ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 6,           June 2013
SCV logo

A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, June Program (next), Jeff Davis Svc,
May Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1863 Events (Jun,Jul), Coming Events Links,


Jefferson Davis was the first and  only  President  of  the  Confederate
States  of America.  As such he is the only non-military figure for whom
we still celebrate a birthday.  Davis was born in Kentucky June 3, 1808.
This  year  we  celebrated  his  204th  birthday.   He  did not seek the
presidency of the new Confederacy.  He would have preferred to have been
the overall commander of the new nation's army, as he had graduated from
West Point, served in the Mexican War and had been Secretary of War  for
the  Pierce  administration.   If  you  tour  the  White  House  of  the
Confederacy you can still see the Colt revolver he was given by the Colt
company  in  hopes  of  winning  a  military contract.  Robert Toombs of
Georgia, who was much more of a firebrand, had had his heart set on  the
Presidency,  but the secession congress chose the reluctant Davis as the
ideal candidate.  He was also one who would be  acceptable  to  Virginia
which had still not committed to secession.                             

In accepting the Presidency, Davis must have known the risks even better
than the average states rights secessionist.  The  war  had  to  be  won
quickly  because  if  not it would become a battle of attrition that the
south could scarcely win.  Also to have any real chance  of  a  military
victory  there  would  have to be foreign intervention as had tipped the
balance in the American Revolution.  If these two options failed then he
would  have  to  maintain the South's resolve and keep its armies in the
field until Lincoln came up for reelection and hope for better luck with
a new Democratic President.  If he gambled and lost, then his fate would
be in the hands of enemies and he could have faced not only  a  complete
loss of property but his life as well.  As were most southerners, he was
a man of strong  principles  who  was  prepared  to  risk  all  for  the
principle of self government and the constitution.                      

Today  Davis  is  one  of  three American presidents buried at Hollywood
Cemetery and one of two who had originally been buried elsewhere only to
be  reburied  later in Richmond.  Like Lincoln's long funeral procession
from Washington to Springfield, Davis' body made a long  trip  from  New
Orleans  to Richmond in 1889 and attracted throngs of admirers along the
way.  Today while the number of people  who  visit  his  grave  and  the
celebration  of  the  anniversary  of his birth are not as great as they
once were, it is still a special occasion, and due to the warmer weather
of  June, one of the better attended events of the Confederate calendar.
If you made it to this month's commemoration, thank  you.   If  you  did
not, try to find a time this summer to visit President Davis' grave site
and those of others in Hollywood Cemetery who sacrificed  more  than  we
could ever imagine giving.                                              

Everett  &  Andy
Saturday at the Davis Service


We extend our sympathy to our webmaster and Old War  Horse  editor  Gary
Cowardin  in the passing of his father Louis James Perott Cowardin.  Mr.
Cowardin was a Navy veteran of World War Two and a member of Lee-jackson
Camp #1 of the SCV.                                                     

We have received from Headquarters membership certificates of Cliff  Fox
and Hal Vincent, whom we plan to induct at our 18 June Meeting.  Cliff's
great great grandfather Madison Beazley served in Company H of the  30th
Virginia  Infantry.   Hal's  great great grandfather James Vincent was a
member of Company F of the Floyd Legion of Georgia.  John C.   Thompson,
who  seems  to  float  between  Florida,  Tennessee,  and  Richmond, has
rejoined Longstreet after being a member most recently  of  the  Captain
Abner  S.   Boone Camp # 2094 of Tennessee.  The addition of these three
members gives us a total of 81 members who make  Longstreet  their  home
camp.   Additionally,  we  have  six  associate  members who are regular
members of other SCV camps.  We also have one cadet member, young Turner
Cowardin, son of Taylor.                                                

Congratulations to Camp member David Bridges,  whose  novel  The  Broken
Circle  is  scheduled  to  be published in December.  A visit to David's
website will give you  information  on  his  other

On  6  June  I  had  the  honor  to present, at the request of Commander
Keller, the Buck Hurtt Scholarship Award to Tucker  Omberg,  Douglas  S.
Freeman  High  School's outstanding senior history student chosen by the
history faculty.  Tucker plans to attend George Mason University.       

In my remarks I stated  that  it  was  ten  years  ago  that  past  Camp
Commander  Chuck  Walton  presented  the  first  scholarship  award.  As
Commander,  Chuck  led  the  Camp  to  establishing  the  award  and  in
encouraging Camp members to donate to a scholarship fund.  After Chuck's
death from a heart attack in  July  2003,  the  award  was  named  after
Chuck's  Confederate  ancestor Buck Hurtt of the 26th Virginia Infantry.
Buck Hurtt's earthly life ended March 1865 in the  notorious  Elmira  NY
Prison  Camp.   His  name lives on in the scholarship award.  Nothing is
ended until it is forgotten.  Our duty is to perpetuate  the  memory  of
the  brave  men who took up arms to defend their homes and families from
invading armies.                                                        

The Scholarship Award is for the first year of college and is funded  by
donations  by  Camp  members.   Over the eleven years of its existence a
total of $ 5,350.00 has been awarded to students.  Many  thanks  to  all
who have contributed.                                                   

By  the  time  you read this, the Jefferson Davis birthday commemoration
will have been held, weather permitting,  in  Hollywood  Cemetery.   Our
former  pastor, a native of Louisiana, would always take visitors to the
Davis grave  site  first  when  accompanying  them  to  Hollywood,  thus
educating them to the fact that there are three presidents buried there,
not two as some uninformed folks state.                                 

200+ this year in the rain

18 June, date of our next meeting, is famous in history as the  date  in
1815  of  the  battle  of Waterloo, in which British and Prussian forces
commanded by Sir Arthur Wellesley, later  to  become  the  1st  Duke  of
Wellington,   defeated  the  dastardly  French,  led  by  the  nefarious
Napoleon.  In 1836 the Duke  held  a  commemorative  banquet  at  Apsley
House, his London home, famously portrayed in an oil painting by William
Salter.  The  Dukedom  is  hereditary.   If  a  Duke  fails  to  hold  a
commemoration  banquet,  Apsley  House is forfeited to the Sovereign.  I
feel sure that June 18 is the most important date of the  year  for  the
Duke of Wellington.                                                     

Barton A Word from the Chaplain...

The deer came out of nowhere, and the left front of the car smashed into
it!  Thankfully, it did not flip into the windshield.  Two seconds more,
and it would have come thru my wife's side window.  This  happened  last
Wed.  on  I-81, and we were reminded of the verse from Psalms that says,
"Our times are in Your hands".  (Psa.  31:15a).  Thankful for the Lord's
protection,  we  also  remembered Psa.  46:1.  I encourage you to commit
each day to the Lord - ask Him to be with you -- we do not know  what  a
given day will hold for us.                                             






"Civil War Railroads"
Robert M. Dunkerly

Robert M.  Dunkerly is a historian, award-winning  author,  and  speaker
who  is  actively  involved  in  historic preservation and research.  He
holds a degree in History from St.  Vincent College  and  a  Masters  in
Historic  Preservation  from  Middle Tennessee State University.  He has
worked at nine historic sites,  written  seven  books  and  over  twenty
articles.   His  research  includes archaeology, colonial life, military
history, and historic  commemoration.   Dunkerly  is  currently  a  Park
Ranger  at  Richmond National Battlefield Park.  He has visited over 400
battlefields and over 700 historic sites worldwide.  When not reading or
writing, he enjoys hiking, camping, and photography.                    

19th Annual National Jefferson F. Davis Memorial Service

8 June 2013 0900

Bert Hayes-Davis

Waite gives Greetings from the MOC & Mike reads the Wreaths Presentations
(Our camp was well represented - Gary provided the sound)


Teresa Roane, archivist at the Museum of the Confederacy and UDC member,
said  that her interest in minorities serving in Confederate Army combat
support was stimulated in a conversation that came up over Margaritas.  

She told us of several 19th  century  words  describing  minorities  who
today might be called blacks or African-Americans:                      
				Person of color

Historians require documentation, and Folder 3 of the National  Archives
makes it easy to obtain those records via computer rather than having to
travel to the Archives in person.  Teresa has found numerous records  of
minorities  serving  in  Confederate units.  They worked as blacksmiths,
cooks, teamsters, and  builders  of  fortifications.   Workers  included
slaves,  free  blacks, and whites.  Minorities were scattered throughout
the Confederate Army, making it integrated.  It is thus  more  difficult
to  trace  these  soldiers  than  to  discover Yankee minority soldiers,
because the latter were serving in segregated minority units.           

Slaves were hired out to work and were paid.   Some  were  able  to  buy
their  freedom  with  their pay.  Monthly salaries of the combat support
soldiers were:                                                          
	Teamster                               	$20.00
	Chief Cook                             	$20.00
	Assistant Cook                          $15.00
	Breastworks/ Fortifications Worker      $15.00
                 Laundress    (also paid for piecework)  $10.00-$11.00  

By contrast, a private was paid $ 11.00 per month.                      

Teresa's ancestor George Washington received $ 2.12 for five days'  work
on fortifications at Gloucester Point in May 1861.                      

Teresa  displayed some records of Confederate minority soldiers.  R.  L.
Christian, Quartermaster of the 1st Virginia Artillery, had most of  his
teamsters  captured  on  the  retreat from Gettysburg.  A huge number of
support soldiers were casualties during this retreat.                   

Captured combat support soldiers, like other captives,  were  listed  on
POW  rolls.   Charles Dempsey was captured at Fort Fisher in early 1865.
He was exchanged and came back  south.   Charles  Gilliam  of  the  18th
Virginia Infantry received a Confederate military discharge.            

Joseph  Parkman  of the 18th Georgia Battalion received a $ 50.00 bounty
for enlisting in 1862.  He was paroled at Appomattox April 1865  at  the
age of 52.                                                              

From time to time during The War resolutions were initiated to rid units
of minority soldiers.  There was a bill  to  repeal  the  enlistment  of
cooks.  The soldiers were so valuable that the resolutions died for lack
of support and the bill was not adhered to.                             

Teresa showed us a picture of Miss Mattie Clyburn Rice, a  92  year  old
UDC  member,  and  a  copy  of  her  father Weary Clyburn 's Confederate
pension.  Miss Mattie attended a memorial service dedicating a  monument
to  10  minority  Confederate  pensioners  in  Monroe, North Carolina in
December 2012.                                                          

Teresa told us that she encounters too many people who deny that persons
of  color  served  in  the Confederate Army.  Sadly, some of the deniers
have Ph.  D.  degrees in history.  She is also asked by persons of color
why  she  studies  the subject.  Her response, "Because it's my history,
and it's yours, too."                                                   
May Meeting Attendance: 26


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          17 July, 2011 through 7 June 2013              

Walt & Marian Beam  Richard Chenery  Brian Cowardin      Clint Cowardin  
Gary Cowardin     Lee Crenshaw       Cecil Duke          Jerold Evans    
Louis Armistead Heindl               Michael Hendrick    Pat Hoggard     
Phil Jones        Crawley Joyner     Jack Kane           Peter Knowles,II
Floyd Lane        Michael Liesfeld   Lewis Mills         Conway Moncure  
                                                         Irby Moncure    
Bob Moore         Glenn Mozingo      Joe Price           Waite Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr.  Paul Sacra         Cary Shelton        JEB Stuart, IV  
Pat Sweeney       Chris Trinite      Walter Tucker       Hugh Williams   
Art Wingo                                                                


1 Prominent Chicagoans led by Mayor F. C. Sherman protested Burnside's suppression of the Chicago Times. 2 President Davis ordered Vallandingham sent to Wilmington NC and placed under guard as an "alien enemy." 3 The Gettysburg Campaign began as 75,000 men in Lee's Army of Northern Virginia headed west from Fredericksburg. The 54th Mass arrived at Port Royal, SC. 4 Yankee SecWar Stanton, following a suggestion by Lincoln, revoked the order suspending publication of the Chicago Times. 6 Jeb Stuart's cavalry passed in review at Brandy Station. 8 Lee, with the corps of Ewell and Longstreet, arrived at Culpeper Court House. 9 The greatest cavalry battle on American soil took place at Brandy Station. Stuart held the field, but Hooker had information, and the Yankee cavalry redeemed itself. 14-15 Confederates under Ewell won the Second Battle of Winchester. 16 Confederates began crossing the Potomac River on the way to Pennsylvania. 18 Grant Relieved MGEN John A. McClernand of command of the 13th Corps because he considered him insubordinate, self-seeking, and incompetent. 19 LTGEN Richard S. Ewell led his Confederate Corps north of the Potomac toward Pennsylvania. Troops of LTGEN A. P. Hill and LTGEN James Longstreet followed Ewell. 20 West Virginia officially took its place in the Union. 23 Yankees under MGEN William S. Rosecrans defeated GEN Braxton Bragg's Confederates in the Tullahoma, Tennessee Campaign. 25 MGEN Jeb Stuart's Confederate cavalry left Salem Depot, VA and received permission from ANV Commander GEN Robert E. Lee to join the Confederate Army north of the Potomac after passing between the Yankee Army and Washington. 26 A portion of MGEN Jubal A. Early's Confederates entered Gettysburg. PA Governor Andrew Curtin called for 60,000 men to serve three months to repel the invasion. 27 Lincoln named MGEN George G. Meade to replace MGEN Joe Hooker as commander of the Army of the Potomac. 28 At Frederick MD Meade received GEN Henry W. Halleck's order giving him command of the Army of the Potomac. 29 Meade moved rapidly in Maryland and by evening had his left at Emmitsburg and his right at New Windsor.


1 A. P. Hill's Corps fought Yankee forces of BGEN John Buford's dismounted cavalry and then infantry of MGEN John Reynolds on the first day of the battle of Gettysburg. Reynolds was killed. Early's men struck hard against Yankees under MGEN Oliver O. Howard. 2 Yankee MGEN Dan Sickles without permission moved his Third Corps to the Peach Orchard, Devil's Den, and along the Emmitsburg Road. Yankee MGEN Gouverneur Warren ordered his troops to occupy Little Round Top. Confederates were repulsed there. Yankee reinforcements forced Jubal Early off East Cemetery Hill. 3 The battle of Gettysburg ended with the failure of MGEN George E. Pickett's Charge against the center of the Yankee defensive line. 4 Confederates at Vicksburg under LTGEN John C. Pemberton surrendered to Yankees commanded by MGEN U. S. Grant. Lee's Army began its retreat from Gettysburg. 5-6 Skirmishing took place on the retreat from Gettysburg. 8 MGEN Franklin Gardner surrendered his Confederate forces at Port Hudson, Louisiana, the last Confederate garrison on the Mississippi River. BGEN General John Hunt Morgan's Confederate Raiders crossed the Ohio River. 10 The siege of Battery Wagner, Charleston, SC began. On Lee's retreat heavy fighting occurred at Falling Waters. 13 Draft riots occurred in New York City and elsewhere. Lee's Army safely crossed the Potomac into Virginia. 16 In the Straits of Shimonoseki, Japan, USS Wyoming, commanded by David Stockton McDougal sank several Japanese ships and destroyed a few shore batteries following a Japanese order to expel all foreigners.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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