THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 4, April 2013
April has arrived and as warmer temperatures arrive we will be drawn out of doors. 150 years ago warmer weather was allowing Federal troops to begin preparations to implement their grand plan to slip around Lee's army and move on to Richmond. That will culminate in the 150 anniversary of the Battle of Chancellorsville at the beginning of May. I hope your vacation plans end better for you than they did for General Hooker. But milder weather also draws Sons and Daughters of the Confederacy to another mission we are honored to perform - remembering and honoring those who fought and died for a cause they believed in. April began Confederate Heritage month and on April 2nd, I visited, for my first time, the site, southwest of Petersburg, of the mortal wounding of General A. P. Hill. This was the 148 anniversary of his death. There has been a monument there for 101 years marking the site. It is down a short path behind a small subdivision across from Pamplin Park. The property is now owned and protected by the CWPT. The A.P. Hill Camp of the SCV honors the General each year at this spot at Noon. Fortunately the weather was much better this year than it usually is in early April. I will next represent the camp on April 13 for the dedication of grave markers to honor five patriots buried Hollywood Cemetery on Gettysburg Hill at 2:00 p.m. Walter Tucker will be way that weekend representing us at the Virginia Division SCV Convention in historic Lexington. The General James Longstreet Camp #1247 will host a grave marker dedication for Private John J. Cook, 18th VA Infantry in Hollywood Cemetery on Saturday, May 4 at 11AM. This program is being coordinated by Second Lieutenant Commander Les Updike. On May 11, the General Robert E. Lee Camp # 1589 of the Sons of Confederate Veterans will be hosting a Confederate Medal of Honor Memorial service for Medal of Honor recipient, Pvt. Lawrence Berry of the Washington Artillery (Louisiana), who was killed in action at the Battle of Fort Gregg, Petersburg on April 2, 1865, the same day as Hill's death. Fort Gregg became known as the "Confederate Alamo". The service will be held in the historic Petersburg Blandford Church at 4:00 P.M. The Longstreet Camp wreath will be presented along with many others at this event. I encourage you to attend one or all of these events to learn about the past and to honor the comrades of your Confederate ancestor. Another way you can honor your ancestor is with your service. Join us on April 20 at 10:00 at Enon Church, 6156 Studley Road, Mechanicsville to help with the spring cleaning of the section of the road we have pledged to care for. Come on out even if you have not signed up. Afterwards, I recommend you stop by the Totopotomoy Battlefield park for at least a brief visit so that you can return later to experience the rest of this unique National park. Andy
We were pleased to induct at our March meeting Jim Pickens and Stan Southworth, whose ancestors served in the 1st South Carolina (Orr's) Rifles and the Courtney (Henrico) Artillery, respectively. Jim Stan The weather has at last warmed up. Our Camp is scheduled to clean up our one mile section of Route 606 (Studley Road), Hanover County, near Enon United Methodist Church, on Saturday 20 April beginning at 10 AM. We usually finish by noon. If you haven't already done so, please call me at 360-7247 or email me at email@example.com to let me know that you'll join us. A signup sheet will be circulated at our 16 April meeting. April is Confederate History Month. Show you pride in your ancestors by displaying the battle flag and by wearing your SCV lapel pin. A significant excerpt from Joseph T. Glatthaar's General Lee's Army tells why many of our ancestors joined the Confederate Army. Glatthaar wrote,"All humans seek to protect loved ones and their community from invasion and destruction." Glatthaar's book also dealt with the importance of Lee and his army by saying, "The Confederate Constitution created a government. Lee's army built a nation." A syndicated columnist whose work appears in the Richmond Times-Dispatch wrote recently, "Must we Southerners always invoke the leader of the Confederacy's army?" I sent her an email and said that this is perfectly understandable, since it is exceedingly difficult, if not impossible, to come up with a better name to invoke. General (later Secretary of State) George Catlett Marshall, President Harry S. Truman, and General (later President) Dwight D. Eisenhower were all admirers of Lee and held him in the highest regard. That's a pretty tough trio to beat. Their names will be remembered long after the name of the columnist is forgotten. Our Lewis Mills recommends the recently published Hanover County Confederates, by Michael Tyler. In this book is much valuable information about Hanoverians who served and died in The War, but whose names somehow were missed when the County monument was erected nearly 100 years ago. There is more information available today than there was then, so a number of corrections and additions need to be made to the County memorial. Amazingly, there is no copy of Tyler's book in the Library of Virginia nor in the Pamunkey Regional Public Library, of which Hanover is a part. The book is available from Amazon.com I am looking forward to attending the Virginia Division Convention in Lexington, one of my favorite cities in the world, April 12-13. I get goose bumps walking the historic grounds there and reflecting on Washington, Lee, Stonewall Jackson, George C. Marshall, Moses Ezekiel, and other great Americans whose names are an integral part of that great city and its two colleges. I look forward to seeing you at our 16 April meeting. Walter
"Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ" Gal 6:2 Maybe it's where I am in life. Maybe I just am more cognizant of things. But it seems wherever I look around me, there are friends, family, and associates struggling with issues. Many are health-related, some are financial, occasionally it involves broken relationships. Sometimes just a kind work, a short note, even an email, letting them know you are thinking of them, can be a rich blessing. What can you do for someone today? Barton
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Brice's Crossroads: "Tactical Triumph, Strategic Loss" by J. A. Barton Campbell, COL, FA, USAR(Ret) Barton was born in Chattanooga, TN, but has spent over half his life in Virginia, including attending high school in Norfolk. He is a alumnus of Princeton University, graduating with a degree in engineering, where he was also commissioned in Field Artillery thru the ROTC. He spent two years active duty with the 2nd Infantry Div., and then 28+ years in the National Guard and Army Reserve. He is a graduate of the Command and General Staff College and Army War College, and his decorations include the Legion of Merit, the Meritorious Service Medal with 3 OLC, the Army Commendation Medal, and the Army Achievement Medal w/OLC, plus various service ribbons. Barton's civilian career was primarily with Reynolds Metals Company in engineering, sales and marketing, taking early retirement in 1996. He subsequently served on the staff of Reserve Officers Association at its National Headquarters in DC from 1997-2001. He was Executive Director of the Museum and White House of the Confederacy, 2002-2004, subsequently serving as a member of the Board of Trustees, stepping down in 2010 after completing his second term. Along with his wife Madge, they especially enjoy travel, particularly European river cruises. Sporting clay shooting is another "sometimes" fun activity. He first joined the Sons of Confederate Veterans in 1954. Barton's great-grandfathers were MAJ William Peyton Campbell, 1st Ark Mtd Rifles, and COL William A. Johnson, 4th Ala, Forrest Cavalry Corps. Barton was a founder and charter member of the JEB Stuart Camp, Midlothian, VA. He served as general chairman of the 1996 Centennial Reunion for the SCV in Richmond. He also belongs to the MOS & B and the OSC. Barton's activities include veterans' and heritage organizations; he and his wife are members of the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA), Gideons International, and have a son and daughter, and five granddaughters.
Sam Craghead of the Museum of the Confederacy started his power point presentation about CSS Shenandoah by giving legal background of maritime issues in 1861. An international treaty following the Crimean War abolished privateering, declared that a blockade had to be effective, and prohibited a nation from blockading its own ports. Thus, Yankee blockading of Confederate ports was tacit recognition that the Confederate States of America was an independent nation, despite Lincoln's acting as if it were not. In April 1861 Jefferson Davis approved privateers, bur neutral ports would not accept captured ships. Neutral ports would also not accept ships captured by belligerent navies. That left the Confederacy with one choice-destroy the ships. Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephen R. Mallory sent James Dunwoody Bulloch (Theodore Roosevelt's uncle) to Liverpool, England to have ships built for the Confederacy . Britain could not arm them, so they were sent to foreign ports to be armed. CSS Florida was armed in Nassau and CSS Alabama was armed in the Azores. Confederate commerce raiders such as these destroyed 200 Yankee ships, crippling the US merchant fleet. 715 ships were sold to the British. Sea King, built in Scotland as a merchant ship and troop transport, combined sail and steam power and was registered in Liverpool in 1863 . Bulloch had her sail to Madeira in October 1864 to rendezvous with the supply ship Laurel and become armed. Sea King was renamed and commissioned as CSS Shenandoah. James Iredell Waddell, a veteran of 20 years service in the United States Navy prior to joining the Confederate Navy, was named commanding officer. Shenandoah was terribly undermanned because of the British Foreign Enlistment act which prohibited British citizens from serving in the navies of warring nations. Shenandoah captured several prizes in the Atlantic en route to Cape Horn. In the Pacific, she refitted in Williamstown, the port of Melbourne, Australia, and headed north. She burned four whalers in the Caroline Islands and then sailed into the Bering Sea, where she captured more prizes. In her attacks, Shenandoah captured 1,053 prisoners, but harmed none. Shenandoah captured and burned several ships in June 1865. On 2 August Waddell learned from Baracouta that The War had ended. He was afraid that Shenandoah would be considered to be a pirate ship and didn't want to risk going to an American port, so he disarmed her and sailed 17,000 miles to Liverpool. She was decommissioned 6 November 1865 and turned over to the British. The British authority in Liverpool said he could not determine the nationality of the unkempt crew members, so he released them all. The ship was sold to the Sultan of Zanzibar and was renamed El Majidi. Her sailing days ended when she was beached in a hurricane off Zanzibar in 1872. After The War a commission awarded $15 million in gold dollars to be paid by Britain to the US for damages to merchant ships by the English built commerce raiders. The tremendous weight of that amount of gold made it impossible to ship. Britan paid the gold to European holders of US bonds. Walter January Meeting Attendance: 28
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin firstname.lastname@example.org 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 17 July, 2011 through 6 April 2013 Walt & Marian Beam Richard Chenery Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Gary Cowardin Lee Crenshaw Cecil Duke Jerold Evans Louis Armistead Heindl Michael Hendrick Pat Hoggard Phil Jones Crawley Joyner Jack Kane Peter Knowles,II Michael Liesfeld Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Glenn Mozingo Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Paul Sacra Cary Shelton JEB Stuart, IV Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Hugh Williams Art Wingo
April 18631 Longstreet's command was reorganized to create the Department of North Carolina under MGEN D. H. Hill, the Department of Richmond under MGEN Arnold Elzey, and the department of Southern Virginia under MGEN S. G. French. 2 The bread riot took place in Richmond. 4 Lincoln and his party left Washington by boat to visit MGEN Hooker's Army of the Potomac. 6 Lincoln wrote "Our prime object is the enemies' army in front of us and is not with, or about Richmond." At Liverpool the British government seized the Confederate ship Alexandria, which was fitting out in the harbor. 7 Nine Yankee ironclads under Flag Officer Samuel Du Pont attacked Fort Sumter. Battered by gunfire from Confederate forts, the Yankees withdrew with five ships disabled. 8 Lincoln reviewed part of Hooker's Army of the Potomac at Falmouth. 10 After reviewing more troops, Lincoln left Aquia Creek for Washington. 11 Longstreet's corps began a one month siege of Suffolk. 13 Lincoln ordered DuPont to hold his position inside the Charleston Harbor bar. 16 Eleven of 12 of RADM David Dixon Porter's gunboats passed Vicksburg on the way south to aid Grant's crossing. 17 Yankee COL Benjamin Grierson headed south with 1,700 cavalrymen on a raid into Mississippi to draw attention from Grant's offensive against Vicksburg. Confederate BGEN John Marmaduke led his raiders out of Arkansas into Missouri. 20 Abraham Lincoln proclaimed that the state of West Virginia would officially join the Union on 20 June. 21 Confederates under BGEN "Grumble" Jones began a raid on the B&O Railroad which lasted until 21 May. 24 The Confederate Congress levied a comprehensive "tax in kind" of 1/10 of all produce of the land for the year 1863. 25 The British Parliament debated the seizure of British vessels by Yankee ships on blockade duty. 27 MGEN Joe Hooker's Yankee Army of the Potomac marched from Falmouth up the Rappahannock toward the fords. 28 Hooker's Army began crossing the river. The bell in Fredericksburg's Episcopal church sounded an alarm. 30 The Army of the Potomac set up camp around the Chancellor family house.
May 18631 Robert E. Lee moved the Army of Northern Virgina out of Fredericksburg to block the Army of the Potomac's exits from the Wilderness. Jubal Early remained in Fredericksburg with 10,000 soldiers to oppose John Sedgwick's 40,000 Yankees. Lee and Jackson held their last planning session. 2 Stonewall Jackson's flanking force attacked the Yankee flank under Oliver O. Howard. Jackson was wounded by Confederate troops. His arm had to be amputated, and he was taken to Guinea Station. Jeb Stuart assumed command of Jackson's soldiers. 3 Hooker was disabled by falling bricks from the Chancellor House. Sedgwick attacked Marye's Heights. Lee turned a portion of his line and halted Sedgwick at Salem Church. 4 Sedgwick fell back to Banks's Ford and recrossed the Rappahannock. Hooker decided to withdraw the entire Army of the Potomac across the river. 10 Stonewall Jackson died at Guinea Station. His body was taken to Richmond where it lay in state in the Capitol building for several days before being taken to Lexington for burial. 14 McPherson's and Sherman's Yankee corps occupied Jackson, the capital of Mississippi. 18 The siege of Vicksburg began. 19 Yankees attacked Vicksburg without success.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar