ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 16, ISSUE 1,           January 2014
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, January Program (next), December Program(last),
November Program, Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1864 Events (Jan,Feb), Coming Events Links,

The Tuesday, January 21, was re-scheduled to January 28, 2014 BOTH
WERE CANCELED (due to snow) and will be rescheduled later in the year.


Happy New Year!  2014 promises to be an interesting year for the SCV and
the  Museum  of  the  Confederacy.   It  is  for that reason that I have
offered Compatriot Waite Rawles the opportunity to explain his  thinking
in  regard  to the proposed merger of the MOC and the American Civil War
Center.  This should not be seen as an endorsement of the  proposal  but
only  as  an  opportunity  for us to learn more about the reasons behind
this change to an institution that  many  of  our  members  have  strong
feelings about.  But before I do, I wish to remind you of the importance
of January to  the  commemoration  of  important  Confederate  birthdays
including  our  own  General James Longstreet as well as those of Maury,
Jackson and  Lee.   There  are  two  commemorations  for  General  Lee's
birthday this weekend.  First at the old House of Delegates  Chamber  on
Saturday January 18, 11:00AM to 1:00PM and a second on Sunday afternoon,
January 19, 1:30PM at the Confederate  Memorial  Chapel.   Each  program
will  include  speakers  and programs which I am sure you will enjoy.  I
encourage you to attend and to wear your Longstreet Camp name badge.    

History, not Heritage Waite Rawles The Museum of the Confederacy has a long history with many of the Confederate heritage groups. As the Director of the Museum and as a member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, the Military Order of Stars and Bars, and the Order of the Southern Cross, I am frequently asked about the relationship of the Museum with the heritage organizations. I should add that my family has had many members of the UDC, so I should include the ladies as well. In the heritage groups, we often use the expression "Heritage, not Hate" to distinguish ourselves from those whose use of our symbols, especially the battle flag which may carry a far different connotation. We want to honor the duty, service, and sacrifice of our ancestors; and we often say that "if only people knew more," they would understand better why we honor our ancestors. That is where the museum comes in. We represent "History, not Heritage," a distinction that some in the heritage groups don't understand, just as many in the general public still don't understand "Heritage, not Hate." The Museum of the Confederacy has filled an important role in educating the general public, with over 3 million people visiting us over the years. Descendants of Confederates are part of our audience and membership, but our efforts are directed even more at the public who don't understand the history. We are in a unique position to further that education because of the power of the "real stuff"-our unmatched collection. For over a hundred years, we have a track record of continual evolution in order to adapt to the changing needs of that educational mission and the changing requirements of proper preservation of the collection. As far back as 1976, TIME magazine recognized that the museum was "designed for a rising generation that is less interested in venerating the past than in moving forward." We announced in November that we are joining forces with the American Civil War Center and, in a $30 million project, constructing 30,000+ square feet of new exhibit space and collection storage facilities. Our stated intention is to become the premier museum destination for those who want to see and learn more about the Confederacy, the crucible of our American war, and the creation of modern America. The location is great, as the Tredegar Iron Works were the most important of all manufacturing facilities in the South in 1861. But it is also beautiful and welcoming to 21st century audiences, with plenty of parking, easy accessibility, and room for extensive outside programming and living history-all requirements for a new audience. The galleries will include interactive and technologically advanced exhibits which will more thoroughly engage visitors, as we have seen at our new Appomattox site. So this move will be a major boost in our educational mission. "Preservation" is the other key word in our mission. The new facilities will allow us to modernize our exhibit cases, eliminating the harmful elements of bad lighting and bad environmental conditions. More importantly, we will be able to store the thousands of flags, uniforms, dresses, quilts, and arms that are not on display in a much better environment to insure that generations in the future will be able to see and learn from the "real stuff" as well as our generation can. One piece of our strategic thinking is still to be accomplished. Our archives need to be updated to insure their better conservation and to increase their accessibility to researchers, both amateur and professional. In the current day of technology, digital access is becoming paramount to utility; and we are discussing ways to collaborate with the Virginia Historical Society to accomplish these goals while still retaining ownership of the documents which were entrusted to our care. To accomplish these missions, we require a better financial foundation. Not only will this project allow for new construction, but it will allow expanded staff and better use of technology to expand our reach. And the plan includes paying off all debt and increasing the endowment to $10 million. We have done quite a bit of market research with our members (over a thousand filled out internet surveys) and with the general public to determine areas of interest and concern. Five different focus groups were convened, including leading representatives from the SCV, UDC, and Civil War Roundtables. This is a big project, not a little one. We will change our name. As of this writing, the new name has not been determined. But we will not change our mission of education and preservation-we will be able to accomplish both better-for generations to come. Our descendants will thank us for undertaking it, just as we thank the original ladies of the Museum of the Confederacy for amassing the collection in order that "future generations" can learn from them. Waite


Seems like a long time since Christmas and an even longer time since our
Christmas  banquet.   Clint  Cowardin had signed up for the banquet, but
was hospitalized and had to cancel.  We are  pleased  that  the  doctors
took care of him and he's back home and back at work.                   

The  following  four  great  Americans  who served first in the military
forces of the United States of America and later the Confederate  States
of America were born in January:                                        
Birth Date     Name                    American military service 
January                                (including USMA West Point)
 8th    James Longstreet          Army  1838-1861	23 years
14th    Matthew Fontaine Maury    Navy  1825-1861	36 years
19th    Robert E. Lee             Army  1825-1861	36 years
21st    Stonewall Jackson         Army  1842-1852	10 years

Total American military service	                        105 years

Jackson resigned his Army commission in 1852 and taught at VMI from then
until 1861.                                                             

There  will be a Robert E.  Lee remembrance service at 1:30 PM Sunday 19
January at the Confederate Memorial Chapel, 2900 Grove Avenue, sponsored
by  the  Lee-Jackson  Camp  #  1  of the SCV.  David Palmer will portray
General Lee in full uniform.                                            

On Saturday 22 February the Museum of the Confederacy will hold its 1864
Person  of  the  Year  Symposium  at  the Library of Virginia.  Speakers
nominating  their  choices  are  Gary  Gallagher,  Harold  Holzer,  John
Marszalek,  Joe  Mobley,  and Craig Symonds.  I have heard Gallagher and
Symonds on a number of occasions and have a high regard  for  both.   At
the  conclusion  of  their presentations, the audience will vote for the
person who had the most impact that year.  Previous choices were:       

1861	Abraham Lincoln 
1862	Robert E. Lee   
1863	Ulysses S. Grant

I have attended all  three  previous  symposia  and  found  them  to  be
informative  and  entertaining.   This one should measure up to the high
standard of the others.  For more information and to register, visit web

I  find  it  difficult  to  follow  battlefield action without maps.  My
writeup of Paul Sacra's November program about  Payne's  Farm  named  an
outstanding  book  which  made  that  battle  easier to understand.  For
Christmas I received two other books by author  Bradley  M.   Gottfried-
The  Maps  of  First Bull Run and The Maps of Gettysburg.  Each phase of
the battle is covered  by  a  page  of  narrative  with  a  facing  page
containing  a map.  This eliminates the frustration of reading something
and then having to flip pages in search of an explanatory  map,  perhaps
after checking the index.                                               

Two  December  experiences  in  downtown  Richmond  and  on  Church Hill
reminded me of the importance of tourism, particularly that relating  to
The  War  Between  the States, to the Capital of the Confederacy.  While
downtown picking up Longstreet Camp name badges from  Chris  Trinite,  I
had  some  time and decided to visit the American Civil War Center.  Two
couples came into the Center at  about  the  time  I  was  leaving.   In
response  to  my question, they told me that they were from Michigan.  I
told them to be sure to visit The Museum of the Confederacy.  One of the
visitors said, "Isn't that what this is?" I explained that it wasn't and
suggested that they go to the Museum to see its outstanding artifacts.  

Reflecting on Waite Rawls's talk about Ladies Memorial  Associations  at
our  Christmas  banquet,  I  decided  to  visit the Soldiers and Sailors
Monument in Libby Hill Park on North 29th Street.  I spent the first ten
years  of  my  life  on  Oakwood  Avenue in Church Hill, but rarely ever
ventured south of Broad Street and  had  never  seen  that  monument  up

Libby  Hill  Park is a neat location with a view of the James River that
led William Byrd to name our town Richmond because of the similarity  of
the  bend  in the James River to that of the bend of the Thames River in
Richmond, England.  In Libby Hill Park there is a sign titled "The  View
That  Named The City" which has a picture of the bend of the James.  The
sign is dated March 2006 and has the names thereon of Mayor Doug  Wilder
of Richmond, VA, and Mayor Robin Jowit of Richmond upon Thames.         

In  the  Park  I  chatted with a young couple from Washington DC and the
Bulgarian parents of the husband.  I welcomed them to Richmond and asked
if  I  could be of any assistance.  They asked what else they should see
in Richmond, so naturally I suggested The Museum of the Confederacy  and
told them how to get there.                                             

I  look  forward  to being with you at our first Camp meeting of the new

Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

"Do you all do New Year's resolutions?   I  have  mixed  emotions  about
these.    One  the  one  hand,  I  think  we  should  be  "making  fresh
resolutions" for positive change with ourselves all  the  time;  on  the
other  hand,  it  is not bad to set some goals for the year.  One goal I
started a few years ago was to make a list of  the  books  I  read  that
year, with a `loose' target of averaging one a week.  At least 100 pages
to count, but not too many 600-page  tomes!   I've  only  hit  it  once,
gotten  close  a  few times, but have had a lot of fun looking back over
what I have read - mainly history (Confederate, of course, and a lot  of
WWII), adventure fiction, and Christian theme books.                    

Importantly, as we look forward into 2014, we don't know what the future
holds, but we know Who holds the future.  Allstate may think they have a
good  thing,  but  for the Christian, we have something that beats that!
Our times are in His hands.  As you look into the coming months, look to
the Lord for your strength and guidance.  Psa.  27:1                    


NEXT MEETING - Tuesday, January 28, 2014 (DATE CHANGED DUE TO SNOW)




Belle Isle
John M. Coski

John  M.   Coski  is  Historian  and  Vice-President  for  Research  and
Publications  at  The  Museum of the Confederacy, where he has worked in
various capacities since 1988, and  editor  of  the  Museum's  quarterly
Magazine.  He earned his B.A.  from Mary Washington College and his M.A.
and Ph.D.  in History from the College of William and Mary.  He  is  the
author  of  several  books,  most  notably  The Confederate Battle Flag:
America's Most Embattled Emblem, published in 2005 by Harvard University
Press,  and  Capital  Navy:  The Men, Ships, and Operations of the James
River Squadron (published in 1996), and more than 125 essays,  articles,
and  reviews.  He has recently begun research toward what he hopes to be
a book-length history of Belle Isle.                                    
He lives in Westover Hills - on the edge of the James River Park -  with
his wife, Ruth Ann, and their dog, Portia, aka the "Projects Princess." 
This is the 11th time he has spoken to the James Longstreet Camp.


Our own 1st LCDR Paul  Sacra  enlightened  us  about  the  Payne's  Farm
battlefield  at  our November meeting.  Paul walked the battlefield with
Ted Savas and assisted in the remapping, for which they received  thanks
in  the  introduction to Bradley M.  Gottfried's excellent book The Maps
of the Bristoe Station and Mine Run Campaigns.                          

This 27 November 1863 battle, part of the Mine Run  Campaign,  has  been
overshadowed  by  the  much  larger  Gettysburg (July 1863) and Overland
Campaign (May-June 1864) fights.                                        

Yankee General William  H.   French's  III  Corps  had  32,000  soldiers
opposing  5,300  effectives  of  Confederate  General Alleghany Johnson.
Johnson launched a double envelopment,  which  confused  Yankee  General
Henry  Prince.   Johnson  used  the 37th Virginia Infantry as a skirmish
line, making the Yankeees think that  the  Confederate  force  was  much
larger than it really was.                                              

Walker's  Brigade  didn't  have enough fire power and didn't advance far
enough to find the creek.   Johnson  used  his  body  as  a  breastwork.
Jones's Brigade charged by regiment.                                    

There  were  drives  back and forth by both opposing sides.  Both forces
were short of ammunition.  The forested terrain made the battle  similar
to the May 1864 Wilderness campaign.                                    

Richmond  had  resupplied the Confederates with bullets.  In walking the
battlefield Paul and Ted found  Confederate  two  ring  bullets,  Yankee
three  ring  bullets,  and buck and ball used by the 138th Pennsylvania.
These discoveries helped clarify the positions of both armies.          

Tactically, there was no winner in the Payne's Farm  battle.   Alleghany
Johnson's  "swinging  door"  had saved Lee's left flank and thus the day
for the Confederates.  Johnson halted  the  march  of  two  Union  corps
(French's III and Sedgwick's VI) toward Locust Grove.                   

Following  this  battle  both  armies  went into winter quarters, ending
sizeable actions for the year, and postponing any  significant  fighting
between  the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia until
the following May.                                                      
November Meeting Attendance: 30


Our own Waite Rawls, President and CEO of the Museum of the Confederacy,
opened  his  talk  about  Confederate  Ladies  Memorial  Associations by
telling us that these post War Between  the  States  organizations  were
natural successors to the wartime Soldiers Aid Societies.  Waite saluted
Purdue history professor  Dr.   Caroline  Janney  for  her  valued  book
Burying  the  Dead,  But Not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and
the Lost Cause, which which was the source of much  of  the  information
which he used.                                                          

The Ladies had a great advantage by being able to do things that veteran
soldiers couldn't, since the latter might be  charged  with  treason  or
violation  of their paroles if they did anything to memorialize The War.
As time went by, veterans began to speak out, led by the likes of  Jubal
Early,  who  almost  went  to  war  with  the Ladies because he couldn't
control them.                                                           

An early major project of the Ladies was the reburial in their  homeland
of  72,000  Confederate  soldiers who were in mass and shallow graves in
Yankeedom and who could not be buried  in  national  cemeteries.   Three
Ladies   Memorial   Associations  were  started  in  Richmond-Hollywood,
Oakwood, and Hebrew.  Associations were started in many  other  southern
cities.   Graves  were  decorated  on  Decoration  Days (which varied in
different locations), beginning in May 1866.  The wife of Yankee General
John  A.   Logan became envious and pushed, with the GAR, to establish a
National  Memorial  Day.   This  gave  the  southern  ladies  even  more
incentive to remember the noble Confederate dead.                       

The  southern  Ladies  controlled  Memorial  Days  by  selecting  dates,
choosing orators, inviting groups to participate,  and  picking  musical

The  Ladies  also contributed to the memory by having monuments erected.
First was the pyramid in Hollywood  Cemetery  in  1869.   Next  was  the
Robert E.  Lee monument in 1890, which dedication brought 150,000 people
to Richmond.   This  was  followed  in  1894  by  the  less  well  known
Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument on North 29th Street in Church
Hill.  Reverend Dr.   Moses  Hoge  suggested  that  monuments  acted  as
history  lessons  for those who could not read, especially children.  He
said, "Books are occasionally opened, but monuments are seen every day."

With the awful possibility of the demolition of the White House  of  the
Confederacy,   Confederate   Ladies  created  the  Confederate  Memorial
Literary Society in  1890  to  save  that  valued  treasure.   That  was
necessary  because  the property transfer from the  City of Richmond had
to  be  to  an  association  dedicated  to   educational   or   literary
pursuits.The  Ladies organized the Museum of the Confederacy and had the
body of Jefferson Davis moved to Hollywood Cemetery.  They hired a young
Dr.  Douglas S. Freeman to do research.                                 

As the Ladies got older, the dedication to the memory of the Confederacy
was kept alive and expanded by the United Daughters of the  Confederacy,
organized in 1894 and achieving a membership of 17,000 by 1900.         

We  who  value  our  Confedrate  ancestry are forever in the debt of the
valiant Ladies of all times for their courageous work in  keeping  alive
the memory of the Confederacy.                                          
December Meeting Attendance: 42


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 August 2013 - 10 January 2014                

In memory of Ben Baird
Walt Beam        Brian Cowardin        Clint Cowardin  
Michael Hendrick                                       
Phil Jones       Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III     Floyd Lane, Jr. 
Lewis Mills      Conway Moncure        Bob Moore       
Joe Moschetti    Glenn Mozingo         Preston Nuttall 
Jim Pickens      Joe Price             Waite Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton          Harrison Smith  
Pat Sweeney      Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker   
Art Wingo        Keith Zimmerman                       
A Resident of Studley Road

January 1864

7 Lincoln commuted a death sentence in the case of another deserter "because I am trying to evade the butchering business lately." The day before Jefferson Davis had suspended execution of a Virginia private. 9 Davis warned his commanders in Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi that Yankee Admiral Farragut was preparing to attack Mobile and attempt to pass the forts there as he had done at New Orleans. 13 Lincoln told General Banks at New Orleans to construct a free state government in Louisiana. Lincoln also urged MGEN Quincy A. Gillmore to cooperate in reconstructing a loyal state government in Florida. 18 Substantial opposition to the Confederate conscription law continued to develop in western North Carolina. 19 The Arkansas pro-Union Constitutional Convention at Little Rock adopted an anti-slavery measure. 21 Pro-Northern citizens of Tennessee in Nashville proposed a constitutional convention and abolition of slavery. 22 Yankee MGEN Rosecrans replaced MGEN J. M. Schofield as commander of the Federal Department of the Missouri. Schofield, replaced because of the political uproar between moderate and radical Union men, soon took over the Department of the Ohio. 25 Yankee forces evacuated Corinth, Mississippi in consolidating their occupation points in the West. 26 Lincoln officially approved new trade regulations for dealing with former Confederate territory and for so-called "trading with the enemy." 29 Confederates attacked the steamer Sir William Wallace on the Mississippi in their continuous harassment of Yankee shipping.

February 1864

1 Lincoln ordered 500,000 men to be drafted in March to serve for three years or for the duration of the war. The U. S. House passed a law reviving the rank of lieutenant general. 2 Confederate Navy men in small boats captured Yankee gunboat Underwriter in the Neuse River near New Bern, NC. 3 Yankee MGEN William T. Sherman with 26,000 soldiers left Vicksburg to destroy railroads and to damage the enemy near Meridian. 5 Sherman's Yankees marched into Jackson MS on the way to Meridian. 6 Sherman's Yankees left Jackson. 7 Yankees under BGEN Truman Seymour occupied Jacksonville, FL. 9 109 Yankee officers tunneled their way out of Richmond's Libby Prison. 59 reached Yankee lines, 48 were recaptured, and two drowned. 14 Sherman's Yankees captured Meridian, MS.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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