THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 6, June 2014
The last 30 days has been a very busy one for me and the Camp leadership. In addition to attending as many Sesquicentennial events as possible I have been working with the Executive Committee on a number of necessary housekeeping issues. Traditionally we have held officer elections in July. We have had no document that authorized that election but it seems to have worked well enough for us in the past. Unfortunately we now realize that without such a document, called a Constitution and Bylaws, the Camp is only allowed to elect a Commander. The Commander then must appoint the officers with the advice and consent of the Division Commander. Those appointments have now been made and approved by the Virginia Division Commander, Tracy Clary. They are as follows: 1st Lieutenant Commander - Paul Sacra 2nd Lieutenant Commander - Chris Trinite Adjutant/Treasurer - Art Wingo Historian/Editor/Webmaster and Quartermaster - Gary Cowardin Chaplain - Barton Campbell Judge Advocate - Waite Rawles The Executive Committee does not want to see this problem continue and has spent many hours working on creating a Constitution and Bylaws that would guide our leaders and members in the operation of our camp. It answers such questions as membership qualifications, when the Annual meeting is, what the camp offices are, what their responsibilities are, what rules apply to voting and quorums. A complete copy of the proposed Constitution and Bylaws is at this link your review. The Executive Committee cannot adopt this document. That is the responsibility for the Camp Members, but keep in mind that this document is not only a mandatory requirement of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, it is just good management practice to have guidelines to refer to so that all members rights may be protected. There will be a vote at the June meeting by the membership on this matter. Please plan to attend to record your vote on this historic matter. Andy
Editor's Note: During our May meeting Art Wingo was installed as our new Adjutant/Treasurer with the retiring of Walter Tucker. Well done Walter and good luck Art.
The General James Longstreet Camp #1247, Sons of Confederate Veterans (Buck Hurtt) Scholarship winner for 2014 is Yamin Alam of Douglas Freeman High School. Mr. Alam was awarded our scholarship in the amount of $500 by our Camp Commander, Andy Keller. Recently I was asked the history of our scholarship. Thanks to Walter Tucker, former Adjutant for his research and the following history of our Longstreet Camp's Buck Hurtt Scholarship: Why did Longstreet Camp choose Douglas S. Freeman High School to have its outstanding senior history student be the recipient of the Buck Hurtt Scholarship Award? The Articles of Association of the Longstreet Camp (January 2008) state that we are a patriotic, historical, educational, and benevolent organization. The late Dr. Douglas Southall Freeman (1886-1953) was a significant figure in all those fields. At an early age Dr. Freeman became editor of the Richmond News Leader. In the 1920's Dr. Freeman, his friend J. Ambler Johnston, and two other friends formed the Battlefield Markers Association to mark significant sites in the Richmond area. Freeman wrote most of the inscriptions on the 59 "Freeman Markers," which were dedicated in 1925. A four volume biography of Robert E. Lee produced a Pulitzer Prize for Freeman in 1935. The 1940's marked the publication of his three volume Lee's Lieutenants. Freeman's scholarship and fame led to invitations to lecture at the Army War College and other educational institutions, and to lead battlefield tours. In a 1925 letter to Colonel George C. Marshall expressing his appreciation for Marshall's instant approach to the crux of a problem, Freeman predicted that Marshall would one day be general of the armies. Their mutual respect was expressed in correspondence between those two gigantic men over the ensuing years, including Marshall's service as Army Chief of Staff 1939-1945. In the educational world, Dr. Freeman was Rector of the University of Richmond. He educated a wider field twice a day by broadcasting on a Richmond radio station his comments on the news of the day. All the above relates to a supremely talented and respected gentleman who had been gone from this earth for 50 years when Longstreet Camp was considering the Scholarship. His credentials were unsurpassed, but it took personal relationships to make our dream a reality. When our Scholarship Award was in the planning stages our Camp members Harry Boyd and Pat Hoggard suggested the idea to their friend Ed Pruden, then principal of Douglas S. Freeman High School. Dr. Pruden was enthusiastic about the idea, which became a reality in 2003. Our Camp has recognized and assisted a student each year and has created and perpetuated a favorable impression with the faculty, students, parents, and others participating in Senior Awards Night at Douglas S. Freeman High School. Our Camp has received a new membership application from John Courtland Maxwell. We are currently processing his application. His Confederate Ancestor served with the 5th Georgia Reserve. Art
"Got any plans for the summer?". I'm getting that question a lot these days - how about you? Yes, summer is a time to include some relaxation and a change of pace. And that's a good thing. We recently got back from a short stint in Arizona in the beautiful "red rock" country - truly spectacular. And we are looking forward to a get-together with all our children and grandchildren later this summer to, by the grace of God, celebrate our 50th wedding anniversary ! Among the attributes of God is "joy" - He wants us to have good fun, to laugh, to enjoy His creation. If you view God as `dour', you have the wrong god! Indeed, take time this summer to enjoy family relationships, friends, and God's handiwork. Barton
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Belle Isle by John M. Coski John M. Coski is Historian and Vice-President for Research and Publications at The Museum of the Confederacy, where he has worked in various capacities since 1988, and editor of the Museum's quarterly Magazine. He earned his B.A. from Mary Washington College and his M.A. and Ph.D. in History from the College of William and Mary. He is the author of several books, most notably The Confederate Battle Flag: America's Most Embattled Emblem, published in 2005 by Harvard University Press, and Capital Navy: The Men, Ships, and Operations of the James River Squadron (published in 1996), and more than 125 essays, articles, and reviews. He has recently begun research toward what he hopes to be a book-length history of Belle Isle. He lives in Westover Hills - on the edge of the James River Park - with his wife, Ruth Ann, and their dog, Portia, aka the "Projects Princess." This is the 11th time he has spoken to the James Longstreet Camp.
H. V. (Bo) Traywick, Jr. opened his discussion of his book "Empire of the Owls" by telling us of the three major energy revolutions in world history: Agricultural 8,000 BC-6,000 BC Fuel (or Industrial 19th century Atomic 1945-today In the Industrial Revolution steam power replaced muscle power. The importance of kinship, tribes, and clans was diminished. This led to the United States being divided into two diametrically opposed societies-the industrial north and the agricultural south. Bo's book draws on contemporary writings or writings set to paper shortly after the cataclysmic events of 1861-1865. Bo led us through the five books which make up his complete work. Book I (Spring 1861) points out that there had been a peaceful secession of seven states beginning in December 1860. Ordinances of secession were declarations of independence. The peace was doomed with the 4 March 1861 inauguration of Abraham Lincoln, whose decision to resupply Fort Sumter led to war within 41 days. Lincoln could not afford to lose "his tariffs" which came from the seceded states. The South had no territory into which to expand slavery. Book II (Summer 1862) covered Stuart's Ride around McClellan and Lee's victories in the Seven Days, Second Manassas, and Fredericksburg sandwiched around the bloodiest day of The War at Sharpsburg. Book III (1863) told of the great Confederate victory at Chancellorsville and the death of Stonewall Jackson. Things got worse with the Confederacy's loss at Gettysburg. Book IV (1864) saw the arrival of Yankee General Grant who, unlike his predecessors, would not turn back after repulses at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania. The Overland Campaign resulted in terrible casualties for both armies. Book V (1865) told of the death of a nation and the subsequent chaos caused by the conquering army and carpetbaggers. The war of conquest, cloaked in morality, inflicted long lasting harm on the South. Bo said that the title of his book was inspired by a quote from Thomas Carlyle, who pointed out that an owl is a predator which does its deadly work in the dark. Bo stated that secession was the cause of The War. That is highlighted in the subtitle of his book, "Reflections on the North's War Against Southern Secession." Walter April Meeting Attendance: 23
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Art Wingo 262-2796 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin firstname.lastname@example.org 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 August 2013 - 1 June 2014 In memory of Ben Baird Walt Beam Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Michael Hendrick Phil Jones Jack Kane Andy Keller Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III Floyd Lane, Jr. Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Joe Moschetti Glenn Mozingo Preston Nuttall Jim Pickens Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton Harrison Smith Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Art Wingo Keith Zimmerman Two Residents of Studley Road
June 18641 Sheridan defeated two Confederate charges near Old Cold Harbor. 2 Troop movements, ammunition problems, and fatigue made it necessary for Grant to postpone attacks at Cold Harbor. 3 The Yankees at last attacked early in the morning and suffered heavy casualties. Grant called off the attack around noon. 5 Confederates under BGEN William E. "Grumble" Jones were defeated by David Hunter's Yankees at the Battle of Piedmont. Jones was killed. His body fell into the hands of Yankees, who returned it to his friends. 6 Hunter's Yankees occupied Staunton. 7 Sheridan moved two divisions of his cavalry west from Cold Harbor between the North Anna and the Mattaponi, initiating the Trevilian Raid. 8 The National Union Party in its Baltimore convention nominated Lincoln for President and Andrew Johnson, military governor of Tennessee, for Vice President. Confederate John Hunt Morgan on his last raid captured Mount Sterling, KY. 9 Beast Butler sent an expedition to capture Petersburg, but it was repulsed by Beauregard in a battle that became known as the "Battle of Old Men and Boys". 10 Nathan Bedford Forrest defeated Yankees under Samuel D. Sturgis at Brice's Crossroads, MS. 11 After fighting at Trevilian Station Sheridan gave up trying to link up with Hunter. Lee detached Jubal Early from his army to fight Hunter. 12 Yankee Army of the Potomac began the move to cross the James River. 14 Grant's army began to cross the James. Confederate LTGEN Leonidas Polk was killed in GA. 15 Yankee attack on Petersburg failed. 16 Yankees captured some Confederate positions near Petersburg. 17 More attacks were made near Petersburg. 18 Failed Yankee attacks at Petersburg led to the beginning of the siege. 19 USS Kearsarge sank CSS Alabama off Cherbourg, France 20 Sherman's Yankees in GA continued to press toward Johnston's Kennesaw defenses. 21 Grant and Meade got a cavalry operation underway against the railroads into Petersburg. Yankees extended the siege lines. 23 Jubal Early's command advanced from Lynchburg toward the Shenandoah as Black Dave Hunter's Yankees withdrew into West Virginia. 27 Yankees charging Kennesaw Mountain suffered heavy losses and a big defeat of Sherman. 30 Lincoln accepted the resignation of Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase, who was surprised because Lincoln had refused several previous resignations.
July 18641 Lincoln appointed Senator William Pitt Fessenden to replace Chase as Secretary of the Treasury. 2 Johnston's Army abandoned its entrenchments on Kennesaw Mountain and prepared another defense line below Marietta. 3 Early's Confederates drove Sigel's Yankees across the Potomac into Maryland at Shepherdstown. 4 Differences occurred between Lincoln and Congress over Reconstruction. 5 Finding Harper's Ferry too strong, Early began crossing the Potomac at Shepherdstown. 6 Early's Army captured Hagerstown. 8 Lincoln proclaimed his backing of a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery. 9 Early defeated Lew Wallace at the battle of the Monocacy. 11 Early's Confederates invaded Washington suburbs. 12 Early gave up on attacking Washington after seeing Yankee reinforcements manning fortifications. 14 Early's Army crossed the Potomac into Virginia at White's Ford.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar