ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 6,           June 2014
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, June Program (next),
May Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1864 Events (Jun,Jul), Coming Events Links,


The last 30 days  has  been  a  very  busy  one  for  me  and  the  Camp
leadership.  In addition to attending as many Sesquicentennial events as
possible I have been working with the Executive Committee on a number of
necessary  housekeeping  issues.   Traditionally  we  have  held officer
elections in July.   We  have  had  no  document  that  authorized  that
election  but  it  seems  to have worked well enough for us in the past.
Unfortunately we now realize that without  such  a  document,  called  a
Constitution  and Bylaws, the Camp is only allowed to elect a Commander.
The Commander then must appoint the officers with the advice and consent
of  the  Division  Commander.  Those appointments have now been made and
approved by the Virginia Division Commander, Tracy Clary.  They  are  as
1st Lieutenant Commander - Paul Sacra                       
2nd Lieutenant Commander - Chris Trinite                    
Adjutant/Treasurer - Art Wingo                              
Historian/Editor/Webmaster and Quartermaster - Gary Cowardin
Chaplain - Barton Campbell                                  
Judge Advocate - Waite Rawles                               

The Executive Committee does not want to see this problem  continue  and
has  spent many hours working on creating a Constitution and Bylaws that
would guide our leaders and members in the operation of  our  camp.   It
answers  such  questions  as  membership qualifications, when the Annual
meeting is, what the camp offices are, what their responsibilities  are,
what rules apply to voting and quorums.  A complete copy of the proposed
Constitution and Bylaws is   at this link   your review.  The  Executive
Committee  cannot  adopt  this document.  That is the responsibility for
the Camp Members, but keep in mind that this  document  is  not  only  a
mandatory  requirement  of  the Sons of Confederate Veterans, it is just
good management practice to have guidelines to  refer  to  so  that  all
members rights may be protected.                                        

There will be a vote at the June  meeting  by  the  membership  on  this
matter.   Please  plan  to  attend  to record your vote on this historic

Editor's Note: During our May meeting Art Wingo was installed as our new Adjutant/Treasurer with the retiring of Walter Tucker. Well done Walter and good luck Art.


The General James Longstreet Camp #1247, Sons  of  Confederate  Veterans
(Buck  Hurtt)  Scholarship  winner  for  2014  is  Yamin Alam of Douglas
Freeman High School.  Mr.  Alam  was  awarded  our  scholarship  in  the
amount of $500 by our Camp Commander, Andy Keller.                      

Recently  I  was asked the history of our scholarship.  Thanks to Walter
Tucker, former Adjutant for his research and the  following  history  of
our Longstreet Camp's Buck Hurtt Scholarship:                           

Why  did  Longstreet Camp choose Douglas S.  Freeman High School to have
its outstanding senior history student be  the  recipient  of  the  Buck
Hurtt Scholarship Award?                                                

The  Articles of Association of the Longstreet Camp (January 2008) state
that  we  are  a  patriotic,  historical,  educational,  and  benevolent
organization.   The late Dr.  Douglas Southall Freeman (1886-1953) was a
significant figure in all those fields.                                 

At an early age Dr.  Freeman became editor of the Richmond News Leader. 
In the 1920's Dr.  Freeman, his friend  J.   Ambler  Johnston,  and  two
other  friends  formed  the  Battlefield  Markers  Association  to  mark
significant sites in the Richmond  area.   Freeman  wrote  most  of  the
inscriptions on the 59 "Freeman Markers," which were dedicated in 1925. 

A  four volume biography of Robert E.  Lee produced a Pulitzer Prize for
Freeman in 1935.  The 1940's marked the publication of his three  volume
Lee's Lieutenants.                                                      

Freeman's scholarship and fame led to invitations to lecture at the Army
War College and other educational institutions, and to lead  battlefield

In  a  1925  letter  to  Colonel  George  C.   Marshall  expressing  his
appreciation for Marshall's instant approach to the crux of  a  problem,
Freeman  predicted that Marshall would one day be general of the armies.
Their mutual respect was expressed in correspondence between  those  two
gigantic  men  over  the  ensuing years, including Marshall's service as
Army Chief of Staff 1939-1945.                                          

In the educational world, Dr. Freeman was Rector  of the  University  of
Richmond.   He  educated  a wider field twice a day by broadcasting on a
Richmond radio station his comments on the news of the day.             

All the above relates to a supremely talented  and  respected  gentleman
who  had been gone from this earth for 50 years when Longstreet Camp was
considering the Scholarship.  His credentials were unsurpassed,  but  it
took  personal  relationships  to  make  our  dream a reality.  When our
Scholarship Award was in the planning stages our Camp members Harry Boyd
and  Pat  Hoggard  suggested  the  idea  to their friend Ed Pruden, then
principal  of  Douglas  S.   Freeman  High  School.   Dr.   Pruden   was
enthusiastic  about  the idea, which became a reality in 2003.  Our Camp
has recognized and assisted a student each  year  and  has  created  and
perpetuated  a favorable impression with the faculty, students, parents,
and others participating in Senior Awards Night at Douglas  S.   Freeman
High School.                                                            

Our  Camp  has received a new membership application from John Courtland
Maxwell.  We are currently processing his application.  His  Confederate
Ancestor served with the 5th Georgia Reserve.                           

Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

"Got any plans for the summer?".  I'm getting that question a lot  these
days  - how about you?  Yes, summer is a time to include some relaxation
and a change of pace.  And that's a good thing.  We  recently  got  back
from  a  short  stint  in  Arizona in the beautiful "red rock" country -
truly spectacular.  And we are looking forward to  a  get-together  with
all our children and grandchildren later this summer to, by the grace of
God, celebrate our 50th wedding anniversary !  Among the  attributes  of
God  is  "joy"  -  He  wants us to have good fun, to laugh, to enjoy His
creation.  If you view God as `dour', you have the wrong  god!   Indeed,
take  time this summer to enjoy family relationships, friends, and God's


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, June 17, 2014




Belle Isle
John M. Coski

John  M.   Coski  is  Historian  and  Vice-President  for  Research  and
Publications  at  The  Museum of the Confederacy, where he has worked in
various capacities since 1988, and  editor  of  the  Museum's  quarterly
Magazine.  He earned his B.A.  from Mary Washington College and his M.A.
and Ph.D.  in History from the College of William and Mary.  He  is  the
author  of  several  books,  most  notably  The Confederate Battle Flag:
America's Most Embattled Emblem, published in 2005 by Harvard University
Press,  and  Capital  Navy:  The Men, Ships, and Operations of the James
River Squadron (published in 1996), and more than 125 essays,  articles,
and  reviews.  He has recently begun research toward what he hopes to be
a book-length history of Belle Isle.                                    
He lives in Westover Hills - on the edge of the James River Park -  with
his wife, Ruth Ann, and their dog, Portia, aka the "Projects Princess." 
This is the 11th time he has spoken to the James Longstreet Camp.


H.  V.  (Bo) Traywick, Jr.  opened his discussion of his book "Empire of
the  Owls"  by telling us of the three major energy revolutions in world
	Agricultural            8,000 BC-6,000 BC
	Fuel (or Industrial     19th century     
	Atomic                  1945-today       

In the Industrial Revolution steam power  replaced  muscle  power.   The
importance of kinship, tribes, and clans was diminished.                

This  led  to  the  United  States  being divided into two diametrically
opposed societies-the industrial north and the agricultural south.      

Bo's book draws on  contemporary  writings  or  writings  set  to  paper
shortly  after  the  cataclysmic events of 1861-1865.  Bo led us through
the five books which make up his complete work.                         

Book I (Spring 1861) points out that there had been a peaceful secession
of  seven  states  beginning  in December 1860.  Ordinances of secession
were declarations of independence.  The peace  was  doomed  with  the  4
March  1861  inauguration of Abraham Lincoln, whose decision to resupply
Fort Sumter led to war within 41 days.  Lincoln could not afford to lose
"his  tariffs"  which  came  from  the seceded states.  The South had no
territory into which to expand slavery.                                 

Book II (Summer 1862) covered Stuart's Ride around McClellan  and  Lee's
victories  in  the  Seven  Days,  Second  Manassas,  and  Fredericksburg
sandwiched around the bloodiest day of The War at Sharpsburg.           

Book  III  (1863)   told   of   the   great   Confederate   victory   at
Chancellorsville  and  the death of Stonewall Jackson.  Things got worse
with the Confederacy's loss at Gettysburg.                              

Book IV (1864) saw the arrival of Yankee General Grant who,  unlike  his
predecessors,  would  not turn back after repulses at the Wilderness and
Spotsylvania.  The Overland Campaign resulted in terrible casualties for
both armies.                                                            

Book  V  (1865)  told  of the death of a nation and the subsequent chaos
caused by the conquering army and carpetbaggers.  The war  of  conquest,
cloaked in morality, inflicted long lasting harm on the South.          

Bo  said  that the title of his book was inspired by a quote from Thomas
Carlyle, who pointed out that an owl is a predator which does its deadly
work in the dark.                                                       

Bo  stated that secession was the cause of The War.  That is highlighted
in the subtitle of his book, "Reflections on  the  North's  War  Against
Southern Secession."                                                    

April Meeting Attendance: 23


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2013 - 1 June 2014                

In memory of Ben Baird
Walt Beam        Brian Cowardin        Clint Cowardin  
Michael Hendrick                                       
Phil Jones       Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III     Floyd Lane, Jr. 
Lewis Mills      Conway Moncure        Bob Moore       
Joe Moschetti    Glenn Mozingo         Preston Nuttall 
Jim Pickens      Joe Price             Waite Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton          Harrison Smith  
Pat Sweeney      Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker   
Art Wingo        Keith Zimmerman                       
Two Residents of Studley Road

June 1864

1 Sheridan defeated two Confederate charges near Old Cold Harbor. 2 Troop movements, ammunition problems, and fatigue made it necessary for Grant to postpone attacks at Cold Harbor. 3 The Yankees at last attacked early in the morning and suffered heavy casualties. Grant called off the attack around noon. 5 Confederates under BGEN William E. "Grumble" Jones were defeated by David Hunter's Yankees at the Battle of Piedmont. Jones was killed. His body fell into the hands of Yankees, who returned it to his friends. 6 Hunter's Yankees occupied Staunton. 7 Sheridan moved two divisions of his cavalry west from Cold Harbor between the North Anna and the Mattaponi, initiating the Trevilian Raid. 8 The National Union Party in its Baltimore convention nominated Lincoln for President and Andrew Johnson, military governor of Tennessee, for Vice President. Confederate John Hunt Morgan on his last raid captured Mount Sterling, KY. 9 Beast Butler sent an expedition to capture Petersburg, but it was repulsed by Beauregard in a battle that became known as the "Battle of Old Men and Boys". 10 Nathan Bedford Forrest defeated Yankees under Samuel D. Sturgis at Brice's Crossroads, MS. 11 After fighting at Trevilian Station Sheridan gave up trying to link up with Hunter. Lee detached Jubal Early from his army to fight Hunter. 12 Yankee Army of the Potomac began the move to cross the James River. 14 Grant's army began to cross the James. Confederate LTGEN Leonidas Polk was killed in GA. 15 Yankee attack on Petersburg failed. 16 Yankees captured some Confederate positions near Petersburg. 17 More attacks were made near Petersburg. 18 Failed Yankee attacks at Petersburg led to the beginning of the siege. 19 USS Kearsarge sank CSS Alabama off Cherbourg, France 20 Sherman's Yankees in GA continued to press toward Johnston's Kennesaw defenses. 21 Grant and Meade got a cavalry operation underway against the railroads into Petersburg. Yankees extended the siege lines. 23 Jubal Early's command advanced from Lynchburg toward the Shenandoah as Black Dave Hunter's Yankees withdrew into West Virginia. 27 Yankees charging Kennesaw Mountain suffered heavy losses and a big defeat of Sherman. 30 Lincoln accepted the resignation of Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase, who was surprised because Lincoln had refused several previous resignations.

July 1864

1 Lincoln appointed Senator William Pitt Fessenden to replace Chase as Secretary of the Treasury. 2 Johnston's Army abandoned its entrenchments on Kennesaw Mountain and prepared another defense line below Marietta. 3 Early's Confederates drove Sigel's Yankees across the Potomac into Maryland at Shepherdstown. 4 Differences occurred between Lincoln and Congress over Reconstruction. 5 Finding Harper's Ferry too strong, Early began crossing the Potomac at Shepherdstown. 6 Early's Army captured Hagerstown. 8 Lincoln proclaimed his backing of a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery. 9 Early defeated Lew Wallace at the battle of the Monocacy. 11 Early's Confederates invaded Washington suburbs. 12 Early gave up on attacking Washington after seeing Yankee reinforcements manning fortifications. 14 Early's Army crossed the Potomac into Virginia at White's Ford.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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