THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 1, January 2014
Happy New Year! 2014 promises to be an interesting year for the SCV and the Museum of the Confederacy. It is for that reason that I have offered Compatriot Waite Rawles the opportunity to explain his thinking in regard to the proposed merger of the MOC and the American Civil War Center. This should not be seen as an endorsement of the proposal but only as an opportunity for us to learn more about the reasons behind this change to an institution that many of our members have strong feelings about. But before I do, I wish to remind you of the importance of January to the commemoration of important Confederate birthdays including our own General James Longstreet as well as those of Maury, Jackson and Lee. There are two commemorations for General Lee's birthday this weekend. First at the old House of Delegates Chamber on Saturday January 18, 11:00AM to 1:00PM and a second on Sunday afternoon, January 19, 1:30PM at the Confederate Memorial Chapel. Each program will include speakers and programs which I am sure you will enjoy. I encourage you to attend and to wear your Longstreet Camp name badge. Andy
History, not Heritage Waite Rawles The Museum of the Confederacy has a long history with many of the Confederate heritage groups. As the Director of the Museum and as a member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, the Military Order of Stars and Bars, and the Order of the Southern Cross, I am frequently asked about the relationship of the Museum with the heritage organizations. I should add that my family has had many members of the UDC, so I should include the ladies as well. In the heritage groups, we often use the expression "Heritage, not Hate" to distinguish ourselves from those whose use of our symbols, especially the battle flag which may carry a far different connotation. We want to honor the duty, service, and sacrifice of our ancestors; and we often say that "if only people knew more," they would understand better why we honor our ancestors. That is where the museum comes in. We represent "History, not Heritage," a distinction that some in the heritage groups don't understand, just as many in the general public still don't understand "Heritage, not Hate." The Museum of the Confederacy has filled an important role in educating the general public, with over 3 million people visiting us over the years. Descendants of Confederates are part of our audience and membership, but our efforts are directed even more at the public who don't understand the history. We are in a unique position to further that education because of the power of the "real stuff"-our unmatched collection. For over a hundred years, we have a track record of continual evolution in order to adapt to the changing needs of that educational mission and the changing requirements of proper preservation of the collection. As far back as 1976, TIME magazine recognized that the museum was "designed for a rising generation that is less interested in venerating the past than in moving forward." We announced in November that we are joining forces with the American Civil War Center and, in a $30 million project, constructing 30,000+ square feet of new exhibit space and collection storage facilities. Our stated intention is to become the premier museum destination for those who want to see and learn more about the Confederacy, the crucible of our American war, and the creation of modern America. The location is great, as the Tredegar Iron Works were the most important of all manufacturing facilities in the South in 1861. But it is also beautiful and welcoming to 21st century audiences, with plenty of parking, easy accessibility, and room for extensive outside programming and living history-all requirements for a new audience. The galleries will include interactive and technologically advanced exhibits which will more thoroughly engage visitors, as we have seen at our new Appomattox site. So this move will be a major boost in our educational mission. "Preservation" is the other key word in our mission. The new facilities will allow us to modernize our exhibit cases, eliminating the harmful elements of bad lighting and bad environmental conditions. More importantly, we will be able to store the thousands of flags, uniforms, dresses, quilts, and arms that are not on display in a much better environment to insure that generations in the future will be able to see and learn from the "real stuff" as well as our generation can. One piece of our strategic thinking is still to be accomplished. Our archives need to be updated to insure their better conservation and to increase their accessibility to researchers, both amateur and professional. In the current day of technology, digital access is becoming paramount to utility; and we are discussing ways to collaborate with the Virginia Historical Society to accomplish these goals while still retaining ownership of the documents which were entrusted to our care. To accomplish these missions, we require a better financial foundation. Not only will this project allow for new construction, but it will allow expanded staff and better use of technology to expand our reach. And the plan includes paying off all debt and increasing the endowment to $10 million. We have done quite a bit of market research with our members (over a thousand filled out internet surveys) and with the general public to determine areas of interest and concern. Five different focus groups were convened, including leading representatives from the SCV, UDC, and Civil War Roundtables. This is a big project, not a little one. We will change our name. As of this writing, the new name has not been determined. But we will not change our mission of education and preservation-we will be able to accomplish both better-for generations to come. Our descendants will thank us for undertaking it, just as we thank the original ladies of the Museum of the Confederacy for amassing the collection in order that "future generations" can learn from them. Waite
Seems like a long time since Christmas and an even longer time since our Christmas banquet. Clint Cowardin had signed up for the banquet, but was hospitalized and had to cancel. We are pleased that the doctors took care of him and he's back home and back at work. The following four great Americans who served first in the military forces of the United States of America and later the Confederate States of America were born in January: Birth Date Name American military service January (including USMA West Point) 8th James Longstreet Army 1838-1861 23 years 14th Matthew Fontaine Maury Navy 1825-1861 36 years 19th Robert E. Lee Army 1825-1861 36 years 21st Stonewall Jackson Army 1842-1852 10 years Total American military service 105 years Jackson resigned his Army commission in 1852 and taught at VMI from then until 1861. There will be a Robert E. Lee remembrance service at 1:30 PM Sunday 19 January at the Confederate Memorial Chapel, 2900 Grove Avenue, sponsored by the Lee-Jackson Camp # 1 of the SCV. David Palmer will portray General Lee in full uniform. On Saturday 22 February the Museum of the Confederacy will hold its 1864 Person of the Year Symposium at the Library of Virginia. Speakers nominating their choices are Gary Gallagher, Harold Holzer, John Marszalek, Joe Mobley, and Craig Symonds. I have heard Gallagher and Symonds on a number of occasions and have a high regard for both. At the conclusion of their presentations, the audience will vote for the person who had the most impact that year. Previous choices were: 1861 Abraham Lincoln 1862 Robert E. Lee 1863 Ulysses S. Grant I have attended all three previous symposia and found them to be informative and entertaining. This one should measure up to the high standard of the others. For more information and to register, visit web site www.moc.org I find it difficult to follow battlefield action without maps. My writeup of Paul Sacra's November program about Payne's Farm named an outstanding book which made that battle easier to understand. For Christmas I received two other books by author Bradley M. Gottfried- The Maps of First Bull Run and The Maps of Gettysburg. Each phase of the battle is covered by a page of narrative with a facing page containing a map. This eliminates the frustration of reading something and then having to flip pages in search of an explanatory map, perhaps after checking the index. Two December experiences in downtown Richmond and on Church Hill reminded me of the importance of tourism, particularly that relating to The War Between the States, to the Capital of the Confederacy. While downtown picking up Longstreet Camp name badges from Chris Trinite, I had some time and decided to visit the American Civil War Center. Two couples came into the Center at about the time I was leaving. In response to my question, they told me that they were from Michigan. I told them to be sure to visit The Museum of the Confederacy. One of the visitors said, "Isn't that what this is?" I explained that it wasn't and suggested that they go to the Museum to see its outstanding artifacts. Reflecting on Waite Rawls's talk about Ladies Memorial Associations at our Christmas banquet, I decided to visit the Soldiers and Sailors Monument in Libby Hill Park on North 29th Street. I spent the first ten years of my life on Oakwood Avenue in Church Hill, but rarely ever ventured south of Broad Street and had never seen that monument up close. Libby Hill Park is a neat location with a view of the James River that led William Byrd to name our town Richmond because of the similarity of the bend in the James River to that of the bend of the Thames River in Richmond, England. In Libby Hill Park there is a sign titled "The View That Named The City" which has a picture of the bend of the James. The sign is dated March 2006 and has the names thereon of Mayor Doug Wilder of Richmond, VA, and Mayor Robin Jowit of Richmond upon Thames. In the Park I chatted with a young couple from Washington DC and the Bulgarian parents of the husband. I welcomed them to Richmond and asked if I could be of any assistance. They asked what else they should see in Richmond, so naturally I suggested The Museum of the Confederacy and told them how to get there. I look forward to being with you at our first Camp meeting of the new year. Walter
"Do you all do New Year's resolutions? I have mixed emotions about these. One the one hand, I think we should be "making fresh resolutions" for positive change with ourselves all the time; on the other hand, it is not bad to set some goals for the year. One goal I started a few years ago was to make a list of the books I read that year, with a `loose' target of averaging one a week. At least 100 pages to count, but not too many 600-page tomes! I've only hit it once, gotten close a few times, but have had a lot of fun looking back over what I have read - mainly history (Confederate, of course, and a lot of WWII), adventure fiction, and Christian theme books. Importantly, as we look forward into 2014, we don't know what the future holds, but we know Who holds the future. Allstate may think they have a good thing, but for the Christian, we have something that beats that! Our times are in His hands. As you look into the coming months, look to the Lord for your strength and guidance. Psa. 27:1 Barton
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Belle Isle by John M. Coski John M. Coski is Historian and Vice-President for Research and Publications at The Museum of the Confederacy, where he has worked in various capacities since 1988, and editor of the Museum's quarterly Magazine. He earned his B.A. from Mary Washington College and his M.A. and Ph.D. in History from the College of William and Mary. He is the author of several books, most notably The Confederate Battle Flag: America's Most Embattled Emblem, published in 2005 by Harvard University Press, and Capital Navy: The Men, Ships, and Operations of the James River Squadron (published in 1996), and more than 125 essays, articles, and reviews. He has recently begun research toward what he hopes to be a book-length history of Belle Isle. He lives in Westover Hills - on the edge of the James River Park - with his wife, Ruth Ann, and their dog, Portia, aka the "Projects Princess." This is the 11th time he has spoken to the James Longstreet Camp.
Our own 1st LCDR Paul Sacra enlightened us about the Payne's Farm battlefield at our November meeting. Paul walked the battlefield with Ted Savas and assisted in the remapping, for which they received thanks in the introduction to Bradley M. Gottfried's excellent book The Maps of the Bristoe Station and Mine Run Campaigns. This 27 November 1863 battle, part of the Mine Run Campaign, has been overshadowed by the much larger Gettysburg (July 1863) and Overland Campaign (May-June 1864) fights. Yankee General William H. French's III Corps had 32,000 soldiers opposing 5,300 effectives of Confederate General Alleghany Johnson. Johnson launched a double envelopment, which confused Yankee General Henry Prince. Johnson used the 37th Virginia Infantry as a skirmish line, making the Yankeees think that the Confederate force was much larger than it really was. Walker's Brigade didn't have enough fire power and didn't advance far enough to find the creek. Johnson used his body as a breastwork. Jones's Brigade charged by regiment. There were drives back and forth by both opposing sides. Both forces were short of ammunition. The forested terrain made the battle similar to the May 1864 Wilderness campaign. Richmond had resupplied the Confederates with bullets. In walking the battlefield Paul and Ted found Confederate two ring bullets, Yankee three ring bullets, and buck and ball used by the 138th Pennsylvania. These discoveries helped clarify the positions of both armies. Tactically, there was no winner in the Payne's Farm battle. Alleghany Johnson's "swinging door" had saved Lee's left flank and thus the day for the Confederates. Johnson halted the march of two Union corps (French's III and Sedgwick's VI) toward Locust Grove. Following this battle both armies went into winter quarters, ending sizeable actions for the year, and postponing any significant fighting between the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia until the following May. Walter November Meeting Attendance: 30
Our own Waite Rawls, President and CEO of the Museum of the Confederacy, opened his talk about Confederate Ladies Memorial Associations by telling us that these post War Between the States organizations were natural successors to the wartime Soldiers Aid Societies. Waite saluted Purdue history professor Dr. Caroline Janney for her valued book Burying the Dead, But Not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause, which which was the source of much of the information which he used. The Ladies had a great advantage by being able to do things that veteran soldiers couldn't, since the latter might be charged with treason or violation of their paroles if they did anything to memorialize The War. As time went by, veterans began to speak out, led by the likes of Jubal Early, who almost went to war with the Ladies because he couldn't control them. An early major project of the Ladies was the reburial in their homeland of 72,000 Confederate soldiers who were in mass and shallow graves in Yankeedom and who could not be buried in national cemeteries. Three Ladies Memorial Associations were started in Richmond-Hollywood, Oakwood, and Hebrew. Associations were started in many other southern cities. Graves were decorated on Decoration Days (which varied in different locations), beginning in May 1866. The wife of Yankee General John A. Logan became envious and pushed, with the GAR, to establish a National Memorial Day. This gave the southern ladies even more incentive to remember the noble Confederate dead. The southern Ladies controlled Memorial Days by selecting dates, choosing orators, inviting groups to participate, and picking musical selections. The Ladies also contributed to the memory by having monuments erected. First was the pyramid in Hollywood Cemetery in 1869. Next was the Robert E. Lee monument in 1890, which dedication brought 150,000 people to Richmond. This was followed in 1894 by the less well known Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument on North 29th Street in Church Hill. Reverend Dr. Moses Hoge suggested that monuments acted as history lessons for those who could not read, especially children. He said, "Books are occasionally opened, but monuments are seen every day." With the awful possibility of the demolition of the White House of the Confederacy, Confederate Ladies created the Confederate Memorial Literary Society in 1890 to save that valued treasure. That was necessary because the property transfer from the City of Richmond had to be to an association dedicated to educational or literary pursuits.The Ladies organized the Museum of the Confederacy and had the body of Jefferson Davis moved to Hollywood Cemetery. They hired a young Dr. Douglas S. Freeman to do research. As the Ladies got older, the dedication to the memory of the Confederacy was kept alive and expanded by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, organized in 1894 and achieving a membership of 17,000 by 1900. We who value our Confedrate ancestry are forever in the debt of the valiant Ladies of all times for their courageous work in keeping alive the memory of the Confederacy. Walter December Meeting Attendance: 42
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin firstname.lastname@example.org 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 August 2013 - 10 January 2014 In memory of Ben Baird Walt Beam Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Michael Hendrick Phil Jones Jack Kane Andy Keller Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III Floyd Lane, Jr. Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Joe Moschetti Glenn Mozingo Preston Nuttall Jim Pickens Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton Harrison Smith Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Art Wingo Keith Zimmerman A Resident of Studley Road
January 18647 Lincoln commuted a death sentence in the case of another deserter "because I am trying to evade the butchering business lately." The day before Jefferson Davis had suspended execution of a Virginia private. 9 Davis warned his commanders in Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi that Yankee Admiral Farragut was preparing to attack Mobile and attempt to pass the forts there as he had done at New Orleans. 13 Lincoln told General Banks at New Orleans to construct a free state government in Louisiana. Lincoln also urged MGEN Quincy A. Gillmore to cooperate in reconstructing a loyal state government in Florida. 18 Substantial opposition to the Confederate conscription law continued to develop in western North Carolina. 19 The Arkansas pro-Union Constitutional Convention at Little Rock adopted an anti-slavery measure. 21 Pro-Northern citizens of Tennessee in Nashville proposed a constitutional convention and abolition of slavery. 22 Yankee MGEN Rosecrans replaced MGEN J. M. Schofield as commander of the Federal Department of the Missouri. Schofield, replaced because of the political uproar between moderate and radical Union men, soon took over the Department of the Ohio. 25 Yankee forces evacuated Corinth, Mississippi in consolidating their occupation points in the West. 26 Lincoln officially approved new trade regulations for dealing with former Confederate territory and for so-called "trading with the enemy." 29 Confederates attacked the steamer Sir William Wallace on the Mississippi in their continuous harassment of Yankee shipping.
February 18641 Lincoln ordered 500,000 men to be drafted in March to serve for three years or for the duration of the war. The U. S. House passed a law reviving the rank of lieutenant general. 2 Confederate Navy men in small boats captured Yankee gunboat Underwriter in the Neuse River near New Bern, NC. 3 Yankee MGEN William T. Sherman with 26,000 soldiers left Vicksburg to destroy railroads and to damage the enemy near Meridian. 5 Sherman's Yankees marched into Jackson MS on the way to Meridian. 6 Sherman's Yankees left Jackson. 7 Yankees under BGEN Truman Seymour occupied Jacksonville, FL. 9 109 Yankee officers tunneled their way out of Richmond's Libby Prison. 59 reached Yankee lines, 48 were recaptured, and two drowned. 14 Sherman's Yankees captured Meridian, MS.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar