THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 3, March 2013
Winters in the 1800s was not a time for war. Roads were impassable so troops tended to stay in camp waiting for the spring fighting season to return. In Virginia during March of 1863, most of the Army of Northern Virginia lay stretched out along the south side of the Rappahannock River facing the Army of the Potomac on the opposite side while General Longstreet's Corp had been ordered south to the area west of Suffolk. They were first to counter Union troops who had been sent there to threaten Petersburg and Richmond, but also to collect food and other provisions for the use of the Army and themselves. Meanwhile in Richmond, the industrial center of the Confederacy, civilians were working at a feverish rate to make sure the army would be ready for the fighting that would be sure to come as the weather warmed. Along the James River there were three main armaments and munitions factories. The Tredegar Iron Works produced artillery, the Confederate States Armory made small arms, and across the Haxall canal lay the Confederate States Laboratory where hundreds of young girls and women found employment making the various items needed for ammunition for the guns created by the other two plants. Tragedy struck Richmond on the cold winter day of Friday, March 13, when forty-six year old Irish immigrant, Mary Ryan, carelessly caused an explosion which led to a chain reaction killing 43 and seriously injured 23 others. Of course the plant had to be closed for a time and it was over a month before it returned to full production. The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar marked this event with a program last Saturday, which I attended, but I will also represent the camp at the "Civil War Laboratory Explosion Victims Marker Dedication" at 1:00 this Saturday at the Shockoe Hill Cemetery. The cemetery is located at Hospital Street and 4th Street, north of downtown Richmond. The event is organized by the Friends of Shockoe Hill Cemetery and the ancestors of several of our members are buried there. The dedication will be followed by a St. Patrick's Day celebration to honor the Irish of Richmond with music, refreshments and tours of the cemetery. I encourage each of you to attend the events to honor the memory of these young women and to visit the graves of many famous Richmonders, including that of Chief Justice John Marshall. The tragedy of March 13, 1863 had other even more tragic consequences for later that summer, but I will save that for another time. Andy
Please keep in your prayers Camp member Ray Crews and family. Ray has been in the hospital more than three weeks and has had several surgeries. He was faithful in attendance at Camp meetings until health issues arose and kept him away. We have received from Headquarters the membership certificate of Stan Southworth and plan to induct him at our March meeting. Stan's ancestor Pleasant Orange served in the Courtney (Henrico ) Artillery. Certified membership application of Jim Pickens has been sent to Headquarters. Jim's ancestor Richard Jasper Mullikin served in Company D of the 1st South Carolina (Orr's) Rifles and was killed 29 August 1862. As always, the Museum of the Confederacy's Person of the Year program held 23 February at the Library of Virginia was outstanding. It should be kept in mind that the person chosen is the one who had the most impact in the year. Remember Time Magazine chose as Man of the year Hitler, Stalin (twice!) and Khruschev. In the inaugural MOC program two years ago Abraham Lincoln was voted Person of the Year 1861. Last year the choice was Robert E. Lee for 1862. Dr. Ed Ayers, president of the University of Richmond, opened the 1863 program nominating U. S. Colored Troops . On occasion, Time chose a group of people rather than an individual. University of North Carolina Professor Joe Glatthaar gave a compelling case for U. S. Grant, whose armies forced the surrender of Vicksburg in July and salvaged a bad situation at Chattanooga late in the year, defeating the Confederate army. It was no surprise that Bob Krick the Elder nominated Stonewall Jackson, despite the fact that Stonewall died in May after being wounded in the great Confederate victory at Chancellorsville. Confederate artillerist Porter Alexander, one of the best chroniclers of The War, wrote that Jackson was not Jackson in the Seven Days campaign and had been too much Jackson thereafter. Jackson was feared and respected in the north. Topeka KS bookseller A. R. Earle, a civilian, was court martialed for selling a Life of Jackson. VMI graduate and Queen Mary, University of London Ph. D. Thomas E. Sebrell, III nominated Lord John Russell, Great Britain's Foreign Secretary. Southern cotton to Liverpool was essential to Britain's economy, so Britain objected to the Yankee blockade of southern ports. The Yankees' illegal seizure of the Trent enraged Britain and led Russell to write a protest letter, rewritten by Prince Albert, to the Yankee government. Russell, initially favorable to the Confederacy, changed his position on The War due to the indefensibilty of the building of ironclads for the Confederacy in Liverpool. University of Kansas associate history professor Jennifer L. Weber nominated Clement L. Vallandingham, a leader of the Anti-War Democrats called "Copperheads." Ohioan Val was gerrymandered out of his seat in Congress. Burnside's General Order # 38 made it a crime to speak against The War. Val was convicted by a military tribunal and held in a military prison. Ever the practical politician, Lincoln banished Val to the Confederacy. Val later went to Canada and was nominated as the Democratic candidate for Governor of Ohio. Sentiments of Yankee soldiers had hardened against the Anti-War Democrats. 95% of soldiers voted Republican, and Val lost his race for Governor in a landslide. After the last presentation, attendees voted for the person of the year 1863. Voting was clear, as Grant won easily. Results of the voting were: Candidate # of Votes % of Votes ---------- --- ----- Grant 48 40.3 Jackson 37 31.1 Vallandingham 19 16.0 Russell 8 6.7 USCT 7 5.9 --- ----- Totals 119 100.0 The Virginia Division Convention will be held April 12-13 in Lexington. Walter
A Word from the Chaplain..."He is not here, but has risen" - Luke 24:6. Chocolate bunnies and Easter baskets are fun, but that is not what Easter is all about. The empty tomb is the pivotal point of all history. An old song asks the question "Is this all there Is?". The resurrection of Jesus gives us a resounding "No!" to that question There is hope for the future. May the reality of the empty tomb bless your hearts this Easter. Barton
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
Sam Craghead, Public Relations Specialist, MOC "Raider of The Cause: Shenandoah" Sam Craghead, a contributor to a number of Civil War naval books including consulting on one by Clive Cussler, was born and raised in Missouri and is a graduate of Truman State University. After college, he served on active duty in the U.S. Navy for four years. He is a retired computer engineer and currently serves as Public Relations Specialist for the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond, Virginia. He was a founding officer and is Past Vice President of the Powhatan Civil War Round Table and a Past President of the Richmond Civil War Round Table and the Richmond Battlefields Association. Sam is also the author of several articles having to do with the Civil War, the Civil War navies, and The Museum of the Confederacy.
Our own Preston Nuttall gave an excellent power point presentation on the Confederate Naval Academy as seen through the eyes of the Amish Rebel. The rebel was Jacob Buckner, a fictional character created by Preston in his latest historical novel. Jacob was an 18 year-old living in his family home on the Mattaponi River. He was conflicted with the outbreak of The War Between The States. He had to decide between the Amish and the English ways of life. His fiance was Amish, and he wished to marry her. The Yankee gunboat Arapahoe came up the river and stopped. Its captain was Alonzo Peck, whose mission was to confiscate or destroy contraband. The Amish tradition was to welcome strangers, but Jacob tried to stop the Yankees from robbing the family's smoke house. An altercation occurred in which Jacob's younger brother Joshua was killed. Jacob set out for Richmond, where he was greeted by a youngster about his own age, Roger Phillips, who asked, "Why aren't you in uniform?" Phillips took Jacob to Captain William Parker of CSS Beaufort. Jacob enlisted, and Beaufort sailed to North Carolina to oppose Burnside's invasion. Confederate ships were badly mauled, and Beaufort was the only one to escape. Confederate Secretary of the Navy wanted to establish a Naval Academy, which was done aboard CSS Patrick Henry at Drewrys Bluff. Captain Parker, who had taught at the U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, became commandant. The Academy opened 1 September 1863 with 50 cadets. Classroom instruction was held aboard ship. In early 1864 Confederate Naval Academy cadets accompanied Commander John Taylor Wood to launch a seaborne attack against New Bern, NC, while soldiers under General George Pickett attaked by land. Wood's group attacked and captured USS Underwriter. Confederate cadet Palmer Saunders, an engineer, and three seamen were killed. A problem in the engine room prevented Underwriter from getting underway, so Wood ordered her destruction. When Richmond was abandoned 2 April 1865 cadets were drafted to be on two trains carrying Confederate officials and government records west and then south. A larger group led by Captain Parker was assigned to the Treasury train. Confederate ships Patrick Henry, Virginia II,and Jamestown were scuttled in the James River. Mrs. Jefferson Davis joined the Treasury train at Charlotte NC and left the train at Abbeville SC. A Treasury official was supposed to be at Augusta, GA. In his absence, the Treasury train returned to Abbeville. The Treasury was turned over to the Secretary of the Treasury. Captain Parker wrote farewell orders and gave each cadet two gold coins. Walter January Meeting Attendance: 27
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 17 July, 2011 through 9 March 2013 Walt & Marian Beam Richard Chenery Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Gary Cowardin Lee Crenshaw Cecil Duke Jerold Evans Louis Armistead Heindl Michael Hendrick Pat Hoggard Phil Jones Crawley Joyner Jack Kane Peter Knowles,II Michael Liesfeld Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Glenn Mozingo Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Paul Sacra Cary Shelton JEB Stuart, IV Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Hugh Williams Art Wingo
March 18632 Thirty-three Yankee army officers were dismissed from the service after being found guilty of various charges by court martial. 3 Lincoln signed the Yankee draft act. 7 LTGEN Kirby Smith assumed command of all Confederate forces west of the Mississippi River. In Baltimore the Yankee army forbade the sale of "secession music" and confiscated all such song sheets. 10 Yankee troops reoccupied Jacksonville FL. Lincoln issued a proclamation of amnesty for all AWOL soldiers if they reported before 1 April. 14 Yankee ADM Farragut in his flagship Hartford led his squadron up the Mississippi past Fort Hudson. 17 Confederate artillerist John Pelham was killed at the battle of Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River. Confederates suffered more casualties, but chased the Yankees back across the river. 18 Confederate LTGEN Theophilus Holmes assumed command of the Department of Arkansas. 19 David Glasgow Farragut's Hartford and Albatross ran past the Grand Gulf Mississippi batteries just below Vicksburg. Two divisions of the Yankee Ninth Army Corps embarked at Newport News headed for the Department of the Ohio. 21 Yankee Major General Edwin Vose Sumner, who had done well in the Peninsula and at Sharpsburg, died at Syracuse NY. 24 Basil Duke with part of John Hunt Morgan's Confederate cavalry fought at Danville KY. 25 Burnside superseded MGEN Horatio G. Wright as commander of the Department of the Ohio. 30 Lincoln set aside 30 April as a national fast and prayer day.
April 18631 Longstreet's command was reorganized to create the Department of North Carolina under MGEN D. H. Hill, the Department of Richmond under MGEN Arnold Elzey, and the department of Southern Virginia under MGEN S. G. French. 2 The bread riot took place in Richmond. 4 Lincoln and his party left Washington by boat to visit MGEN Hooker's Army of the Potomac. 6 Lincoln wrote "Our prime object is the enemies' army in front of us and is not with, or about Richmond." At Liverpool the British government seized the Confederate ship Alexandria, which was fitting out in the harbor. 7 Nine Yankee ironclads under Flag Officer Samuel Du Pont attacked Fort Sumter. Battered by gunfire from Confederate forts, the Yankees withdrew with five ships disabled. 8 Lincoln reviewed part of Hooker's Army of the Potomac at Falmouth. 10 After reviewing more troops, Lincoln left Aquia Creek for Washington. 11 Longstreet's corps began a one month siege of Suffolk. 13 Lincoln ordered DuPont to hold his position inside the Charleston Harbor bar. 16 Eleven of 12 of RADM David Dixon Porter's gunboats passed Vicksburg on the way south to aid Grant's crossing.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar