ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 10,           October 2013
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, October Program (next),
September Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1863 Events (Oct,Nov), Coming Events Links,


As I write this month's "Commander's Comments", I am in Dublin, Ireland.
I  have  been  thinking back over some of the Civil War related events I
enjoyed over the last month or  so.   September  led  me  to  visit  two
battlefields  which  were  not  too  distant.   First,  I  visited Cedar
Mountain where Jackson defeated Banks prior to Second Manassas  in  1862
and  then  for  a  longer  visit  I  went  to the still small village of
Sharpsburg.  The rural,  unspoiled  nature  of  this  battlefield  along
Antietam  Creek makes it particularly beautiful site to visit and either
walk or drive through.  It is remembered for a number of reasons, one of
which is that it was the bloodiest one day battle of the war and was the
first that photographers were able  to  document  for  the  public.   By
sunset,  2,108  Union soldiers were dead, 9,549 wounded and 753 missing.
Confederate figures gave their losses at 10,291.  Some 23,000  men  were
casualties;  most  of  them  killed  or  wounded,  in a single day.  The
battlefield, wrote one Union officer, was "indescribably  horrible."  No
other single day of the war would surpass Antietam in carnage.          

Longstreet's  men  featured prominently in this battle and the following
summer they are remembered  even  more  for  the  three  day  battle  of
Gettysburg where the casualty count was even more horrendous, but it was
the months that followed that were what were little known  in  my  Civil
War  studies.   After  Gettysburg,  George  Meade  was  unable to make a
sustained movement towards Richmond.  As a result Lee was able  to  send
Longstreet's Corps southwest to join the troops of General Braxton Bragg
in northern Georgia.  The addition of Longstreet's troops gave  Bragg  a
rare  numerical  advantage  so that he could go on the offensive against
Union Gen.  William S. Rosecrans.   The  battle  lasted  from  September
18-20, 1863 but most of the fighting was on the 19th.  While Chickamauga
was a Confederate victory, the results of the  battle  were  staggering.
With  over  16,000  Union and 18,000 Confederate casualties, Chickamauga
reached the highest losses of any battle in the Western theater and  the
second  highest in the war.  The irony to me is that one was in the east
and one in the west, yet Longstreet's Corps were critical  to  both  and
each  time  faced  grave  losses  which  would  be  increasingly hard to

Chickamauga was the subject of September's noon lecture at the Museum of
the  Confederacy and was ably presented by Will Glasco.  The next Friday
talk at the MOC will be "The Confederacy and Mexico" on  October  11  at
12:00pm.   Reservations  are not needed and the programs are free to all
members and, according to their website, all  Richmond  area  residents.
This  half  hour  lecture  will  discuss  the  Confederate  government's
relations with Mexico both during the Benito Juarez  administration  and
the  subsequent  occupation  of the country by France under the reign of
Emperor Napoleon III.                                                   

David Bridges, a Longstreet  Camp  member,  successfully  nominated  his
great-great  uncle,  Dr. James Breathed  to receive the prestigious Sons
of the Confederate Veterans Medal of Honor.  Only 48 other people in the
Civil  War  have been awarded this medal.  The Medal will be unveiled on
October 18, 2013 at 6:00 pm at the Museum of Confederacy at 1201 E. Clay
Street  in  Richmond.   The  museum  will  be  its  permanent home.  The
unveiling will be followed by a book signing for David's new  historical
novel about the Civil War entitled, "The Broken Circle." David will also
give a short presentation and answer questions about his book.  The book
chronicles the life of his ancestor, Major Breathed.                    

As  members  of  the  General James Longstreet Camp, I call on us all to
support one of our own members and to show our thanks for his efforts to
honor his ancestor.                                                     


We were pleased to induct Brandon Kirk Cowardin, whose ancestor  William
Henry  Cowardin  served  in the 12th Virginia Light Artillery, at our 17
September meeting.                                                      

A couple from North Carolina made a nice donation to the Camp in  memory
of  Ben  Baird,  who  passed  away 10 August.  Ben was well known to the
couple, who said that our Camp immediately came to mind because of Ben's
passion for the SCV.                                                    

There  are two events scheduled this month to honor Confederate Medal of
Honor recipient Major James Breathed, collateral ancestor  of  our  Camp
member  David Bridges.  There will be a parade and grave marker ceremony
in Hancock, MD on Saturday 12 October.  The Museum  of  the  Confederacy
will  have  a  dedication  program and book signing at 6:00 PM Friday 18

Saturday 19 October is the date scheduled for our Camp's cleanup of  our
one  mile  section of Studley Road, Route 606, Hanover County, near Enon
United Methodist Church  beginning  at  10:00  AM.   Please  contact  me
( or telephone 360-7247) if you will help.There
will be a signup sheet at our 15 October meeting.                       

As of 5 October 88.75% of  our  members  have  paid  renewal  dues.   We
appreciate that greatly and hope that the remainder of dues will come in
by our 15 October meeting.  Members renewing after 31 October will  have
to pay $ 10.00 in reinstatement fees.                                   

Dr.   Caroline Janney's September Bottimore Lecture at the University of
Richmond sponsored by the Museum of the  Confederacy  was  enlightening.
She  pointed  out that joint reunions of Yankee and Confederate soldiers
were rare, which is one reason they got publicity.   Pictures  gave  the
misleading  impression  that  reconciliation had taken place.  There was
intense  sectionalism,  with  many  veterans  rejecting  and  denouncing
reconciliation.   At  the  dedication  of  the  Richmond  Soldiers'  and
Sailors' Monument in Richmond in 1894 Reverend Robert C.  Cave  defended
the  South  and  denounced  the  Union, intoning that brute force cannot
settle questions of right and wrong.  Northern newspapers  blasted  away
at  Cave's  remarks.   Governor  William  Oates  of  Alabama  blamed the
bloodshed of The War  on  the  aggressive  fanaticism  of  the  northern
Puritans.  In June 1905 Colonel R.  J.  Harding, the president of Hood's
Texas Brigade Association offered a simple solution to the rancor,  "Let
each  other alone.  We are as far apart in what we fought for as we ever
were, that is, as far  as  Boston  is  from  heaven."  Both  sides  were
convinced  they  were  right.  The lecture was based on her second book,
"Remembering the Civil War:Reunion and the Limits of Reconcilaition."   

Our peripatetic Camp  member  John  C.   Thompson,  Sr.   has  moved  to
Florida, but wishes to remain in the Longstreet camp.                   

Mark  your  calendars  for  Tuesday 3 December when our anuual Christmas
banquet will be held at the Westwood Club, which always provides us with
excellent food and service.                                             

Barton Notes from the Chaplain---

As I was thinking of what I wanted to share this month, I  was  reminded
of  some  verses in the Epistle of James- "Come now, you who say, `Today
or tomorrow we will go into such and such a town and spend a year  there
and  trade  and  make a profit' - yet you do not know what tomorrow will
bring.  What is your life?  For you are a mist that appears for a little
time  and  then vanishes.  Instead you ought to say, `If the Lord wills,
we will live and do this or that'" [James 4:13-15] On the last Sunday of
September   we  returned  home  from  a  meeting  in  Texas,  the  150th
anniversary of another Confederate organization, and  learned  upon  our
arrival  that  our daughter-in-law was at the ER.  We had purposely left
the week following our return free of most commitments, with the idea of
resting and catching up at a leisurely pace.  Instead, it was an intense
time of hours helping with our granddaughters, being  at  the  hospital,
and then waiting on the outcome of significant and uncertain surgery. We
were reminded afresh that our days are in His hands, and make our  plans
in the light of His providential guidance and care.  Plan prudently, but
trust Him with your tomorrows.                                          


NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, October 15, 2013




"A Virtual View of Civil War Richmond"
Eric App

Eric App is the director of Operations at the Museum of the Confederacy.
He  is  a  Richmond  native  and Virginia Tech grad.  Eric has worked in
every department and at every level of employment at the  MOC  since  he
began  there  as  a  part-time,  White  House  tour guide and occasional
grounds keeper, in the summer of 1989.                                  

His current project is Virtual  Richmond,  a  fully  interactive,  three
dimensional  computer model of Richmond, as it appeared during the Civil
War.  Eric has worked on the Map for more than three years, so far,  and
is reconstructing the cityscape using multiple period maps, photographs,
and insurance records, to piece the entire Capital City  back  together,
one building at a time.                                                 


Author and historian William Connery reminded  us  that  John  Singleton
Mosby  was  a  frail young man, standing only 5'6" tall and weighing 120
pounds.  While at the University of Virginia he shot a bully, for  which
he  spent  a  year  in  jail.   During  his  imprisonment  he befriended
prosecuting attorney William J.  Robertson, who allowed Mosby to use his
law  library.   After  release and studying in Robertson's office, Mosby
passed the bar and established his  own  practice.   He  was  living  in
Bristol in April 1861.                                                  

Mosby  had  spoken  against  secession,  but volunteered as a private in
Grumble Jones's Mounted  Rifles.   Jones  taught  Mosby  about  military
matters.   Mosby  impressed  Jeb  Stuart  with  his  ability  to  gather
intelligence and was  promoted  to  first  lieutenant  and  assigned  to
Stuart's  scouts.   He  was  Stuart's scout on the memorable ride around

Mosby was captured at Beaverdam and taken to  Washington's  Old  Capitol
Prison.   He  was  exchanged  for  a Yankee lieutenant.  In January 1863
Stuart, with the concurrence of Robert E.  Lee, authorized Mosby to form
and take command of the 43rd Battalion, Virginia Cavalry.  Mosby's group
in action usually comprised 20 to 80 men.  They did not use sabers,  but
usually carried 4 to 8 revolvers.                                       

In  March  1863 his men captured Yankee BGEN Edwin H.  Staughton and two
other officers.                                                         

In the same month Mosby attemprted unsuccessfully to capture Colonel Sir
Percy Wyndham, who referred to Mosby as a horse thief.  Mosby responded,
"Any horse I capture has on it a man who has a pistol, a carbine, and  a

Mosby  received serious wounds in August 1863 and in September 1864.  He
returned to action within a month of the first wound  and  within  three
months of the second.                                                   

Famed  author Herman Melville with Yankee cavalry chased Mosby for three
days in April 1864 and wrote a 114 verse poem entitled "The Scout Toward

On  22  September 1864 Yankee forces executed six of Mosby's men who had
been captured out of uniform in Front Royal.  In November Mosby  ordered
seven  Union  prisoners  to  be  executed  in  retaliation.   Three were
executed.  Two survived after being shot in the head, and  two  escaped.
Mosby  communicated  with  Sheridan,  and there were no more executions.
Mosby was wounded again in November 1864.                               

One of Mosby's most famous exploits was the October 1864  capture  of  a
miltary  train  carrying  a  payroll  of $ 173,000.  Each of Mosby's men
received $ 2,100.                                                       

Mosby disbanded his unit 21 April 1865 at  Marshall,  VA.   Mrs.   Mosby
called  on  President  Andrew Johnson, a fellow Tennessean, to request a
pardon for her husband.  Johnson refused to see  her.   General  U.   S.
Grant  issued  a  pardon.  Mosby became an active Republican, serving as
consul in Hong Kong and serving in other capacities in  America.   While
living in California, he befriended young George S.  Patton, Jr. Winston
Churchill read Mosby.  Mosby was inducted into the U.  S.   Army  Ranger
Hall of Fame.                                                           

Several  Camp  members  bought copies of Connery's latest book, "Mosby's
Raids in Civil War Northern Virginia." This is published as part of  the
Civil  War  Sesquicentennial  Series of The History Press of Charleston,
June Meeting Attendance: 27


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          July - 7 OCTOBER 2013                        

In memory of Ben Baird
Walt Beam        Brian Cowardin        Clint Cowardin  
Michael Hendrick                                       
Phil Jones       Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III     Floyd Lane, Jr. 
Lewis Mills      Conway Moncure        Bob Moore       
Joe Moschetti    Glenn Mozingo         Preston Nuttall 
Jim Pickens      Joe Price             Waite Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton          Harrison Smith  
Pat Sweeney      Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker   
Art Wingo        Keith Zimmerman                       

October 1863

4 Confederate cavalry under Jo Shelby invaded Missouri.                 

5 Confederate torpedo boat David attacked Yankee vessel New Ironsides in
Charleston Harbor.                                                      

6  Jeff Davis traveled to South Carolina and north Georgia on the way to
Bragg's army to harmonize some of the difficulties in that command.     

9 Robert E.  Lee's Army of Northern Virginia Bristoe Campaign began.    

11 Heavy skirmishing continued between the Rapidan and  Rappahannock  as
Lee's Army moved northward.                                             

13  Ohio  voters  decisively defeated Democratic gubernatorial candidate
"Copperhead" Clement L.  Vallandingham.  Staunch Union supporter  Andrew
Curtin  was elected governor of Pennsylvania.  Union candidates also won
in Indiana and  Ohio.   In  north  Georgia  Jeff  Davis,  after  touring
Chickamauga  and  conferring  with  Bragg and other officers, authorized
Bragg to remove General D.  H.  Hill from command.                      

14 A.  P.  Hill's corps struck the retreating elements of  Meade's  Army
of  the  Potomac at Bristoe Station.  Hill's force was not strong enough
to defeat the Yankees.                                                  

15 Confederate submarine H.  L.  Hunley sank for a second time during  a
practice dive in Charleston Harbor.                                     

16  Orders  from  Washington  created  the  Military  Division  of   the
Mississippi,  combining the Departments of the Ohio, the Cumberland, and
the Tennessee with General U.S. Grant in command.                       

17 Grant placed MGEN George H.  Thomas in  command  of  the  Cumberland,
replacing Rosecrans.                                                    

19  Jeb  Stuart's  cavalry  routed  Yankee  General  Judson Kilpatrick's
cavalry at Buckland Mills in Virginia.                                  

23 Jefferson Davis relieved General Leonidas  Polk  from  command  of  a
corps in the Army of Tennessee.                                         

24  Yankee  MGEN  William  T.   Sherman  took command of the Army of the

27 Bragg's siege of Chattanooga was being loosened as  a  Yankee  supply
line was opened to the beleagured city.                                 

29  Fort  Sumter  received  heavy fire from Yankees, which continued for
some days.                                                              

November 1863

1 Jefferson Davis returned to Richmond from his western trip. 2 Lincoln received an invitation to make a few remarks at the dedication of the new National Cemetery at Gettysburg. 4 Bragg sent Longstreet and his corps from the Chattanooga area against Yankees under Burnside in east Tennessee. 5 Mosby's Rangers were active most of the month in northern Virginia. 11 Yankee MGEN Benjamin Butler returned to active command in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. 16 Longstreet's Confederates neared Knoxville, TN. 17 The siege of Knoxville was underway. 18 Lincoln left Washington for Gettysburg aboard a special train of four cars. 19 Lincoln delived his Gettysburg address, which followed a two hour address by noted orator Edward Everett. Lincoln returned to Washington that same night.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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