THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 6, June 2013
Jefferson Davis was the first and only President of the Confederate States of America. As such he is the only non-military figure for whom we still celebrate a birthday. Davis was born in Kentucky June 3, 1808. This year we celebrated his 204th birthday. He did not seek the presidency of the new Confederacy. He would have preferred to have been the overall commander of the new nation's army, as he had graduated from West Point, served in the Mexican War and had been Secretary of War for the Pierce administration. If you tour the White House of the Confederacy you can still see the Colt revolver he was given by the Colt company in hopes of winning a military contract. Robert Toombs of Georgia, who was much more of a firebrand, had had his heart set on the Presidency, but the secession congress chose the reluctant Davis as the ideal candidate. He was also one who would be acceptable to Virginia which had still not committed to secession. In accepting the Presidency, Davis must have known the risks even better than the average states rights secessionist. The war had to be won quickly because if not it would become a battle of attrition that the south could scarcely win. Also to have any real chance of a military victory there would have to be foreign intervention as had tipped the balance in the American Revolution. If these two options failed then he would have to maintain the South's resolve and keep its armies in the field until Lincoln came up for reelection and hope for better luck with a new Democratic President. If he gambled and lost, then his fate would be in the hands of enemies and he could have faced not only a complete loss of property but his life as well. As were most southerners, he was a man of strong principles who was prepared to risk all for the principle of self government and the constitution. Today Davis is one of three American presidents buried at Hollywood Cemetery and one of two who had originally been buried elsewhere only to be reburied later in Richmond. Like Lincoln's long funeral procession from Washington to Springfield, Davis' body made a long trip from New Orleans to Richmond in 1889 and attracted throngs of admirers along the way. Today while the number of people who visit his grave and the celebration of the anniversary of his birth are not as great as they once were, it is still a special occasion, and due to the warmer weather of June, one of the better attended events of the Confederate calendar. If you made it to this month's commemoration, thank you. If you did not, try to find a time this summer to visit President Davis' grave site and those of others in Hollywood Cemetery who sacrificed more than we could ever imagine giving. Andy Everett & Andy Saturday at the Davis Service
We extend our sympathy to our webmaster and Old War Horse editor Gary Cowardin in the passing of his father Louis James Perott Cowardin. Mr. Cowardin was a Navy veteran of World War Two and a member of Lee-jackson Camp #1 of the SCV. We have received from Headquarters membership certificates of Cliff Fox and Hal Vincent, whom we plan to induct at our 18 June Meeting. Cliff's great great grandfather Madison Beazley served in Company H of the 30th Virginia Infantry. Hal's great great grandfather James Vincent was a member of Company F of the Floyd Legion of Georgia. John C. Thompson, who seems to float between Florida, Tennessee, and Richmond, has rejoined Longstreet after being a member most recently of the Captain Abner S. Boone Camp # 2094 of Tennessee. The addition of these three members gives us a total of 81 members who make Longstreet their home camp. Additionally, we have six associate members who are regular members of other SCV camps. We also have one cadet member, young Turner Cowardin, son of Taylor. Congratulations to Camp member David Bridges, whose novel The Broken Circle is scheduled to be published in December. A visit to David's website www.davidpbridges.com will give you information on his other books. On 6 June I had the honor to present, at the request of Commander Keller, the Buck Hurtt Scholarship Award to Tucker Omberg, Douglas S. Freeman High School's outstanding senior history student chosen by the history faculty. Tucker plans to attend George Mason University. In my remarks I stated that it was ten years ago that past Camp Commander Chuck Walton presented the first scholarship award. As Commander, Chuck led the Camp to establishing the award and in encouraging Camp members to donate to a scholarship fund. After Chuck's death from a heart attack in July 2003, the award was named after Chuck's Confederate ancestor Buck Hurtt of the 26th Virginia Infantry. Buck Hurtt's earthly life ended March 1865 in the notorious Elmira NY Prison Camp. His name lives on in the scholarship award. Nothing is ended until it is forgotten. Our duty is to perpetuate the memory of the brave men who took up arms to defend their homes and families from invading armies. The Scholarship Award is for the first year of college and is funded by donations by Camp members. Over the eleven years of its existence a total of $ 5,350.00 has been awarded to students. Many thanks to all who have contributed. By the time you read this, the Jefferson Davis birthday commemoration will have been held, weather permitting, in Hollywood Cemetery. Our former pastor, a native of Louisiana, would always take visitors to the Davis grave site first when accompanying them to Hollywood, thus educating them to the fact that there are three presidents buried there, not two as some uninformed folks state. 200+ this year in the rain 18 June, date of our next meeting, is famous in history as the date in 1815 of the battle of Waterloo, in which British and Prussian forces commanded by Sir Arthur Wellesley, later to become the 1st Duke of Wellington, defeated the dastardly French, led by the nefarious Napoleon. In 1836 the Duke held a commemorative banquet at Apsley House, his London home, famously portrayed in an oil painting by William Salter. The Dukedom is hereditary. If a Duke fails to hold a commemoration banquet, Apsley House is forfeited to the Sovereign. I feel sure that June 18 is the most important date of the year for the Duke of Wellington. Walter
The deer came out of nowhere, and the left front of the car smashed into it! Thankfully, it did not flip into the windshield. Two seconds more, and it would have come thru my wife's side window. This happened last Wed. on I-81, and we were reminded of the verse from Psalms that says, "Our times are in Your hands". (Psa. 31:15a). Thankful for the Lord's protection, we also remembered Psa. 46:1. I encourage you to commit each day to the Lord - ask Him to be with you -- we do not know what a given day will hold for us. Barton
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
"Civil War Railroads" by Robert M. Dunkerly Robert M. Dunkerly is a historian, award-winning author, and speaker who is actively involved in historic preservation and research. He holds a degree in History from St. Vincent College and a Masters in Historic Preservation from Middle Tennessee State University. He has worked at nine historic sites, written seven books and over twenty articles. His research includes archaeology, colonial life, military history, and historic commemoration. Dunkerly is currently a Park Ranger at Richmond National Battlefield Park. He has visited over 400 battlefields and over 700 historic sites worldwide. When not reading or writing, he enjoys hiking, camping, and photography.
8 June 2013 0900 Bert Hayes-Davis Waite gives Greetings from the MOC & Mike reads the Wreaths Presentations (Our camp was well represented - Gary provided the sound)
Teresa Roane, archivist at the Museum of the Confederacy and UDC member, said that her interest in minorities serving in Confederate Army combat support was stimulated in a conversation that came up over Margaritas. She told us of several 19th century words describing minorities who today might be called blacks or African-Americans: Negro Mulatto Quadroon Octaroon Person of color Historians require documentation, and Folder 3 of the National Archives makes it easy to obtain those records via computer rather than having to travel to the Archives in person. Teresa has found numerous records of minorities serving in Confederate units. They worked as blacksmiths, cooks, teamsters, and builders of fortifications. Workers included slaves, free blacks, and whites. Minorities were scattered throughout the Confederate Army, making it integrated. It is thus more difficult to trace these soldiers than to discover Yankee minority soldiers, because the latter were serving in segregated minority units. Slaves were hired out to work and were paid. Some were able to buy their freedom with their pay. Monthly salaries of the combat support soldiers were: Teamster $20.00 Chief Cook $20.00 Assistant Cook $15.00 Breastworks/ Fortifications Worker $15.00 Laundress (also paid for piecework) $10.00-$11.00 By contrast, a private was paid $ 11.00 per month. Teresa's ancestor George Washington received $ 2.12 for five days' work on fortifications at Gloucester Point in May 1861. Teresa displayed some records of Confederate minority soldiers. R. L. Christian, Quartermaster of the 1st Virginia Artillery, had most of his teamsters captured on the retreat from Gettysburg. A huge number of support soldiers were casualties during this retreat. Captured combat support soldiers, like other captives, were listed on POW rolls. Charles Dempsey was captured at Fort Fisher in early 1865. He was exchanged and came back south. Charles Gilliam of the 18th Virginia Infantry received a Confederate military discharge. Joseph Parkman of the 18th Georgia Battalion received a $ 50.00 bounty for enlisting in 1862. He was paroled at Appomattox April 1865 at the age of 52. From time to time during The War resolutions were initiated to rid units of minority soldiers. There was a bill to repeal the enlistment of cooks. The soldiers were so valuable that the resolutions died for lack of support and the bill was not adhered to. Teresa showed us a picture of Miss Mattie Clyburn Rice, a 92 year old UDC member, and a copy of her father Weary Clyburn 's Confederate pension. Miss Mattie attended a memorial service dedicating a monument to 10 minority Confederate pensioners in Monroe, North Carolina in December 2012. Teresa told us that she encounters too many people who deny that persons of color served in the Confederate Army. Sadly, some of the deniers have Ph. D. degrees in history. She is also asked by persons of color why she studies the subject. Her response, "Because it's my history, and it's yours, too." Walter May Meeting Attendance: 26
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 17 July, 2011 through 7 June 2013 Walt & Marian Beam Richard Chenery Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Gary Cowardin Lee Crenshaw Cecil Duke Jerold Evans Louis Armistead Heindl Michael Hendrick Pat Hoggard Phil Jones Crawley Joyner Jack Kane Peter Knowles,II Floyd Lane Michael Liesfeld Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Irby Moncure Bob Moore Glenn Mozingo Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Paul Sacra Cary Shelton JEB Stuart, IV Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Hugh Williams Art Wingo
June1 Prominent Chicagoans led by Mayor F. C. Sherman protested Burnside's suppression of the Chicago Times. 2 President Davis ordered Vallandingham sent to Wilmington NC and placed under guard as an "alien enemy." 3 The Gettysburg Campaign began as 75,000 men in Lee's Army of Northern Virginia headed west from Fredericksburg. The 54th Mass arrived at Port Royal, SC. 4 Yankee SecWar Stanton, following a suggestion by Lincoln, revoked the order suspending publication of the Chicago Times. 6 Jeb Stuart's cavalry passed in review at Brandy Station. 8 Lee, with the corps of Ewell and Longstreet, arrived at Culpeper Court House. 9 The greatest cavalry battle on American soil took place at Brandy Station. Stuart held the field, but Hooker had information, and the Yankee cavalry redeemed itself. 14-15 Confederates under Ewell won the Second Battle of Winchester. 16 Confederates began crossing the Potomac River on the way to Pennsylvania. 18 Grant Relieved MGEN John A. McClernand of command of the 13th Corps because he considered him insubordinate, self-seeking, and incompetent. 19 LTGEN Richard S. Ewell led his Confederate Corps north of the Potomac toward Pennsylvania. Troops of LTGEN A. P. Hill and LTGEN James Longstreet followed Ewell. 20 West Virginia officially took its place in the Union. 23 Yankees under MGEN William S. Rosecrans defeated GEN Braxton Bragg's Confederates in the Tullahoma, Tennessee Campaign. 25 MGEN Jeb Stuart's Confederate cavalry left Salem Depot, VA and received permission from ANV Commander GEN Robert E. Lee to join the Confederate Army north of the Potomac after passing between the Yankee Army and Washington. 26 A portion of MGEN Jubal A. Early's Confederates entered Gettysburg. PA Governor Andrew Curtin called for 60,000 men to serve three months to repel the invasion. 27 Lincoln named MGEN George G. Meade to replace MGEN Joe Hooker as commander of the Army of the Potomac. 28 At Frederick MD Meade received GEN Henry W. Halleck's order giving him command of the Army of the Potomac. 29 Meade moved rapidly in Maryland and by evening had his left at Emmitsburg and his right at New Windsor.
July1 A. P. Hill's Corps fought Yankee forces of BGEN John Buford's dismounted cavalry and then infantry of MGEN John Reynolds on the first day of the battle of Gettysburg. Reynolds was killed. Early's men struck hard against Yankees under MGEN Oliver O. Howard. 2 Yankee MGEN Dan Sickles without permission moved his Third Corps to the Peach Orchard, Devil's Den, and along the Emmitsburg Road. Yankee MGEN Gouverneur Warren ordered his troops to occupy Little Round Top. Confederates were repulsed there. Yankee reinforcements forced Jubal Early off East Cemetery Hill. 3 The battle of Gettysburg ended with the failure of MGEN George E. Pickett's Charge against the center of the Yankee defensive line. 4 Confederates at Vicksburg under LTGEN John C. Pemberton surrendered to Yankees commanded by MGEN U. S. Grant. Lee's Army began its retreat from Gettysburg. 5-6 Skirmishing took place on the retreat from Gettysburg. 8 MGEN Franklin Gardner surrendered his Confederate forces at Port Hudson, Louisiana, the last Confederate garrison on the Mississippi River. BGEN General John Hunt Morgan's Confederate Raiders crossed the Ohio River. 10 The siege of Battery Wagner, Charleston, SC began. On Lee's retreat heavy fighting occurred at Falling Waters. 13 Draft riots occurred in New York City and elsewhere. Lee's Army safely crossed the Potomac into Virginia. 16 In the Straits of Shimonoseki, Japan, USS Wyoming, commanded by David Stockton McDougal sank several Japanese ships and destroyed a few shore batteries following a Japanese order to expel all foreigners.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar