ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 9,           September 2013
SCV logo

A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, September Program (next),
July Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1863 Events (Sept,Oct), Coming Events Links,


I am heading out for one more battlefield tour trip before the summer is
over.    Few  battlefields  would  be  more  appropriate  than  that  of
Sharpsburg.  Hopefully it will not be as crowded this year as it was for
the  150th  Anniversary  last  September.  This will be the third time I
have visited the battlefield along Antietam Creek.  My wife and  I  both
agree that it is one of the most beautiful battlefields we have visited.
It is amazing that an area where so much blood was spilled could now  be
so  peaceful,  but the Lord has a way of healing wounds given sufficient

As an admirer of Colonel Mosby from a very young age(having a TV program
and  a  comic book based on his exploits bedeviling Yankees made many of
us growing up in the South big fans) I have read several  books  on  his
life  and  look forward to some new insights.  Our next speaker, William
Connery, is no stranger to the camp.  He presented a program  on  Robert
E.  Lee in January 2012 and was the guest speaker at the Lee-Jackson Day
program at the Chapel in January 2013.  He will speak on his  new  book,
"Mosby's  Raids  in Civil War Northern Virginia".  Be sure to join us on
September 17, for what should prove to  be  a  most  interesting  topic.
Copies of the book will be available to be signed by the author.        

And one  final comment.  Some of you, I am sure, have been caught in the
crossfire over the allegations of misconduct by one of  our  members  by
some  in  the SCV.  I want you to know that there are few members of the
SCV who have served our cause for as long and  as  faithfully  as  Waite
Rawls.   We all owe him a vote of gratitude for his unselfish service to
the Museum of the Confederacy and the Mission of the  SCV.   He  has  my
full  support.   It  was  only  during  World  War  II  that  the French
collaboration with the Nazis gave the word a  bad  name.   Collaboration
with  the  National  Park  Service, the Virginia Historical Society, the
Library of Virginia, the National Civil War Center or even the  VMFA  is
in  no  way  selling  out  our  principles.  Working together with these
organizations creates a larger audience for presenting the true  history
of the South and that, my Compatriots, is our mission.                  


We welcome to our Camp Brandon Kirk  Cowardin,  whose  ancestor  William
Henry  Cowardin served in the 12th Virginia Light Artillery.  We plan to
induct Brandon  at  our  17  September  meeting.   Brandon  one  of  six
Cowardins who are members of our Camp.                                  

We  mourn the passing of Ben Baird on 10 August.  Ben transferred to our
Camp in November 2002.  His health prevented him from attending meetings
in  recent  years,  but  he  remained  loyal to our Camp.  We mailed the
resolution prepared by Headquarters and signed by the Camp Commander and
the  Camp Adjutant to Ben's widow.  Ben's ancestor Washington Montgomery
Ward served in the 19th Virginia Infantry.                              

Our Camp plans to clean up our one mile section of Studley  Road,  Route
606,  Hanover  County,  near  Enon  United  Methodist Church on Saturday
morning  19  October  beginning  at  10:00.    Please   contact  me  via
email @ if you will help.                           

Thanks  to  the  78.75 % of our Camp members who have paid their renewal
dues and especially to those who made generous contributions to Virginia
Division  special  funds  and  to  our Camp.  We hope that the remaining
renewals will come in soon.                                             

On Saturday 12 October there will be a parade in  Hancock,  MD  honoring
Confederate  Major James Breathed, the ancestor of our Camp member David
Bridges.  The parade will pass by  Breathed  Memorial  Park,  ending  at
Major  Breathed's  grave  site for the ceremony awarding the Confederate
Medal of Honor.  David authored  Major  Breathed's  biography  "Fighting
with   Jeb  Stuart: Major  James  Breathed  and  the  Confederate  Horse
Artillery." His most recent book  is  a  historical  novel  "The  Broken
Circle."  The  novel  is  based  on  the  life his ancestor, Confederate
Major/Dr.  James Breathed. (Member and author, David Bridges, will  have
a book signing on his new historical fiction novel, "The Broken Circle",
at 6:00 pm, October 18 at the Museum of the Confederacy.)               

The  Museum  of  the  Confederacy will have several interesting programs
this fall.  In the Sesquicentennial  Brown  Bag  Lunch  program  at  the
Museum  on  20  September at noon Will Glasco will discuss the Battle of
Chickamauga, in which General Longstreet played a key role.  At 7 PM  on
Thursday  26  September  at the University of Richmond's Jepson Hall Dr.
Caroline Janney (born in Luray,  three  degrees  from  UVA!)  of  Purdue
University  will deliver the Bottimore Lecture entitled "Remembering the
Civil War."                                                             

Other Brown Bag Lunch programs at the Museum are  "The  Confederacy  and
Mexico"  on 11 October and "George Thomas: The Rock of Chickamauga" on 8

These programs demonstrate that the Museum is fulfilling  its  education
mission.  Its other driving force, as stated by Museum President and CEO
(and Longstreet Camp member) Waite Rawls in his  president's  letter  in
the  summer issue of the Museum's magazine, is preservation.  Recently I
spoke with a Museum trustee whom I have known for 30 years.  He told  me
that  preservation of the Museum's priceless collection of artifacts has
always been his top priority.                                           

I visited the Museum on Friday 6 September, primarily  to  look  at  the
battle flags of seven Virginia regiments of Pickett's Division which are
displayed as part of the Museum's Gettysburg  Sesquicentennial  exhibit.
The  visitors  log revealed that citizens of Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas,
Canada, Connecticut, Florida, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Oregon, and Utah
were there yesterday.  Comments in the log were all favorable.  The Utah
couple on the elevator with me  when  we  were  leaving  were  favorably

The  Museum  of the Confederacy is a jewel which is a tourist attraction
in Richmond and in Appomattox.                                          

We were pleased to  have  as  our  guests  at  the  July  meeting  Hurtt
Scholarship  recipient Tucker Omberg and his father Rob.  We wish Tucker
the best in his studies at George Mason University.                     

Barton A Word from the Chaplain...

While we all enjoy summer, there is something about getting back into  a
routine  in  the  Fall  that  brings  fresh  order  back into our lives.
Structure is not all bad.  And while we think of New Year's  as  a  time
for  resolutions,  launching into the last of the year is not a bad time
to make some "resolves" also.  Let me make a couple of suggestions:  (a)
touch base with a friend you haven't seen in a while; (b) drop a note to
a camp member that has been sick or dealing with adversity; (c) spend  a
little time each day reading your Bible; (d) identify something each day
for which you can be thankful.                                          
       Psa. 103:1-2


NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, September 17, 2013




"Mosby's Raids in Civil War Northern Virginia"
Award-winning Author William Connery


The most famous War Between the States name in Northern Virginia,  other
than  General  Robert E.  Lee, is Colonel John Singleton Mosby, the Gray
Ghost.  He stands out among nearly one thousand generals who  served  in
the war, celebrated most for his raids that captured Union general Edwin
Stoughton in Fairfax Court House and Colonel  Daniel  French  Dulany  in
Rose Hill, near Alexandria.  By 1864, he was a feared partisan guerrilla
in the North and a nightmare  for  Union  troops  protecting  Washington
City.   After the war, his support for presidential candidate Ulysses S.
Grant forced Mosby to leave his native Virginia for Hong  Kong  as  U.S.
consul.   A personal mentor to young George S.  Patton, Mosby's military
legacy extended to World War II.  William S.  Connery brings  alive  the
many dimensions of this American hero.                                  

William  S.  Connery grew up in Baltimore, Maryland, considered "neutral
territory" in the War Between the States.  As a young  boy,  his  family
visited the battlefields of Gettysburg, Sharpsburg and Harpers Ferry and
other local historical sites.  He has  a  degree  in  history  from  the
University  of  Maryland-College Park.Since 1989, Mr.  Connery has lived
in Fairfax County, where many thrilling and  exciting  Mosby  skirmishes
occurred.   He  has  been  contributing  to the  Civil War  Courier, the
Washington Times Civil War page and other publications.  In 2012, he was
awarded  the prestigious Jefferson Davis Historical Gold Medal, from the
Fairfax Chapter of the UDC, for his previous History Press  book,  Civil
War  Northern  Virginia 1861.  Mr. Connery is a member of the Company of
Military Historians, the Capitol Hill Civil War Round Table,  the  Sloop
of War Constellation Museum and the E.A.  Poe Society of Baltimore.He is
a frequently requested speaker on  the  Civil  War  and  other  American
history topics in the Washington, D.C., metro region.                   


Our Camp member Art Wingo shared with us some of the vast  knowledge  he
has  acquired working one day a week at the Chimborazo Civil War Medical
Museum  of  Richmond  Battlefield  National   Park.    He   opened   his
presentation  by  telling  us that in 1861 Chimborazo Hill was used as a
gathering place for Confederate Army recruits reporting to Richmond.    

Dr.  Samuel Moore resigned his commission as a  surgeon  in  the  United
States  Army and became Surgeon General of the Confederate Army in 1861.
He appointed Dr.  James B.  McCaw, an MCV  professor  and  a  practicing
physician,  to  be  Surgeon-in-Chief  of  the  hospital to be located on
Chimborazo Hill.   After  the  1st  Battle  of  Manassas,  many  wounded
soldiers were brought to Richmond.                                      

McCaw  ordered  small  buildings  to  be  built  to  house  convalescing
soldiers.  Amputations had taken  place  in  field  hospitals  near  the
battlefields.   Ultimately there were 150 buildings making up Chimborazo
Hospital, including support buildings.  The space between the  buildings
guaranteeed  a  flow  of  fresh  air.   There  were  five dead houses, a
brewery, and stables.  Contagious patients were kept in Sibley tents.   

Art displayed his superb model of Chimborazo Hospital, which is superior
to any photograph or map in letting one know how it looked.  There was a
large ravine in front of the hospital.  Dr.   McCaw  would  occasionally
walk  over  a  Marshall Street foot bridge to confer with MCV professors
when he needed advice on cases.                                         

Major campaigns near Richmond in 1862 and 1864 resulted in many  wounded
soldiers who were brought to Chimborazo.  3,200 patients made Chimborazo
the largest hospital in the world.  Before  The  War  there  were  three
hospitals  in Richmond.  During the War there were 54.  In 1863 patients
were grouped by states, thus increasing compatability  and  making  mail
delivery easier.                                                        

Prior  to  The  War  there  were  no  nursing schools in the South, Most
wartime nurses were slaves.                                             

Phoebe Pember came to Richmond from Charleston  SC  in  1862  after  the
death  of  her  husband.  She was a matron at Chimborazo from 1862 until
1865.  She was in charge of the whisky supply and  defended  it  with  a
pistol.   She kept a diary which evolved into a book "A Southern Woman's
Story." She went to Georgia after The War,  lived  until  1913,  and  is
buried in Savannah.                                                     

77,889  patients  were treated at Chimborazo Hospital in its four years.
The mortality rate was less than 10%.                                   

When Richmond was abandoned on 2 April 1865 any patient who  could  walk
did  so.   Dr.  McCaw stayed at the hospital and refused a commission in
the Union Army.                                                         

Chimborazo Hospital closed in June 1865.  The buildings for  four  years
served  as  a school and housing for freed slaves.  The City of Richmond
bought the property in 1874 and turned it  into  a  park.   The  present
building  was  erected in 1909 and served as the U.  S.  Weather Station
until 1959.  The building also was  the  Richmond  Battlefield  National
Park  main visitor center until that was moved to Tredegar.  It is still
the headquarters for RBNP.  Art said that an advantage of working  there
is that he gets to converse with Superintendent David Ruth and Historian
Robert E. L. (Bobby) Krick.                                             

In addition to the Pember  book,  Art  brought  and  showed  to  us  two
others-"Chimborazo:  The  Confederacy's  Largest  Hospital"  by Carol C.
Green and "Richmond's Wartime Hospitals" by Rebecca Barbour Calcutt. All
three  are  on  sale at Chimborazo.  There are circulating copies of the
latter two in the Henrico County Library.                               

June Meeting Attendance: 34


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          July - 7 September 2013                        

In memory of Ben Baird
Walt Beam        Brian Cowardin        Michael Hendrick
Phil Jones       Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Peter Knowles,II Peter Knowles,III     Floyd Lane, Jr. 
Lewis Mills      Conway Moncure        Bob Moore       
Joe Moschetti    Glenn Mozingo         Preston Nuttall 
Jim Pickens      Joe Price             Waite Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton          Harrison Smith  
Pat Sweeney      Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker   
Art Wingo                                              

September 1863

1 Fort Smith, on the western border of Arkansas, fell to Yankees.       

2 Yankees under  MGEN  Burnside  captured  Knoxville,  TN,  cutting  the
railroad  link  between  Chattanooga  and Virginia.  Alabama legislature
approved the use of slaves in Confederate armies.                       

5 Under threat of war by Yankee ambassador to  England  Charles  Francis
Adams,  British  Foreign  Secretary  Lord  John Russell ordered that two
"Laird rams" be detained.                                               

6 Confederates abandoned Battery Wagner and Morris  Island,  Charleston,

8  Confederates  under  BGEN  John Bankhead Magruder repulsed Yankees at
Sabine Pass, Texas.                                                     

9 Yankees entered Chattanooga after Bragg's army withdrew into Georgia. 

10 Little Rock, Arkansas fell to Yankees.                               

13 Meade's Army of the Potomac occupied Culpeper Court House.           

15 Lincoln suspended the rule of habeas corpus.                         

18 Skirmishing opened the Chickamauga Campaign.                         

19 Heavier fighting began at  Chickamauga  between  Confederate  General
Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee and Yankee General William Rosecrans's
Army of the Cumberland.                                                 

20 Longstreet's two divisions, having come from Virginia to Chickamauga,
drove  through  a  gap  in  the  center of the Yankee line.  Despite the
Confederate victory, Yankee General George H.  Thomas's troops fought an
effective  defensive  battle,  earning  him the famous nickname "Rock of

21 Thomas's soldiers retreated to Chattanooga                           

October 1863

4 Confederate cavalry under Jo Shelby invaded Missouri. 5 Confederate torpedo boat David attacked Yankee vessel New Ironsides in Charleston Harbor. 6 Jeff Davis traveled to South Carolina and north Georgia on the way to Bragg's army to harmonize some of the difficulties in that command. 9 Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia Bristoe Campaign began. 11 Heavy skirmishing continued between the Rapidan and Rappahannock as Lee's Army moved northward. 13 Ohio voters decisively defeated Democratic gubernatorial candidate "Copperhead" Clement L. Vallandingham. Staunch Union supporter Andrew Curtin was elected governor of Pennsylvania. Union candidates also won in Indiana and Ohio. In north Georgia Jeff Davis, after touring Chickamauga and conferring with Bragg and other officers, authorized Bragg to remove General D. H. Hill from command. 14 A. P. Hill's corps struck the retreating elements of Meade's Army of the Potomac at Bristoe Station. Hill's force was not strong enough to defeat the Yankees. 15 Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley sank for a second time during a practice dive in Charleston Harbor.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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