THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 14, ISSUE 11, November 2012
My only direct ancestor to serve in the Confederate military during the Civil War was Philip Nelson, great grandson of General and Virginia Governor Thomas Nelson, Jr., one of seven Virginia Signers of the Declaration of Independence. He was 34 when he first enlisted with his brother, Kinloch, but as his father was dying in 1862 he paid to have a substitute take his place. In October 1864, now age 37, as hope for the Confederacy was fading at an increasing pace, he like Rhett Butler, decided to throw his fate back into the cause of the South and he joined the 49th Virginia Regiment after its defeat in the Valley. He endured the harsh winter in the trenches at Petersburg and in April 1865 made the long retreat to Appomattox Court House. Philip Nelson's Appomattox Parole Earlier this year John Coski wrote two articles on Appomattox for the Museum of the Confederacy relating first to the parole process and the passes issued to each soldier and the then to the difficulties each soldier faced trying to return to their homes. Knowing that this was a topic important to me and relevant many of our ancestors, I knew this would be a good topic for one of our meetings. The opening of the new MOC museum in Appomattox this year makes it even more relevant. John was a key person in the planning and implementation of the new museum which enables him to speak with unusual authority on the subject of Appomattox. Please join us Tuesday night to welcome John to our Camp meeting. Andy
We continue to pray for the recovery of Connie Cowardin, wife of Brian and mother of Talyor. Connie is in rehab at Retreat and is making progress. Camp members who have Internet access can follow her progress at www.caringbridge.org/visit/conniecowardin/journal We welcome to our Camp Floyd L. Lane, Jr., whose ancestor Joseph T. Mallory served in Page's Battery, Morris Artillery, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. We shall schedule an induction ceremony upon receipt of his membership certificate from Headquarters. Floyd was introduced to our Camp by Camp Commander Andy Keller. Floyd presently lives in Gainesville, VA, but plans to move to this area in the not too distant future. We have been saddened by the 7 October death of Camp Chaplain Emeritus Henry Langford at the age of 93. Henry's health prohibited him from attending meetings in recent years. Our meetings were never quite the same without him with us. He was a bold Baptist preacher who was proud of his Southern heritage. His ancestor was George Washington Messer of the 17th Georgia Volunteers. Henry was a U. S. Army chaplain in World War Two and retired as a lieutenant colonel in the Army Reserve. Henry's son Jeff brought him to a Memorial Day program at the Confederate Memorial Chapel a couple of years ago. A memorial service for Henry was held at River Road Church Baptist on Sunday 28 October. Many thanks to Road Boss Lewis Mills for his leadership of Clint Cowardin, Lee Crenshaw, Gene Golden, Paul Sacra and yours truly in cleaning up our one mile section of Studley Road (Route 606), Hanover County near Enon United Methodist Church. There didn't seem to be as much trash along the road this time. There are VDOT Adopt-a- Highway signs recognizing Longstreet Camp at each end of our section. We do this semi-annually in the spring and the fall. Kendell Warren has transferred his membership to James City Cavalry Camp # 2095 in Williamsburg which meets near his home. Since he had paid his renewal dues to us, we shall carry him as an associate member of Longstreet. Kendell has shown his keen interest in The War by attending programs sponsored by the Museum of the Confederacy and by the Virginia Sesquicentennial Commission. With the 31 October deadline for membership renewals without reinstatement fees having passed, we have on our roster 74 regular members and six associate members. An associate member calls another camp his home camp and chooses to also be a member of Longstreet. Mark your calendars for 4 December when our annual Christmas banquet is scheduled at the Westwood Club. The Club always provides us with excellent food and service. Several members have already made their reservations, which are due by 28 November. Click here to goto and PRINT the RSVP form for the December Dinner/Program I look forward to seeing you at our 20 November meeting. Walter
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
"The Road Home from Appomattox" John Coski, MOC APPOMATTOX As everyone knows, Appomattox was the place where Gen. R. E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Gen. U.S. Grant, effectively ending the American Civil War. It was the place where the last of Lee's men furled their flags, received their paroles, and started their journeys home to an uncertain future. This program will examine The Museum of the Confederacy's collections relating to Appomattox and how those collections tell the story in the new Appomattox museum, then offer a broader historical and philosophical perspective on the story of Appomattox. This is not the same program that I gave to the Richmond Civil War Round Table in March. I will be using Powerpoint slides to show highlights of the collection.
Month Speaker Topic December Marilyn Iglesias, UDC Captain Sally Tompkins, CSA Marilyn is a member of the UDC and will perform her one woman recreation of Confederate nurse and Captain Sally Tompkins. You may recall that we had a program from the Museum of the Confederacy on the Captain last November. This presentation should be special interest for our December meeting as there are generally many more women in attendance on that occasion.
Thomas Crew, Jr. of the Library of Virginia titled his talk "John Brown- A Perfect Steel Trap." Brown was born in Connecticut in 1800 to an abolitionist father. Brown moved to Ohio. He was married twice and fathered 20 children. At one point he lived in Pennsylvania at a stop on the Underground Railroad. In 1855 he moved to "bleeding Kansas." He and cohorts attacked a family thought to be slaveholders and killed five people. He was never charged. Brown left Kansas after his home burned. He used an alias "Isaac Smith." Financed by New Englanders, including several Unitarian ministers, known as the Secret Six, Brown set out to lead a slave rebellion and establish a new nation. He revealed his plan to Frederick Douglass, who tried to talk him out of it, calling it a perfect steel trap. Brown rented the Kennedy Farm in Maryland near Harpers Ferry, Virginia in the autumn of 1959. He planted one follower in Harpers Ferry, described by Thomas Jefferson as the most beautiful spot in the nation at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers. On 16 October Brown sent 22 men across the pedestrian bridge, adjacent to the railroad bridge, and captured the federal armory. His men shot and killed a free black. They took refuge in the fire station. Robert E. Lee was at the family home Arlington. The Secretary of War sent Lee, Jeb Stuart, and 90 Marines to suppress Brown and his followers. Jeb Stuart went to the door of the fire station under a flag of truce and requested Brown to surrender. Stuart recognized Brown from their days in Kansas. After Brown's refusal to surrender, the Marines attacked. Brown was wounded and ten men were killed, including five locals. Governor Wise sent 3,000 militiamen to assure safety during the trial in the circuit court. Brown was convicted and sentenced to death. An appeal was denied. Wise received many requests for clemency and threatening letters. He also received a letter from the widow of the Kansan murdered by Brown supporting the execution. A letter from Kentucky contained rope with which to hang Brown. Anticipating possible trouble, Governor Wise surrounded the hanging site with 1,500 soldiers. Brown was hanged 2 December. Brown's execution led many in the North to regard him as a martyr. He was compared to Christ. Brown's attempted slave rebellion had incited fear in the hearts of Southerners. The Northern reaction to Brown's execution greatly increased the hostility between North and South. Walter October Meeting Attendance: 29
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 17 July, 2011 through 7 November 2012 Walt Beam Richard Chenery Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Gary Cowardin Lee Crenshaw Cecil Duke Jerold Evans Louis Armistead Heindl Michael Hendrick Phil Jones Crawley Joyner Jack Kane Peter Knowles,II Michael Liesfeld Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Glenn Mozingo Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Paul Sacra Cary Shelton JEB Stuart, IV Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Hugh Williams Art Wingo
COMMANDER OF ANDERSONVILLE EXONERATED AFTER 150 YEARS(SCV Excerpts, Atlanta - November 11, 2012) On Sunday afternoon, November 4, memorial services honoring Capt. Henry Wirz were held in Andersonville, Georgia, the site of one of the saddest stories of the American War Between the States. Hanged as a scapegoat shortly following the War, Captain Wirz has a tall obelisk monument dedicated to his memory in downtown Andersonville, and natives of the region who know well the truths behind the years of revisionist history hold services in his memory each fall. Now, after 150 years, the true story of the Andersonville is finally being told as part of the Sesquicentennial commemoration of the War. Union General Ulysses S. Grant had enacted a nationwide ban on prisoner exchanges; knowing that the South did not possess the food and supplies to properly care for prisoners, Grant sealed their fate by refusing to even accept an offer by Captain Wirz to provide food and medical relief for the prisoners. Following the War, Captain Wirz was blamed for the malnutrition and lack of medical service provided to the prisoners in Andersonville. His efforts to alleviate their suffering went unheard; and on November 10, 1865 at 10:32 a.m., Henry Wirz was hanged in Washington, D.C. In an act of barbarity, his body was dismembered; and parts of it were placed on public display in Northern museums. For the last 150 years, both Captain Wirz and the South have been blamed for the death of the prisoners who fell at Andersonville; but little has been said of his efforts to save them or of the same percentages of Confederate guards who died at the Camp. For more of the true story see: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Wirz
November 18621 Grant prepared an overland campaign against Vicksburg. 4 Democrats made sizable gains in Northern state and congressional elections, particularly in New York, New Jersey, and Wisconsin. Republicans kept control of the House of Representatives with victories in New England, border states, California, and Michigan. 5 Lincoln relieved McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac and replaced him with MGEN Ambrose Burnside. He named Joseph Hooker to replace FitzJohn Porter, a pro-McClellan partisan, as a corps commander. 6 James Longstreet and Stonewall Jackson were promoted to lieutenant general and given command of the 1st and 2nd Army Corps respectively. 7 McClellan received the orders relieving him. 8 MGEN Nathaniel P. Banks replaced Beast Butler as commander of the Union Department of the Gulf. 14 Burnside reorganized the Army of the Potomac into the Right Grand Division under MGEN Edwin V. Sumner, the Central Grand Division under Hooker, and the Left Grand Division under MGEN William B. Franklin. 15 The Army of the Potomac began moving from Warrenton toward Fredericksburg. Jefferson Davis accepted the resignation of Secretary of War George Wythe Randolph. 17 Sumner's Right Grand Division arrived at Falmouth. 19 Longstreet's 1st Corps took position on the heights above Fredericksburg. Burnside arrived the same day, making his headquarters near Falmouth. 20 Lee arrived at Fredericksburg. The Confederate Army of Tennessee was officially constituted with Bragg commanding. Corps commanders in this Army were E. Kirby Smith, Leonidas Polk, and William Hardee. 21 President Jefferson Davis appointed James A. Seddon Secretary of War. Yankee General Ambrose Burnside called on the city of Fredericksburg to surrender, which it refused to do. 24 Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston was assigned to major command in the west. His main responsinbility was to superrvise Braxton Bragg in Tennessee and John Pemberton at Vicksburg. 26 Lincoln went down the Potomac River to Belle Plain to confer with General Burnside. 29 Confederate Major General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the District of Texas,New Mexico, and Arizona.
December 18627 Yankees maintained control of northwest Arkansas by the battle of Prairie Grove. 11 Burnside's Yankees began constructing five pontoon bridges across the Rappahannock River to Fredericksburg. Confederate sharpshooters under William Barksdale drove the builders away time after time, but by noon two bridges were laid. A four regiment Yankee force crossed in boats, and the other bridges were laid. 12 Yankee Right and Left Grand Divisions crossed the Rappahannock. 13 Yankee troops of William B. Franklin's Left Grand Division drove toward the Confederate right under Stonewall Jackson and were repulsed. Edwin Sumner's Right Grand Division and Joe Hooker's Center Grand Division unsuccessfully attacked Longstreet's forces at Marye's Heights. A Yankee commented "It was a great slaughter pen.. They might as well have tried to take Hell." 14 Burnside's subordinates persuaded him not to renew the attack. During the night the Yankee army withdrew across the river. 16 Yankee Nathaniel Banks replaced Beast Butler at New Orleans. 17 Grant from his headquarters at Holly Springs, MS, expelled Jews from his department. Lincoln would not accept the resignation of Secretary of State Seward which was offered because of a political dispute with Treasury Secretary Salmon P. Chase. 20 Confederates under Earl Van Dorn captured at least 1,500 Yankees and destroyed substantial military supplies at Holly Springs. 23 Jefferson Davis proclaimed that Beast Butler was a felon, an outlaw, and a common enemy of mankind; if captured, he should be hanged immediately. 24 Yankees occupied Galveston, TX. 29 Pemberton's Confederates repulsed Sherman's Yankees at Chickasaw Bayou north of Vicksburg, MS. 31 Bragg's Confederates were successful at Murfreesboro (Stone's River), TN, but Yankee lines did not break. The armies remained within range of each other.
January 18631 Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. 2 Fighting continued at Murfreesboro. Both armies paused, each hoping that the other would withdraw. 3 Bragg's army withdrew from Murfreesboro. 5 Yankee troops entered Murfreesboro. 11 Yankee David Dixon Porter's gunboats and McClernand's land forces caused the surrender of Fort Hindman, AR. 15 Yankee soldiers and sailors burned Mound City AR, a center of guerilla activities. 17 Lincoln signed a resolution of Congress providing for immedoiate payment of the armed forces and asked for currency reforms to halt the additional issue of notes that increased the cost of living through inflation.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Tuesday, November 27, 2012 An Evening with Dr. James I. "Bud" Robertson, Jr. Admission is $35.00 per person 5:30 - 7:00pm: Social & Book Signing 7:00 - 8:00pm: Presentation of "Civil War: A Nation At Risk" The Westin Richmond's Chesapeake Ballroom, 6631 W. Broad Street, Richmond, VA 23230 - richmondhokies.org Please e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org or call (804)454-4654 if you have any questions or want more information about this event.
Thursday, 6 December, 2012, 12:00-1:00 pm James McPherson To Speak At Library Of Virginia McPherson will discuss his new book War on the Waters: The Union and Confederate Navies 1861-1865
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar