THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 10, October 2013
As I write this month's "Commander's Comments", I am in Dublin, Ireland. I have been thinking back over some of the Civil War related events I enjoyed over the last month or so. September led me to visit two battlefields which were not too distant. First, I visited Cedar Mountain where Jackson defeated Banks prior to Second Manassas in 1862 and then for a longer visit I went to the still small village of Sharpsburg. The rural, unspoiled nature of this battlefield along Antietam Creek makes it particularly beautiful site to visit and either walk or drive through. It is remembered for a number of reasons, one of which is that it was the bloodiest one day battle of the war and was the first that photographers were able to document for the public. By sunset, 2,108 Union soldiers were dead, 9,549 wounded and 753 missing. Confederate figures gave their losses at 10,291. Some 23,000 men were casualties; most of them killed or wounded, in a single day. The battlefield, wrote one Union officer, was "indescribably horrible." No other single day of the war would surpass Antietam in carnage. Longstreet's men featured prominently in this battle and the following summer they are remembered even more for the three day battle of Gettysburg where the casualty count was even more horrendous, but it was the months that followed that were what were little known in my Civil War studies. After Gettysburg, George Meade was unable to make a sustained movement towards Richmond. As a result Lee was able to send Longstreet's Corps southwest to join the troops of General Braxton Bragg in northern Georgia. The addition of Longstreet's troops gave Bragg a rare numerical advantage so that he could go on the offensive against Union Gen. William S. Rosecrans. The battle lasted from September 18-20, 1863 but most of the fighting was on the 19th. While Chickamauga was a Confederate victory, the results of the battle were staggering. With over 16,000 Union and 18,000 Confederate casualties, Chickamauga reached the highest losses of any battle in the Western theater and the second highest in the war. The irony to me is that one was in the east and one in the west, yet Longstreet's Corps were critical to both and each time faced grave losses which would be increasingly hard to replace. Chickamauga was the subject of September's noon lecture at the Museum of the Confederacy and was ably presented by Will Glasco. The next Friday talk at the MOC will be "The Confederacy and Mexico" on October 11 at 12:00pm. Reservations are not needed and the programs are free to all members and, according to their website, all Richmond area residents. This half hour lecture will discuss the Confederate government's relations with Mexico both during the Benito Juarez administration and the subsequent occupation of the country by France under the reign of Emperor Napoleon III. David Bridges, a Longstreet Camp member, successfully nominated his great-great uncle, Dr. James Breathed to receive the prestigious Sons of the Confederate Veterans Medal of Honor. Only 48 other people in the Civil War have been awarded this medal. The Medal will be unveiled on October 18, 2013 at 6:00 pm at the Museum of Confederacy at 1201 E. Clay Street in Richmond. The museum will be its permanent home. The unveiling will be followed by a book signing for David's new historical novel about the Civil War entitled, "The Broken Circle." David will also give a short presentation and answer questions about his book. The book chronicles the life of his ancestor, Major Breathed. As members of the General James Longstreet Camp, I call on us all to support one of our own members and to show our thanks for his efforts to honor his ancestor. Andy
We were pleased to induct Brandon Kirk Cowardin, whose ancestor William Henry Cowardin served in the 12th Virginia Light Artillery, at our 17 September meeting. A couple from North Carolina made a nice donation to the Camp in memory of Ben Baird, who passed away 10 August. Ben was well known to the couple, who said that our Camp immediately came to mind because of Ben's passion for the SCV. There are two events scheduled this month to honor Confederate Medal of Honor recipient Major James Breathed, collateral ancestor of our Camp member David Bridges. There will be a parade and grave marker ceremony in Hancock, MD on Saturday 12 October. The Museum of the Confederacy will have a dedication program and book signing at 6:00 PM Friday 18 October. Saturday 19 October is the date scheduled for our Camp's cleanup of our one mile section of Studley Road, Route 606, Hanover County, near Enon United Methodist Church beginning at 10:00 AM. Please contact me (email@example.com or telephone 360-7247) if you will help.There will be a signup sheet at our 15 October meeting. As of 5 October 88.75% of our members have paid renewal dues. We appreciate that greatly and hope that the remainder of dues will come in by our 15 October meeting. Members renewing after 31 October will have to pay $ 10.00 in reinstatement fees. Dr. Caroline Janney's September Bottimore Lecture at the University of Richmond sponsored by the Museum of the Confederacy was enlightening. She pointed out that joint reunions of Yankee and Confederate soldiers were rare, which is one reason they got publicity. Pictures gave the misleading impression that reconciliation had taken place. There was intense sectionalism, with many veterans rejecting and denouncing reconciliation. At the dedication of the Richmond Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument in Richmond in 1894 Reverend Robert C. Cave defended the South and denounced the Union, intoning that brute force cannot settle questions of right and wrong. Northern newspapers blasted away at Cave's remarks. Governor William Oates of Alabama blamed the bloodshed of The War on the aggressive fanaticism of the northern Puritans. In June 1905 Colonel R. J. Harding, the president of Hood's Texas Brigade Association offered a simple solution to the rancor, "Let each other alone. We are as far apart in what we fought for as we ever were, that is, as far as Boston is from heaven." Both sides were convinced they were right. The lecture was based on her second book, "Remembering the Civil War:Reunion and the Limits of Reconcilaition." Our peripatetic Camp member John C. Thompson, Sr. has moved to Florida, but wishes to remain in the Longstreet camp. Mark your calendars for Tuesday 3 December when our anuual Christmas banquet will be held at the Westwood Club, which always provides us with excellent food and service. Walter
As I was thinking of what I wanted to share this month, I was reminded of some verses in the Epistle of James- "Come now, you who say, `Today or tomorrow we will go into such and such a town and spend a year there and trade and make a profit' - yet you do not know what tomorrow will bring. What is your life? For you are a mist that appears for a little time and then vanishes. Instead you ought to say, `If the Lord wills, we will live and do this or that'" [James 4:13-15] On the last Sunday of September we returned home from a meeting in Texas, the 150th anniversary of another Confederate organization, and learned upon our arrival that our daughter-in-law was at the ER. We had purposely left the week following our return free of most commitments, with the idea of resting and catching up at a leisurely pace. Instead, it was an intense time of hours helping with our granddaughters, being at the hospital, and then waiting on the outcome of significant and uncertain surgery. We were reminded afresh that our days are in His hands, and make our plans in the light of His providential guidance and care. Plan prudently, but trust Him with your tomorrows. Barton
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"A Virtual View of Civil War Richmond" by Eric App Eric App is the director of Operations at the Museum of the Confederacy. He is a Richmond native and Virginia Tech grad. Eric has worked in every department and at every level of employment at the MOC since he began there as a part-time, White House tour guide and occasional grounds keeper, in the summer of 1989. His current project is Virtual Richmond, a fully interactive, three dimensional computer model of Richmond, as it appeared during the Civil War. Eric has worked on the Map for more than three years, so far, and is reconstructing the cityscape using multiple period maps, photographs, and insurance records, to piece the entire Capital City back together, one building at a time.
Author and historian William Connery reminded us that John Singleton Mosby was a frail young man, standing only 5'6" tall and weighing 120 pounds. While at the University of Virginia he shot a bully, for which he spent a year in jail. During his imprisonment he befriended prosecuting attorney William J. Robertson, who allowed Mosby to use his law library. After release and studying in Robertson's office, Mosby passed the bar and established his own practice. He was living in Bristol in April 1861. Mosby had spoken against secession, but volunteered as a private in Grumble Jones's Mounted Rifles. Jones taught Mosby about military matters. Mosby impressed Jeb Stuart with his ability to gather intelligence and was promoted to first lieutenant and assigned to Stuart's scouts. He was Stuart's scout on the memorable ride around McClellan. Mosby was captured at Beaverdam and taken to Washington's Old Capitol Prison. He was exchanged for a Yankee lieutenant. In January 1863 Stuart, with the concurrence of Robert E. Lee, authorized Mosby to form and take command of the 43rd Battalion, Virginia Cavalry. Mosby's group in action usually comprised 20 to 80 men. They did not use sabers, but usually carried 4 to 8 revolvers. In March 1863 his men captured Yankee BGEN Edwin H. Staughton and two other officers. In the same month Mosby attemprted unsuccessfully to capture Colonel Sir Percy Wyndham, who referred to Mosby as a horse thief. Mosby responded, "Any horse I capture has on it a man who has a pistol, a carbine, and a saber." Mosby received serious wounds in August 1863 and in September 1864. He returned to action within a month of the first wound and within three months of the second. Famed author Herman Melville with Yankee cavalry chased Mosby for three days in April 1864 and wrote a 114 verse poem entitled "The Scout Toward Aldie." On 22 September 1864 Yankee forces executed six of Mosby's men who had been captured out of uniform in Front Royal. In November Mosby ordered seven Union prisoners to be executed in retaliation. Three were executed. Two survived after being shot in the head, and two escaped. Mosby communicated with Sheridan, and there were no more executions. Mosby was wounded again in November 1864. One of Mosby's most famous exploits was the October 1864 capture of a miltary train carrying a payroll of $ 173,000. Each of Mosby's men received $ 2,100. Mosby disbanded his unit 21 April 1865 at Marshall, VA. Mrs. Mosby called on President Andrew Johnson, a fellow Tennessean, to request a pardon for her husband. Johnson refused to see her. General U. S. Grant issued a pardon. Mosby became an active Republican, serving as consul in Hong Kong and serving in other capacities in America. While living in California, he befriended young George S. Patton, Jr. Winston Churchill read Mosby. Mosby was inducted into the U. S. Army Ranger Hall of Fame. Several Camp members bought copies of Connery's latest book, "Mosby's Raids in Civil War Northern Virginia." This is published as part of the Civil War Sesquicentennial Series of The History Press of Charleston, SC. Walter June Meeting Attendance: 27
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin firstname.lastname@example.org 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. July - 7 OCTOBER 2013 In memory of Ben Baird Walt Beam Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Michael Hendrick Phil Jones Jack Kane Andy Keller Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III Floyd Lane, Jr. Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Joe Moschetti Glenn Mozingo Preston Nuttall Jim Pickens Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton Harrison Smith Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Art Wingo Keith Zimmerman
4 Confederate cavalry under Jo Shelby invaded Missouri. 5 Confederate torpedo boat David attacked Yankee vessel New Ironsides in Charleston Harbor. 6 Jeff Davis traveled to South Carolina and north Georgia on the way to Bragg's army to harmonize some of the difficulties in that command. 9 Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia Bristoe Campaign began. 11 Heavy skirmishing continued between the Rapidan and Rappahannock as Lee's Army moved northward. 13 Ohio voters decisively defeated Democratic gubernatorial candidate "Copperhead" Clement L. Vallandingham. Staunch Union supporter Andrew Curtin was elected governor of Pennsylvania. Union candidates also won in Indiana and Ohio. In north Georgia Jeff Davis, after touring Chickamauga and conferring with Bragg and other officers, authorized Bragg to remove General D. H. Hill from command. 14 A. P. Hill's corps struck the retreating elements of Meade's Army of the Potomac at Bristoe Station. Hill's force was not strong enough to defeat the Yankees. 15 Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley sank for a second time during a practice dive in Charleston Harbor. 16 Orders from Washington created the Military Division of the Mississippi, combining the Departments of the Ohio, the Cumberland, and the Tennessee with General U.S. Grant in command. 17 Grant placed MGEN George H. Thomas in command of the Cumberland, replacing Rosecrans. 19 Jeb Stuart's cavalry routed Yankee General Judson Kilpatrick's cavalry at Buckland Mills in Virginia. 23 Jefferson Davis relieved General Leonidas Polk from command of a corps in the Army of Tennessee. 24 Yankee MGEN William T. Sherman took command of the Army of the Tennessee. 27 Bragg's siege of Chattanooga was being loosened as a Yankee supply line was opened to the beleagured city. 29 Fort Sumter received heavy fire from Yankees, which continued for some days.
November 18631 Jefferson Davis returned to Richmond from his western trip. 2 Lincoln received an invitation to make a few remarks at the dedication of the new National Cemetery at Gettysburg. 4 Bragg sent Longstreet and his corps from the Chattanooga area against Yankees under Burnside in east Tennessee. 5 Mosby's Rangers were active most of the month in northern Virginia. 11 Yankee MGEN Benjamin Butler returned to active command in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. 16 Longstreet's Confederates neared Knoxville, TN. 17 The siege of Knoxville was underway. 18 Lincoln left Washington for Gettysburg aboard a special train of four cars. 19 Lincoln delived his Gettysburg address, which followed a two hour address by noted orator Edward Everett. Lincoln returned to Washington that same night.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar