THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 5, May 2014
In addition to a very interesting program on Richmond in 1862 at our April program, we also witnessed a major event in the history of our Camp. Long time Adjutant and Treasurer, Walter Tucker, officially stepped down from those two capacities so that he could have a well-deserved rest. I do not know when Walter first became an officer of the camp but it has been long enough for him to become a virtual institution. This was not something he had taken lightly. He had come to me several months earlier to let me know that other responsibilities would make it necessary for him to resign prior to the camp's annual elections. That did not make the situation much better since he for years has been the one who has held the camp together and served in many capacities beyond those normally expected of the Adjutant. He was solely responsible to seeing to it that the Camp qualified for the Outstanding Camp award for at least the last three years. Fortunately Walter is not leaving us and hopefully will be able to attend meetings with us for many years in the future. We are also very fortunate that someone of the talent and skills of Art Wingo had joined us not so long ago so that he could step into Walter's very big shoes. The other significant announcement was that our very own Second Lieutenant, Les Updike, was elected to the 2nd Brigade Commander position in a three man race at the April State Convention. He will be stepping down from his camp position so if you are interesting in running for his position please let me know. We do currently have one candidate for that position but could use a candidate for Sargent at Arms as Gary Cowardin is wearing that as one of his many hats until a replacement can be found. Andy
Three Camp members, Paul Sacra, Les Updike, and Walter Tucker, were delegates to the Virginia Division Convention in Roanoke 11-13 April. 46 camps were present, providing a quorum. The Division has 2,846 members. In the morning business session outgoing Division Commander Mike Pullen proclaimed April as Confederate History Month. We do not need any help, support, or proclamations from politicians to accomplish this. The following officers were elected to lead the Division for the next two years: Commander Tracy Clary 1st LCDR Tony Griffin 2nd LCDR Everette Ellis Inspector Tim Hamilton Adjutant Ted Crockett Treasurer Gerry Culver Quartermaster Fred Chiesa Chaplain Ron Graves Archivist Edwin Ray Congratulations to our 2nd LCDR Les Updike who was elected 2nd Brigade Commander in a three way contest. There are 12 camps in our brigade. Longstreet Camp once again qualified for a Division Outstanding Camp Award. Our 1st LCDR Paul Sacra accepted the award for the Camp. Saturday afternoon the conventioners car pooled out to the Jubal A. Early home place, where we had a great barbecue lunch and got to tour the home. The Fincastle Rifles Camp # 1326, host for the Convention, has performed a great service in the restoration of the birth place of Robert E. Lee's "bad old man." Virginia's only real son, Calvin Crane of the Fincastle Rifles, was brought to Saturday night's banquet by his daughter. Next year's Division convention will be held in historic Petersburg. The National Convention will be in Richmond. After a rainy Friday 25 April, road boss Lewis Mills on Saturday the 26th led David Bridges, Clint Cowardin, Andy Keller, Waite Rawls, and Walter Tucker in our semi-annual cleanup of our section of Route 606, Studley Road, Hanover County, near Enon United Methodist Church. An appreciative lady who lives near the church gave us $ 10.00 in appreciation of our work. This has been added to the Hurtt Scholarship Fund. Art Wingo will be taking over as Adjutant/Treasurer of our Camp within the next few weeks when the records can be turned over to him. I'm sure that Art will do a fine job. I sincerely appreciate the honor of serving in this office. Walter
Memorial Day is rapidly approaching. Unlike Veterans Day (Nov. 11th) and Armed Forces Appreciation Day (May 17th this year), Memorial Day is specifically to remember those that have died serving in our wars. Both my most direct Confederate ancestors, my two great-grandfathers, were wounded during the War, but both survived. However, of more recent history, I had a first cousin killed in Vietnam in 1967, serving with the Marines; our son bears his name. Although there are numerous claims for the first "Decoration Day", as it used to be called, the ladies of Columbus, GA lay claim to beginning the tradition of placing flowers on the graves of Confederate soldiers. Whatever the history, take time this Memorial Day to remember those that have fallen in defense of our country - "Freedom is Not Free". Barton
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
Empire of the Owls by HEBER VENABLE "BO" TRAYWICK, JR. Bo is a 1967 VMI graduate with a BS in Civil Engineering and was a 2nd Lieutenant, U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. (Served from 1967-1970) He is a qualified SCUBA instructor, commercial surface-supplied shallow water diver, and commercial Deep Sea Hard-Hat diver. He has a Master of Steam or Motor Vessels of not more than 1600 Gross Registered Tons upon Oceans; Master of Towing Vessels upon Oceans; Able Seaman (Unlimited); Radar Observer (Unlimited); Medical Caregiver; Advanced Shipboard Firefighting; Towing Vessel Designated Examiner; Vessel Security Officer. In 2006 he graduated from U of R with a Master of Liberal Arts (focus: International Studies/ War and Cultural Revolution) and has continued with post-graduate study. Bo held many water related jobs and was a Tugboat Captain for Chesapeake Corp./Smurfit-Stone, West Point, Virginia from 1980 to 2009 before retiring. He now is working part time as Tugboat Pilot/Relief Captain for Ireland Marine, Chesapeake, Virginia. Some of his published writings are: Empire of the Owls: Reflections on the North's War against Southern Secession. (2013) Reflections on Energy, Technology, and the Lost Cause Confederate Veteran, Nov./Dec. 2013. Seafaring on the Waterway Chesapeake Bay Magazine, November, 1994. Winter Hurricane Chesapeake Bay Magazine, March, 1994. Bo is bringing signed copies to the meeting of Empire of the Owls for $20.
Our Camp member Waite Rawls thanked Richmond Battlefield National Park historian Mike Gorman for much of the material in his April talk to our Camp about Richmond in 1862. At the time of Virginia's secession in April 1861 Richmond was the flour milling capital of the world and the leading industrial city in the South. How things changed within a year. Martial law was proclaimed, and the writ of habeas corpus was suspended. Insufficient volunteers led to the passing of a conscription act. The press was censored. Price controls were imposed. There were shortages of food and other supplies. Confederate clerk John B. Jones described these actions as a reign of terror. The prominent Exchange Hotel was one block from the slave market. Jefferson Davis stayed at the Spottswood Hotel before moving into the White House of the Confederacy. When Richmond was selected as the Capital of the Confederacy, the State Capitol Building housed two governments-the national and the Commonwealth of Virginia. The population of the city doubled, causing a housing shortage. The increasing number of wounded soldiers caused state hospitals to give way to general hospitals. Deaths caused continual funeral dirges. On the military front, bad news came from the West where New Orleans and Forts Henry and Donelson fell to the Yankees. George B. McClellan approached Richmond with the largest army ever fielded in America, although he was convinced he was outnumbered. Lincoln's drawing troops from the Fredericksburg area to the defense of Washington did not help McClellan's mental attitude. The Confederate Army at that time was basically Johnston's, Lee having just taken over after Johnston's wounding. Lee's plan was to destroy Porter's Corps, which was separated from the rest of Little Mac's army. Jefferson Davis was scared of Lee's plan. Lee's assault was the biggest military gamble ever taken. McClellan withdrew, despite his superior numbers. Outstanding historian Gary Gallagher describes Lee's Seven Days campaign as the turning point of the war, opining that the War would have ended had McClellan been successful in defeating Lee's Army and capturing the Capital of the Confedearcy. Walter April Meeting Attendance: 22
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 August 2013 - 10 May 2014 In memory of Ben Baird Walt Beam Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Michael Hendrick Phil Jones Jack Kane Andy Keller Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III Floyd Lane, Jr. Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Joe Moschetti Glenn Mozingo Preston Nuttall Jim Pickens Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton Harrison Smith Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Art Wingo Keith Zimmerman Two Residents of Studley Road
May 18643 GEN U. S. Grant ordered the Army of the Potomac to cross the Rapidan River. 4 Beast Butler's Army of the James assembled in transports at Hampton Roads to move up the James River to operate against Richmond from the south. Sherman prepared to move his 98,000 soldiers from Chattanooga toward Atlanta. 5 Gouverneur Warren's Yankee Fifth Corps faced Richard Ewell's Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike in the opening of the battle of The Wilderness. Beast Butler landed 30,000 Yankees at City Point. 6 The armies clashed on the Orange Turnpike. Longstreet was severely wounded. Casualties were staggering. 7 Sherman began his march to Atlanta. 8 Anderson's Corps beat the Yankees to Spotsylvania Court House. 9 Yankee GEN John Sedgwick was killed. 10 Hancock's Warren's, and Wright's Yankee corps attacked Anderson's corps northwest of Spotsylvania. 11 Sheridan's raiders defeated the Confederates at Yellow Tavern. Jeb Stuart was mortally wounded. 12 Fighting was renewed at Spotsylvania. Joseph E. Johnston abandoned Dalton, GA. 15 MGEN John C. Breckenridge's Confederates, including VMI cadets, defeated MGEN Franz Siegel's Yankees at New Market VA. Fighting raged at Resaca, GA.. . 16 Ten Confederate brigades defeated Butler's Yankees at Drewry's Bluff. 18 Several Yankee attacks at Spotsylvania failed. Beauregard completed his investment of Butler at Bermuda Hundred. 19 The last engagement occurred at Spotsylvania. 20 Grant ordered the Army of the Potomac to move to its left and cross the Mattaponi River. 21 Yankee MGEN David Hunter replaced MGEN Franz Sigel in the Union Department of West Virginia following Sigel's failure in Shenandoan Valley actions. 23 Lee's Army formed an apex at the North Anna River. Lee's illness and other factors prevented his Army from attacking the divided Yankees. 25 Confederates under Joseph E. Johnston repulsed several attacks by Joe Hooker's Yankees at New Hope Church, GA. 26 The Yankee Army of the Potomac withdrew from the North Anna and moved toward Hanovertown, far around Lee's right. 27 Sheridan's cavalry occupied Hanovertown, south of the Pamunkey River, with little opposition. 28 Lee's Army arrived north of the Chickahominy and Mechanicsville. Fighting occurred at Haw's Shop. 30 Grant's main force arrived at the Totopotomoy. Yankee BGEN William F. "Baldy" Smith brought two corps of reinforcements to White House on the Pamunkey River.
June 18641 Sheridan defeated two Confederate charges near Old Cold Harbor. 2 Troop movements, ammunition problems, and fatigue made it necessary for Grant to postpone attacks at Cold Harbor. 3 The Yankees at last attacked early in the morning and suffered heavy casualties. Grant called off the attack around noon. 5 Confederates under BGEN William E. "Grumble" Jones were defeated by David Hunter's Yankees at the Battle of Piedmont. Jones was killed. His body fell into the hands of Yankees, who returned it to his friends. 6 Hunter's Yankees occupied Staunton. 7 Sheridan moved two divisions of his cavalry west from Cold Harbor between the North Anna and the Mattaponi, initiating the Trevilian Raid. 8 The National Union Party in its Baltimore convention nominated Lincoln for President and Andrew Johnson, military governor of Tennessee, for Vice President. Confederate John Hunt Morgan on his last raid captured Mount Sterling, KY. 9 Beast Butler sent an expedition to capture Petersburg, but it was repulsed by Beauregard. 10 Nathan Bedford Forrest defeated Yankees under Samuel D. Sturgis at Brice's Crossroads, MS. 11 After fighting at Trevilian Station Sheridan gave up trying to link up with Hunter. Lee detached Jubal Early from his army to fight Hunter. 12 Yankee Army of the Potomac began the move to cross the James River. 14 Grant's army began to cross the James. Confederate LTGEN Leonidas Polk was killed in GA. 15 Yankee attack on Petersburg failed. 16 Yankees captured some Confederate positions near Petersburg. 17 More attacks were made near Petersburg.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar