ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 5,           May 2014
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, May Program (next),
April Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1864 Events (May,Jun), Coming Events Links,


In addition to a very interesting program on Richmond  in  1862  at  our
April  program,  we  also  witnessed a major event in the history of our
Camp.  Long time  Adjutant  and  Treasurer,  Walter  Tucker,  officially
stepped  down  from  those  two  capacities  so  that  he  could  have a
well-deserved rest.  I do not know when Walter first became  an  officer
of  the  camp  but  it  has been long enough for him to become a virtual
institution.  This was not something he had taken lightly.  He had  come
to  me several months earlier to let me know that other responsibilities
would make it necessary for him to resign prior  to  the  camp's  annual
elections.   That  did  not  make the situation much better since he for
years has been the one who has held the camp together and served in many
capacities  beyond  those  normally  expected  of  the Adjutant.  He was
solely responsible to seeing to it  that  the  Camp  qualified  for  the
Outstanding  Camp  award for at least the last three years.  Fortunately
Walter is not leaving us and hopefully will be able to  attend  meetings
with  us  for many years in the future.  We are also very fortunate that
someone of the talent and skills of Art Wingo had joined us not so  long
ago  so  that  he  could  step  into Walter's very big shoes.  The other
significant announcement was that our very own  Second  Lieutenant,  Les
Updike, was elected to the 2nd Brigade Commander position in a three man
race at the April State Convention.  He will be stepping down  from  his
camp  position  so  if  you  are interesting in running for his position
please let me know.   We  do  currently  have  one  candidate  for  that
position  but could use a candidate for Sargent at Arms as Gary Cowardin
is wearing that as one of his many  hats  until  a  replacement  can  be


Three Camp members, Paul Sacra, Les  Updike,  and  Walter  Tucker,  were
delegates to the Virginia Division Convention in Roanoke 11-13 April. 46
camps were present, providing a quorum.  The Division has 2,846 members.

In the morning business session outgoing Division Commander Mike  Pullen
proclaimed April as Confederate History Month.  We do not need any help,
support, or proclamations from politicians to accomplish this.          

The following officers were elected to lead the Division  for  the  next
two years:                                                              
Commander         Tracy Clary   
1st LCDR          Tony Griffin  
2nd LCDR          Everette Ellis
Inspector         Tim Hamilton  
Adjutant          Ted Crockett  
Treasurer         Gerry Culver  
Quartermaster     Fred Chiesa   
Chaplain          Ron Graves    
Archivist         Edwin Ray     

Congratulations to our 2nd LCDR Les Updike who was elected  2nd  Brigade
Commander in a three way contest.  There are 12 camps in our brigade.   

Longstreet  Camp  once  again  qualified for a Division Outstanding Camp
Award.  Our 1st LCDR Paul Sacra accepted the award for the Camp.        

Saturday afternoon the conventioners car pooled  out  to  the  Jubal  A.
Early  home  place,  where we had a great barbecue lunch and got to tour
the home.  The Fincastle Rifles Camp # 1326, host  for  the  Convention,
has  performed  a great service in the restoration of the birth place of
Robert E. Lee's "bad old man."                                          

Virginia's only real son, Calvin Crane  of  the  Fincastle  Rifles,  was
brought to Saturday night's banquet by his daughter.                    

Next year's Division convention will be held in historic Petersburg. The
National Convention will be in Richmond.                                

After a rainy Friday 25 April, road boss Lewis  Mills  on  Saturday  the
26th  led  David  Bridges, Clint Cowardin, Andy Keller, Waite Rawls, and
Walter Tucker in our semi-annual cleanup of our section  of  Route  606,
Studley  Road,  Hanover  County,  near Enon United Methodist Church.  An
appreciative lady  who  lives  near  the  church  gave  us  $  10.00  in
appreciation  of our work.  This has been added to the Hurtt Scholarship

Art Wingo will be taking over as Adjutant/Treasurer of our  Camp  within
the next few weeks when the records can be turned over to him.  I'm sure
that Art will do a fine  job.   I  sincerely  appreciate  the  honor  of
serving in this office.                                                 

Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

Memorial Day is rapidly approaching.  Unlike Veterans Day  (Nov.   11th)
and  Armed Forces Appreciation Day (May 17th this year), Memorial Day is
specifically to remember those that have died serving in our wars.  Both
my  most  direct  Confederate ancestors, my two great-grandfathers, were
wounded during the War, but both  survived.   However,  of  more  recent
history,  I  had  a first cousin killed in Vietnam in 1967, serving with
the Marines; our son bears his name.  Although there are numerous claims
for  the  first "Decoration Day", as it used to be called, the ladies of
Columbus, GA lay claim to beginning the tradition of placing flowers  on
the  graves  of  Confederate  soldiers.  Whatever the history, take time
this Memorial Day to remember those that have fallen in defense  of  our
country - "Freedom is Not Free".                                        


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, May 20, 2014




Empire of the Owls

Bo is a 1967 VMI graduate with a BS in Civil Engineering and was  a  2nd
Lieutenant, U. S.  Army Corps of Engineers. (Served from 1967-1970)     

He  is a qualified SCUBA instructor, commercial surface-supplied shallow
water diver, and commercial Deep Sea Hard-Hat diver.                    

He has a Master of Steam or Motor Vessels of not more  than  1600  Gross
Registered  Tons upon Oceans; Master of Towing Vessels upon Oceans; Able
Seaman  (Unlimited);  Radar  Observer  (Unlimited);  Medical  Caregiver;
Advanced  Shipboard  Firefighting;  Towing  Vessel  Designated Examiner;
Vessel Security Officer.                                                

In 2006 he graduated from U of R with a Master of Liberal  Arts  (focus:
International  Studies/  War  and Cultural Revolution) and has continued
with post-graduate study.                                               

Bo held many water related jobs and was a Tugboat Captain for Chesapeake
Corp./Smurfit-Stone,  West  Point,  Virginia  from  1980  to 2009 before
retiring.  He now is working part time as Tugboat  Pilot/Relief  Captain
for Ireland Marine, Chesapeake, Virginia.                               

Some of his published writings are:                                     
Empire of the Owls: Reflections on  the  North's  War  against  Southern
	Secession.  (2013)                                              
Reflections on  Energy,  Technology,  and  the  Lost  Cause  Confederate
	Veteran, Nov./Dec.  2013.                                       
Seafaring on the Waterway Chesapeake Bay Magazine, November, 1994.      
	Winter Hurricane Chesapeake Bay Magazine, March, 1994.          

Bo is bringing signed copies to the meeting of Empire of the Owls for $20.


Our Camp member Waite Rawls thanked Richmond Battlefield  National  Park
historian  Mike Gorman for much of the material in his April talk to our
Camp about Richmond in 1862.                                            

At the time of Virginia's secession in April 1861 Richmond was the flour
milling  capital  of  the  world  and the leading industrial city in the

How things changed within a year.  Martial law was proclaimed,  and  the
writ of habeas corpus was suspended.  Insufficient volunteers led to the
passing of a conscription act.  The press was censored.  Price  controls
were  imposed.   There  were  shortages  of  food  and  other  supplies.
Confederate clerk John B.  Jones described these actions as a  reign  of

The  prominent  Exchange  Hotel  was  one  block  from the slave market.
Jefferson Davis stayed at the Spottswood Hotel before  moving  into  the
White House of the Confederacy.                                         

When  Richmond was selected as the Capital of the Confederacy, the State
Capitol  Building  housed   two   governments-the   national   and   the
Commonwealth of Virginia.                                               

The population of the city doubled, causing a housing shortage.         

The increasing number of wounded soldiers caused state hospitals to give
way to general hospitals.  Deaths caused continual funeral dirges.      

On the military front, bad news came from the West where New Orleans and
Forts Henry and Donelson fell to the Yankees.                           

George  B.   McClellan  approached  Richmond  with the largest army ever
fielded in America,  although  he  was  convinced  he  was  outnumbered.
Lincoln's  drawing troops from the Fredericksburg area to the defense of
Washington did not help McClellan's mental attitude.                    

The Confederate Army at that time was basically Johnston's,  Lee  having
just  taken  over  after Johnston's wounding.  Lee's plan was to destroy
Porter's Corps, which was separated from the rest of Little Mac's  army.
Jefferson Davis was scared of Lee's plan.  Lee's assault was the biggest
military gamble ever taken.  McClellan withdrew,  despite  his  superior
numbers.   Outstanding  historian  Gary  Gallagher describes Lee's Seven
Days campaign as the turning point of the  war,  opining  that  the  War
would  have  ended had McClellan been successful in defeating Lee's Army
and capturing the Capital of the Confedearcy.                           

April Meeting Attendance: 22


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2013 - 10 May 2014                

In memory of Ben Baird
Walt Beam        Brian Cowardin        Clint Cowardin  
Michael Hendrick                                       
Phil Jones       Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III     Floyd Lane, Jr. 
Lewis Mills      Conway Moncure        Bob Moore       
Joe Moschetti    Glenn Mozingo         Preston Nuttall 
Jim Pickens      Joe Price             Waite Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton          Harrison Smith  
Pat Sweeney      Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker   
Art Wingo        Keith Zimmerman                       
Two Residents of Studley Road

May 1864

3 GEN U. S. Grant ordered the Army of the Potomac to cross the Rapidan River. 4 Beast Butler's Army of the James assembled in transports at Hampton Roads to move up the James River to operate against Richmond from the south. Sherman prepared to move his 98,000 soldiers from Chattanooga toward Atlanta. 5 Gouverneur Warren's Yankee Fifth Corps faced Richard Ewell's Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike in the opening of the battle of The Wilderness. Beast Butler landed 30,000 Yankees at City Point. 6 The armies clashed on the Orange Turnpike. Longstreet was severely wounded. Casualties were staggering. 7 Sherman began his march to Atlanta. 8 Anderson's Corps beat the Yankees to Spotsylvania Court House. 9 Yankee GEN John Sedgwick was killed. 10 Hancock's Warren's, and Wright's Yankee corps attacked Anderson's corps northwest of Spotsylvania. 11 Sheridan's raiders defeated the Confederates at Yellow Tavern. Jeb Stuart was mortally wounded. 12 Fighting was renewed at Spotsylvania. Joseph E. Johnston abandoned Dalton, GA. 15 MGEN John C. Breckenridge's Confederates, including VMI cadets, defeated MGEN Franz Siegel's Yankees at New Market VA. Fighting raged at Resaca, GA.. . 16 Ten Confederate brigades defeated Butler's Yankees at Drewry's Bluff. 18 Several Yankee attacks at Spotsylvania failed. Beauregard completed his investment of Butler at Bermuda Hundred. 19 The last engagement occurred at Spotsylvania. 20 Grant ordered the Army of the Potomac to move to its left and cross the Mattaponi River. 21 Yankee MGEN David Hunter replaced MGEN Franz Sigel in the Union Department of West Virginia following Sigel's failure in Shenandoan Valley actions. 23 Lee's Army formed an apex at the North Anna River. Lee's illness and other factors prevented his Army from attacking the divided Yankees. 25 Confederates under Joseph E. Johnston repulsed several attacks by Joe Hooker's Yankees at New Hope Church, GA. 26 The Yankee Army of the Potomac withdrew from the North Anna and moved toward Hanovertown, far around Lee's right. 27 Sheridan's cavalry occupied Hanovertown, south of the Pamunkey River, with little opposition. 28 Lee's Army arrived north of the Chickahominy and Mechanicsville. Fighting occurred at Haw's Shop. 30 Grant's main force arrived at the Totopotomoy. Yankee BGEN William F. "Baldy" Smith brought two corps of reinforcements to White House on the Pamunkey River.

June 1864

1 Sheridan defeated two Confederate charges near Old Cold Harbor. 2 Troop movements, ammunition problems, and fatigue made it necessary for Grant to postpone attacks at Cold Harbor. 3 The Yankees at last attacked early in the morning and suffered heavy casualties. Grant called off the attack around noon. 5 Confederates under BGEN William E. "Grumble" Jones were defeated by David Hunter's Yankees at the Battle of Piedmont. Jones was killed. His body fell into the hands of Yankees, who returned it to his friends. 6 Hunter's Yankees occupied Staunton. 7 Sheridan moved two divisions of his cavalry west from Cold Harbor between the North Anna and the Mattaponi, initiating the Trevilian Raid. 8 The National Union Party in its Baltimore convention nominated Lincoln for President and Andrew Johnson, military governor of Tennessee, for Vice President. Confederate John Hunt Morgan on his last raid captured Mount Sterling, KY. 9 Beast Butler sent an expedition to capture Petersburg, but it was repulsed by Beauregard. 10 Nathan Bedford Forrest defeated Yankees under Samuel D. Sturgis at Brice's Crossroads, MS. 11 After fighting at Trevilian Station Sheridan gave up trying to link up with Hunter. Lee detached Jubal Early from his army to fight Hunter. 12 Yankee Army of the Potomac began the move to cross the James River. 14 Grant's army began to cross the James. Confederate LTGEN Leonidas Polk was killed in GA. 15 Yankee attack on Petersburg failed. 16 Yankees captured some Confederate positions near Petersburg. 17 More attacks were made near Petersburg.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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