ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 15, ISSUE 2,           February 2013
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, February Program (next), January Program (last),
Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1863 Events (Feb, Mar), Coming Events Links,


I have been doing research on my family history for many years.  One  of
the  types  of  documents  I  have  searched for are any letters that my
ancestors who fought in the Civil War may have sent home.  I have  never
found  any.  My only direct ancestor might have written his wife but she
died before the war.  He might have written his children  but  they  are
not  my  ancestors  and  no  letters  have  been found and none of their
descendants even live in Virginia.  He might have written his father who
lived  with  him  in Nelson County but he died prior to his son's second
enlistment in 1864.  He married my great grandmother two years after the
war and never seems to have said much about it.  If he had not stuck his
Appomattox parole pass in the family bible he would have left no  direct
link to the war at all.  Even his obituary failed to mention his service
likely since it was common of everyone in the community.   The  point  I
would  like  to make is that if you have any old family letters or other
interesting items please  consider  donating  them  to  the  Library  of
Virginia,   the  Virginia  Historical  Society  or  the  Museum  of  the
Confederacy.  You may care a great deal about  these  items  which  tell
your family history but there may come a day when they may fall into the
hands of someone who may not have the same feeling  for  them  and  like
many items in my family history they will be lost forever.              

This month's speaker did not need items from his family history to write
his novel.  Rather he used known facts and created a  fictional  account
based around those facts.  Even though this is largely a work of fiction
it is sure to add to your general knowledge of the war so please plan to
join us Tuesday.                                                        


We were pleased to induct Brian Vliet at our January meeting.           

A warm welcome to Christopher Wampler  who  was  formerly  a  member  of
Robert  E.   Lee  Camp  #  726  in Federal Virginia North.  The ancestor
designated by Christopher when he joined the SCV was  Nimrod  C.   Dove,
Company  B,  62nd  Virginia Mounted Infantry.  His genealogical research
since  then  has  turned  up  approximately   three   dozen   additional
Confederate ancestors.                                                  

Our  Camp  has  been saddened by the passing of Hugh Williams, who was a
Longstreet Camp member for 50+ years.   Hugh  and  his  fellow  Lakewood
Manor resident the late Lloyd Brooks rode with me to Camp meetings. Hugh
continued to do so until 2011, when he no longer went out at night.   We
had  many  pleasant conversations traveling to and from the meetings.  I
continued to stay in touch with him.                                    

Hugh was our Camp's second World War Two veteran to  pass  away  in  the
last  four  months,  Henry Langford being the other.  Hugh served in two
European campaigns with the Army's 75th Division and received  a  Purple
Heart, the Bronze Star, and the Combat Infantryman's Badge.             

One  of  Hugh's  Confederate  ancestors  served  in  the  26th  Virginia
Infantry, the same regiment as Buck  Hurtt,  for  whom  our  Scholarship
Award  is  named.  Buck was the Confederate ancestor of our late beloved
Camp Commander Chuck  Walton,  who  persuaded  the  Camp  to  start  the
Scholarship.   We  have  received  a donation to the Scholarship Fund in
Hugh's memory.                                                          

We are blessed in still having two World War Two veterans as  Longstreet
Camp  members.   Harold Whitmore, who joined Longstreet the same time as
Hugh, served in the Army in Europe.  Bob Moore was in the  Navy  in  the

The  Museum  of  the  Confederacy's 1863 Person of the year Symposium on
Saturday 23 February should be interesting.  I have guessed whom two  of
the  five  panelists  will  nominate.  After they have spoken, attendees
will vote to select the most influential person.                        

The Virginia Division Convention is scheduled to be  held  in  Lexington
April  12-13.   Lexington  is  one  of my favorite cities because of its
great history and the beautiful surrounding countryside.  It's  hard  to
beat  a  place with a school bearing the name of Washington where Robert
E.  Lee was president and another school where Stonewall Jackson  taught
and where Nobel Peace Prize recipient George C.  Marshall was a student.
Marshall, one of the greatest Americans of all  time,  was  inspired  by
Jackson and by Lee.  As a senior Army general in 1938 he had the courage
to speak for larger  aircraft  production,  disagreeing  with  President
Franklin  D.   Roosevelt.   Other  Army  officers  attending the meeting
thought Marshall's career was over.   Roosevelt  had  such  respect  for
Marshall  that  he  chose  him  to  be  Army  Chief of Staff effective 1
September 1939.  Marshall wanted to command the invasion of Europe,  but
Roosevelt  considered  him  too valuable in Washington.  There is in the
VMI Museum a 1942 letter from Marshall to Douglas Southhall  Freeman  in
which  Marshall praised Lee.  Presidents Truman and Eisenhower were also
admirers of Lee.                                                        

A Word from the Chaplain...

These are difficult times for our country, and for many of our members and families. We need something we can "hold on to". A certainty amidst all this is God's unchanging Word, which comes from a faithful God. {Psa. 20:7} says "Some trust in chariots and some in horses, but we trust in the name of the Lord our God". The writer of the epistle of Hebrews refers to God's provision for us as "a sure and steadfast anchor of the soul" {Heb. 6:19}. In these challenging times, take time to read God's Word. Barton


NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, February 19, 2013




Preston Nuttall will present the "The Amish Rebel"
Preston holds a Bachelor's degree from the University of Richmond and  a
Master's  from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.  He
is now retired after spending 45 years as an investment manager.  He  is
a  lifelong  resident of Chesterfield County, where his family's history
dates to the 17th century.  He has identified nine ancestors who  served
in  the Confederate Army, including two in Pickett's Division who fought
at Gettysburg.  He has been a member of the SCV for about 20 years,  the
last  15 of which have been with the Longstreet Camp.  He is married and
he  and  wife,  Pat,  have  4  children,   8   grandchildren   and   one
great-grandson.  Lifelong passions for Preston have been Civil War study
and writing.  He has written four works of historical fiction  with  The
Amish Rebel being his most recent work.                                 


Our Longstreet Camp 2nd LCDR Les  Updike  divided  his  interesting  and
informative power point presentation into three parts:                  
The 14th Amendment                 
The changing population of Virginia
Are you a Virginian?               

The 14th Amendment broadened citizenship by adding former slaves.  It is
best  known  for  its  due  process and equal protection clauses.  Never
publicized these days are the penalties  for  former  Confederates.   In
each  state  representation in Congress was reduced by the percentage of
former Confederates to the total male population of the state  21  years
old and older.                                                          

Section  3 denied political office to anyone who had previously taken an
oath of allegiance to the United States and who subsequently engaged  in
insurrection  or  rebellion against the U.  S.  Congress had the ability
to remove such disability by a 2/3 vote of each house.  President Andrew
Johnson  issued  a second amnesty pardon 25 December 1868, enabling most
former Confederates to hold political office.                           

There is no process in the Constitution for loss of citizenship.  It  is
understood  that  citizenship  can be lost by fraud in naturalization or
voluntary renunciation of citizenship.  Robert E.  Lee's 2 October  1865
amnesty  oath  got  "lost"  by  the  U.   S.   government  until  it was
discovered in 1970 by an archivist at the National Archives.  Even then,
it took five years for his citizenship to be restored.  Jefferson Davis,
who never signed an oath, had his citizenship restored 17 October 1978. 

Section 4 prohibited the U.S.  or any state from assuming or paying  any
debt  incurred in aid of rebellion or insurrection or any claim for loss
or emancipation of any slave.  All such debts were held  to  be  illegal
and void.                                                               

The  14th  Amendment was proposed 13 June 1866 and ratified 9 July 1868.
New Jersey, Ohio,  and  Oregon  rescinded  their  ratification.   Former
Confederate  states had a gun to their heads in acting on the Amendment.
Readmission to  the  Union  was  predicated  upon  ratification  of  the

Les's presentation included interesting charts reflecting changes in the
composition of Virginia's population.   The  free  black  population  of
Virginia  had increased from 4.1% to 10.5% by 1860.  In 2010 only 49% of
Virginia's population was native born.  39% was born in other states and
12% in other countries.                                                 

The  most  entertaining  part  of Les's presentation was a questionnaire
given to all attendees testing our knowledge of our great  Commonwealth.
Questions 13, 14, and 15 had multiple parts.  It was great fun answering
the  questions,  learning  the  answers  which  we  did  not  know,  and
evaluating  ourselves.  Our members who braved the lousy January weather
became better informed Virginia citizens while enjoying the process.    

January Meeting Attendance: 13                                           


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          17 July, 2011 through 29 January 2013          

Walt & Marian Beam  Richard Chenery  Brian Cowardin      Clint Cowardin
Gary Cowardin     Lee Crenshaw       Cecil Duke          Jerold Evans  
Louis Armistead Heindl                                                 
Michael Hendrick  Phil Jones         Crawley Joyner	 Jack Kane     
Peter Knowles,II  Michael Liesfeld   Lewis Mills         Conway Moncure
Bob Moore         Glenn Mozingo      Joe Price           Waite Rawls   
Peyton Roden,Sr.  Paul Sacra         Cary Shelton        JEB Stuart, IV
Pat Sweeney       Chris Trinite      Walter Tucker       Hugh Williams 
Art Wingo                                                              

February 1863

5 Hooker eliminated the grand divisions of the Army of the Potomac and gave corps commands to J. F. Reynolds, Darius N. Couch, Daniel E. Sickles, George G. Meade, John Sedgwick, William F. Smith, Franz Sigel, and H. W. Slocum. George Stoneman was given command of cavalry. 6 Yankee 9th Corps under W. F. Smith was transferred to Newport News to increase the threat to Richmond from the east. 10 Yankee Queen of the West, below Vicksburg, steamed down the Mississippi to the Red River in response to orders from David Dixon Porter. 12 Queen of the West on the Red River destroyed a train of twelve army wagons. 14 Queen of the West went aground. Fire from Confederate batteries severed the steam pipe, and she had to be abandoned. The crew escaped mainly by floating on cotton bales to the army steamer DeSoto. Charles Ellet, commanding officer of DeSoto, put his crew on captured Confederate ship New Era No. 5 and burned DeSoto. 16 U. S. Senate passed the Conscription Act. 18 Two divisions of Longstreet's Corps were ordered to move from Fredericksburg to east of Richmond to protect the Confederate capital from Yankee threats via the peninsula or south of the James. 24 On the Mississippi River Yankee gunboat Indianola was attacked by four Confederate ships and was surrendered by LCDR George Brown. 25 Yankee congress completed passage of the Conscription Act. Lincoln signed an act establishing a national banking system, a national currency, and a Currency Bureau of the Treasury. 26 The Cherokee Indian National Council repealed its ordinance of secession, abolished slavery, and proclaimed for the Union. General Longstreet assumed command of the Confederate Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

March 1863

2 Thirty-three Yankee army officers were dismissed from the service after being found guilty of various charges by court martial. 3 Lincoln signed the Yankee draft act. 7 LTGEN Kirby Smith assumed command of all Confederate forces west of the Mississippi River. In Baltimore the Yankee army forbade the sale of "secession music" and confiscated all such song sheets. 10 Yankee troops reoccupied Jacksonville FL. Lincoln issued a proclamation of amnesty for all AWOL soldiers if they reported before 1 April. 14 Yankee ADM Farragut in his flagship Hartford led his squadron up the Mississippi past Fort Hudson. 17 Confederate artillerist John Pelham was killed at the battle of Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River. Confederates suffered more casualties, but chased the Yankees back across the river. 18 Confederate LTGEN Theophilus Holmes assumed command of the department of Arkansas.


From the MOC & the Library of Virginia Saturday, February 23rd, 2013 Person of the Year 1863: the 2013 Symposium The Panelists for the 2013 Symposium are: Edward L. Ayers, President, University of Richmond Kent Masterson Brown, historian and attorney, Lexington, KY Joseph T. Glatthaar, University of North Carolina Thomas Sebrell, Queen Mary, University of London Jennifer L. Weber, University of Kansas As always, the nominees themselves are kept secret until the day of the symposium. Tickets for the full-day symposium (including box lunch) are $35 for Museum members and Library donors, and $50 for the general public. You may register on the day of the symposium, but the registration fee will not include a box lunch. To register,
click here or call (855) 649-1861 ext. 131
Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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