ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 6,           July 2014
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, July Program (next),
June Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1864 Events (Jul,Aug,Sep), Coming Events Links,


After a month's judicious delay we will return to the task of adopting a
Constitution  and  Bylaws at this month's meeting.  Several changes were
made both small and not so small.  Perhaps the smallest was that  Peyton
Roden noticed that in one of the sections near the end the word "please"
was used when "place" was obviously intended.  This was the first time I
had  ever  found  that saying "please" was not appropriate.  I am indeed
gratified that at least one of us read it that closely.   Gary  Cowardin
picked up on one section that just made no grammatical sense and did not
appear really necessary so  we  just  removed  it  from  the  membership
section.   Other  changes  that  we  had  to  think  harder  about  were
streamlining the membership approval process  including  requiring  only
one  membership  application;  defining  who can be an Associate member;
extending the term of officers from one year to two to  match  the  term
which was historically in place, clarifying the process for email voting
by the Executive Committee and expanding the authority of the  Treasurer
to pay normal monthly bills, without a second approval, for up to $100. 

I would like to thank Walter Tucker and Mike Liesfeld for attending  the
last  Executive  Committee  meeting and providing valuable input to this
document.  Please make a point to  be  at  the  next  meeting  for  what
hopefully will be a brief election and Constitutional vote.             


At our June meeting John Coski provided our camp with an excellent  talk
on Belle Isle Prison of War Camp in Richmond, VA.                       

Following  Officers  were  installed;  Waite  Rawls  installed  as Judge
Advocate.  Chris Trinite installed as 2nd Lieutenant Commander.         

Nominating committee nominated Andy Keller for Camp Commander.          

David Bridges will represent our camp as  a  delegate  at  the  National
Convention next month.                                                  

A  new  membership  application  for  John  Courtland  Maxwell  has been
accepted by Head Quarters.  He will be inducted into  our  camp  at  our
September Meeting.                                                      

Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

"July 3rd and 4th were extremely trying  days  for  the  Confederacy  in
1863.   Gettysburg on the 3rd, Vicksburg on the 4th.  At Gettysburg, Lee
greeted the retreating men from  Pettigrew's  and  Pickett's  divisions,
saying "It was all my fault".  That poignant moment has been captured on
canvas by some artist, whose name escapes me.  Lee  had  not  been  well
served  by his foremost lieutenants during portions of the 3-day battle,
but take note - he accepted  that  the  "buck  stopped  with  him".   He
accepted  full  responsibility,  and  did not attempt to shift the blame
elsewhere.  What a contrast to so many of our leaders  today,  who  fall
over themselves with finger-pointing.  "Wasn't on my watch"!  Well, with
leadership comes an obligation to take responsibility.  In  life,  there
is  an obligation to take responsibility.  Are we willing, when we fail,
and especially when we fail  others,  to  say  "that's  on  me"?   I  am
reminded  of  the  verse  in  Luke 12:48-"to whom much is given, much is
required.  Be prepared to stand by your actions."                       


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, July 15, 2014




Richmond's Civil War Prisons
Sandra V. Parker

Sandra  Parker  is  a  Regional  Principal  for  the  VA  Department  of
Corrections   and   formerly  for  the  VA  Department  of  Correctional
Education.  In the past decade and a half, she has had  the  opportunity
to  work  in  at  least  a  dozen  of the prisons, field units, and work
centers that are part of VADOC.                                         

Educationally, she has received an Ed.S.  in Educational  Administration
and  Policy  Issues  from  George  Washington University, M.S.  in Adult
Education from Radford University, M.A.  in History from Virginia.  Tech
as  well  as  a  B.A.   in  English/Education from Virginia Tech.  Libby
Prison was the topic of her master's thesis.   She  later  expanded  the
study to a book on Richmond's Civil War Prisons.  The focus of this book
was Libby, Belle Isle, and Castle Thunder.                              

She is a past president of the Richmond Civil War Round Table as well as
the  current  secretary/membership  chair.   She resides in Chesterfield
County and continues to research in prison history past and  present  in
addition to Richmond's own unique history.                              


John Coski of the Museum of the Confederacy focused his Belle Isle  talk
on its role as a prison camp for Yankee prisoners during the War Between
the States, but touched on its entire history.  An early mention of  the
James River rocks and rapids at the site was by William Byrd in 1732.   

In  1815  the  Belle  Isle  Rolling  Mill  was established.  In 1854 the
Richmond and Danville Railroad opened a railroad bridge on  a  different
part of the island from where the prison camp was later located.        

During  the 1860's the island was inhabited by a village complete with a
school, church, and general store.                                      

A temporary prison consisting of 3 to 6 acres  was  established  on  the
island  in  the  summer of 1862.  Number of prisoners grew from 3,000 to
6,000.  The prison was on a flat plain, low,  sandy,  and  barren.   The
swift  water  around  the  island  made  delivery  of  supplies  by boat
difficult. The prison was emptied after  a  prisoner exchange,  but  was
reopened in late 1862.                                                  

Increasing  population  of  the  prison  contributed  to terrible living
conditions, without adequate shelter.  Prisoners sometimes  had  to  eat
dogs.  Three sticks of wood had to suffice for 20 prisoners.  The ground
was moving with lice.  During winter, prisoners burrowed into the  earth
to  keep  warm.   Some  froze  to  death,  and  some  starved  to death.
Conditions were comparable  to  Andersonville.   Pictures  of  prisoners
showed  up  in Leslie's Illustrated magazine.  Prisoners sold belongings
for food.                                                               

After The War, the nail factory was reopened.  Industry remained on  the
Isle  until  the  City  of  Richmond  acquired  it as a park in the late
1960's.  A foot bridge makes access easy from  the  north  side  of  the
river.  Today there are walking trails and places where people can enjoy
the river.The question arises, "How do we commemorate prisons?"         

Belle Isle has multiple identities.  John rides his bike over  the  Isle
on the way to and from work.                                            

June Meeting Attendance: 26


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Waite Rawls Historian/Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2013 - 1 July 2014                

In memory of Ben Baird
Walt Beam        Brian Cowardin        Clint Cowardin  
Michael Hendrick                                       
Phil Jones       Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III     Floyd Lane, Jr. 
Lewis Mills      Conway Moncure        Bob Moore       
Joe Moschetti    Glenn Mozingo         Preston Nuttall 
Jim Pickens      Joe Price             Waite Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton          Harrison Smith  
Pat Sweeney      Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker   
Art Wingo        Keith Zimmerman                       
Two Residents of Studley Road

July 1864

1 Lincoln appointed Senator William Pitt Fessenden to replace Chase as Secretary of the Treasury. 2 Johnston's Army abandoned its entrenchments on Kennesaw Mountain and prepared another defense line below Marietta. 3 Early's Confederates drove Sigel's Yankees across the Potomac into Maryland at Shepherdstown. 4 Differences occurred between Lincoln and Congress over Reconstruction. 5 Finding Harper's Ferry too strong, Early began crossing the Potomac at Shepherdstown. 6 Early's Army captured Hagerstown. 8 Lincoln proclaimed his backing of a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery. 9 Early defeated Lew Wallace at the battle of the Monocacy. 11 Early's Confederates invaded Washington suburbs. 12 Early gave up on attacking Washington after seeing Yankee reinforcements manning fortifications. 14 Early's Army crossed the Potomac into Virginia at White's Ford. 17 General Joseph E. Johnston was relieved from command of the Confederate Army and Department of Tennessee and replaced by General John Bell Hood. 18 Yankee President Abraham Lincoln issued a call for 500,000 volunteers needed to refill Union army ranks after severe fighting in Virginia. 20 Hood's Confederates failed in attacks at Peachtree Creek, GA. 21 All three of MGEN William Tecumseh Sherman's Yankee armies were closing in on Atlanta from the north and east. 22 Confederate MGEN W. H. T. Walker and Yankee MGEN James B. McPherson were killed in the battle of Atlanta. 24 LTGEN Jubal A. Early's Confederates defeated MGEN George Crook's Yankees at the second Battle of Kernstown. 27 Sherman's cavalry attempted to cut railroads leading into Atlanta. 28 Confederates under LTGEN Stephen Dill Lee and LTGEN Alexander P. Stewart failed in attacks at Ezra Church, GA. 30 The Battle of the Crater took place at Petersburg. Early's army burned Chambersburg after the town was unable to pay him in reparations for David Hunter's destruction in the Shenandoah.

August 1864

3 Yankee forces landed on Dauphin Island and invested Fort Gaines at the entrance to Mobile Bay, AL. 5 RADM David Glasgow Farragut's Yankee Navy won the battle of Mobile Bay. 7 MGEN Philip H. Sheridan took command of the new Middle Military Division which became known as the Army of the Shenandoah. 9 An explosion at City Point (modern day Hopewell) killed 143, injured 126, and did considerable property damage. Two Confederate agents had smuggled a small box aboard a Yankee transport. 11 Early pulled his Confederates out of Winchester and headed toward Cedar Creek. 18-19 Near Petersburg Yankee forces under MGEN Gouverneur K. Warren suffered severely and had to pull back to Globe Tavern in the Battle of the Weldon Railroad. 21 Confederates under MGEN Nathan Bedford Forrest occupied Memphis. 23 After fierce bombardment Fort Morgan, the last major Confederate post at the entrance to Mobile Bay, fell to the Yankees. Lincoln asked his cabinet to sign a memo reflecting pessimism over the November election. 25 LT. GEN. A. P. Hill's Confederates defeated MGEN Winfield Scott Hancock's Second Corps at the Battle of Reams' Station. 30 Sherman's Yankees severed one of the last railroads leading into Atlanta. Yankee Democrats in Chicago nominated MGEN George B. McClellan for President and former Connecticut Governor Thomas H. Seymour for Vice President. The platform said that the Administration failed to restore the union by the experiment of war, had disregarded the Constitution, and had trodden down public liberty and private rights.

September 1864

1 Confederate military forces evacuated Atlanta. 2 Yankees occupied Atlanta. 4 Confederate BGEN John Hunt Morgan was killed in Greeneville, TN. 7 Sherman ordered Confederate civilians to evacuate Atlanta. 12 Yankee LTGEN U. S. Grant and Lincoln were concerned over the deadlock in the Shenandoah. 14 Confederate LTGEN R. H. Anderson's Corps started from the Shenandoah to join GEN Robert E. Lee at Petersburg. This seriously depleted Early's forces opposing Sheridan. 15 Grant headed north to discuss future action in the Shenandoah with Sheridan. 16 Grant and Sheridan conferred at Charlestown, WV.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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