ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 10,           October 2014
SCV logo

A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, October Program (next),
September Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1864 Events (Oct,Nov), Coming Events Links,


We have been told many times that membership  recruitment  is  the  life
blood  of  any organization.  That is one reason I volunteered this year
to work at the SCV booth at the State Fair.  I may have seen  the  booth
there  in the past but it did not stick out in my mind.  I was convinced
that the main thing we would be doing was membership recruitment.  Well,
there  was  a  little of that and we did take down information from many
people that may be usefully for membership recruitment, I even talked to
one  young  man who hopefully will be joining our camp.  The thing I had
not realized was that most of what we were going to be doing was selling
Confederate  themed  merchandise,  most at very good prices: flags, flag
pins, Christmas ornaments, hats and tee shirts which we sold out of.   I
am  not  sure what the Freeman High School students are going to do with
the three Confederate flags they bought.  What I  came  to  realize  was
that, without the visual draw of the merchandise, no one would get close
enough to talk with about membership.  What surprised me most  was  that
there  were  almost 240,000 people at the State Fair this year and many,
if not most, of them came through the  Farm  Bureau  building  where  we
were.   Of  those  who  passed  our booth, a large percentage stopped to
examine  what  we  had,  and  many  made  donations  (in  exchange   for
merchandise).   Negative  comments?  Not a one.  We were very pleased by
the positive response we received.  Many talked about their  Confederate
ancestors  and  wanted  to know more about the different versions of the
Confederate flag.  While not everyone wanted to wear  one  of  the  free
Confederate  Heritage month stickers, they were happy to slap one on the
back of their Yankee wife or their children who loved getting  stickers.
It  was a long day, but thanks to having Floyd Lane there with me it was
an enjoyable day.  In fact, Floyd enjoyed it so  much  he  returned  the
next  day  to help Everett Ellis with the booth.  If we do it again next
year, I hope more of you will take advantage of this opportunity to make
your  Confederate ancestor proud of you for honoring the cause for which
he fought.                                                              

Notice of a Constitutional Amendment to be voted on at the Annual Meeting on November 18: Delete Section 9(a) under Powers of the Executive Committee and renumber the other responsibilities. This power was split between the Commander and the Executive Committee and moved to the section covering the Duties of the Treasurer so that this section contradicts that section. The Annual Meeting will also include the election of officers for 2015-2016. If you are interested in running for any office please contact the Adjutant, Art Wingo.
Confederate Medal of Honor for Major James Breathed- An Update Last year our Camp was one of the major contributors to the Medal of Honor for Major Breathed. At that time the framed award was placed at the MOC. Since that time it has been moved to the Graffitt House Museum in Brandy Station. The museum is owned and operated by the Brandy Station Foundation. The crew of one of Breathed's guns sheltered in the Graffiti House on the night before the Battle of Kelly's Ford, March 17, 1863. The crew members documented their stay by leaving their names in charcoal on the walls of the house along with Breathed in profile. The house and the nearby battlefields are well worth a visit. Andy


Will Glasco provided the camp with a very informative talk on the Battle
of Chickamauga.                                                         

Studley  Road Cleanup to be held on October 18th, 2014.                 

	Help is needed to clean up Studley road Saturday 18 October 
	If you haven't already volunteered, please call Walter Tucker on
	360-7247 if you will help pick up trash along Route 606, Studley
	Road,  Hanover  County,  near  Enon  United  Methodist   Church,
	beginning at 10 AM.  We usually finish by noon. - Walter        

Reminders, 2014-2015 Dues are payable no later than October 31, 2014.   

Christmas Dinner to be held Tuesday, December 2, 2014  at  the  Westwood
Club,  Richmond, VA 23226.  Speaker will be Bert Dunkerly talking on the
Richmond Bread Riot.  The Dinner cost  is  $39.00  per  person.   Please
complete an reservation form and mail to Art Wingo. (address on form)   
Click here to goto the RSVP form, print it, fill out, and mail
along with a check to Art for our December 2rd Dinner/Program


Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

"What are you going to be for Halloween?" Grownups are  asking  children
that  these  days (and sometimes are asking other grownups!) Dressing up
and pretending to be something besides what you are is  a  big  part  of
Halloween  for  many  people.   But some people pretend to be other than
what they are much of the time, no costumes involved.  They  don't  want
others  to see what is really on the inside, or they pretend to be other
than what they truly are.  Are you and I guilty of this?  The  Bible  in
1Sam.  16:7  says "man looks on the outward appearance, but God looks on
the heart".  Let's be "real".  1 Samuel 16:7                            


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, October 21, 2014




The Battle of Cedar Mountain
Jackson's Last Fight as an Independent Commander

Paul Sacra

Paul grew up in the Richmond area and  was  fortunate  enough  to  marry
Priscilla who has been very supportive of his historical interest and it
was Priscilla who made the first move  to  attend  the  "Field  of  Lost
Shoes"  movie.   Paul and Priscilla have two boy cats named Buck and Boo
who fill out the family.  Paul's blood ancestor was killed in action  at
Spotsylvania  while  a northern cousin was killed a couple of miles away
on the same day at Spotsylvania.  Paul  had  three  family  members  who
fought at Cedar Mountain.  Longstreet Camp members who had relatives who
fought at Cedar Mountain may ask  direct  questions  pertaining  to  the
performance of their regiment.                                          

The talk on Cedar Mountain will utilize the classic Bob Krick field trip
map that was first used in the late 1980's or very early  1990's.   When
Paul  first visited the battlefield with Krick, the Crittenden House was
still standing and the tour group ate lunch in it's shadow.   Paul  will
use the classic map to tell the tale of battle and will also have a copy
of an original map of the battlefield drawn shortly after the fight. For
many  years  Mrs.  Inskeep allowed only Krick and Paul to give tours and
visit the field.  There will also be some relics dug from the field with
one  very  special one for all to see.  Cedar Mountain produced a wealth
of personal descriptions of the fight and many that  involved  Stonewall
Jackson, who considered Cedar Mountain to be his finest battle.         


Will Glasco "Chickamauga: The Confederate High Water Mark In The West"

"Chickamauga  was  the  result  of  missed  opportunity   after   missed
opportunity.   Time  and  again,  chances  to catch the Federal Army off
guard were wasted.  There  were  several  instances  during  the  battle
itself,  where  a  spirited  charge  could  have  won the day," reported

Edwin Staunton wired Union General  Rosecrans  "Lee's  Army  overthrown,
Grant  victorious.   You and your noble army now have the chance to give
the finishing blow to the rebellion.  Will you neglect the chance?"     

On August 16th Rosecrans moved on Chattanooga  General James Longstreet
Corps  had  set  out  from  Virginia  on  September  9th  12,000 strong.
Confederate General Braxton Bragg would have nearly 70,000 men  on  hand
where  Rosecrans  could  only  field  a little more than 50,000, the two
armies were prepared for a brawl!                                       

Early in the contest Glasco stated, "A small company of 37 Yankees  held
off  an  attack  of  368  Confederates with Spencer repeating Rifles, so
armaments would play a role in the battle." The  battle  did  not  begin
until  3  PM on the 18th, so the first day was essentially wasted and at
night Bragg shuffled more men across the creek.  That night men on  both
sides  had  mysterious  dreams  and  they  saw  their  own demises.  The
soldiers seem to have realized that a terrible battle beckoned  them  at
the dawn's early light.                                                 

The  Ball  of  Death  would  open  by  accident as Bragg's army awoke on
September 19th to a drastically  different  situation  to  their  front.
There  would  be missed opportunities aplenty on both sides, but Bragg's
failure to evolve his plans left a completely separated Union line, by 2
miles,  which he failed to envelop.  There were farmer's fields speckled
throughout the thick pine stands and the fields proved  to  be  a  choke
point  during  the  battle  into which brigade after brigade entered and
hammered away at the opposing forces.                                   

General Longstreet Corps would not disembark from the train until  early
afternoon  at  Ringgold, Georgia, and he was craving to get in the thick
of the fight.  But he soon discovered confusion and segmented troops, no
one  really knew whether the other forces were friend or foe, especially
on the Federal side of the battlefield.   One  Union  Brigadier  General
wrote  that  the  fighting  was,  "A  mad  irregular  battle,  very much
resembling guerrilla warfare on a grand scale, in  which  one  army  was
bushwhacking the other."                                                

Many  of General Hood's men were attacking at Viniard Field to the south
and they took cover in a ditch which  provided  false  security.   Union
Colonel  Wilder  commented  on  the false cover, "A pity to kill men so.
They fell in heaps and I had it in my  heart  to  order  the  firing  to
cease,.to end the awful sight." General Phil Sheridan summed up the days
fighting  for  both  sides,  "Too  many  people  were  giving  important
directions, affecting the whole army, without authority from its head." 

Glasco  reported,  "On the start of the second day Bragg knew nothing of
the ground, and little of the command structure or the personalities  in
the  Army  of the Tennessee.  In a sense, he was going in blind not just
about the disposition of the Federal troops, but  many  of  his  own  as
well."  However  General  Longstreet  expressed  confidence that the day
would end in complete victory and General Hood was relieved to hear  him
say  so.   Hood  later wrote "I could but exclaim that I was rejoiced to
hear him express himself, and he was the first general I had  met  since
my arrival to talk of our victory."                                     

In hindsight, Longstreet would strike the most vulnerable  part  of  the
Union  line  at  just  the  right time.  Charles Dana, Secretary of War,
Edwin Stanton's, eyes and ears in the West  awoke  from  a  nap  and  he
recalled,  "I  was  awakened by the most infernal noise I ever heard.  I
saw our lines break and melt away like leaves before the wind." What  he
saw  was  Longstreet's piercing attack.  Prior to Longstreet's onslaught
the Virginian General George Thomas had rallied the broken and scattered
men  left  on  the  field  to confront the entire Army of the Tennessee.
Glasco noted, "He would be just the man for the job." Thomas had scraped
together  a  defensive  line  using  men  from different corps and other
bewildered commands and  formed  them  in  a  south  easterly  direction
amongst  three  separate  hills.   Here  the  Federals  were  braced for
Longstreet's continuous attacks.  Thomas gained the name  "The  Rock  of
Chickamauga"  for his stand which, Major General Gordon Granger, enabled
to some degree as he arrived in the nick of time at Horseshoe  Ridge  to
help  Thomas  out  of an otherwise crushing defeat.  Thomas withdrew his
men at night fall and would  live  in  infamy  with  his  new  name.   A
Confederate  described  the  scene  the  next day and said "I could have
walked two-hundred yards and not stepped over  eighteen  inches  without
walking on dead Yankees."                                               

Rosecran's  Army  slipped  through  Bragg's  fingertips  but not without
16,000 casualties, while the Confederates suffered 18,500.  As a  result
of the battle there were huge shake ups in command on both sides.       

                                             David Bridges aka "the Major"
                    Author of "The Broken Circle" and our January Speaker

September Meeting Attendance: 22


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Historian/Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2014 - 1 October 2014               

Walter R. Beam        Leroy G Crenshaw         Arthur B. Cowardin
Dale A Harlow         Crawley F. Joyner, III   Peter I Knowles II
Robert H Moore, Jr.   Floyd G Mozingo          Preston Nuttall   
S Waite Rawles        Joseph S Price           Chris Trinite     
Harold E. Whitmore                                               

October 1864

1 MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest's Confederates captured blockhouses at Carter's Creek Station, TN. 2 Hood's Army of Tennessee broke the Western and Atlantic Railroad, interrupting the Yakee link between Atlanta and Chattanooga. 3 Yankee MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman sent MGEN George H. Thomas's army to Nashville. 7 Confederate commerce raider CSS Florida surrendered to USS Wachusett at Bahia, Brazil. 8 The last major Confederate cruiser CSS Sea King or Shenandoah left London to meet her supply ship near Funchal, Madeira, where she was commissioned as a commerce destroyer by Captain James I. Waddell on 19 October. 9 Yankee Cavalry under MGEN George Armstrong Custer and BGEN Wesley Merritt defeated Confederate Cavalry under BGEN Thomas Lafayette Rosser and MGEN Lunsford Lomax at Tom's Brook, VA. 12 U. S. Chief justice Roger B. Taney died in Washington. 13 Maryland voters narrowly adopted a new constitution which abolished slavery. 19 Sheridan reversed early morning successes of Early's Confederates by defeating them at Cedar Creek. 23 Yankees under MGEN Samuel R. Curtis and MGEN Alfred Pleasanton defeated Confederates under BGEN Joseph Orville Shelby and MGEN Sterling Price at Westport, MO in the last major fighting west of the Mississippi River. 26 Confederate guerrilla Bloody Bill Anderson was killed in an ambush near Richmond, MO. 27 Confederates led by LTGEN Wade Hampton repulsed Yankees under MGEN Winfield Scott Hancock and MGEN Gouverneur K. Warren at the battle of Burgess' Mill (also known as Boydton Plank Road). Yankees led by Navy LT William B. Cushing sank CSS Albemarle at Plymouth, NC. 31 Nevada entered the Union as the 36th state by proclamation of President Abraham Lincoln.

November 1864

1 A six day Yankee scout moved from Bermuda Hundred into Charles City County, VA. 2 Secretary of state William H. Seward told the mayor of New York City of rumors from Canada that Confederate agents planned to set fire to the city on Election Day. 4 At Johnsonville TN MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest's Confederates shelled Yankee boats, warehouses, two wagon trains, and soldiers. 7 Confederate Congress met in Richmond for what turned out to be its last session. President Jefferson Davis delivered an optimistic message, minimizing the fall of Atlanta. 8 Yankees reelected Lincoln as President with Tennessee's Andrew Johnson as Vice President. Democrat candidate George Brinton McClellan carried only Delaware, Kentucky, and New Jersey. Republicans and Unionists increased their strong majority in the House of representatives to over two thirds and maintained a strong plurality in the Senate. 9 Yankee MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman ordered his men to forage liberally on their march from Atlanta to the sea. If met with resistance from inhabitants, army commanders they were to order and enforce a relentless devastation. 11 At the Yankee Cabinet meeting the secret document disclosing Lincoln's doubts about the election was opened. 13 A sizable portion of LTGEN Jubal Anderson Early's Confederate Army was detached from the Shenandoah Valley to strengthen the siege lines at Richmond and Petersburg. 14 Lincoln accepted the resignation of MGEN McClellan and named Philip H. Sheridan to the rank of MGEN in the Regular Army. 15 Most of Sherman's Army left Atlanta for their march to the sea. 17 Sherman's soldiers took four routes on their march ,to confuse the Confederates.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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