ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 4,           April 2013
SCV logo

A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain's Comments, April Program (next),
March Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1863 Events (Apr,May), Coming Events Links,


April has arrived and as warmer temperatures arrive we will be drawn out
of  doors.   150 years ago warmer weather was allowing Federal troops to
begin preparations to implement their grand plan to  slip  around  Lee's
army  and  move  on  to  Richmond.   That  will  culminate  in  the  150
anniversary of the Battle of Chancellorsville at the beginning of May. I
hope  your  vacation  plans end better for you than they did for General
Hooker.  But milder  weather  also  draws  Sons  and  Daughters  of  the
Confederacy  to  another mission we are honored to perform - remembering
and honoring those who fought and died for a cause they believed in.    

April began Confederate Heritage month and on April 2nd, I visited,  for
my first time, the site, southwest of Petersburg, of the mortal wounding
of General A.  P.  Hill.  This was the 148  anniversary  of  his  death.
There  has  been a monument there for 101 years marking the site.  It is
down a short path behind a small subdivision across from  Pamplin  Park.
The  property  is  now  owned and protected by the CWPT.  The A.P.  Hill
Camp of the SCV honors the General each  year  at  this  spot  at  Noon.
Fortunately  the weather was much better this year than it usually is in
early April.  I will next  represent  the  camp  on  April  13  for  the
dedication  of  grave  markers  to  honor five patriots buried Hollywood
Cemetery on Gettysburg Hill at 2:00 p.m.  Walter Tucker will be way that
weekend  representing  us  at  the  Virginia  Division SCV Convention in
historic Lexington.                                                     

The General James  Longstreet  Camp  #1247  will  host  a  grave  marker
dedication  for  Private  John  J.   Cook, 18th VA Infantry in Hollywood
Cemetery on Saturday, May 4 at 11AM.  This program is being  coordinated
by  Second  Lieutenant  Commander  Les  Updike.   On May 11, the General
Robert E.  Lee Camp # 1589 of the Sons of Confederate Veterans  will  be
hosting a Confederate Medal of Honor Memorial service for Medal of Honor
recipient, Pvt. Lawrence Berry  of the Washington Artillery (Louisiana),
who  was  killed  in  action  at the Battle of Fort Gregg, Petersburg on
April 2, 1865, the same day as Hill's death.  Fort Gregg became known as
the  "Confederate  Alamo".   The  service  will  be held in the historic
Petersburg Blandford Church at 4:00 P.M.   The  Longstreet  Camp  wreath
will be presented along with many others at this event.                 

I  encourage you to attend one or all of these events to learn about the
past and to honor the comrades of your Confederate ancestor.            

Another way you can honor your ancestor is with your service.   Join  us
on  April  20 at 10:00 at Enon Church, 6156 Studley Road, Mechanicsville
to help with the spring cleaning of the section  of  the  road  we  have
pledged  to  care  for.   Come  on  out  even if you have not signed up.
Afterwards, I recommend you stop by the Totopotomoy Battlefield park for
at  least  a  brief visit so that you can return later to experience the
rest of this unique National park.                                      


We were pleased to induct at our March  meeting  Jim  Pickens  and  Stan
Southworth,  whose  ancestors  served  in the 1st South Carolina (Orr's)
Rifles and the Courtney (Henrico) Artillery, respectively.              

                Jim              Stan

The weather has at last warmed up.  Our Camp is scheduled  to  clean  up
our  one  mile section of Route 606 (Studley Road), Hanover County, near
Enon United Methodist Church, on Saturday 20 April beginning at  10  AM.
We  usually finish by noon.  If you haven't already done so, please call
me at 360-7247 or email me at to let  me  know  that
you'll  join  us.   A  signup  sheet  will be circulated at our 16 April

April is Confederate History Month.  Show you pride in your ancestors by
displaying  the  battle  flag  and  by  wearing  your  SCV lapel pin.  A
significant excerpt from Joseph T.  Glatthaar's General Lee's Army tells
why  many  of  our  ancestors  joined  the  Confederate Army.  Glatthaar
wrote,"All humans seek to protect loved ones and  their  community  from
invasion   and  destruction."  Glatthaar's  book  also  dealt  with  the
importance of Lee and his army by saying, "The Confederate  Constitution
created a government.  Lee's army built a nation."                      

A syndicated columnist whose work appears in the Richmond Times-Dispatch
wrote recently, "Must we Southerners always invoke  the  leader  of  the
Confederacy's army?" I sent her an email and said that this is perfectly
understandable, since it is exceedingly difficult, if not impossible, to
come  up  with  a  better  name  to invoke.  General (later Secretary of
State) George Catlett Marshall, President Harry S.  Truman, and  General
(later  President)  Dwight  D.   Eisenhower were all admirers of Lee and
held him in the highest regard.  That's a pretty  tough  trio  to  beat.
Their  names  will be remembered long after the name of the columnist is

Our  Lewis  Mills  recommends  the  recently  published  Hanover  County
Confederates,   by  Michael  Tyler.   In  this  book  is  much  valuable
information about Hanoverians who served and died in The War, but  whose
names  somehow  were  missed when the County monument was erected nearly
100 years ago.  There is more information available today than there was
then,  so  a  number of corrections and additions need to be made to the
County memorial.  Amazingly, there is no copy of  Tyler's  book  in  the
Library  of  Virginia  nor  in  the Pamunkey Regional Public Library, of
which Hanover is a part.  The book is available from         

I am looking forward to attending the Virginia  Division  Convention  in
Lexington,  one  of my favorite cities in the world, April 12-13.  I get
goose bumps  walking  the  historic  grounds  there  and  reflecting  on
Washington,  Lee, Stonewall Jackson, George C.  Marshall, Moses Ezekiel,
and other great Americans whose names are an integral part of that great
city and its two colleges.                                              

I look forward to seeing you at our 16 April meeting.


Barton A Word from the Chaplain...

"Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ" Gal 6:2

Maybe  it's  where  I  am  in  life.   Maybe I just am more cognizant of
things.  But it seems wherever I look  around  me,  there  are  friends,
family, and associates struggling with issues.  Many are health-related,
some are  financial,  occasionally  it  involves  broken  relationships.
Sometimes  just  a  kind work, a short note, even an email, letting them
know you are thinking of them, can be a rich blessing.  What can you  do
for someone today?                                                      


NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, April 16, 2013




Brice's Crossroads: "Tactical Triumph, Strategic Loss"
J. A. Barton Campbell, COL, FA, USAR(Ret)

Barton was born in Chattanooga, TN, but has spent over half his life  in
Virginia,  including  attending high school in Norfolk.  He is a alumnus
of Princeton University, graduating with a degree in engineering,  where
he  was also commissioned in Field Artillery thru the ROTC. He spent two
years active duty with the 2nd Infantry Div., and then 28+ years in  the
National  Guard  and  Army Reserve.  He is a graduate of the Command and
General Staff College and Army War College, and his decorations  include
the  Legion of Merit, the Meritorious Service Medal with 3 OLC, the Army
Commendation Medal, and the Army Achievement Medal w/OLC,  plus  various
service ribbons.                                                        

Barton's  civilian  career was primarily with Reynolds Metals Company in
engineering, sales and marketing, taking early retirement in  1996.   He
subsequently  served on the staff of Reserve Officers Association at its
National Headquarters in DC from 1997-2001.  He was  Executive  Director
of   the   Museum   and  White  House  of  the  Confederacy,  2002-2004,
subsequently serving as a member of the   Board  of  Trustees,  stepping
down in 2010 after completing his second term.                          

Along  with  his  wife Madge, they especially enjoy travel, particularly
European river cruises.  Sporting clay shooting is  another  "sometimes"
fun activity.                                                           

He  first  joined  the  Sons  of Confederate Veterans in 1954.  Barton's
great-grandfathers were MAJ William Peyton Campbell, 1st Ark Mtd Rifles,
and COL William A.  Johnson, 4th Ala, Forrest Cavalry Corps.  Barton was
a founder and charter member of the JEB Stuart Camp, Midlothian, VA.  He
served as general chairman of the 1996 Centennial Reunion for the SCV in
Richmond.  He also belongs to the MOS & B and the OSC.                  

Barton's activities include veterans' and heritage organizations; he and
his  wife  are  members  of  the  Presbyterian  Church in America (PCA),
Gideons  International,  and  have  a  son  and  daughter,  and   five  


Sam Craghead of the Museum of the Confederacy started  his  power  point
presentation about CSS Shenandoah by giving legal background of maritime
issues in 1861.  An  international  treaty  following  the  Crimean  War
abolished  privateering,  declared  that a blockade had to be effective,
and prohibited a nation from blockading its  own  ports.   Thus,  Yankee
blockading   of   Confederate  ports  was  tacit  recognition  that  the
Confederate  States  of  America  was  an  independent  nation,  despite
Lincoln's acting as if it were not.                                     

In  April  1861  Jefferson  Davis approved privateers, bur neutral ports
would not accept captured ships.  Neutral ports would  also  not  accept
ships  captured  by  belligerent navies.  That left the Confederacy with
one choice-destroy the ships.                                           

Confederate Secretary  of  the  Navy  Stephen  R.   Mallory  sent  James
Dunwoody  Bulloch  (Theodore Roosevelt's uncle) to Liverpool, England to
have ships built for the Confederacy .  Britain could not arm  them,  so
they  were  sent to foreign ports to be armed.  CSS Florida was armed in
Nassau and CSS Alabama was armed in the  Azores.   Confederate  commerce
raiders  such  as  these  destroyed  200  Yankee ships, crippling the US
merchant fleet.  715 ships were sold to the British.                    

Sea King, built in Scotland as a  merchant  ship  and  troop  transport,
combined  sail and steam power and was registered in Liverpool in 1863 .
Bulloch had her sail to Madeira in October 1864 to rendezvous  with  the
supply  ship  Laurel  and  become  armed.   Sea  King  was  renamed  and
commissioned as CSS Shenandoah.  James Iredell Waddell, a veteran of  20
years service in the United States Navy prior to joining the Confederate
Navy, was named commanding officer.  Shenandoah was terribly undermanned
because  of  the British Foreign Enlistment act which prohibited British
citizens from serving in the navies of warring nations.                 

Shenandoah captured several prizes in the  Atlantic  en  route  to  Cape
Horn.   In  the  Pacific,  she  refitted  in  Williamstown,  the port of
Melbourne, Australia, and headed north.  She burned four whalers in  the
Caroline Islands and then sailed into the Bering Sea, where she captured
more prizes.  In her attacks, Shenandoah captured 1,053  prisoners,  but
harmed none.                                                            

Shenandoah  captured and burned several ships in June 1865.  On 2 August
Waddell learned from Baracouta that The War had ended.   He  was  afraid
that  Shenandoah would be considered to be a pirate ship and didn't want
to risk going to an American port, so he disarmed her and sailed  17,000
miles  to  Liverpool.  She was decommissioned 6 November 1865 and turned
over to the British.  The British authority in Liverpool said  he  could
not  determine  the  nationality  of  the  unkempt  crew  members, so he
released them all.                                                      

The ship was sold to the Sultan of Zanzibar and was renamed  El  Majidi.
Her  sailing days ended when she was beached in a hurricane off Zanzibar
in 1872.                                                                

After The War a commission awarded $15 million in  gold  dollars  to  be
paid  by  Britain to the US for damages to merchant ships by the English
built commerce raiders.  The tremendous weight of that  amount  of  gold
made it impossible to ship.  Britan paid the gold to European holders of
US bonds.                                                               
January Meeting Attendance: 28                                           


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          17 July, 2011 through 6 April 2013             

Walt & Marian Beam  Richard Chenery  Brian Cowardin      Clint Cowardin
Gary Cowardin     Lee Crenshaw       Cecil Duke          Jerold Evans  
Louis Armistead Heindl               Michael Hendrick    Pat Hoggard   
Phil Jones        Crawley Joyner     Jack Kane                         
Peter Knowles,II  Michael Liesfeld   Lewis Mills         Conway Moncure
Bob Moore         Glenn Mozingo      Joe Price           Waite Rawls   
Peyton Roden,Sr.  Paul Sacra         Cary Shelton        JEB Stuart, IV
Pat Sweeney       Chris Trinite      Walter Tucker       Hugh Williams 
Art Wingo                                                              

April 1863

1 Longstreet's command was reorganized to create the Department of North Carolina under MGEN D. H. Hill, the Department of Richmond under MGEN Arnold Elzey, and the department of Southern Virginia under MGEN S. G. French. 2 The bread riot took place in Richmond. 4 Lincoln and his party left Washington by boat to visit MGEN Hooker's Army of the Potomac. 6 Lincoln wrote "Our prime object is the enemies' army in front of us and is not with, or about Richmond." At Liverpool the British government seized the Confederate ship Alexandria, which was fitting out in the harbor. 7 Nine Yankee ironclads under Flag Officer Samuel Du Pont attacked Fort Sumter. Battered by gunfire from Confederate forts, the Yankees withdrew with five ships disabled. 8 Lincoln reviewed part of Hooker's Army of the Potomac at Falmouth. 10 After reviewing more troops, Lincoln left Aquia Creek for Washington. 11 Longstreet's corps began a one month siege of Suffolk. 13 Lincoln ordered DuPont to hold his position inside the Charleston Harbor bar. 16 Eleven of 12 of RADM David Dixon Porter's gunboats passed Vicksburg on the way south to aid Grant's crossing. 17 Yankee COL Benjamin Grierson headed south with 1,700 cavalrymen on a raid into Mississippi to draw attention from Grant's offensive against Vicksburg. Confederate BGEN John Marmaduke led his raiders out of Arkansas into Missouri. 20 Abraham Lincoln proclaimed that the state of West Virginia would officially join the Union on 20 June. 21 Confederates under BGEN "Grumble" Jones began a raid on the B&O Railroad which lasted until 21 May. 24 The Confederate Congress levied a comprehensive "tax in kind" of 1/10 of all produce of the land for the year 1863. 25 The British Parliament debated the seizure of British vessels by Yankee ships on blockade duty. 27 MGEN Joe Hooker's Yankee Army of the Potomac marched from Falmouth up the Rappahannock toward the fords. 28 Hooker's Army began crossing the river. The bell in Fredericksburg's Episcopal church sounded an alarm. 30 The Army of the Potomac set up camp around the Chancellor family house.

May 1863

1 Robert E. Lee moved the Army of Northern Virgina out of Fredericksburg to block the Army of the Potomac's exits from the Wilderness. Jubal Early remained in Fredericksburg with 10,000 soldiers to oppose John Sedgwick's 40,000 Yankees. Lee and Jackson held their last planning session. 2 Stonewall Jackson's flanking force attacked the Yankee flank under Oliver O. Howard. Jackson was wounded by Confederate troops. His arm had to be amputated, and he was taken to Guinea Station. Jeb Stuart assumed command of Jackson's soldiers. 3 Hooker was disabled by falling bricks from the Chancellor House. Sedgwick attacked Marye's Heights. Lee turned a portion of his line and halted Sedgwick at Salem Church. 4 Sedgwick fell back to Banks's Ford and recrossed the Rappahannock. Hooker decided to withdraw the entire Army of the Potomac across the river. 10 Stonewall Jackson died at Guinea Station. His body was taken to Richmond where it lay in state in the Capitol building for several days before being taken to Lexington for burial. 14 McPherson's and Sherman's Yankee corps occupied Jackson, the capital of Mississippi. 18 The siege of Vicksburg began. 19 Yankees attacked Vicksburg without success.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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