THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 3, March 2014
Last month we had a gorgeous Sunday where we had a glimpse of spring. Since John Coski had peaked my interest in Belle Isle and I had not been there in over a year, my wife and I drove downtown for an afternoon walk. We were obviously not the only people with the idea. Every available parking space was taken, even on the street below the Virginia War Memorial. We approached the river using the new connector road. The river view was spectacular and the dark red brick of the Tredegar complex only enhanced the experience. Fortunately my old Museum of the Confederacy membership card had another two days on it as it meant that I am now also a member of The American Civil War Center. If you are a member or get a day pass you can park there for free. We parked and went into the museum to have our parking ticket validated and then look around before continuing on to either Belle Isle or Brown's Island. It was like the 1990s when the Valentine Riverside was on the same site. The museum did not seem to have made any changes since the last time I had visited but that was fine since I had not previously nor did I this time have time to read every exhibit. I did pause at one of the first exhibits on the causes of the war. Unlike Les Updike's 10 reasons, they boiled it down to 4 and then let you vote - probably a good idea based on the attention span of the average visitor, including me. Most people that day obviously chose outdoor activities as there were few people in the museum. That is why I was very surprised to see the attendance statistics in the Richmond Times Dispatch on February 22. That article reported that the attendance at the ACWC was 144,132 in 2013. The attendance at the MOC had only been 54,717. In fact it was apparently higher than all three Courts End properties combined. The visitor map that the ACWC provided for their property showed the future location for the MOC when they move to that combined location. It will be immediately next to the Foundry building currently being used. It indeed is a perfect location given the historic nature of the property and the number of visitors the location is already apparently able to attract to Tredegar Street. It will be sad to see the Museum of the Confederacy lose its independence but hopefully this will eventually benefit everyone and open its exhibits to a much larger audience. Andy
We extend our sympathy to Preston Nuttall upon the death of his brother John Boyd Nuttall. At our February meeting the Camp elected Art Wingo to the new office of Assistant Adjutant/Treasurer, with the expectation that he will drop the word "Assistant" at a convenient time later this spring. Art is a retired banker and has excellent credentials to carry out the duties of this office. I have held it for a long time and desire to step aside. We have submitted to the Virginia Division our application for an Outstanding Camp Award. One of the elective requirements is to provide a speaker on a Confederate topic to other SCV camps or other organizations. Our Camp has been outstanding in having our members share their great knowledge in outstanding presentations. Barton Campbell, Preston Nuttall, Waite Rawls, Paul Sacra, Les Updike, and Art Wingo have been speakers at other camps and organizations. What talent our Camp has! A February highlight is the annual Museum of the Confederacy's Person of the Year Symposium held at the Library of Virginia. UVA Professor Gary Gallagher led off the 1864 nominees by recommending Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant, both of whom were compared to George Washington. Gary proposed that what happened on the battlefield was more important than anything that happened in the political realm. The Eastern Theater was the most important because of the proximity of the two national capitals and the location of the most influential newspapers. Grant was determined to defeat Confederate armies; Lee was just as determined to stop Grant. Both were dedicated to their causes and never allowed their personal egos to determine what they did. They did have self-confidence and confidence in their soldiers. Neither ever acknowledged the greatness of the other. Lincoln scholar Harold Holzer nominated Abraham Lincoln, asserting that his reelection in 1864 topped all military operations. Grant was able to succeed on the battlefield because of the backing of Lincoln. Lincoln was able to hold together disparate groups and individuals in prosecuting The War and preserving the Union. Southern Mississippi Professor Emeritus John Marszalek chose Yankee General William Tecumseh Sherman, stating that his army's capture of Atlanta assured the reelection of Lincoln. Sherman had spent much of his prewar days in the South and had many friends there. He preferred destruction of property to show the South that its government could not protect them. His army carried the effects of The War directly to Southern civilians. Letters from home to Confederate soldiers describing what was happening on the home front hurt the morale of the soldiers. Sherman changed warfare from a contest between armies to a conflict between societies. NC State Professor Joe A. Mobley submitted the name of North Carolina Governor Zebulun Vance. Despite his overstated split with Jefferson Davis, he kept North Carolina loyal to the Confederacy and appealed to other Southern governors to do the same. Dr. Mobley said that the charge that Vance withheld supplies from the Confederacy was false. This first arose in a book written in 1925. Retired Naval Academy History Professor Craig Symonds nominated General Patrick R. Cleburne as the most heroic individual of 1864, who topped the list on the field of battle. Citizen soldier Cleburne felt that slavery was an unsustainable burden. He submitted a proposal to offer immediate freedom to any slave who volunteered to fight for the South and to their families. His request was suppressed. The attendees then voted with the following results: Nominee # of votes % of votes Sherman 38 36.9 Cleburne 29 28.1 Lincoln 15 14.6 Lee and Grant 11 10.7 Vance 8 7.8 Write-ins 2 1.9 --- ----- Totals 103 100.0 Every speaker was interesting and provided information and insights beyond the familiar. Walter
150 years ago, spring was the time for campaigning to begin for our Confederate ancestors. The seasoned veteran would be sure he had a good canteen and bedroll to serve him on the march, made sure his weapons were totally ready, help integrate the new recruits into his unit to bond the comrades in arms together. The Christian soldier not only needs to be ready in the spring, but all the time; a solid grasp of God's Word, the Bible, his weapon; good fellowship with comrades, thru a vibrant church; reliance on basic necessities, such as prayer. Are you ready for "campaigning"? Barton
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
"General Samuel Cooper, Adjutant & Inspector General, CSA" by William M. Welsch Bill lived in Springfield, NJ for 35 years, and was a member of the Township Committee, Deputy Mayor and was President of the Library Board of Trustees. He was very active in church groups, the Little League and served in the USMC for 34 years and was an administrator at Montclair State University. He served on the executive board and was Preservation Chairman of the Robert E. Lee CWRT of Central NJ. Bill has spoken to Revolutionary War and Civil War Round Tables, conferences and to groups on Washington's Lieutenants, The Generals of the Continental Army, the Headquarters Staff of the Army of Northern Virginia, General Samuel Cooper and Benedict Arnold. Bill enjoys leading Revolutionary War tours from Massachusetts to Virginia. He has written a number of articles published in the book. Journal of the American Revolution, in magazines and on-line. Bill founded and is the current President of the American Revolution Round Table of Richmond. He is the Co-Founder of the Congress of American Revolution Round Tables and is currently also serving as the 2nd VP of the Richmond Civil War Round Table. He loves living in Glen Allen for the last nine years and his primary job is being a bad influence on his five grandchildren.
Our own Les Updike opened his talk "Ten Reasons for Secession, One Reason for War" by stating that from the beginning of American independence there were differing ideas of government which had not been reconciled by 1860. Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists wanted a strong central government and weak local governments. Thomas Jefferson favored strong local governments and a weak central government with restricted powers. The North, led by New England, wanted to get the South's resources for pennies on the dollar. High tariffs favored the north. 74% of the Federal income came from the South, with only 10%-20% returned to those states. The conflict between the Hamiltonians and the Jeffersonians increased with the passage of time. The New England social elites embraced secular humanism, which was rejected by the South which favored Christianity. Les attributed cultural differences to the South's ancestors from the British Isles and the North's from Vikings. Control of the Western territories was sought by both sides. The South wanted those territories to permit slavery, which the North opposed. The contrast between Northern industry and the Southern agricultural economy were irreconcilable. The birth rate of slaves and the ban on importation of slaves put the New England slave ships out of business. Before this, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, and Rhode Island all had state owned slave ships. The Yankee press slandered the South. The North encouraged slave rebellions. John Brown was financed by New Englanders and was hailed as a martyr compared to Christ. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was the first to recognize slavery, The first slave ship was built in Massachusetts. Robert E. Lee freed the slaves owned by his family in 1863. Julia Dent (Mrs. Ulysses S.) Grant freed their slaves only when forced to do so by the 13th Amendment. President Lincoln initiated military action against the South. In March 1861 Jefferson Davis sent a delegation to Washington to establish a peaceable relationship between the seven Confederate states and the United States government. Lincoln refused to meet with them. After the firing on Fort Sumter, caused by Lincoln's attempt to resupply the Yankee garrison there, Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to punish South Carolina. Four states, led by Virginia, refused to call out their militias for Lincoln's purpose. Virginia seceded 17 April 1861, followed by Arkansas on 6 May, North Carolina on 20 May, and Tennessee on 8 June. They joined the lower seven seceded states in the Confederate States of America. Walter February Meeting Attendance: 26
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin firstname.lastname@example.org 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 August 2013 - 4 March 2014 In memory of Ben Baird Walt Beam Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Michael Hendrick Phil Jones Jack Kane Andy Keller Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III Floyd Lane, Jr. Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Joe Moschetti Glenn Mozingo Preston Nuttall Jim Pickens Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton Harrison Smith Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Art Wingo Keith Zimmerman A Resident of Studley Road
March 18641 Confederate wounded, veterans, office and factory workers, and home guardsmen repulsed Kilpatrick. Dahlgren realized that Kilpatrick had failed and withdrew. 2 Yankee Congress confirmed the nomination of Ulysses S. Grant as Lieutenant General. Confederate cavalry under CAPT E. C. Fox and LT James Pollard captured 100 of Dahlgren's men and killed their leader at Mantapike Hill between Court Houses of King and Queen and King William Counties. Papers found on Dahlgren indicated a plot to assassinate Jefferson Davis. 4 The Yankee Senate confirmed Andrew Johnson as Federal Military Governor of Tennessee. 8 Lincoln met Grant for the first time at the White House. 9 At the White House Lincoln handed Grant his commission as Lieutenant General. 10 Grant was given official authority to command the Armies of the United States. Grant met with MGEN George Meade to work out the relationship with each other, as Grant intended to be in the field with the Army of the Potomac. 11 Grant left for Nashville to meet with MGEN William T. Sherman, Yankee commander in the West. 12 MGEN Henry W. Halleck was relieved as General-in-Chief of Yankee Armies and became Chief of Staff. Yankee army and gunboats commanded by MGEN Nathaniel P. Banks started up the Red River from the Mississippi. 14 Lincoln ordered the drafting of 200,000 men for the Navy and to provide "an adequate reserve force for all contingencies." 17 From Nashville Grant formally assumed command of the Armies of the United States and announced, "Headquarters will be in the field, and, until further notice, will be with the Army of the Potomac." 18 Arkansas voters ratified a pro-Union constitution which ended slavery in the state. 21 Lincoln approved an act of the Yankee Congress enabling Colorado and Nevada to become states, despite their relatively small populations. 22 Heavy snow fell in Richmond. 23 Grant returned to Washington from conferences with Sherman and others in the West, preparatory to the advances of Yankee armies. Yankee MGEN Gouverneur K. Warren replaced MGEN George Sykes as Commander of the Fifth Corps. 24 Nathan Bedford Forrest's soldiers captured Union City, Tennessee. 25 A Confederate cavalry raid at Paducah KY failed, but it alarmed the Ohio Valley. 26 Grant established his headquarters with the Army of the Potomac at Culpeper. Yankee MGEN James B. McPherson took command of the Army of the Tennessee. 28 About 100 Copperheads attacked Yankee soldiers on furlough at Charleston, IL. Five men were killed and more than 20 wounded. Troop reinforcements ended the attack. 29 Lincoln persuaded Meade not to formally request a court of inquiry about Gettysburg. Criticisms of Meade's command, possibly written by other Yankee officers in the battle, had been appearing in the press.
April 18644 Yankee MGEN Philip Sheridan replaced BGEN David McMurtrie Gregg as commander of Yankee cavalry in the Army of the Potomac. 6 At New Orleans the Constitutional Convention of Louisiana met and adopted a new constitution, abolishing slavery. 7 Longstreet's Corps, which had been in east Tennessee, was ordered to return to Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. 8 Confederates under MGEN Richard Taylor beat Yankees under MGEN Nathaniel P. Banks at the battle of Sabine Crossroads, LA in the Red River Campaign. 9 Banks's Yankees won a tactical victory at Pleasant Hill, LA, but retreated. 12 Forrest's Confederate cavalry captured Fort Pillow, TN.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar