THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 10, October 2014
We have been told many times that membership recruitment is the life blood of any organization. That is one reason I volunteered this year to work at the SCV booth at the State Fair. I may have seen the booth there in the past but it did not stick out in my mind. I was convinced that the main thing we would be doing was membership recruitment. Well, there was a little of that and we did take down information from many people that may be usefully for membership recruitment, I even talked to one young man who hopefully will be joining our camp. The thing I had not realized was that most of what we were going to be doing was selling Confederate themed merchandise, most at very good prices: flags, flag pins, Christmas ornaments, hats and tee shirts which we sold out of. I am not sure what the Freeman High School students are going to do with the three Confederate flags they bought. What I came to realize was that, without the visual draw of the merchandise, no one would get close enough to talk with about membership. What surprised me most was that there were almost 240,000 people at the State Fair this year and many, if not most, of them came through the Farm Bureau building where we were. Of those who passed our booth, a large percentage stopped to examine what we had, and many made donations (in exchange for merchandise). Negative comments? Not a one. We were very pleased by the positive response we received. Many talked about their Confederate ancestors and wanted to know more about the different versions of the Confederate flag. While not everyone wanted to wear one of the free Confederate Heritage month stickers, they were happy to slap one on the back of their Yankee wife or their children who loved getting stickers. It was a long day, but thanks to having Floyd Lane there with me it was an enjoyable day. In fact, Floyd enjoyed it so much he returned the next day to help Everett Ellis with the booth. If we do it again next year, I hope more of you will take advantage of this opportunity to make your Confederate ancestor proud of you for honoring the cause for which he fought.
Notice of a Constitutional Amendment to be voted on at the Annual Meeting on November 18: Delete Section 9(a) under Powers of the Executive Committee and renumber the other responsibilities. This power was split between the Commander and the Executive Committee and moved to the section covering the Duties of the Treasurer so that this section contradicts that section. The Annual Meeting will also include the election of officers for 2015-2016. If you are interested in running for any office please contact the Adjutant, Art Wingo.
Confederate Medal of Honor for Major James Breathed- An Update Last year our Camp was one of the major contributors to the Medal of Honor for Major Breathed. At that time the framed award was placed at the MOC. Since that time it has been moved to the Graffitt House Museum in Brandy Station. The museum is owned and operated by the Brandy Station Foundation. The crew of one of Breathed's guns sheltered in the Graffiti House on the night before the Battle of Kelly's Ford, March 17, 1863. The crew members documented their stay by leaving their names in charcoal on the walls of the house along with Breathed in profile. The house and the nearby battlefields are well worth a visit. Andy
Will Glasco provided the camp with a very informative talk on the Battle of Chickamauga. Studley Road Cleanup to be held on October 18th, 2014. Help is needed to clean up Studley road Saturday 18 October If you haven't already volunteered, please call Walter Tucker on 360-7247 if you will help pick up trash along Route 606, Studley Road, Hanover County, near Enon United Methodist Church, beginning at 10 AM. We usually finish by noon. - Walter Reminders, 2014-2015 Dues are payable no later than October 31, 2014. Christmas Dinner to be held Tuesday, December 2, 2014 at the Westwood Club, Richmond, VA 23226. Speaker will be Bert Dunkerly talking on the Richmond Bread Riot. The Dinner cost is $39.00 per person. Please complete an reservation form and mail to Art Wingo. (address on form) Click here to goto the RSVP form, print it, fill out, and mail along with a check to Art for our December 2rd Dinner/Program Art
"What are you going to be for Halloween?" Grownups are asking children that these days (and sometimes are asking other grownups!) Dressing up and pretending to be something besides what you are is a big part of Halloween for many people. But some people pretend to be other than what they are much of the time, no costumes involved. They don't want others to see what is really on the inside, or they pretend to be other than what they truly are. Are you and I guilty of this? The Bible in 1Sam. 16:7 says "man looks on the outward appearance, but God looks on the heart". Let's be "real". 1 Samuel 16:7 Barton
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
The Battle of Cedar Mountain Jackson's Last Fight as an Independent Commander by Paul Sacra Paul grew up in the Richmond area and was fortunate enough to marry Priscilla who has been very supportive of his historical interest and it was Priscilla who made the first move to attend the "Field of Lost Shoes" movie. Paul and Priscilla have two boy cats named Buck and Boo who fill out the family. Paul's blood ancestor was killed in action at Spotsylvania while a northern cousin was killed a couple of miles away on the same day at Spotsylvania. Paul had three family members who fought at Cedar Mountain. Longstreet Camp members who had relatives who fought at Cedar Mountain may ask direct questions pertaining to the performance of their regiment. The talk on Cedar Mountain will utilize the classic Bob Krick field trip map that was first used in the late 1980's or very early 1990's. When Paul first visited the battlefield with Krick, the Crittenden House was still standing and the tour group ate lunch in it's shadow. Paul will use the classic map to tell the tale of battle and will also have a copy of an original map of the battlefield drawn shortly after the fight. For many years Mrs. Inskeep allowed only Krick and Paul to give tours and visit the field. There will also be some relics dug from the field with one very special one for all to see. Cedar Mountain produced a wealth of personal descriptions of the fight and many that involved Stonewall Jackson, who considered Cedar Mountain to be his finest battle.
Will Glasco "Chickamauga: The Confederate High Water Mark In The West" "Chickamauga was the result of missed opportunity after missed opportunity. Time and again, chances to catch the Federal Army off guard were wasted. There were several instances during the battle itself, where a spirited charge could have won the day," reported Glasco. Edwin Staunton wired Union General Rosecrans "Lee's Army overthrown, Grant victorious. You and your noble army now have the chance to give the finishing blow to the rebellion. Will you neglect the chance?" On August 16th Rosecrans moved on Chattanooga General James Longstreet Corps had set out from Virginia on September 9th 12,000 strong. Confederate General Braxton Bragg would have nearly 70,000 men on hand where Rosecrans could only field a little more than 50,000, the two armies were prepared for a brawl! Early in the contest Glasco stated, "A small company of 37 Yankees held off an attack of 368 Confederates with Spencer repeating Rifles, so armaments would play a role in the battle." The battle did not begin until 3 PM on the 18th, so the first day was essentially wasted and at night Bragg shuffled more men across the creek. That night men on both sides had mysterious dreams and they saw their own demises. The soldiers seem to have realized that a terrible battle beckoned them at the dawn's early light. The Ball of Death would open by accident as Bragg's army awoke on September 19th to a drastically different situation to their front. There would be missed opportunities aplenty on both sides, but Bragg's failure to evolve his plans left a completely separated Union line, by 2 miles, which he failed to envelop. There were farmer's fields speckled throughout the thick pine stands and the fields proved to be a choke point during the battle into which brigade after brigade entered and hammered away at the opposing forces. General Longstreet Corps would not disembark from the train until early afternoon at Ringgold, Georgia, and he was craving to get in the thick of the fight. But he soon discovered confusion and segmented troops, no one really knew whether the other forces were friend or foe, especially on the Federal side of the battlefield. One Union Brigadier General wrote that the fighting was, "A mad irregular battle, very much resembling guerrilla warfare on a grand scale, in which one army was bushwhacking the other." Many of General Hood's men were attacking at Viniard Field to the south and they took cover in a ditch which provided false security. Union Colonel Wilder commented on the false cover, "A pity to kill men so. They fell in heaps and I had it in my heart to order the firing to cease,.to end the awful sight." General Phil Sheridan summed up the days fighting for both sides, "Too many people were giving important directions, affecting the whole army, without authority from its head." Glasco reported, "On the start of the second day Bragg knew nothing of the ground, and little of the command structure or the personalities in the Army of the Tennessee. In a sense, he was going in blind not just about the disposition of the Federal troops, but many of his own as well." However General Longstreet expressed confidence that the day would end in complete victory and General Hood was relieved to hear him say so. Hood later wrote "I could but exclaim that I was rejoiced to hear him express himself, and he was the first general I had met since my arrival to talk of our victory." In hindsight, Longstreet would strike the most vulnerable part of the Union line at just the right time. Charles Dana, Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton's, eyes and ears in the West awoke from a nap and he recalled, "I was awakened by the most infernal noise I ever heard. I saw our lines break and melt away like leaves before the wind." What he saw was Longstreet's piercing attack. Prior to Longstreet's onslaught the Virginian General George Thomas had rallied the broken and scattered men left on the field to confront the entire Army of the Tennessee. Glasco noted, "He would be just the man for the job." Thomas had scraped together a defensive line using men from different corps and other bewildered commands and formed them in a south easterly direction amongst three separate hills. Here the Federals were braced for Longstreet's continuous attacks. Thomas gained the name "The Rock of Chickamauga" for his stand which, Major General Gordon Granger, enabled to some degree as he arrived in the nick of time at Horseshoe Ridge to help Thomas out of an otherwise crushing defeat. Thomas withdrew his men at night fall and would live in infamy with his new name. A Confederate described the scene the next day and said "I could have walked two-hundred yards and not stepped over eighteen inches without walking on dead Yankees." Rosecran's Army slipped through Bragg's fingertips but not without 16,000 casualties, while the Confederates suffered 18,500. As a result of the battle there were huge shake ups in command on both sides. David Bridges aka "the Major" Author of "The Broken Circle" and our January Speaker September Meeting Attendance: 22
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Historian/Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 August 2014 - 1 October 2014 Walter R. Beam Leroy G Crenshaw Arthur B. Cowardin Dale A Harlow Crawley F. Joyner, III Peter I Knowles II Robert H Moore, Jr. Floyd G Mozingo Preston Nuttall S Waite Rawles Joseph S Price Chris Trinite Harold E. Whitmore
October 18641 MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest's Confederates captured blockhouses at Carter's Creek Station, TN. 2 Hood's Army of Tennessee broke the Western and Atlantic Railroad, interrupting the Yakee link between Atlanta and Chattanooga. 3 Yankee MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman sent MGEN George H. Thomas's army to Nashville. 7 Confederate commerce raider CSS Florida surrendered to USS Wachusett at Bahia, Brazil. 8 The last major Confederate cruiser CSS Sea King or Shenandoah left London to meet her supply ship near Funchal, Madeira, where she was commissioned as a commerce destroyer by Captain James I. Waddell on 19 October. 9 Yankee Cavalry under MGEN George Armstrong Custer and BGEN Wesley Merritt defeated Confederate Cavalry under BGEN Thomas Lafayette Rosser and MGEN Lunsford Lomax at Tom's Brook, VA. 12 U. S. Chief justice Roger B. Taney died in Washington. 13 Maryland voters narrowly adopted a new constitution which abolished slavery. 19 Sheridan reversed early morning successes of Early's Confederates by defeating them at Cedar Creek. 23 Yankees under MGEN Samuel R. Curtis and MGEN Alfred Pleasanton defeated Confederates under BGEN Joseph Orville Shelby and MGEN Sterling Price at Westport, MO in the last major fighting west of the Mississippi River. 26 Confederate guerrilla Bloody Bill Anderson was killed in an ambush near Richmond, MO. 27 Confederates led by LTGEN Wade Hampton repulsed Yankees under MGEN Winfield Scott Hancock and MGEN Gouverneur K. Warren at the battle of Burgess' Mill (also known as Boydton Plank Road). Yankees led by Navy LT William B. Cushing sank CSS Albemarle at Plymouth, NC. 31 Nevada entered the Union as the 36th state by proclamation of President Abraham Lincoln.
November 18641 A six day Yankee scout moved from Bermuda Hundred into Charles City County, VA. 2 Secretary of state William H. Seward told the mayor of New York City of rumors from Canada that Confederate agents planned to set fire to the city on Election Day. 4 At Johnsonville TN MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest's Confederates shelled Yankee boats, warehouses, two wagon trains, and soldiers. 7 Confederate Congress met in Richmond for what turned out to be its last session. President Jefferson Davis delivered an optimistic message, minimizing the fall of Atlanta. 8 Yankees reelected Lincoln as President with Tennessee's Andrew Johnson as Vice President. Democrat candidate George Brinton McClellan carried only Delaware, Kentucky, and New Jersey. Republicans and Unionists increased their strong majority in the House of representatives to over two thirds and maintained a strong plurality in the Senate. 9 Yankee MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman ordered his men to forage liberally on their march from Atlanta to the sea. If met with resistance from inhabitants, army commanders they were to order and enforce a relentless devastation. 11 At the Yankee Cabinet meeting the secret document disclosing Lincoln's doubts about the election was opened. 13 A sizable portion of LTGEN Jubal Anderson Early's Confederate Army was detached from the Shenandoah Valley to strengthen the siege lines at Richmond and Petersburg. 14 Lincoln accepted the resignation of MGEN McClellan and named Philip H. Sheridan to the rank of MGEN in the Regular Army. 15 Most of Sherman's Army left Atlanta for their march to the sea. 17 Sherman's soldiers took four routes on their march ,to confuse the Confederates.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar