ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 3,           March 2013
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, March Program (next), February Program (last),
Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1863 Events (Mar, Apr), Coming Events Links,


Winters in the 1800s was not a time for war.  Roads were  impassable  so
troops  tended to stay in camp waiting for the spring fighting season to
return.  In Virginia during March of 1863, most of the Army of  Northern
Virginia  lay  stretched  out  along  the south side of the Rappahannock
River facing the Army of the Potomac on the opposite side while  General
Longstreet's  Corp  had  been ordered south to the area west of Suffolk.
They were first to counter Union troops  who  had  been  sent  there  to
threaten  Petersburg  and  Richmond,  but also to collect food and other
provisions for the  use  of  the  Army  and  themselves.   Meanwhile  in
Richmond,  the  industrial  center  of  the  Confederacy, civilians were
working at a feverish rate to make sure the army would be ready for  the
fighting that would be sure to come as the weather warmed.              

Along  the  James  River  there  were three main armaments and munitions
factories.  The Tredegar Iron Works produced artillery, the  Confederate
States  Armory  made  small  arms,  and  across the Haxall canal lay the
Confederate States Laboratory where hundreds of young  girls  and  women
found  employment making the various items needed for ammunition for the
guns created by the other two plants.                                   

Tragedy struck Richmond on the cold winter day of Friday, March 13, when
forty-six  year  old  Irish  immigrant,  Mary Ryan, carelessly caused an
explosion which led to a chain reaction killing 43 and seriously injured
23  others.   Of course the plant had to be closed for a time and it was
over a month before it returned to full production.                     

The American Civil War Center at Historic  Tredegar  marked  this  event
with  a  program  last  Saturday,  which  I  attended,  but  I will also
represent the camp at the "Civil War Laboratory Explosion Victims Marker
Dedication"  at  1:00  this  Saturday at the Shockoe Hill Cemetery.  The
cemetery is located at Hospital Street and 4th Street, north of downtown
Richmond.   The  event  is  organized  by  the  Friends  of Shockoe Hill
Cemetery and the ancestors of several of our members are  buried  there.
The  dedication  will be followed by a St.  Patrick's Day celebration to
honor the Irish of Richmond with music, refreshments and  tours  of  the
cemetery.   I  encourage  each  of you to attend the events to honor the
memory of these young women and to  visit  the  graves  of  many  famous
Richmonders, including that of Chief Justice John Marshall.             

The  tragedy  of  March 13, 1863 had other even more tragic consequences
for later that summer, but I will save that for another time.           


Please keep in your prayers Camp member Ray Crews and family.   Ray  has
been  in  the  hospital  more  than  three  weeks  and  has  had several
surgeries.  He was faithful in attendance at Camp meetings until  health
issues arose and kept him away.                                         

We  have  received  from Headquarters the membership certificate of Stan
Southworth and plan to induct him at our March meeting.  Stan's ancestor
Pleasant Orange served in the Courtney (Henrico ) Artillery.            

Certified  membership  application  of  Jim  Pickens  has  been  sent to
Headquarters.  Jim's ancestor Richard Jasper Mullikin served in  Company
D  of  the  1st  South  Carolina (Orr's) Rifles and was killed 29 August

As always, the Museum of the Confederacy's Person of  the  Year  program
held  23 February at the Library of Virginia was outstanding.  It should
be kept in mind that the person chosen is  the  one  who  had  the  most
impact  in  the  year.   Remember Time Magazine chose as Man of the year
Hitler, Stalin (twice!) and Khruschev.  In the inaugural MOC program two
years  ago Abraham Lincoln was voted Person of the Year 1861.  Last year
the choice was Robert E. Lee for 1862.                                  

Dr. Ed Ayers,  president of the University of Richmond, opened the  1863
program  nominating  U.  S.  Colored Troops .  On occasion, Time chose a
group of people rather than an individual.                              

University of North Carolina Professor Joe Glatthaar gave  a  compelling
case  for  U.  S.  Grant, whose armies forced the surrender of Vicksburg
in July and salvaged a bad situation at Chattanooga late  in  the  year,
defeating the Confederate army.                                         

It  was  no  surprise  that  Bob Krick  the  Elder  nominated  Stonewall
Jackson, despite the fact that Stonewall died in May after being wounded
in  the  great  Confederate  victory  at  Chancellorsville.  Confederate
artillerist Porter Alexander, one of the best chroniclers  of  The  War,
wrote  that  Jackson  was not Jackson in the Seven Days campaign and had
been too much Jackson thereafter.  Jackson was feared and  respected  in
the  north.   Topeka  KS bookseller A. R. Earle,  a civilian,  was court
martialed for selling a Life of Jackson.                                

VMI graduate  and  Queen Mary,  University  of  London  Ph. D. Thomas E.
Sebrell, III  nominated  Lord  John  Russell,  Great  Britain's  Foreign
Secretary.  Southern cotton to  Liverpool  was  essential  to  Britain's
economy,  so  Britain objected to the Yankee blockade of southern ports.
The Yankees' illegal seizure  of  the  Trent  enraged  Britain  and  led
Russell  to  write  a protest letter, rewritten by Prince Albert, to the
Yankee government.  Russell, initially  favorable  to  the  Confederacy,
changed  his  position  on  The  War  due  to  the indefensibilty of the
building of ironclads for the Confederacy in Liverpool.                 

University of Kansas associate  history  professor  Jennifer  L.   Weber
nominated  Clement L. Vallandingham,  a leader of the Anti-War Democrats
called "Copperheads." Ohioan Val was gerrymandered out of  his  seat  in
Congress.   Burnside's  General  Order  # 38  made  it a  crime to speak
against The War.  Val was convicted by a military tribunal and held in a
military prison.  Ever the practical politician, Lincoln banished Val to
the Confederacy.  Val later went to Canada  and  was  nominated  as  the
Democratic  candidate  for  Governor  of  Ohio.   Sentiments  of  Yankee
soldiers had hardened against the Anti-War Democrats.  95%  of  soldiers
voted Republican, and Val lost his race for Governor in a landslide.    

After  the last presentation, attendees voted for the person of the year
1863.  Voting was clear, as Grant won easily.                           

Results  of the voting were:                                             

Candidate                      # of Votes              % of Votes
  ----------                        ---                     -----     
Grant                           48                      40.3

Jackson                         37                      31.1

Vallandingham                   19                      16.0

Russell                          8                       6.7

USCT                             7                       5.9
                                    ---                     -----     
         Totals                119                     100.0

The Virginia Division Convention will be held April 12-13 in Lexington.


A Word from the Chaplain...

"He is not here, but has risen" - Luke 24:6. Chocolate bunnies and Easter baskets are fun, but that is not what Easter is all about. The empty tomb is the pivotal point of all history. An old song asks the question "Is this all there Is?". The resurrection of Jesus gives us a resounding "No!" to that question There is hope for the future. May the reality of the empty tomb bless your hearts this Easter. Barton


NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, March 19, 2013




Sam Craghead, Public Relations Specialist, MOC
"Raider of The Cause: Shenandoah"

Sam Craghead, a contributor  to  a  number  of  Civil  War  naval  books
including  consulting  on  one  by Clive Cussler, was born and raised in
Missouri and is a graduate of Truman State University.   After  college,
he  served  on  active  duty  in the U.S.  Navy for four years.  He is a
retired computer engineer  and  currently  serves  as  Public  Relations
Specialist  for the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond, Virginia.  He
was a founding officer and is Past Vice President of the Powhatan  Civil
War  Round  Table  and  a Past President of the Richmond Civil War Round
Table and the Richmond Battlefields Association.  Sam is also the author
of  several  articles  having  to  do  with the Civil War, the Civil War
navies, and The Museum of the Confederacy.                              


Our own Preston Nuttall gave an excellent power  point  presentation  on
the  Confederate  Naval  Academy  as  seen through the eyes of the Amish

The rebel was Jacob Buckner, a fictional character created by Preston in
his  latest  historical  novel.   Jacob was an 18 year-old living in his
family home on the Mattaponi River.  He was conflicted with the outbreak
of  The  War Between The States.  He had to decide between the Amish and
the English ways of life.  His fiance was Amish, and he wished to  marry

The  Yankee gunboat Arapahoe came up the river and stopped.  Its captain
was Alonzo Peck, whose mission was to confiscate or destroy  contraband.
The  Amish  tradition  was to welcome strangers, but Jacob tried to stop
the Yankees from robbing  the  family's  smoke  house.   An  altercation
occurred in which Jacob's younger brother Joshua was killed.            

Jacob  set  out  for Richmond, where he was greeted by a youngster about
his own age, Roger Phillips, who asked, "Why aren't you in uniform?"    

Phillips took Jacob to Captain William Parker of  CSS  Beaufort.   Jacob
enlisted,  and  Beaufort  sailed  to North Carolina to oppose Burnside's
invasion.  Confederate ships were badly mauled,  and  Beaufort  was  the
only one to escape.                                                     

Confederate  Secretary  of the Navy wanted to establish a Naval Academy,
which was done aboard CSS  Patrick  Henry  at  Drewrys  Bluff.   Captain
Parker, who had taught at the U.  S.  Naval Academy at Annapolis, became
commandant.  The  Academy  opened  1  September  1863  with  50  cadets.
Classroom instruction was held aboard ship.                             

In  early  1864  Confederate  Naval Academy cadets accompanied Commander
John Taylor Wood to launch a seaborne attack against New Bern, NC, while
soldiers  under  General  George  Pickett attaked by land.  Wood's group
attacked  and  captured  USS  Underwriter.   Confederate  cadet   Palmer
Saunders,  an  engineer, and three seamen were killed.  A problem in the
engine room prevented Underwriter from getting underway, so Wood ordered
her destruction.                                                        

When  Richmond  was  abandoned 2 April 1865 cadets were drafted to be on
two trains carrying Confederate officials and  government  records  west
and  then  south.   A larger group led by Captain Parker was assigned to
the Treasury train.  Confederate ships Patrick  Henry,  Virginia  II,and
Jamestown  were  scuttled  in  the  James  River.  Mrs.  Jefferson Davis
joined the Treasury  train  at  Charlotte  NC  and  left  the  train  at
Abbeville SC.                                                           

A  Treasury official was supposed to be at Augusta, GA.  In his absence,
the Treasury train returned to Abbeville.  The Treasury was turned  over
to  the Secretary of the Treasury.  Captain Parker wrote farewell orders
and gave each cadet two gold coins.                                     
January Meeting Attendance: 27                                           


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          17 July, 2011 through 9 March 2013             

Walt & Marian Beam  Richard Chenery  Brian Cowardin      Clint Cowardin
Gary Cowardin     Lee Crenshaw       Cecil Duke          Jerold Evans  
Louis Armistead Heindl               Michael Hendrick    Pat Hoggard   
Phil Jones        Crawley Joyner     Jack Kane                         
Peter Knowles,II  Michael Liesfeld   Lewis Mills         Conway Moncure
Bob Moore         Glenn Mozingo      Joe Price           Waite Rawls   
Peyton Roden,Sr.  Paul Sacra         Cary Shelton        JEB Stuart, IV
Pat Sweeney       Chris Trinite      Walter Tucker       Hugh Williams 
Art Wingo                                                              

March 1863

2 Thirty-three Yankee army officers were dismissed from the service after being found guilty of various charges by court martial. 3 Lincoln signed the Yankee draft act. 7 LTGEN Kirby Smith assumed command of all Confederate forces west of the Mississippi River. In Baltimore the Yankee army forbade the sale of "secession music" and confiscated all such song sheets. 10 Yankee troops reoccupied Jacksonville FL. Lincoln issued a proclamation of amnesty for all AWOL soldiers if they reported before 1 April. 14 Yankee ADM Farragut in his flagship Hartford led his squadron up the Mississippi past Fort Hudson. 17 Confederate artillerist John Pelham was killed at the battle of Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River. Confederates suffered more casualties, but chased the Yankees back across the river. 18 Confederate LTGEN Theophilus Holmes assumed command of the Department of Arkansas. 19 David Glasgow Farragut's Hartford and Albatross ran past the Grand Gulf Mississippi batteries just below Vicksburg. Two divisions of the Yankee Ninth Army Corps embarked at Newport News headed for the Department of the Ohio. 21 Yankee Major General Edwin Vose Sumner, who had done well in the Peninsula and at Sharpsburg, died at Syracuse NY. 24 Basil Duke with part of John Hunt Morgan's Confederate cavalry fought at Danville KY. 25 Burnside superseded MGEN Horatio G. Wright as commander of the Department of the Ohio. 30 Lincoln set aside 30 April as a national fast and prayer day.

April 1863

1 Longstreet's command was reorganized to create the Department of North Carolina under MGEN D. H. Hill, the Department of Richmond under MGEN Arnold Elzey, and the department of Southern Virginia under MGEN S. G. French. 2 The bread riot took place in Richmond. 4 Lincoln and his party left Washington by boat to visit MGEN Hooker's Army of the Potomac. 6 Lincoln wrote "Our prime object is the enemies' army in front of us and is not with, or about Richmond." At Liverpool the British government seized the Confederate ship Alexandria, which was fitting out in the harbor. 7 Nine Yankee ironclads under Flag Officer Samuel Du Pont attacked Fort Sumter. Battered by gunfire from Confederate forts, the Yankees withdrew with five ships disabled. 8 Lincoln reviewed part of Hooker's Army of the Potomac at Falmouth. 10 After reviewing more troops, Lincoln left Aquia Creek for Washington. 11 Longstreet's corps began a one month siege of Suffolk. 13 Lincoln ordered DuPont to hold his position inside the Charleston Harbor bar. 16 Eleven of 12 of RADM David Dixon Porter's gunboats passed Vicksburg on the way south to aid Grant's crossing.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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