THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 9, September 2014
I do hope each of you is refreshed after our brief August break. September returns us to our regular monthly meeting schedule. While we do have a capable and energetic Executive Committee we would always appreciate a helping hand at times. Some of the things you can do to help would be to assist with bringing in and setting up the multiple flags, bases and other items that are used at each meeting. Gary might even need some help with the sound system but that would be a bit more complicated. At the end of the meeting it all has to be taken down and removed and your help could again be used. So look for one of the officers with these items and offer them a hand. If you find you enjoy it enough you can even volunteer to be the Quartermaster and you might get the job yourself, but I promise I will not do that to you just because you asked if you could help to carry in flag or two. Our Camp will be manning the SCV booth at the Virginia State Fair on Saturday, October 4. Please let me know if you can volunteer a few hours to assist or stop by to say hello if you are at the Fair that day. We are also looking for one or more people who would like to take over the fine job Walter has been doing for years of recapping each month's talk with a brief article in the newsletter. This provides a great service for those members who were unable to attend the meeting. We will need someone as early as this month for this service. Finally if we are to continue to grow we need you to invite eligible friends to join our ranks and participate in our meetings and projects. I look forward to seeing each of you on September 16. Andy
Sandra Parker provided our camp with an excellent talk on Richmond Prisoner of War Camps. Following Officers were elected and installed; Andy Keller as Commander. Our Constitution and Bylaws were passed by membership vote. 2014-2015 Dues are now due. New member John C Maxwell to be installed at the September meeting. Art
Recently I had the opportunity to revisit the Chickamauga battlefield. I had been there before, but it had been some years back since the last time. We had the opportunity of a first-hand commentary by one of the premier experts on the battle. I was impressed afresh with the ferocity that had to be integral to the close-quarters fighting. The gut-wrenching fear had to have been visceral. Although it can take different forms, the experience of fear is common to all of us. Where do you turn when confronted with fear? Two of my favorite passages in the Bible are Isaiah 41:10 and Psalm 27:1. The next time fear starts to get a grip on you, ask the Lord to be your source of peace. Barton
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The Battle of Chickamauga by Will Glasco Will Glasco grew up in Hanover County, Virginia, not far from Cold Harbor Battlefield. At a young age, he toured battlefields in the Richmond area with his father and grandfather, which instilled in him a love of Virginia history. He learned the value of hard work at his family's business, Transit Lumber, during summers in high school and college. Attending the University of North Carolina at Wilmington, he majored in Creative Writing, and soon after graduation in 2008, began working at the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond. Starting off as a tour guide in the White House of the Confederacy, Will worked his way up, serving in many roles before finding a home in the Development Department. In early 2014, he took the position as Director of Annual Fund at Preservation Virginia, a Richmond based non-profit that specializes in saving historic sites. Lecture Description With the failure of the Kentucky Campaign in 1862 and the retreat from lower Tennessee into Georgia the following year, the situation was sullen for the Confederate Army of the Tennessee in the summer of 1863. After Confederate forces were flanked out of the vital railroad crossroads of Chattanooga, Tennessee, it seemed only a matter of time before Union General William Rosecrans and his Army of the Cumberland would capture Atlanta, Georgia. But after Rosecrans dangerously divided his forces on the march south, Confederate General Braxton Bragg struck at Chickamauga Creek. Although Bragg's army forced Rosecrans to retreat, the costly attacks of the battle and the failure to capture Chattanooga saw the beginning of the end for the Army of the Tennessee. As Gen. D.H. Hill wrote, Chickamauga was a "barren victory" for the Confederacy. Join Development Officer Will Glasco as he discusses the fighting at Chickamauga Creek, generally viewed as the second bloodiest battle of the war.
Sandra Parker focused her talk on Libby Prison. Before the war the building was a food warehouse in Richmond, a commercial center located on the James River with access to the James River and Kanawha Canal. Richmond was served by five railroads. Luther Libby, formerly of Bangor, Maine, and his son George W. Libby operated a ship's chandlery and grocery business. The name Libby was prominently on the building. When Richmond became the Capital of the Confederacy the population of the city increased dramatically as it became the home of the Confederate government, as well as the state and local governments. There was no plan about housing prisoners of war as they were brought to Richmond. It was thought that they'd be gone in 10 days, released on their honor. That not working, the Confederate government appropriated Libby's three story building on East Cary Street and made it a prison. The name Libby remained on the building. Confederate Brigadier General John Henry Winder as provost marshal of Richmond had responsibility for prison camps in the vicinity. Thomas P. Turner in 1862 commanded Libby. He went to Canada for ten years after The War and became a dentist in Memphis. Erastus Ross, called an ambling arsenal, oversaw the daily roll call of prisoners. He taunted and degraded prisoners. The number of prisoners had increased substantially by November 1863. Richmonders, short of food, resented the support of the prisoners. Mortality rates were high, and the prisoners food was inadequate. Winder was unjustly accused of starving prisoners. Military and civilian Confederates were suffering from lack of food at the same time. Upon arrival in the prison Yankees had their uniforms taken away. Various punishments took place-a barrel shirt, standing to the point of a bayonet, bucking, and spreading on a wagon wheel. Prisoners were resourceful. One carved a chess set. Stick pins were made of animal bones. They made knives and forks. 109 Yankee officers in February 1864 took part in an escape from Libby. A number made it to Yankee lines. Yankee authotities used Libby Prison for detention of Confederate officers after Richmond was abandoned in April 1865. In 1889 the building was bought, dissambled, and rebuilt in Chicago to serve as a war museum. Low attendance led to the dismantling of the building and selling in pieces as souvenirs. -> Writer's note: Longstreet Camp was involved in 1980 and 1993 ceremonies involving markers for Libby Prison. Camp Commander Burk Barker spearheaded the 1980 program and recruited his friend Howard Bartholf to honcho the 1993 program when the Libby marker had been placed in the James River flood wall. Walter July Meeting Attendance: 18
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Historian/Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin firstname.lastname@example.org 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 August 2014 - 1 September 2014 (Haven't had a meeting yet)
September 18641 Confederate military forces evacuated Atlanta. 2 Yankees occupied Atlanta. 4 Confederate BGEN John Hunt Morgan was killed in Greeneville, TN. 7 Sherman ordered Confederate civilians to evacuate Atlanta. 12 Yankee LTGEN U. S. Grant and Lincoln were concerned over the deadlock in the Shenandoah. 14 Confederate LTGEN R. H. Anderson's Corps started from the Shenandoah to join GEN Robert E. Lee at Petersburg. This seriously depleted Early's forces opposing Sheridan. 15 Grant headed north to discuss future action in the Shenandoah with Sheridan. 16 Grant and Sheridan conferred at Charlestown, WV. 17 John C. Fremont informed a committee of the Radical Republicans that he would not be a candidate for president, saying later that he feared the election of Democrat candidate George B. McClellan. 19 Confederate MGEN Robert E. Rodes was mortally wounded in the Third Battle of Winchester. BGEN Philip H. Sheridan's Yankees defeated LTGEN Jubal A. Early's Confederates. 21 Sheridan was given permanent command of the Middle Military District, including the Shenandoah Valley. 22 Sandie Pendleton was mortally wounded as Confederates lost the battle of Fisher's Hill in the Valley. 23 Yankee Postmaster General Montgomery Blair resigned at the request of President Abraham Lincoln. Blair had long been unpopular with the Radical Republicans. 24 Sheridan's Yankees began burning barns, crops, and other property in response to LTGEN Ulysses S. Grant's orders that the Valley cease to be a granary and sanctuary for the Confederacy. Lincoln named former Ohio Governor William Dennison Postmaster General. 26 News of Early's defeat gave rise to severe criticism in Richmond and elsewhere. 27 MGEN Sterling Price's Confederate invasion of Missouri was developing rapidly and caused concern in St. Louis. 28 From West Point GA President Jefferson Davis wired GEN John Bell Hood to relieve LTGEN William Hardee from the Army of Tennessee and to send him to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. 29 Yankees captured Fort Harrison near the James River. 30 Confederates attacked unsuccessfully Fort Harrison. At Peebles Farm Yankees extended their lines west of Petersburg.
October 18641 MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest's Confederates captured blockhouses at Carter's Creek Station, TN. 2 Hood's Army of Tennessee broke the Western and Atlantic Railroad, interrupting the Yakee link between Atlanta and Chattanooga. 3 Yankee MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman sent MGEN George H. Thomas's army to Nashville. 7 Confederate commerce raider CSS Florida surrendered to USS Wachusett at Bahia, Brazil. 8 The last major Confederate cruiser CSS Sea King or Shenandoah left London to meet her supply ship near Funchal, Madeira, where she was commissioned as a commerce destroyer by Captain James I. Waddell on 19 October. 9 Yankee Cavalry under MGEN George Armstrong Custer and BGEN Wesley Merritt defeated Confederate Cavalry under BGEN Thomas Lafayette Rosser and MGEN Lunsford Lomax at Tom's Brook, VA. 12 U. S. Chief justice Roger B. Taney died in Washington. 13 Maryland voters narrowly adopted a new constitution which abolished slavery. 19 Sheridan reversed early morning successes of Early's Confederates by defeating them at Cedar Creek.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar