THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 9, September 2013
I am heading out for one more battlefield tour trip before the summer is over. Few battlefields would be more appropriate than that of Sharpsburg. Hopefully it will not be as crowded this year as it was for the 150th Anniversary last September. This will be the third time I have visited the battlefield along Antietam Creek. My wife and I both agree that it is one of the most beautiful battlefields we have visited. It is amazing that an area where so much blood was spilled could now be so peaceful, but the Lord has a way of healing wounds given sufficient time. As an admirer of Colonel Mosby from a very young age(having a TV program and a comic book based on his exploits bedeviling Yankees made many of us growing up in the South big fans) I have read several books on his life and look forward to some new insights. Our next speaker, William Connery, is no stranger to the camp. He presented a program on Robert E. Lee in January 2012 and was the guest speaker at the Lee-Jackson Day program at the Chapel in January 2013. He will speak on his new book, "Mosby's Raids in Civil War Northern Virginia". Be sure to join us on September 17, for what should prove to be a most interesting topic. Copies of the book will be available to be signed by the author. And one final comment. Some of you, I am sure, have been caught in the crossfire over the allegations of misconduct by one of our members by some in the SCV. I want you to know that there are few members of the SCV who have served our cause for as long and as faithfully as Waite Rawls. We all owe him a vote of gratitude for his unselfish service to the Museum of the Confederacy and the Mission of the SCV. He has my full support. It was only during World War II that the French collaboration with the Nazis gave the word a bad name. Collaboration with the National Park Service, the Virginia Historical Society, the Library of Virginia, the National Civil War Center or even the VMFA is in no way selling out our principles. Working together with these organizations creates a larger audience for presenting the true history of the South and that, my Compatriots, is our mission. Andy
We welcome to our Camp Brandon Kirk Cowardin, whose ancestor William Henry Cowardin served in the 12th Virginia Light Artillery. We plan to induct Brandon at our 17 September meeting. Brandon one of six Cowardins who are members of our Camp. We mourn the passing of Ben Baird on 10 August. Ben transferred to our Camp in November 2002. His health prevented him from attending meetings in recent years, but he remained loyal to our Camp. We mailed the resolution prepared by Headquarters and signed by the Camp Commander and the Camp Adjutant to Ben's widow. Ben's ancestor Washington Montgomery Ward served in the 19th Virginia Infantry. Our Camp plans to clean up our one mile section of Studley Road, Route 606, Hanover County, near Enon United Methodist Church on Saturday morning 19 October beginning at 10:00. Please contact me via email @ email@example.com if you will help. Thanks to the 78.75 % of our Camp members who have paid their renewal dues and especially to those who made generous contributions to Virginia Division special funds and to our Camp. We hope that the remaining renewals will come in soon. On Saturday 12 October there will be a parade in Hancock, MD honoring Confederate Major James Breathed, the ancestor of our Camp member David Bridges. The parade will pass by Breathed Memorial Park, ending at Major Breathed's grave site for the ceremony awarding the Confederate Medal of Honor. David authored Major Breathed's biography "Fighting with Jeb Stuart: Major James Breathed and the Confederate Horse Artillery." His most recent book is a historical novel "The Broken Circle." The novel is based on the life his ancestor, Confederate Major/Dr. James Breathed. (Member and author, David Bridges, will have a book signing on his new historical fiction novel, "The Broken Circle", at 6:00 pm, October 18 at the Museum of the Confederacy.) The Museum of the Confederacy will have several interesting programs this fall. In the Sesquicentennial Brown Bag Lunch program at the Museum on 20 September at noon Will Glasco will discuss the Battle of Chickamauga, in which General Longstreet played a key role. At 7 PM on Thursday 26 September at the University of Richmond's Jepson Hall Dr. Caroline Janney (born in Luray, three degrees from UVA!) of Purdue University will deliver the Bottimore Lecture entitled "Remembering the Civil War." Other Brown Bag Lunch programs at the Museum are "The Confederacy and Mexico" on 11 October and "George Thomas: The Rock of Chickamauga" on 8 November. These programs demonstrate that the Museum is fulfilling its education mission. Its other driving force, as stated by Museum President and CEO (and Longstreet Camp member) Waite Rawls in his president's letter in the summer issue of the Museum's magazine, is preservation. Recently I spoke with a Museum trustee whom I have known for 30 years. He told me that preservation of the Museum's priceless collection of artifacts has always been his top priority. I visited the Museum on Friday 6 September, primarily to look at the battle flags of seven Virginia regiments of Pickett's Division which are displayed as part of the Museum's Gettysburg Sesquicentennial exhibit. The visitors log revealed that citizens of Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Canada, Connecticut, Florida, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Oregon, and Utah were there yesterday. Comments in the log were all favorable. The Utah couple on the elevator with me when we were leaving were favorably impressed. The Museum of the Confederacy is a jewel which is a tourist attraction in Richmond and in Appomattox. We were pleased to have as our guests at the July meeting Hurtt Scholarship recipient Tucker Omberg and his father Rob. We wish Tucker the best in his studies at George Mason University. Walter
While we all enjoy summer, there is something about getting back into a routine in the Fall that brings fresh order back into our lives. Structure is not all bad. And while we think of New Year's as a time for resolutions, launching into the last of the year is not a bad time to make some "resolves" also. Let me make a couple of suggestions: (a) touch base with a friend you haven't seen in a while; (b) drop a note to a camp member that has been sick or dealing with adversity; (c) spend a little time each day reading your Bible; (d) identify something each day for which you can be thankful. Psa. 103:1-2 Barton
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"Mosby's Raids in Civil War Northern Virginia" by Award-winning Author William Connery The most famous War Between the States name in Northern Virginia, other than General Robert E. Lee, is Colonel John Singleton Mosby, the Gray Ghost. He stands out among nearly one thousand generals who served in the war, celebrated most for his raids that captured Union general Edwin Stoughton in Fairfax Court House and Colonel Daniel French Dulany in Rose Hill, near Alexandria. By 1864, he was a feared partisan guerrilla in the North and a nightmare for Union troops protecting Washington City. After the war, his support for presidential candidate Ulysses S. Grant forced Mosby to leave his native Virginia for Hong Kong as U.S. consul. A personal mentor to young George S. Patton, Mosby's military legacy extended to World War II. William S. Connery brings alive the many dimensions of this American hero. William S. Connery grew up in Baltimore, Maryland, considered "neutral territory" in the War Between the States. As a young boy, his family visited the battlefields of Gettysburg, Sharpsburg and Harpers Ferry and other local historical sites. He has a degree in history from the University of Maryland-College Park.Since 1989, Mr. Connery has lived in Fairfax County, where many thrilling and exciting Mosby skirmishes occurred. He has been contributing to the Civil War Courier, the Washington Times Civil War page and other publications. In 2012, he was awarded the prestigious Jefferson Davis Historical Gold Medal, from the Fairfax Chapter of the UDC, for his previous History Press book, Civil War Northern Virginia 1861. Mr. Connery is a member of the Company of Military Historians, the Capitol Hill Civil War Round Table, the Sloop of War Constellation Museum and the E.A. Poe Society of Baltimore.He is a frequently requested speaker on the Civil War and other American history topics in the Washington, D.C., metro region.
Our Camp member Art Wingo shared with us some of the vast knowledge he has acquired working one day a week at the Chimborazo Civil War Medical Museum of Richmond Battlefield National Park. He opened his presentation by telling us that in 1861 Chimborazo Hill was used as a gathering place for Confederate Army recruits reporting to Richmond. Dr. Samuel Moore resigned his commission as a surgeon in the United States Army and became Surgeon General of the Confederate Army in 1861. He appointed Dr. James B. McCaw, an MCV professor and a practicing physician, to be Surgeon-in-Chief of the hospital to be located on Chimborazo Hill. After the 1st Battle of Manassas, many wounded soldiers were brought to Richmond. McCaw ordered small buildings to be built to house convalescing soldiers. Amputations had taken place in field hospitals near the battlefields. Ultimately there were 150 buildings making up Chimborazo Hospital, including support buildings. The space between the buildings guaranteeed a flow of fresh air. There were five dead houses, a brewery, and stables. Contagious patients were kept in Sibley tents. Art displayed his superb model of Chimborazo Hospital, which is superior to any photograph or map in letting one know how it looked. There was a large ravine in front of the hospital. Dr. McCaw would occasionally walk over a Marshall Street foot bridge to confer with MCV professors when he needed advice on cases. Major campaigns near Richmond in 1862 and 1864 resulted in many wounded soldiers who were brought to Chimborazo. 3,200 patients made Chimborazo the largest hospital in the world. Before The War there were three hospitals in Richmond. During the War there were 54. In 1863 patients were grouped by states, thus increasing compatability and making mail delivery easier. Prior to The War there were no nursing schools in the South, Most wartime nurses were slaves. Phoebe Pember came to Richmond from Charleston SC in 1862 after the death of her husband. She was a matron at Chimborazo from 1862 until 1865. She was in charge of the whisky supply and defended it with a pistol. She kept a diary which evolved into a book "A Southern Woman's Story." She went to Georgia after The War, lived until 1913, and is buried in Savannah. 77,889 patients were treated at Chimborazo Hospital in its four years. The mortality rate was less than 10%. When Richmond was abandoned on 2 April 1865 any patient who could walk did so. Dr. McCaw stayed at the hospital and refused a commission in the Union Army. Chimborazo Hospital closed in June 1865. The buildings for four years served as a school and housing for freed slaves. The City of Richmond bought the property in 1874 and turned it into a park. The present building was erected in 1909 and served as the U. S. Weather Station until 1959. The building also was the Richmond Battlefield National Park main visitor center until that was moved to Tredegar. It is still the headquarters for RBNP. Art said that an advantage of working there is that he gets to converse with Superintendent David Ruth and Historian Robert E. L. (Bobby) Krick. In addition to the Pember book, Art brought and showed to us two others-"Chimborazo: The Confederacy's Largest Hospital" by Carol C. Green and "Richmond's Wartime Hospitals" by Rebecca Barbour Calcutt. All three are on sale at Chimborazo. There are circulating copies of the latter two in the Henrico County Library. Walter June Meeting Attendance: 34
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin firstname.lastname@example.org 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. July - 7 September 2013 In memory of Ben Baird Walt Beam Brian Cowardin Michael Hendrick Phil Jones Jack Kane Andy Keller Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III Floyd Lane, Jr. Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Joe Moschetti Glenn Mozingo Preston Nuttall Jim Pickens Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton Harrison Smith Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Art Wingo
1 Fort Smith, on the western border of Arkansas, fell to Yankees. 2 Yankees under MGEN Burnside captured Knoxville, TN, cutting the railroad link between Chattanooga and Virginia. Alabama legislature approved the use of slaves in Confederate armies. 5 Under threat of war by Yankee ambassador to England Charles Francis Adams, British Foreign Secretary Lord John Russell ordered that two "Laird rams" be detained. 6 Confederates abandoned Battery Wagner and Morris Island, Charleston, SC. 8 Confederates under BGEN John Bankhead Magruder repulsed Yankees at Sabine Pass, Texas. 9 Yankees entered Chattanooga after Bragg's army withdrew into Georgia. 10 Little Rock, Arkansas fell to Yankees. 13 Meade's Army of the Potomac occupied Culpeper Court House. 15 Lincoln suspended the rule of habeas corpus. 18 Skirmishing opened the Chickamauga Campaign. 19 Heavier fighting began at Chickamauga between Confederate General Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee and Yankee General William Rosecrans's Army of the Cumberland. 20 Longstreet's two divisions, having come from Virginia to Chickamauga, drove through a gap in the center of the Yankee line. Despite the Confederate victory, Yankee General George H. Thomas's troops fought an effective defensive battle, earning him the famous nickname "Rock of Chickamauga." 21 Thomas's soldiers retreated to Chattanooga
October 18634 Confederate cavalry under Jo Shelby invaded Missouri. 5 Confederate torpedo boat David attacked Yankee vessel New Ironsides in Charleston Harbor. 6 Jeff Davis traveled to South Carolina and north Georgia on the way to Bragg's army to harmonize some of the difficulties in that command. 9 Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia Bristoe Campaign began. 11 Heavy skirmishing continued between the Rapidan and Rappahannock as Lee's Army moved northward. 13 Ohio voters decisively defeated Democratic gubernatorial candidate "Copperhead" Clement L. Vallandingham. Staunch Union supporter Andrew Curtin was elected governor of Pennsylvania. Union candidates also won in Indiana and Ohio. In north Georgia Jeff Davis, after touring Chickamauga and conferring with Bragg and other officers, authorized Bragg to remove General D. H. Hill from command. 14 A. P. Hill's corps struck the retreating elements of Meade's Army of the Potomac at Bristoe Station. Hill's force was not strong enough to defeat the Yankees. 15 Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley sank for a second time during a practice dive in Charleston Harbor.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar