THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 7, July 2013
We are now in the middle of the commemoration of the Sesquicentennial of the War Between the States and it is with appropriate irony that the two most serious blows to the future of the young Confederacy occur early in July of 1863. First was the momentous battle of Gettysburg which was immediately followed by the surrender of Vicksburg. The battle of Gettysburg was one of the longest battles of the war and certainly the most bloody to both sides. It is also the one that most people would most quickly associate and identify with the war. It was the war in microcosm with the South at first victorious only to find its resources too thinly stretched to prevail in the end. Gettysburg thus is particularly important in family history to those families on both sides which had ancestors there. I decided to look back at my ancestors to see which were present and where they were on July 3. I had one direct ancestor and nine collateral ancestors serving in the Confederate Army, four of which were at Gettysburg, all serving in George Pickett's division. The highest ranking was Colonel Henry Gantt, who was commanding the 19th Virginia Infantry. Under his command was Captain Waller Massie Boyd of Company G. Colonel Gantt was severely wounded in the face below the attack even stepped off. Captain Boyd survived to make it at least as far as the famous stonewall on Cemetery Ridge. He was said to be the first to touch the wall but was wounded in the attack and then captured. He was variously held at various POW camps before being exchanged in March 1864. Colonel Gantt's replacement was killed. Next to them was the 18th Virginia Infantry with my only paternal ancestor, Richard Henry Cobbs. He had been wounded at Gaines Mill but apparently escaped injury at Gettysburg. Finally there was Kinloch Nelson who was a Lieutenant of Ordinance assigned to General James Kemper's Brigade. He also escaped any serious injury. His brother, Philip Nelson, who was my direct ancestor, was at his home in Lovington, Virginia caring for his dying father after having hired a substitute the previous year. War sometimes leaves a strange legacy. Colonel Gantt survived the war only to die in 1884 from a loss of blood due to hemorrhaging of his facial wound received at the Battle of Gettysburg. The next year his younger brother Price, who had managed to avoid serving in the war, possibly by being the overseer of their farm, married Lila, the youngest sister of Waller Boyd thus cementing those families together. Their son was my grandfather. Where were your Confederate ancestors during that eventful week in July of 1863? Meanwhile back in 2013, at our last meeting we learned that the National Park Service has many programs planned for the summer. One which will be relevant to our camp is Saturday, July 13 at the Totopotomoy Creek battlefield which is Studley Road before you reach the Enon Church where we conduct our twice a year road cleanup project. It will be at 11:00 and is entitled "History and How we know it: Rural Plains, the Shelton House, and the Totopotomoy Creek Battlefield." For a complete list check www.nps.gov/rich. Have a great summer and I hope to see you next Tuesday for Art Wingo's talk. Andy
Preparation of the 30 June annual report for Headquarters leads one to reflect on the last year, to be thankful for the present, and to look forward optimistically to the future. Membership section of the report shows: Paid members 30 June 2012 79 New members 6 Members transferred from other camps 1 Members reinstated 3 Sub total 89 Members who did not pay renewal dues 5 Members transferred to other camps 1 Deaths 2 Total subtractions (8) Paid members 30 June 2013 81 Our two members who passed away were World War Two Army veterans Henry Langford and Hugh Williams. Both continued to serve in the Reserve Component after The War and retired as lieutenant colonels. My friendship with Henry went back more than 20 years to when we were members of Northminster Baptist Church. Hugh Williams was a 50 year Longstreet Camp member who was a valuable mentor to me over the years. In Hugh's last years as long as he was able to get out at night, we had many enjoyable conversations as we rode together to and from meetings. Henry and Hugh will live in our memories, but we miss their presence. The number not paying renewal dues is about typical and demonstrates the need for us to be on the lookout for potential new members. 2 new members Cliff Fox Hal Vincent At the Virginia Division Convention in April our Camp received an Outstanding Camp Award. We're off to a good start in qualifying for this award at the 2014 convention. The year covered for the award runs from convention to convention. Camp members Preston Nuttall, Les Updike, and Barton Campbell served as outstanding speakers at our meetings. Preston and Les took their programs on the road to other camps. The generosity of our Camp members enabled us to increase the Buck Hurtt Scholarship to $ 750.00 this year. This year's receipient Tucker Omberg plans to attend our July meeting with his father. The Virginia Division adjutant informed me that dues renewal statements are at the printer. I'll inform you when I receive mine and will appreciate your letting me know if you do not receive yours. One of our members has moved, and it is hoped that the statement will be forwarded to him. Our Camp member Chris Trinite offers through his business Bunkie Trinite Trophies the following three kinds of Longstreet Camp name badges: magnetic back pocket style pin back. Please let me know if you'd like to order one. Cost is $ 10.00, and payment is due when you receive the badge from me. Camp lapel pins at $ 4.00 each will be available at our 16 July meeting. Enjoy your summer Walter
Psalm 42:1-2 says "As the deer pants for flowing streams, so pants my soul for you, O God. My soul thirsts for God, for the living God." My wife and I like to walk each day, but in this heat, it is difficult, particularly for her. We always take some cold bottled water with us, and about half-way along, take a welcomed "water break". If you have ever been thirsty, really thirsty, you can relate. One time in the 1950's in Arizona on a horse pack trip, our water ran out, and we were delighted to move into some mountains and find a natural source for us and the horses! The answer to the thirst of our souls, as voiced by the psalmist, is found in Jesus; he said "If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, `Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water'". (John 7:37-38) Do you have a spiritual thirst today? Turn to Jesus, who can satisfy. Barton
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
"Chimborazo Hospital" by Art C. Wingo Art is a current member of the General James Longstreet Sons of Confederate Veterans Chapter and has several ancestors who served for the South during the Civil War. His interest in the War began when he was 12 years old and he has visited many of the Eastern and Western Theatre Battlefields. He has been a re-enactor for 24 years with the 18th Virginia, Company G, Nottoway Grays. He also has served as 1st Lt and Treasurer of the 18th Virginia and is a former Treasurer of Longstreet's Corp for 13 years. He is currently a volunteer with the National Park Service, Richmond National Battlefield, at the Chimborazo Hospital Museum as an interpreter. He also volunteers on occasion at the Tredegar Iron Works Museum and at other special events held by the Park Service. Art has been married to Diane for the past 47 years and they have one daughter and two grandchildren. He was employed 37 years with Wachovia Bank, retiring in December of 2007 as vice President and Senior Loan Officer in the Commercial Lending Department. Art has provided numerous Civil War lectures and living histories to various elementary and middle schools over the years and is a lecturer on the SCV circuit.
The protagonist of David P. Bridges' last 3 books, Major Breathed, buried in Hancock, Maryland, will be honored by a Parade at 1:00 pm on Main Street in Hancock. David is a proud member of the Longstreet Camp SCV. The Parade route will pass by Breathed Memorial Park ending at his grave for the awarding of the Confederate Medal of Honor. Doctor and Major Breathed is the recipient of the Confederate Medal of Honor for conspicuous gallantry, bravery, and intrepidity at the risk of life, above and beyond the call of duty, while engaged in action. It was awarded by Sons of Confederate Veterans on July 3, 2013. The cooperation of the Town Council members, St. Thomas Episcopal Church, where Breathed is buried, Cavalry Reenactors with cannons and the Maryland Color Guard will make for a fine tribute to a forgotten hero of the Confederacy. Reenactors will be camped at Widmeyer Park outside of Hancock and will arrive October 11 and depart October 13. On January 5, 1862, Hancock was laid siege to by Confederate Major General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson from Brosius Heights across the Potomac River after his demand for the surrender of the Union forces and citizens was denied. Union troops and artillery were positioned on a ridge behind St. Thomas Episcopal Church and the Church was hit by counter battery fire. The next major incursion on the town occurred on July 31, 1864 when Confederate General McClausland's cavalrymen tried to ransom the citizens for $30,000 and 5,000 cooked rations. General Robert E. Lee said of Major Breathed of Stuart's Horse Artillery: "He was the hardest artillery fighter the war produced". Andy
Bert Dunkerly opened his power point presentation on Richmond's Civil War Railroads by reminding us that railroads were a technological innovation which changed society and armies in as startling a fashion as computers and the Internet have changed the world today. Railroads changed: Communication Travel Commerce Economies Towns which did not have access to railroads were left behind. Railroads issued their own money. Most railroads in the South did not run very far. There was fierce competition, which encouraged railroad management not to want to connect with other railroads. Railroads in Florida and Texas connected with no railroads outside those states. Alabama and Georgia had good north-south railroads, but not good east and west. There was a 50 mile gap between railroads in Danville VA and Greensboro NC. Railroads used different gauges. Most Virginia railroads had a 5 foot gauge. Most railroads in the South were single track. Prior to railroads, armies walked or rode horses to get where they wanted or needed to be. Not only was progress slower, but the amount of material needed to feed animals was enormous. Trains burned wood. Trains moved at about 15 miles per hour. It would have been impossible to move armies the size of Civil War armies without railroads. The War Between the States was the first to use railroads. They revolutionized warfare. Both sides had to learn on the job. The first troop transfer by rail took place at 1st Manassas. The inefficiency of Confederate railroads was highlighted by the fact that it took 16 different railroads to move Longstreet's 10,000 soldiers 900 miles to get to Chickamauga. The five railroads coming into Richmond were: Richmond and Danville Virginia Central RF&P Richmond-Petersburg Richmond and York River Locomotives were manufactured by Tredegar until The War started, when production was switched to war materials. The Tredegar's ledgers are in the Library of Virginia. No rails were manufactured in the Confederate States of America during The War. As railroads were damaged or destroyed by Yankee armies, they had to be cannibalized. In the CSA there was constant tension between the government and railroad management. Yankees built a military railroad from City Point (today's Hopewell) to Petersburg. The Yankee government created the U. S. Military Railroad, which was authorized to take over any railroads needed by the Union. The difference in management, efficiency, and industrial base supporting Yankee railroads, along with central control, contributed significantly to the ultimate Yankee defeat of the Confederacy. Walter June Meeting Attendance: 29
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin firstname.lastname@example.org 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 17 July, 2011 through 5 July 2013 Walt & Marian Beam Richard Chenery Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Gary Cowardin Lee Crenshaw Cecil Duke Jerold Evans Louis Armistead Heindl Michael Hendrick Pat Hoggard Phil Jones Crawley Joyner Jack Kane Peter Knowles,II Floyd Lane Michael Liesfeld Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Irby Moncure Bob Moore Glenn Mozingo Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Paul Sacra Cary Shelton JEB Stuart, IV Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Hugh Williams Art Wingo
1 A. P. Hill's Corps fought Yankee forces of BGEN John Buford's dismounted cavalry and then infantry of MGEN John Reynolds on the first day of the battle of Gettysburg. Reynolds was killed. Early's men struck hard against Yankees under MGEN Oliver O. Howard. 2 Yankee MGEN Dan Sickles without permission moved his Third Corps to the Peach Orchard, Devil's Den, and along the Emmitsburg Road. Yankee MGEN Gouverneur Warren ordered his troops to occupy Little Round Top. Confederates were repulsed there. Yankee reinforcements forced Jubal Early off East Cemetery Hill. 3 The battle of Gettysburg ended with the failure of MGEN George E. Pickett's Charge against the center of the Yankee defensive line. 4 Confederates at Vicksburg under LTGEN John C. Pemberton surrendered to Yankees commanded by MGEN U. S. Grant. Lee's Army began its retreat from Gettysburg. 5-6 Skirmishing took place on the retreat from Gettysburg. 8 MGEN Franklin Gardner surrendered his Confederate forces at Port Hudson, Louisiana, the last Confederate garrison on the Mississippi River. BGEN General John Hunt Morgan's Confederate Raiders crossed the Ohio River. 10 The siege of Battery Wagner, Charleston, SC began. On Lee's retreat heavy fighting occurred at Falling Waters. 13 Draft riots occurred in New York City and elsewhere. Lee's Army safely crossed the Potomac into Virginia. 16 In the Straits of Shimonoseki, Japan, USS Wyoming, commanded by David Stockton McDougal sank several Japanese ships and destroyed a few shore batteries following a Japanese order to expel all foreigners. 17 Yankees under BGEN James G. Blunt defeated Confederates under BGEN Douglas H. Cooper in the largest battle in Indian Territory at Elk Creek near Honey Springs. Yankee black soldiers fought against Confederate Indian solders in this battle. Confederates had to retire because of lack of ammunition. 18 Yankees under BGEN Truman Seymour were repulsed in the second assualt on Battery Wagner, Morris Island, Charleston, SC. Yankee forces include the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, whose COL and organizer Robert Gould Shaw was killed. 19 MGEN George G. Meade's Army of the Potomac completed crossing the Potomac River at Harper's Ferry in pursuit of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. 23 Yankee MGEN William H. French's III Corps failure at Manassas Gap meant that Meade failed to isolate even one corps of Lee's Army. 26 Confederate BGEN John Hunt Morgan and 364 exhausted soldiers surrendered at Salineville, Ohio. Morgan and his top officers were imprisoned in the Ohio Penitentiary at Columbus.
August1 Prominent Confederate spy Belle Boyd was arrested in Martinsburg and imprisoned in Washington for the second time. 6 Lincoln proclaimed a day of thanksgiving for recent victories. 8 Jefferson Davis wisely refused to acept Lee's offer of resignation as commanding general of the Army of Northern Virginia, later stating, "Our country could not bear to lose you." 16 Yankee MGEN William Rosecrans's Army of the Cumberland started toward the Tennessee River and Chattanooga from the area south of Tullahoma. 17 Yankees began the first great bombardment of Fort Sumter. 19 Yankee government officials resumed the draft in New York. 21 William Clarke Quantrill's 450 guerillas sacked Lawrence, Kansas. 24 COL John Singleton Mosby's Rangers were active north of Meade's Rappahannock line.
September1 Fort Smith, on the western border of Arkansas, fell to Yankees. 2 Yankees under MGEN Burnside captured Knoxville, TN, cutting the railroad link between Chattanooga and Virginia. Alabama legislature approved the use of slaves in Confederate armies. 5 Under threat of war by Yankee ambassador to England Charles Francis Adams, British Foreign Secretary Lord John Russell ordered that two "Laird rams" be detained. 6 Confederates abandoned Battery Wagner and Morris Island, Charleston, SC. 8 Confederates under BGEN John Bankhead Magruder repulsed Yankees at Sabine Pass, Texas. 9 Yankees entered Chattanooga after Bragg's army withdrew into Georgia. 10 Little Rock, Arkansas fell to Yankees. 13 Meade's Army of the Potomac occupied Culpeper Court House. 15 Lincoln suspended the rule of habeas corpus.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar