ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 3,           March 2014
SCV logo

A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, March Program (next),
February Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1864 Events (Mar,Apr), Coming Events Links,



Last month we had a gorgeous Sunday where we had a  glimpse  of  spring.
Since John Coski had peaked my interest in Belle Isle and I had not been
there in over a year, my wife and I  drove  downtown  for  an  afternoon
walk.   We  were  obviously  not  the  only people with the idea.  Every
available parking space was taken, even on the street below the Virginia
War Memorial.  We approached the river using the new connector road. The
river view was spectacular and  the  dark  red  brick  of  the  Tredegar
complex  only enhanced the experience.  Fortunately my old Museum of the
Confederacy membership card had another two days on it as it meant  that
I  am  now also a member of The American Civil War Center.  If you are a
member or get a day pass you can park there for  free.   We  parked  and
went  into the museum to have our parking ticket validated and then look
around before continuing on to either Belle Isle or Brown's Island.   It
was like the 1990s when the Valentine Riverside was on the same site.   

The  museum  did not seem to have made any changes since the last time I
had visited but that was fine since I had not previously nor did I  this
time  have  time to read every exhibit.  I did pause at one of the first
exhibits on the causes of the war.  Unlike Les Updike's 10 reasons, they
boiled  it  down to 4 and then let you vote - probably a good idea based
on the attention span of the average visitor, including me.             

Most people that day obviously chose outdoor activities  as  there  were
few  people  in the museum.  That is why I was very surprised to see the
attendance statistics in the Richmond Times  Dispatch  on  February  22.
That  article  reported  that  the attendance at the ACWC was 144,132 in
2013.  The attendance at the MOC had only been 54,717.  In fact  it  was
apparently  higher  than  all three Courts End properties combined.  The
visitor map that the ACWC provided for their property showed the  future
location  for the MOC when they move to that combined location.  It will
be immediately next to the Foundry building currently  being  used.   It
indeed  is  a perfect location given the historic nature of the property
and the number of visitors the location is already  apparently  able  to
attract  to  Tredegar  Street.   It will be sad to see the Museum of the
Confederacy lose its independence but  hopefully  this  will  eventually
benefit everyone and open its exhibits to a much larger audience.       



We extend our sympathy to Preston Nuttall upon the death of his  brother
John Boyd Nuttall.                                                      

At our February meeting the Camp elected Art Wingo to the new office  of
Assistant Adjutant/Treasurer, with the expectation that he will drop the
word "Assistant" at a convenient time  later  this  spring.   Art  is  a
retired  banker and has excellent credentials to carry out the duties of
this office.  I have held it for a long time and desire to step aside.  

We have submitted to  the  Virginia  Division  our  application  for  an
Outstanding  Camp Award.  One of the elective requirements is to provide
a  speaker  on  a  Confederate  topic  to  other  SCV  camps  or   other
organizations.   Our  Camp  has  been  outstanding in having our members
share  their  great  knowledge  in  outstanding  presentations.   Barton
Campbell,  Preston Nuttall, Waite Rawls, Paul Sacra, Les Updike, and Art
Wingo have been speakers at other camps and organizations.  What  talent
our Camp has!                                                           

A February highlight is the annual Museum of the Confederacy's Person of
the Year Symposium held at the Library of Virginia.                     

UVA  Professor  Gary Gallagher led off the 1864 nominees by recommending
Robert E. Lee  and  Ulysses S. Grant, both  of  whom  were  compared  to
George  Washington.  Gary proposed that what happened on the battlefield
was more important than anything that happened in the  political  realm.
The  Eastern  Theater was the most important because of the proximity of
the two national capitals and  the  location  of  the  most  influential
newspapers.   Grant was determined to defeat Confederate armies; Lee was
just as determined to stop Grant.  Both were dedicated to  their  causes
and  never allowed their personal egos to determine what they did.  They
did have self-confidence and confidence in their soldiers.  Neither ever
acknowledged the greatness of the other.                                

Lincoln  scholar Harold Holzer nominated Abraham Lincoln, asserting that
his reelection in 1864 topped all military operations.  Grant  was  able
to succeed on the battlefield because of the backing of Lincoln. Lincoln
was  able  to  hold  together  disparate  groups  and   individuals   in
prosecuting The War and preserving the Union.                           

Southern  Mississippi  Professor  Emeritus  John  Marszalek chose Yankee
General William Tecumseh Sherman, stating that  his  army's  capture  of
Atlanta  assured  the  reelection of Lincoln.  Sherman had spent much of
his prewar days in the South and had many friends there.   He  preferred
destruction  of property to show the South that its government could not
protect them.  His army carried the  effects  of  The  War  directly  to
Southern   civilians.    Letters   from  home  to  Confederate  soldiers
describing what was happening on the home front hurt the morale  of  the
soldiers.   Sherman  changed  warfare from a contest between armies to a
conflict between societies.                                             

NC State Professor Joe A.  Mobley submitted the name of  North  Carolina
Governor  Zebulun  Vance.   Despite  his overstated split with Jefferson
Davis, he kept North Carolina loyal to the Confederacy and  appealed  to
other  Southern  governors  to  do  the same.  Dr.  Mobley said that the
charge that Vance withheld supplies from the Confederacy was false. This
first arose in a book written in 1925.                                  

Retired  Naval Academy History Professor Craig Symonds nominated General
Patrick R. Cleburne  as the most heroic individual of 1864,  who  topped
the  list  on  the  field of battle.  Citizen soldier Cleburne felt that
slavery was an unsustainable burden.  He submitted a proposal  to  offer
immediate  freedom  to  any slave who volunteered to fight for the South
and to their families.  His request was suppressed.                     

The attendees then voted with the following results:                    
Nominee              # of votes              % of votes

Sherman                38                      36.9
Cleburne               29                      28.1
Lincoln                15                      14.6
Lee and Grant          11                      10.7
Vance                   8                       7.8
Write-ins               2                       1.9
                      ---                     -----
Totals                103                     100.0

Every speaker was interesting  and  provided  information  and  insights
beyond the familiar.                                                    

Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

150 years ago, spring was the time for  campaigning  to  begin  for  our
Confederate ancestors.  The seasoned veteran would be sure he had a good
canteen and bedroll to serve him on the march,  made  sure  his  weapons
were  totally  ready,  help  integrate the new recruits into his unit to
bond the comrades in arms together.   The  Christian  soldier  not  only
needs  to  be  ready  in  the spring, but all the time; a solid grasp of
God's Word, the Bible, his weapon; good fellowship with comrades, thru a
vibrant  church; reliance on basic necessities, such as prayer.  Are you
ready for "campaigning"?                                                


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, March 18, 2014




"General Samuel Cooper, Adjutant & Inspector General, CSA"

by William M. Welsch

Bill lived in Springfield, NJ for 35 years, and  was  a  member  of  the
Township  Committee, Deputy Mayor and was President of the Library Board
of Trustees.  He was very active in church groups, the Little League and
served  in  the  USMC for 34 years and was an administrator at Montclair
State University.                                                       

He served on the executive board and was Preservation  Chairman  of  the
Robert E.  Lee CWRT of Central NJ.  Bill has spoken to Revolutionary War
and Civil War Round Tables, conferences and to  groups  on  Washington's
Lieutenants,  The  Generals  of  the  Continental Army, the Headquarters
Staff of the Army  of  Northern  Virginia,  General  Samuel  Cooper  and
Benedict  Arnold.   Bill  enjoys  leading  Revolutionary  War tours from
Massachusetts to Virginia.                                              

He has written a number of articles published in the book.   Journal  of
the American Revolution, in magazines and on-line.                      

Bill  founded  and  is  the current President of the American Revolution
Round Table of Richmond.  He  is  the  Co-Founder  of  the  Congress  of
American  Revolution  Round  Tables and is currently also serving as the
2nd VP of the Richmond Civil War Round Table.                           

He loves living in Glen Allen for the last nine years  and  his  primary
job is being a bad influence on his five grandchildren.                 


Our own Les Updike opened his  talk  "Ten  Reasons  for  Secession,  One
Reason  for  War"  by  stating  that  from  the  beginning  of  American
independence there were differing ideas of government which had not been
reconciled  by  1860.   Alexander  Hamilton and the Federalists wanted a
strong central government and weak local governments.  Thomas  Jefferson
favored  strong  local  governments  and  a weak central government with
restricted powers.                                                      

The North, led by New England, wanted to get the South's  resources  for
pennies  on  the  dollar.   High  tariffs favored the north.  74% of the
Federal income came from the South, with only 10%-20% returned to  those

The  conflict  between  the Hamiltonians and the Jeffersonians increased
with the passage of time.                                               

The New England social  elites  embraced  secular  humanism,  which  was
rejected by the South which favored Christianity.                       

Les  attributed  cultural  differences to the South's ancestors from the
British Isles and the North's from Vikings.                             

Control of the Western territories was sought by both sides.  The  South
wanted those territories to permit slavery, which the North opposed.    

The  contrast  between  Northern  industry and the Southern agricultural
economy were irreconcilable.  The birth rate of slaves and  the  ban  on
importation  of  slaves put the New England slave ships out of business.
Before this, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,  New  York,  and
Rhode Island all had state owned slave ships.                           

The Yankee press slandered the South.                                   

The  North  encouraged slave rebellions.  John Brown was financed by New
Englanders and was hailed as a martyr compared to Christ.               

The Massachusetts Bay Colony was the first  to  recognize  slavery,  The
first  slave  ship was built in Massachusetts.  Robert E.  Lee freed the
slaves owned by his family in 1863.  Julia Dent (Mrs.  Ulysses S.) Grant
freed their slaves only when forced to do so by the 13th Amendment.     

President Lincoln initiated military action against the South.  In March
1861 Jefferson Davis sent a delegation  to  Washington  to  establish  a
peaceable  relationship  between  the  seven  Confederate states and the
United States government.  Lincoln refused to meet with them.  After the
firing  on  Fort  Sumter,  caused  by  Lincoln's attempt to resupply the
Yankee garrison there, Lincoln called for 75,000  volunteers  to  punish
South Carolina.  Four states, led by Virginia, refused to call out their
militias  for  Lincoln's  purpose.   Virginia  seceded  17  April  1861,
followed  by  Arkansas on 6 May, North Carolina on 20 May, and Tennessee
on  8  June.   They  joined  the  lower  seven  seceded  states  in  the
Confederate States of America.                                          

February Meeting Attendance: 26


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2013 - 4 March 2014                

In memory of Ben Baird
Walt Beam        Brian Cowardin        Clint Cowardin  
Michael Hendrick                                       
Phil Jones       Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III     Floyd Lane, Jr. 
Lewis Mills      Conway Moncure        Bob Moore       
Joe Moschetti    Glenn Mozingo         Preston Nuttall 
Jim Pickens      Joe Price             Waite Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton          Harrison Smith  
Pat Sweeney      Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker   
Art Wingo        Keith Zimmerman                       
A Resident of Studley Road

March 1864

1 Confederate wounded, veterans, office and factory workers, and home guardsmen repulsed Kilpatrick. Dahlgren realized that Kilpatrick had failed and withdrew. 2 Yankee Congress confirmed the nomination of Ulysses S. Grant as Lieutenant General. Confederate cavalry under CAPT E. C. Fox and LT James Pollard captured 100 of Dahlgren's men and killed their leader at Mantapike Hill between Court Houses of King and Queen and King William Counties. Papers found on Dahlgren indicated a plot to assassinate Jefferson Davis. 4 The Yankee Senate confirmed Andrew Johnson as Federal Military Governor of Tennessee. 8 Lincoln met Grant for the first time at the White House. 9 At the White House Lincoln handed Grant his commission as Lieutenant General. 10 Grant was given official authority to command the Armies of the United States. Grant met with MGEN George Meade to work out the relationship with each other, as Grant intended to be in the field with the Army of the Potomac. 11 Grant left for Nashville to meet with MGEN William T. Sherman, Yankee commander in the West. 12 MGEN Henry W. Halleck was relieved as General-in-Chief of Yankee Armies and became Chief of Staff. Yankee army and gunboats commanded by MGEN Nathaniel P. Banks started up the Red River from the Mississippi. 14 Lincoln ordered the drafting of 200,000 men for the Navy and to provide "an adequate reserve force for all contingencies." 17 From Nashville Grant formally assumed command of the Armies of the United States and announced, "Headquarters will be in the field, and, until further notice, will be with the Army of the Potomac." 18 Arkansas voters ratified a pro-Union constitution which ended slavery in the state. 21 Lincoln approved an act of the Yankee Congress enabling Colorado and Nevada to become states, despite their relatively small populations. 22 Heavy snow fell in Richmond. 23 Grant returned to Washington from conferences with Sherman and others in the West, preparatory to the advances of Yankee armies. Yankee MGEN Gouverneur K. Warren replaced MGEN George Sykes as Commander of the Fifth Corps. 24 Nathan Bedford Forrest's soldiers captured Union City, Tennessee. 25 A Confederate cavalry raid at Paducah KY failed, but it alarmed the Ohio Valley. 26 Grant established his headquarters with the Army of the Potomac at Culpeper. Yankee MGEN James B. McPherson took command of the Army of the Tennessee. 28 About 100 Copperheads attacked Yankee soldiers on furlough at Charleston, IL. Five men were killed and more than 20 wounded. Troop reinforcements ended the attack. 29 Lincoln persuaded Meade not to formally request a court of inquiry about Gettysburg. Criticisms of Meade's command, possibly written by other Yankee officers in the battle, had been appearing in the press.

April 1864

4 Yankee MGEN Philip Sheridan replaced BGEN David McMurtrie Gregg as commander of Yankee cavalry in the Army of the Potomac. 6 At New Orleans the Constitutional Convention of Louisiana met and adopted a new constitution, abolishing slavery. 7 Longstreet's Corps, which had been in east Tennessee, was ordered to return to Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. 8 Confederates under MGEN Richard Taylor beat Yankees under MGEN Nathaniel P. Banks at the battle of Sabine Crossroads, LA in the Red River Campaign. 9 Banks's Yankees won a tactical victory at Pleasant Hill, LA, but retreated. 12 Forrest's Confederate cavalry captured Fort Pillow, TN.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

Return to the top of this newsletter
Return to Newsletter Index
Return to Home Page
©2014 James Longstreet Camp, #1247, SCV - Richmond, Virginia