ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 9,           September 2014
SCV logo

A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, September Program (next),
July Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1864 Events (Sep,Oct), Coming Events Links,


I do hope each of  you  is  refreshed  after  our  brief  August  break.
September  returns us to our regular monthly meeting schedule.  While we
do have a capable and energetic  Executive  Committee  we  would  always
appreciate  a  helping  hand at times.  Some of the things you can do to
help would be to assist with bringing in and  setting  up  the  multiple
flags,  bases and other items that are used at each meeting.  Gary might
even need some help with the sound system but that would be a  bit  more
complicated.   At the end of the meeting it all has to be taken down and
removed and your help could again be used.   So  look  for  one  of  the
officers  with these items and offer them a hand.  If you find you enjoy
it enough you can even volunteer to be the Quartermaster and  you  might
get  the  job  yourself,  but  I  promise I will not do that to you just
because you asked if you could help to carry in flag or two.            

Our Camp will be manning the SCV booth at the  Virginia  State  Fair  on
Saturday,  October  4.   Please  let  me know if you can volunteer a few
hours to assist or stop by to say hello if you are at the Fair that day.

We are also looking for one or more people who would like to  take  over
the  fine  job Walter has been doing for years of recapping each month's
talk with a brief article in the  newsletter.   This  provides  a  great
service  for  those  members  who were unable to attend the meeting.  We
will need someone as early as this month for this service.   Finally  if
we  are  to  continue  to grow we need you to invite eligible friends to
join our ranks and participate in our meetings and projects.            

I look forward to seeing each of you on September 16.                   


Sandra Parker provided our camp  with  an  excellent  talk  on  Richmond
Prisoner of War Camps.                                                  

Following Officers were elected and installed; Andy Keller as Commander.

Our Constitution and Bylaws were passed by membership vote.             

2014-2015 Dues are now due.

New member John C Maxwell to be installed at the September meeting.     


Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

Recently I had the opportunity to revisit the Chickamauga battlefield.  I
had  been  there  before, but it had been some years back since the last
time.  We had the opportunity of a first-hand commentary by one  of  the
premier experts on the battle.  I was impressed afresh with the ferocity
that  had  to  be  integral  to  the   close-quarters   fighting.    The
gut-wrenching  fear  had  to  have  been visceral.  Although it can take
different forms, the experience of fear is common to all of  us.   Where
do  you  turn when confronted with fear?  Two of my favorite passages in
the Bible are Isaiah 41:10 and Psalm 27:1.  The next time fear starts to
get a grip on you, ask the Lord to be your source of peace.             



NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, September 16, 2014




The Battle of Chickamauga
Will Glasco

Will Glasco grew up in Hanover  County,  Virginia,  not  far  from  Cold
Harbor  Battlefield.   At  a  young  age,  he toured battlefields in the
Richmond area with his father and grandfather, which instilled in him  a
love  of  Virginia  history.   He  learned the value of hard work at his
family's business, Transit Lumber, during summers  in  high  school  and
college.   Attending  the University of North Carolina at Wilmington, he
majored in Creative Writing, and soon after graduation  in  2008,  began
working at the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond.  Starting off as a
tour guide in the White House of the Confederacy, Will  worked  his  way
up,  serving  in  many  roles  before  finding a home in the Development
Department.  In early 2014, he took the position as Director  of  Annual
Fund   at  Preservation  Virginia,  a  Richmond  based  non-profit  that
specializes in saving historic sites.                                   

Lecture Description
With the failure of the Kentucky Campaign in 1862 and the  retreat  from
lower  Tennessee  into  Georgia  the  following  year, the situation was
sullen for the Confederate Army of the Tennessee in the summer of  1863.
After  Confederate  forces  were  flanked  out  of  the  vital  railroad
crossroads of Chattanooga, Tennessee, it seemed only a  matter  of  time
before  Union  General  William Rosecrans and his Army of the Cumberland
would capture Atlanta, Georgia.  But after Rosecrans dangerously divided
his  forces on the march south, Confederate General Braxton Bragg struck
at  Chickamauga  Creek.   Although  Bragg's  army  forced  Rosecrans  to
retreat,  the  costly  attacks  of the battle and the failure to capture
Chattanooga saw the beginning of the end for the Army of the  Tennessee.
As  Gen.   D.H.   Hill wrote, Chickamauga was a "barren victory" for the
Confederacy.  Join Development Officer Will Glasco as he  discusses  the
fighting  at Chickamauga Creek, generally viewed as the second bloodiest
battle of the war.                                                      


Sandra Parker focused her talk on Libby  Prison.   Before  the  war  the
building  was  a food warehouse in Richmond, a commercial center located
on the James River with access to the James  River  and  Kanawha  Canal.
Richmond  was  served  by  five  railroads.   Luther  Libby, formerly of
Bangor, Maine, and his son George W.  Libby operated a ship's  chandlery
and grocery business.  The name Libby was prominently on the building.  

When  Richmond  became  the Capital of the Confederacy the population of
the city increased dramatically as it became the home of the Confederate
government, as well as the state and local governments.                 

There was no plan about housing prisoners of war as they were brought to
Richmond.  It was thought that they'd be gone in 10  days,  released  on
their  honor.  That not working, the Confederate government appropriated
Libby's three story building on East Cary Street and made it  a  prison.
The name Libby remained on the building.                                

Confederate  Brigadier  General  John Henry Winder as provost marshal of
Richmond had responsibility for prison camps in the vicinity.  Thomas P.
Turner  in  1862 commanded Libby.  He went to Canada for ten years after
The War and became a  dentist  in  Memphis.   Erastus  Ross,  called  an
ambling  arsenal,  oversaw the daily roll call of prisoners.  He taunted
and degraded prisoners.                                                 

The number of prisoners had increased substantially  by  November  1863.
Richmonders,  short  of  food,  resented  the  support of the prisoners.
Mortality rates were high, and the prisoners food was inadequate. Winder
was  unjustly  accused  of  starving  prisoners.   Military and civilian
Confederates were suffering from lack of food at the same time.         

Upon arrival in the  prison  Yankees  had  their  uniforms  taken  away.
Various  punishments took place-a barrel shirt, standing to the point of
a bayonet, bucking, and spreading on  a  wagon  wheel.   Prisoners  were
resourceful.   One  carved  a chess set.  Stick pins were made of animal
bones.  They made knives and forks.                                     

109 Yankee officers in February 1864 took part in an escape from  Libby.
A number made it to Yankee lines.                                       

Yankee  authotities  used  Libby  Prison  for  detention  of Confederate
officers after Richmond was  abandoned  in  April  1865.   In  1889  the
building  was  bought,  dissambled, and rebuilt in Chicago to serve as a
war museum.  Low attendance led to the dismantling of the  building  and
selling in pieces as souvenirs.                                         

    Writer's  note:  Longstreet  Camp  was  involved  in  1980  and 1993
    ceremonies involving markers for Libby Prison.  Camp Commander  Burk
    Barker  spearheaded the 1980 program and recruited his friend Howard
    Bartholf to honcho the 1993 program when the Libby marker  had  been
    placed in the James River flood wall.                               
July Meeting Attendance: 18


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Historian/Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2014 - 1 September 2014               

(Haven't had a meeting yet)

September 1864

1 Confederate military forces evacuated Atlanta. 2 Yankees occupied Atlanta. 4 Confederate BGEN John Hunt Morgan was killed in Greeneville, TN. 7 Sherman ordered Confederate civilians to evacuate Atlanta. 12 Yankee LTGEN U. S. Grant and Lincoln were concerned over the deadlock in the Shenandoah. 14 Confederate LTGEN R. H. Anderson's Corps started from the Shenandoah to join GEN Robert E. Lee at Petersburg. This seriously depleted Early's forces opposing Sheridan. 15 Grant headed north to discuss future action in the Shenandoah with Sheridan. 16 Grant and Sheridan conferred at Charlestown, WV. 17 John C. Fremont informed a committee of the Radical Republicans that he would not be a candidate for president, saying later that he feared the election of Democrat candidate George B. McClellan. 19 Confederate MGEN Robert E. Rodes was mortally wounded in the Third Battle of Winchester. BGEN Philip H. Sheridan's Yankees defeated LTGEN Jubal A. Early's Confederates. 21 Sheridan was given permanent command of the Middle Military District, including the Shenandoah Valley. 22 Sandie Pendleton was mortally wounded as Confederates lost the battle of Fisher's Hill in the Valley. 23 Yankee Postmaster General Montgomery Blair resigned at the request of President Abraham Lincoln. Blair had long been unpopular with the Radical Republicans. 24 Sheridan's Yankees began burning barns, crops, and other property in response to LTGEN Ulysses S. Grant's orders that the Valley cease to be a granary and sanctuary for the Confederacy. Lincoln named former Ohio Governor William Dennison Postmaster General. 26 News of Early's defeat gave rise to severe criticism in Richmond and elsewhere. 27 MGEN Sterling Price's Confederate invasion of Missouri was developing rapidly and caused concern in St. Louis. 28 From West Point GA President Jefferson Davis wired GEN John Bell Hood to relieve LTGEN William Hardee from the Army of Tennessee and to send him to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. 29 Yankees captured Fort Harrison near the James River. 30 Confederates attacked unsuccessfully Fort Harrison. At Peebles Farm Yankees extended their lines west of Petersburg.

October 1864

1 MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest's Confederates captured blockhouses at Carter's Creek Station, TN. 2 Hood's Army of Tennessee broke the Western and Atlantic Railroad, interrupting the Yakee link between Atlanta and Chattanooga. 3 Yankee MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman sent MGEN George H. Thomas's army to Nashville. 7 Confederate commerce raider CSS Florida surrendered to USS Wachusett at Bahia, Brazil. 8 The last major Confederate cruiser CSS Sea King or Shenandoah left London to meet her supply ship near Funchal, Madeira, where she was commissioned as a commerce destroyer by Captain James I. Waddell on 19 October. 9 Yankee Cavalry under MGEN George Armstrong Custer and BGEN Wesley Merritt defeated Confederate Cavalry under BGEN Thomas Lafayette Rosser and MGEN Lunsford Lomax at Tom's Brook, VA. 12 U. S. Chief justice Roger B. Taney died in Washington. 13 Maryland voters narrowly adopted a new constitution which abolished slavery. 19 Sheridan reversed early morning successes of Early's Confederates by defeating them at Cedar Creek.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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