ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 7,           July 2013
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, July Program (next), Parade & Signing,
June Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1863 Events (Jul,Aug,Sept), Coming Events Links,


We are now in the middle of the commemoration of the Sesquicentennial of
the War Between the States and it is with appropriate irony that the two
most serious blows to the future of the young Confederacy occur early in
July  of  1863.   First was the momentous battle of Gettysburg which was
immediately followed by the  surrender  of  Vicksburg.   The  battle  of
Gettysburg  was  one of the longest battles of the war and certainly the
most bloody to both sides.  It is also the one that  most  people  would
most  quickly  associate  and  identify with the war.  It was the war in
microcosm with the South at first victorious only to find its  resources
too thinly stretched to prevail in the end.                             

Gettysburg  thus  is  particularly  important in family history to those
families on both sides which had ancestors there.   I  decided  to  look
back  at  my  ancestors to see which were present and where they were on
July 3.  I had one direct ancestor and nine collateral ancestors serving
in  the  Confederate Army, four of which were at Gettysburg, all serving
in George Pickett's division.                                           

The highest ranking was Colonel Henry Gantt, who was commanding the 19th
Virginia  Infantry.  Under his command was Captain Waller Massie Boyd of
Company G.  Colonel Gantt was severely wounded in  the  face  below  the
attack  even  stepped off.  Captain Boyd survived to make it at least as
far as the famous stonewall on Cemetery Ridge.  He was said  to  be  the
first to touch the wall but was wounded in the attack and then captured.
He was variously held at various POW camps  before  being  exchanged  in
March  1864.   Colonel Gantt's replacement was killed.  Next to them was
the 18th Virginia Infantry with my only paternal ancestor, Richard Henry
Cobbs.  He had been wounded at Gaines Mill but apparently escaped injury
at Gettysburg.  Finally there was Kinloch Nelson who was a Lieutenant of
Ordinance  assigned  to General James Kemper's Brigade.  He also escaped
any serious injury.  His brother,  Philip  Nelson,  who  was  my  direct
ancestor,  was  at  his home in Lovington, Virginia caring for his dying
father after having hired a substitute the previous year.               

War sometimes leaves a strange legacy.  Colonel Gantt survived  the  war
only  to  die  in  1884  from a loss of blood due to hemorrhaging of his
facial wound received at the Battle of Gettysburg.  The  next  year  his
younger  brother  Price,  who  had  managed to avoid serving in the war,
possibly by being the overseer of their farm, married Lila, the youngest
sister of Waller Boyd thus cementing those families together.  Their son
was my grandfather.                                                     

Where were your Confederate ancestors during that eventful week in  July
of 1863?                                                                

Meanwhile back in 2013, at our last meeting we learned that the National
Park Service has many programs planned for the summer.  One  which  will
be  relevant  to  our camp is Saturday, July 13 at the Totopotomoy Creek
battlefield which is Studley Road before you reach the Enon Church where
we  conduct  our twice a year road cleanup project.  It will be at 11:00
and is entitled "History and How we know it: Rural Plains,  the  Shelton
House, and the Totopotomoy Creek Battlefield." For a complete list check  Have a great summer  and  I  hope  to  see  you  next
Tuesday for Art Wingo's talk.                                           


Preparation of the 30 June annual report for Headquarters leads  one  to
reflect  on  the  last year, to be thankful for the present, and to look
forward optimistically to the future.                                   

Membership section of the report shows:                                 

        Paid members 30 June 2012                         79
        New members                                        6
        Members transferred from other camps               1
        Members reinstated                                 3
                Sub total                                        89

        Members who did not pay renewal dues               5
        Members transferred to other camps                 1
        Deaths                                             2
                 Total subtractions                               (8)

         Paid members 30 June 2013                                81

Our two members who passed away were World War Two Army  veterans  Henry
Langford  and  Hugh  Williams.   Both  continued to serve in the Reserve
Component after The War and retired as lieutenant colonels.             

My friendship with Henry went back more than 20 years to  when  we  were
members  of  Northminster  Baptist  Church.  Hugh Williams was a 50 year
Longstreet Camp member who was a valuable mentor to me over  the  years.
In  Hugh's last years as long as he was able to get out at night, we had
many enjoyable conversations as we rode together to and  from  meetings.
Henry and Hugh will live in our memories, but we miss their presence.   

The number not paying renewal dues is about typical and demonstrates the
need for us to be on the lookout for potential new members.             

                     2 new members     Cliff Fox   Hal Vincent 

At the Virginia Division  Convention  in  April  our  Camp  received  an
Outstanding  Camp  Award.   We're  off to a good start in qualifying for
this award at the 2014 convention.  The year covered for the award  runs
from convention to convention.                                          

Camp  members Preston Nuttall, Les Updike, and Barton Campbell served as
outstanding speakers at  our  meetings.   Preston  and  Les  took  their
programs on the road to other camps.                                    

The generosity of our Camp members enabled us to increase the Buck Hurtt
Scholarship to $ 750.00 this year.  This year's receipient Tucker Omberg
plans to attend our July meeting with his father.                       

The  Virginia Division adjutant informed me that dues renewal statements
are at the printer.  I'll inform  you  when  I  receive  mine  and  will
appreciate your letting me know if you do not receive yours.  One of our
members has moved, and it is hoped that the statement will be  forwarded
to him.                                                                 

Our Camp member Chris Trinite offers through his business Bunkie Trinite
Trophies the following three kinds of Longstreet Camp name badges:      
		magnetic back
		pocket style 
		pin back.    

Please let me know if you'd like to order one.  Cost  is  $  10.00,  and
payment is due when you receive the badge from me.                      

Camp lapel pins at $ 4.00 each will be available at our 16 July meeting.

Enjoy your summer                                                      


Barton A Word from the Chaplain...

Psalm 42:1-2 says  "As the deer pants for flowing streams, so  pants  my
soul for you, O God.  My soul thirsts for God, for the living God."   My
wife and I like to walk each day, but in this  heat,  it  is  difficult,
particularly  for  her.  We always take some cold bottled water with us,
and about half-way along, take a welcomed "water break".   If  you  have
ever  been  thirsty,  really  thirsty,  you can relate.  One time in the
1950's in Arizona on a horse pack trip, our water ran out, and  we  were
delighted  to  move into some mountains and find a natural source for us
and the horses!  The answer to the thirst of our souls, as voiced by the
psalmist, is found in Jesus; he said "If anyone thirsts, let him come to
me and drink.  Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has  said,  `Out
of his heart will flow rivers of living water'".   (John 7:37-38) Do you
have a spiritual thirst today?  Turn to Jesus, who can satisfy.         




As usual NO MEETING in August




"Chimborazo Hospital"
Art C. Wingo

Art is a  current  member  of  the  General  James  Longstreet  Sons  of
Confederate  Veterans  Chapter  and has several ancestors who served for
the South during the Civil War.  His interest in the War began  when  he
was  12  years  old  and  he has visited many of the Eastern and Western
Theatre Battlefields.                                                   

He has been a re-enactor for 24 years with the 18th Virginia, Company G,
Nottoway  Grays.  He also has served as 1st Lt and Treasurer of the 18th
Virginia and is a former Treasurer of Longstreet's Corp for 13 years. He
is  currently  a  volunteer  with  the  National  Park Service, Richmond
National  Battlefield,  at  the  Chimborazo  Hospital   Museum   as   an
interpreter.   He also volunteers on occasion at the Tredegar Iron Works
Museum and at other special events held by the Park Service.            

Art has been married to Diane for the past 47 years and  they  have  one
daughter  and two grandchildren.  He was employed 37 years with Wachovia
Bank, retiring in December of 2007 as vice  President  and  Senior  Loan
Officer in the Commercial Lending Department.                           

Art  has  provided  numerous  Civil War lectures and living histories to
various elementary and middle schools over the years and is  a  lecturer
on the SCV circuit.                                                     

Major/Dr. James Breathed Parade & Book Signing

October 12, 2013, Hancock, Maryland

The protagonist of David P.  Bridges'  last  3  books,  Major  Breathed,
buried  in  Hancock, Maryland, will be honored by a Parade at 1:00 pm on
Main Street in Hancock.  David is a proud member of the Longstreet  Camp
SCV.  The Parade route will pass by Breathed Memorial Park ending at his
grave for the awarding of the Confederate Medal of  Honor.   Doctor  and
Major  Breathed  is  the recipient of the Confederate Medal of Honor for
conspicuous gallantry, bravery, and intrepidity at  the  risk  of  life,
above  and  beyond  the  call  of duty, while engaged in action.  It was
awarded by Sons of Confederate Veterans on July 3, 2013.                

The cooperation of the  Town  Council  members,  St.   Thomas  Episcopal
Church,  where  Breathed  is buried, Cavalry Reenactors with cannons and
the Maryland Color Guard will make for a fine  tribute  to  a  forgotten
hero  of  the  Confederacy.   Reenactors will be camped at Widmeyer Park
outside of Hancock and will arrive October 11 and depart October 13.    

On January 5, 1862, Hancock was  laid  siege  to  by  Confederate  Major
General  Thomas  "Stonewall"  Jackson  from  Brosius  Heights across the
Potomac River after his demand for the surrender of the Union forces and
citizens  was  denied.   Union troops and artillery were positioned on a
ridge behind St.  Thomas Episcopal Church and  the  Church  was  hit  by
counter  battery fire.  The next major incursion on the town occurred on
July 31, 1864 when Confederate General McClausland's cavalrymen tried to
ransom the citizens for $30,000 and 5,000 cooked rations.               

General  Robert  E.   Lee  said  of  Major  Breathed  of  Stuart's Horse
Artillery: "He was the hardest artillery fighter the war produced".     



Bert Dunkerly opened his power point presentation  on  Richmond's  Civil
War  Railroads  by  reminding  us  that  railroads  were a technological
innovation which changed society and armies in as startling a fashion as
computers  and  the  Internet  have  changed the world today.  Railroads
Towns which did not have access to railroads were left behind. Railroads
issued their own money.                                                 

Most  railroads  in  the  South  did not run very far.  There was fierce
competition, which encouraged railroad management not to want to connect
with  other railroads.  Railroads in Florida and Texas connected with no
railroads  outside  those  states.   Alabama  and   Georgia   had   good
north-south  railroads, but not good east and west.  There was a 50 mile
gap between railroads in Danville VA and Greensboro NC.                 

Railroads used different gauges.  Most Virginia railroads had a  5  foot
gauge.  Most railroads in the South were single track.                  

Prior  to  railroads,  armies  walked  or  rode horses to get where they
wanted or needed to be.  Not only was progress slower, but the amount of
material  needed  to  feed  animals  was  enormous.  Trains burned wood.
Trains moved at about 15 miles per hour.  It would have been  impossible
to move armies the size of Civil War armies without railroads.          

The  War  Between  the  States  was  the  first  to use railroads.  They
revolutionized warfare.  Both sides had to learn on the job.  The  first
troop  transfer by rail took place at 1st Manassas.  The inefficiency of
Confederate railroads was highlighted  by  the  fact  that  it  took  16
different  railroads  to  move Longstreet's 10,000 soldiers 900 miles to
get to Chickamauga.    The five railroads coming into Richmond were:    

Richmond and Danville
Virginia Central
Richmond and York River

Locomotives were manufactured by Tredegar until The  War  started,  when
production was switched to war materials.  The Tredegar's ledgers are in
the Library of Virginia.  No rails were manufactured in the  Confederate
States  of  America  during  The  War.   As  railroads  were  damaged or
destroyed by Yankee armies, they had to be  cannibalized.   In  the  CSA
there   was   constant  tension  between  the  government  and  railroad

Yankees built a military railroad from City Point (today's Hopewell)  to
Petersburg.    The  Yankee  government  created  the  U.   S.   Military
Railroad, which was authorized to take over any railroads needed by  the

The difference in management, efficiency, and industrial base supporting
Yankee railroads, along with central control, contributed  significantly
to the ultimate Yankee defeat of the Confederacy.                       
June Meeting Attendance: 29


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          17 July, 2011 through 5 July 2013              

Walt & Marian Beam  Richard Chenery  Brian Cowardin      Clint Cowardin  
Gary Cowardin     Lee Crenshaw       Cecil Duke          Jerold Evans    
Louis Armistead Heindl               Michael Hendrick    Pat Hoggard     
Phil Jones        Crawley Joyner     Jack Kane           Peter Knowles,II
Floyd Lane        Michael Liesfeld   Lewis Mills         Conway Moncure  
                                                         Irby Moncure    
Bob Moore         Glenn Mozingo      Joe Price           Waite Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr.  Paul Sacra         Cary Shelton        JEB Stuart, IV  
Pat Sweeney       Chris Trinite      Walter Tucker       Hugh Williams   
Art Wingo                                                                


1 A.  P.  Hill's Corps  fought  Yankee  forces  of  BGEN  John  Buford's
dismounted  cavalry and then infantry of MGEN John Reynolds on the first
day of the battle of Gettysburg.   Reynolds  was  killed.   Early's  men
struck hard against Yankees under MGEN Oliver O.  Howard.               

2 Yankee MGEN Dan Sickles without permission moved his  Third  Corps  to
the  Peach  Orchard, Devil's Den, and along the Emmitsburg Road.  Yankee
MGEN Gouverneur Warren ordered his troops to occupy  Little  Round  Top.
Confederates  were  repulsed  there.  Yankee reinforcements forced Jubal
Early off East Cemetery Hill.                                           

3 The battle of Gettysburg ended with the  failure  of  MGEN  George  E.
Pickett's Charge against the center of the Yankee defensive line.       

4  Confederates  at Vicksburg under LTGEN John C.  Pemberton surrendered
to Yankees commanded by MGEN  U.   S.   Grant.   Lee's  Army  began  its
retreat from Gettysburg.                                                

5-6 Skirmishing took place on the retreat from Gettysburg.              

8  MGEN  Franklin  Gardner  surrendered  his  Confederate forces at Port
Hudson, Louisiana, the last  Confederate  garrison  on  the  Mississippi
River.   BGEN General John Hunt Morgan's Confederate Raiders crossed the
Ohio River.                                                             

10 The siege of Battery Wagner, Charleston, SC began.  On Lee's  retreat
heavy fighting occurred at Falling Waters.                              

13  Draft  riots  occurred  in  New York City and elsewhere.  Lee's Army
safely crossed the Potomac into Virginia.                               

16 In the Straits of Shimonoseki, Japan, USS Wyoming, commanded by David
Stockton  McDougal sank several Japanese ships and destroyed a few shore
batteries following a Japanese order to expel all foreigners.           

17 Yankees under BGEN James G.  Blunt defeated Confederates  under  BGEN
Douglas  H.   Cooper  in  the  largest battle in Indian Territory at Elk
Creek  near  Honey  Springs.   Yankee  black  soldiers  fought   against
Confederate  Indian  solders in this battle.  Confederates had to retire
because of lack of ammunition.                                          

18 Yankees under BGEN Truman Seymour were repulsed in the second assualt
on Battery Wagner, Morris Island, Charleston, SC.  Yankee forces include
the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, whose COL and  organizer  Robert  Gould
Shaw was killed.                                                        

19  MGEN  George  G.  Meade's Army of the Potomac completed crossing the
Potomac River at Harper's Ferry in pursuit of  Lee's  Army  of  Northern

23  Yankee  MGEN  William H.  French's III Corps failure at Manassas Gap
meant that Meade failed to isolate even one corps of Lee's Army.        

26  Confederate  BGEN  John  Hunt  Morgan  and  364  exhausted  soldiers
surrendered  at  Salineville,  Ohio.   Morgan  and his top officers were
imprisoned in the Ohio Penitentiary at Columbus.                        


1 Prominent Confederate spy Belle Boyd was arrested in Martinsburg and imprisoned in Washington for the second time. 6 Lincoln proclaimed a day of thanksgiving for recent victories. 8 Jefferson Davis wisely refused to acept Lee's offer of resignation as commanding general of the Army of Northern Virginia, later stating, "Our country could not bear to lose you." 16 Yankee MGEN William Rosecrans's Army of the Cumberland started toward the Tennessee River and Chattanooga from the area south of Tullahoma. 17 Yankees began the first great bombardment of Fort Sumter. 19 Yankee government officials resumed the draft in New York. 21 William Clarke Quantrill's 450 guerillas sacked Lawrence, Kansas. 24 COL John Singleton Mosby's Rangers were active north of Meade's Rappahannock line.


1 Fort Smith, on the western border of Arkansas, fell to Yankees. 2 Yankees under MGEN Burnside captured Knoxville, TN, cutting the railroad link between Chattanooga and Virginia. Alabama legislature approved the use of slaves in Confederate armies. 5 Under threat of war by Yankee ambassador to England Charles Francis Adams, British Foreign Secretary Lord John Russell ordered that two "Laird rams" be detained. 6 Confederates abandoned Battery Wagner and Morris Island, Charleston, SC. 8 Confederates under BGEN John Bankhead Magruder repulsed Yankees at Sabine Pass, Texas. 9 Yankees entered Chattanooga after Bragg's army withdrew into Georgia. 10 Little Rock, Arkansas fell to Yankees. 13 Meade's Army of the Potomac occupied Culpeper Court House. 15 Lincoln suspended the rule of habeas corpus.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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