry  trashed  the  library  of   Reverend

At  one point in the battle, Confederate artillery firing into the flank
of BGEN John White Geary's  Brigade  was  being  directed  by  Stonewall
Jackson and by BGEN Charles S.  Winder, both former artillerists. Winder
was mortally wounded and was replaced  as  Division  Commander  by  BGEN
William B.  Taliaferro.                                                 

Yankee  BGEN  Christopher  Columbus  Augur  was severely wounded and was
replaced as Division Commander by BGEN Henry Prince, who was captured.  

An interesting vignette  was  Confederate  artillerist  Snowden  Andrews
being  told  by several doctors that he could not survive his gut wound.
He told the doctors, "If you doctors would do something for me, I'd  get
well.   I  once  had  a  hound dog that ran a mile with his guts out and
caught a fox.  I know that I am as good as any dog that ever  lived  and
can stand as much." Andrews lived until 1903.                           

Confederates rallied and won the battle.                                

Paul  cited  Bob Krick's book Stonewall Jackson at Cedar Mountain as one
of his favorites.                                                       
October Meeting Attendance: 25


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Historian/Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2014 - 1 November 2014               

Walter R. Beam        Leroy G Crenshaw         Arthur B. Cowardin
Dale A Harlow         Crawley F. Joyner, III   Phillip Jones     
Andy Keller           Peter I Knowles II       Jack Maxwell      
Conway Moncure        Robert H Moore, Jr.      Floyd G Mozingo   
Preston Nuttall       Jim Pickens              Joseph S Price    
S Waite Rawles        Peyton Roden             James Smith       
Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker            Harold E. Whitmore

November 1864

1 A six day Yankee scout moved from Bermuda Hundred into Charles City County, VA. 2 Secretary of state William H. Seward told the mayor of New York City of rumors from Canada that Confederate agents planned to set fire to the city on Election Day. 4 At Johnsonville TN MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest's Confederates shelled Yankee boats, warehouses, two wagon trains, and soldiers. 7 Confederate Congress met in Richmond for what turned out to be its last session. President Jefferson Davis delivered an optimistic message, minimizing the fall of Atlanta. 8 Yankees reelected Lincoln as President with Tennessee's Andrew Johnson as Vice President. Democrat candidate George Brinton McClellan carried only Delaware, Kentucky, and New Jersey. Republicans and Unionists increased their strong majority in the House of representatives to over two thirds and maintained a strong plurality in the Senate. 9 Yankee MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman ordered his men to forage liberally on their march from Atlanta to the sea. If met with resistance from inhabitants, army commanders they were to order and enforce a relentless devastation. 11 At the Yankee Cabinet meeting the secret document disclosing Lincoln's doubts about the election was opened. 13 A sizable portion of LTGEN Jubal Anderson Early's Confederate Army was detached from the Shenandoah Valley to strengthen the siege lines at Richmond and Petersburg. 14 Lincoln accepted the resignation of MGEN McClellan and named Philip H. Sheridan to the rank of MGEN in the Regular Army. 15 Most of Sherman's Army left Atlanta for their march to the sea. 17 Sherman's soldiers took four routes on their march ,to confuse the Confederates. 19 Governor Joe Brown of Georgia called for men between the ages of 16 and 55 to oppose Yankees under the command of MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman, but to no significant avail. President Abraham Lincoln ordered blockades lifted at Norfolk, Fernandina, and Pensacola, FL. 21 Confederate LTGEN John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee left Florence, AL and headed for Tennessee. His object was to get between Yankees at Pulaski and Nashville. 22 MGEN Henry Warner Slocum's wing of Sherman's army occupied the Georgia state capital at Milledgeville. 25 A Confederate attempt to burn New York failed. 29 MGEN John M. Schofield's Yankees passed Spring Hill TN unnoticed by Hood's Confederates. 30 Six Confederate generals were killed in the crushing defeat at Franklin, TN.

December 1864

6 Salmon P. Chase was named Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. LTGEN Ulysses S. Grant ordered MGEN George H. Thomas to attack Hood's army at Nashville. 10 Sherman's army arrived before Savannah. 13 Sherman's army reached the sea. 15 Thomas's army defeated Hood's at Nashville. 20 Confederates evacuated Savannah. 22 Sherman sent his famous message to Lincoln, "I beg to present you, as a Christmas gift, the city of Savannah..." 24 Yankee bombardment of Fort Fisher, near Wilmington NC, began. 25 Yankee landings at Fort Fisher failed, sealing the fate of MGEN Benjamin F. Butler, no longer needed by Lincoln because of his political influence. 30 Lincoln indicated to his cabinet that Butler would be removed from command of the Army of the James because of the fiasco at Fort Fisher.

January 1865

1 Butler ordered a canal cut to bypass a bend in the James River at Dutch Gap. 4 Yankee troops embarked at Bermuda Hundred for a new expedition against Fort Fisher. 6 Republican House of Representatives member J. M. Ashley of Ohio brought up the proposed 13th Amendment to abolish slavery. 7 Butler was removed from command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina and replaced by MGEN E. O. C. Ord. 8 The huge naval fleet under RADM David Dixon Porter arrived at rendezvous off Beaufort NC before attempting to take Fort Fisher. 9 The Constitutional Convention of Tennessee adopted an amendment abolishing slavery and putting it to he vote of the people. 11 The Constitutional Convention of Missouri adopted an ordinance abolishing slavery. 13 The attack on Fort Fisher, led by MGEN Alfred H. Terry, began. John Bell Hood resigned as commander of the Army of Tennessee. 15 Yankees assaulted and captured Fort Fisher. 19 Sherman ordered a march from Savannah through South Carolina.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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