THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 6, July 2014
After a month's judicious delay we will return to the task of adopting a Constitution and Bylaws at this month's meeting. Several changes were made both small and not so small. Perhaps the smallest was that Peyton Roden noticed that in one of the sections near the end the word "please" was used when "place" was obviously intended. This was the first time I had ever found that saying "please" was not appropriate. I am indeed gratified that at least one of us read it that closely. Gary Cowardin picked up on one section that just made no grammatical sense and did not appear really necessary so we just removed it from the membership section. Other changes that we had to think harder about were streamlining the membership approval process including requiring only one membership application; defining who can be an Associate member; extending the term of officers from one year to two to match the term which was historically in place, clarifying the process for email voting by the Executive Committee and expanding the authority of the Treasurer to pay normal monthly bills, without a second approval, for up to $100. I would like to thank Walter Tucker and Mike Liesfeld for attending the last Executive Committee meeting and providing valuable input to this document. Please make a point to be at the next meeting for what hopefully will be a brief election and Constitutional vote. Andy
At our June meeting John Coski provided our camp with an excellent talk on Belle Isle Prison of War Camp in Richmond, VA. Following Officers were installed; Waite Rawls installed as Judge Advocate. Chris Trinite installed as 2nd Lieutenant Commander. Nominating committee nominated Andy Keller for Camp Commander. David Bridges will represent our camp as a delegate at the National Convention next month. A new membership application for John Courtland Maxwell has been accepted by Head Quarters. He will be inducted into our camp at our September Meeting. Art
"July 3rd and 4th were extremely trying days for the Confederacy in 1863. Gettysburg on the 3rd, Vicksburg on the 4th. At Gettysburg, Lee greeted the retreating men from Pettigrew's and Pickett's divisions, saying "It was all my fault". That poignant moment has been captured on canvas by some artist, whose name escapes me. Lee had not been well served by his foremost lieutenants during portions of the 3-day battle, but take note - he accepted that the "buck stopped with him". He accepted full responsibility, and did not attempt to shift the blame elsewhere. What a contrast to so many of our leaders today, who fall over themselves with finger-pointing. "Wasn't on my watch"! Well, with leadership comes an obligation to take responsibility. In life, there is an obligation to take responsibility. Are we willing, when we fail, and especially when we fail others, to say "that's on me"? I am reminded of the verse in Luke 12:48-"to whom much is given, much is required. Be prepared to stand by your actions." Barton
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
Richmond's Civil War Prisons by Sandra V. Parker Sandra Parker is a Regional Principal for the VA Department of Corrections and formerly for the VA Department of Correctional Education. In the past decade and a half, she has had the opportunity to work in at least a dozen of the prisons, field units, and work centers that are part of VADOC. Educationally, she has received an Ed.S. in Educational Administration and Policy Issues from George Washington University, M.S. in Adult Education from Radford University, M.A. in History from Virginia. Tech as well as a B.A. in English/Education from Virginia Tech. Libby Prison was the topic of her master's thesis. She later expanded the study to a book on Richmond's Civil War Prisons. The focus of this book was Libby, Belle Isle, and Castle Thunder. She is a past president of the Richmond Civil War Round Table as well as the current secretary/membership chair. She resides in Chesterfield County and continues to research in prison history past and present in addition to Richmond's own unique history.
John Coski of the Museum of the Confederacy focused his Belle Isle talk on its role as a prison camp for Yankee prisoners during the War Between the States, but touched on its entire history. An early mention of the James River rocks and rapids at the site was by William Byrd in 1732. In 1815 the Belle Isle Rolling Mill was established. In 1854 the Richmond and Danville Railroad opened a railroad bridge on a different part of the island from where the prison camp was later located. During the 1860's the island was inhabited by a village complete with a school, church, and general store. A temporary prison consisting of 3 to 6 acres was established on the island in the summer of 1862. Number of prisoners grew from 3,000 to 6,000. The prison was on a flat plain, low, sandy, and barren. The swift water around the island made delivery of supplies by boat difficult. The prison was emptied after a prisoner exchange, but was reopened in late 1862. Increasing population of the prison contributed to terrible living conditions, without adequate shelter. Prisoners sometimes had to eat dogs. Three sticks of wood had to suffice for 20 prisoners. The ground was moving with lice. During winter, prisoners burrowed into the earth to keep warm. Some froze to death, and some starved to death. Conditions were comparable to Andersonville. Pictures of prisoners showed up in Leslie's Illustrated magazine. Prisoners sold belongings for food. After The War, the nail factory was reopened. Industry remained on the Isle until the City of Richmond acquired it as a park in the late 1960's. A foot bridge makes access easy from the north side of the river. Today there are walking trails and places where people can enjoy the river.The question arises, "How do we commemorate prisons?" Belle Isle has multiple identities. John rides his bike over the Isle on the way to and from work. Walter June Meeting Attendance: 26
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Historian/Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 August 2013 - 1 July 2014 In memory of Ben Baird Walt Beam Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Michael Hendrick Phil Jones Jack Kane Andy Keller Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III Floyd Lane, Jr. Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Joe Moschetti Glenn Mozingo Preston Nuttall Jim Pickens Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton Harrison Smith Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Art Wingo Keith Zimmerman Two Residents of Studley Road
July 18641 Lincoln appointed Senator William Pitt Fessenden to replace Chase as Secretary of the Treasury. 2 Johnston's Army abandoned its entrenchments on Kennesaw Mountain and prepared another defense line below Marietta. 3 Early's Confederates drove Sigel's Yankees across the Potomac into Maryland at Shepherdstown. 4 Differences occurred between Lincoln and Congress over Reconstruction. 5 Finding Harper's Ferry too strong, Early began crossing the Potomac at Shepherdstown. 6 Early's Army captured Hagerstown. 8 Lincoln proclaimed his backing of a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery. 9 Early defeated Lew Wallace at the battle of the Monocacy. 11 Early's Confederates invaded Washington suburbs. 12 Early gave up on attacking Washington after seeing Yankee reinforcements manning fortifications. 14 Early's Army crossed the Potomac into Virginia at White's Ford. 17 General Joseph E. Johnston was relieved from command of the Confederate Army and Department of Tennessee and replaced by General John Bell Hood. 18 Yankee President Abraham Lincoln issued a call for 500,000 volunteers needed to refill Union army ranks after severe fighting in Virginia. 20 Hood's Confederates failed in attacks at Peachtree Creek, GA. 21 All three of MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman's Yankee armies were closing in on Atlanta from the north and east. 22 Confederate MGEN W. H. T. Walker and Yankee MGEN James B. McPherson were killed in the battle of Atlanta. 24 LTGEN Jubal A. Early's Confederates defeated MGEN George Crook's Yankees at the second Battle of Kernstown. 27 Sherman's cavalry attempted to cut railroads leading into Atlanta. 28 Confederates under LTGEN Stephen Dill Lee and LTGEN Alexander P. Stewart failed in attacks at Ezra Church, GA. 30 The Battle of the Crater took place at Petersburg. Early's army burned Chambersburg after the town was unable to pay him in reparations for David Hunter's destruction in the Shenandoah.
August 18643 Yankee forces landed on Dauphin Island and invested Fort Gaines at the entrance to Mobile Bay, AL. 5 RADM David Glasgow Farragut's Yankee Navy won the battle of Mobile Bay. 7 MGEN Philip H. Sheridan took command of the new Middle Military Division which became known as the Army of the Shenandoah. 9 An explosion at City Point (modern day Hopewell) killed 143, injured 126, and did considerable property damage. Two Confederate agents had smuggled a small box aboard a Yankee transport. 11 Early pulled his Confederates out of Winchester and headed toward Cedar Creek. 18-19 Near Petersburg Yankee forces under MGEN Gouverneur K. Warren suffered severely and had to pull back to Globe Tavern in the Battle of the Weldon Railroad. 21 Confederates under MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest occupied Memphis. 23 After fierce bombardment Fort Morgan, the last major Confederate post at the entrance to Mobile Bay, fell to the Yankees. Lincoln asked his cabinet to sign a memo reflecting pessimism over the November election. 25 LT. GEN. A. P. Hill's Confederates defeated MGEN Winfield Scott Hancock's Second Corps at the Battle of Reams' Station. 30 Sherman's Yankees severed one of the last railroads leading into Atlanta. Yankee Democrats in Chicago nominated MGEN George B. McClellan for President and former Connecticut Governor Thomas H. Seymour for Vice President. The platform said that the Administration failed to restore the union by the experiment of war, had disregarded the Constitution, and had trodden down public liberty and private rights.
September 18641 Confederate military forces evacuated Atlanta. 2 Yankees occupied Atlanta. 4 Confederate BGEN John Hunt Morgan was killed in Greeneville, TN. 7 Sherman ordered Confederate civilians to evacuate Atlanta. 12 Yankee LTGEN U. S. Grant and Lincoln were concerned over the deadlock in the Shenandoah. 14 Confederate LTGEN R. H. Anderson's Corps started from the Shenandoah to join GEN Robert E. Lee at Petersburg. This seriously depleted Early's forces opposing Sheridan. 15 Grant headed north to discuss future action in the Shenandoah with Sheridan. 16 Grant and Sheridan conferred at Charlestown, WV.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar