ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 14, ISSUE 11,           November 2012
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, November Program (next), Ocyober Program (last), Camp Officers,
Longstreet's First Corps, Henry Wirz NEWS, 1862-3 Events (Nov,Dec,Jan), Coming Events Links,


My only direct ancestor to serve in the Confederate military during  the
Civil  War  was  Philip  Nelson,  great grandson of General and Virginia
Governor Thomas Nelson, Jr.,  one  of  seven  Virginia  Signers  of  the
Declaration  of Independence.  He was 34 when he first enlisted with his
brother, Kinloch, but as his father was dying in 1862 he paid to have  a
substitute take his place.  In October 1864, now age 37, as hope for the
Confederacy was fading at an increasing  pace,  he  like  Rhett  Butler,
decided to throw his fate back into the cause of the South and he joined
the 49th Virginia Regiment after its defeat in the Valley.   He  endured
the  harsh  winter  in the trenches at Petersburg and in April 1865 made
the long retreat to Appomattox Court House.                             

Philip Nelson's Appomattox Parole

Earlier this year John Coski wrote two articles on  Appomattox  for  the
Museum  of  the Confederacy relating first to the parole process and the
passes issued to each soldier and the  then  to  the  difficulties  each
soldier  faced trying to return to their homes.  Knowing that this was a
topic important to me and relevant many of our ancestors,  I  knew  this
would  be  a good topic for one of our meetings.  The opening of the new
MOC museum in Appomattox this year makes it even  more  relevant.   John
was  a  key  person in the planning and implementation of the new museum
which enables him to speak with unusual  authority  on  the  subject  of
Appomattox.   Please  join  us Tuesday night to welcome John to our Camp


We continue to pray for the recovery of Connie Cowardin, wife  of  Brian
and  mother  of  Talyor.   Connie  is  in rehab at Retreat and is making
progress.  Camp members who have Internet access can follow her progress

We  welcome  to  our  Camp Floyd L.  Lane, Jr., whose ancestor Joseph T.
Mallory served in Page's Battery, Morris Artillery, 2nd Corps,  Army  of
Northern Virginia.  We shall schedule an induction ceremony upon receipt
of his membership certificate from Headquarters.  Floyd  was  introduced
to  our  Camp  by  Camp Commander Andy Keller.  Floyd presently lives in
Gainesville, VA, but plans to move to this area in the not  too  distant

We  have  been saddened by the 7 October death of Camp Chaplain Emeritus
Henry Langford at the age of 93.  Henry's  health  prohibited  him  from
attending  meetings  in recent years.  Our meetings were never quite the
same without him with us.  He was a bold Baptist preacher who was  proud
of  his Southern heritage.  His ancestor was George Washington Messer of
the 17th Georgia Volunteers.  Henry was a U.  S.  Army chaplain in World
War Two and retired as a lieutenant colonel in the Army Reserve. Henry's
son Jeff brought him to  a  Memorial  Day  program  at  the  Confederate
Memorial Chapel a couple of years ago.  A memorial service for Henry was
held at River Road Church Baptist on Sunday 28 October.                 

Many thanks to Road  Boss  Lewis  Mills  for  his  leadership  of  Clint
Cowardin,  Lee  Crenshaw,  Gene  Golden,  Paul  Sacra and yours truly in
cleaning up our one mile section of Studley Road  (Route  606),  Hanover
County  near  Enon  United Methodist Church.  There didn't seem to be as
much trash along the road this time.  There are  VDOT  Adopt-a-  Highway
signs  recognizing  Longstreet  Camp  at each end of our section.  We do
this semi-annually in the spring and the fall.                          

Kendell Warren has transferred his membership to James City Cavalry Camp
# 2095 in Williamsburg which meets near his home.  Since he had paid his
renewal dues to us, we  shall  carry  him  as  an  associate  member  of
Longstreet.  Kendell has shown his keen interest in The War by attending
programs sponsored by the Museum of the Confederacy and by the  Virginia
Sesquicentennial Commission.                                            

With   the   31   October   deadline  for  membership  renewals  without
reinstatement fees having passed, we  have  on  our  roster  74  regular
members  and  six  associate members.  An associate member calls another
camp his home camp and chooses to also be a member of Longstreet.       

Mark your calendars for 4 December when our annual Christmas banquet  is
scheduled  at  the  Westwood  Club.   The  Club  always provides us with
excellent food and service.  Several members  have  already  made  their
reservations, which are due by 28 November.                             
Click here to goto and PRINT the RSVP form for the December Dinner/Program

I look forward to seeing you at our 20 November meeting.



NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, November 20, 2012




"The Road Home from Appomattox"
John Coski, MOC
As everyone knows, Appomattox was the place  where  Gen.   R.   E.   Lee
surrendered  the  Army  of  Northern  Virginia  to  Gen.   U.S.   Grant,
effectively ending the American Civil War.  It was the place  where  the
last  of  Lee's  men  furled  their  flags,  received their paroles, and
started their journeys home to an uncertain future.                     

This program will examine The Museum of  the  Confederacy's  collections
relating  to  Appomattox and how those collections tell the story in the
new Appomattox museum, then offer a broader historical and philosophical
perspective  on  the  story of Appomattox.  This is not the same program
that I gave to the Richmond Civil War Round Table in March.  I  will  be
using Powerpoint slides to show highlights of the collection.           

Month Speaker Topic December Marilyn Iglesias, UDC Captain Sally Tompkins, CSA Marilyn is a member of the UDC and will perform her one woman recreation of Confederate nurse and Captain Sally Tompkins. You may recall that we had a program from the Museum of the Confederacy on the Captain last November. This presentation should be special interest for our December meeting as there are generally many more women in attendance on that occasion.


Thomas Crew, Jr.  of the Library  of  Virginia  titled  his  talk  "John
Brown- A Perfect Steel Trap."                                           

Brown  was born in Connecticut in 1800 to an abolitionist father.  Brown
moved to Ohio.  He was married twice and fathered 20 children.   At  one
point he  lived in Pennsylvania at a stop on the Underground Railroad.  

In  1855 he moved to "bleeding Kansas." He and cohorts attacked a family
thought to be  slaveholders  and  killed  five  people.   He  was  never
charged.   Brown  left  Kansas  after his home burned.  He used an alias
"Isaac Smith."                                                          

Financed by New Englanders, including several Unitarian ministers, known
as the Secret Six, Brown set out to lead a slave rebellion and establish
a new nation.  He revealed his plan to Frederick Douglass, who tried  to
talk him out of it, calling it a perfect steel trap.                    

Brown  rented  the Kennedy Farm in Maryland near Harpers Ferry, Virginia
in the autumn of 1959.   He  planted  one  follower  in  Harpers  Ferry,
described  by  Thomas Jefferson as the most beautiful spot in the nation
at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers.                 

On 16 October Brown sent 22 men across the pedestrian  bridge,  adjacent
to  the  railroad bridge, and captured the federal armory.  His men shot
and killed a free black.  They took refuge in the fire station.         

Robert E.  Lee was at the family home Arlington.  The Secretary  of  War
sent  Lee,  Jeb  Stuart,  and  90  Marines  to  suppress  Brown  and his
followers.  Jeb Stuart went to the door of the fire station under a flag
of truce and requested Brown to surrender.  Stuart recognized Brown from
their days in Kansas.                                                   

After Brown's refusal to surrender, the  Marines  attacked.   Brown  was
wounded and ten men were killed, including five locals.                 

Governor Wise sent 3,000 militiamen to assure safety during the trial in
the circuit court.   Brown was convicted and  sentenced  to  death.   An
appeal  was  denied.   Wise  received  many  requests  for  clemency and
threatening letters.  He also received a letter from the  widow  of  the
Kansan  murdered  by  Brown  supporting  the  execution.   A letter from
Kentucky contained rope with which to hang Brown.                       

Anticipating possible trouble, Governor Wise surrounded the hanging site
with 1,500 soldiers.  Brown was hanged 2 December.                      

Brown's  execution  led many in the North to regard him as a martyr.  He
was compared to Christ.  Brown's attempted slave rebellion  had  incited
fear  in  the  hearts  of Southerners.  The Northern reaction to Brown's
execution greatly increased the hostility between North and South.      

October Meeting Attendance: 29


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          17 July, 2011 through 7 November 2012          

Walt Beam         Richard Chenery    Brian Cowardin      Clint Cowardin
Gary Cowardin     Lee Crenshaw       Cecil Duke          Jerold Evans  
Louis Armistead Heindl                                                 
Michael Hendrick  Phil Jones         Crawley Joyner	 Jack Kane     
Peter Knowles,II  Michael Liesfeld   Lewis Mills         Conway Moncure
Bob Moore         Glenn Mozingo      Joe Price           Waite Rawls   
Peyton Roden,Sr.  Paul Sacra         Cary Shelton        JEB Stuart, IV
Pat Sweeney       Chris Trinite      Walter Tucker       Hugh Williams 
Art Wingo                                                              


(SCV Excerpts, Atlanta - November 11, 2012) On Sunday afternoon, November 4, memorial services honoring Capt. Henry Wirz were held in Andersonville, Georgia, the site of one of the saddest stories of the American War Between the States. Hanged as a scapegoat shortly following the War, Captain Wirz has a tall obelisk monument dedicated to his memory in downtown Andersonville, and natives of the region who know well the truths behind the years of revisionist history hold services in his memory each fall. Now, after 150 years, the true story of the Andersonville is finally being told as part of the Sesquicentennial commemoration of the War. Union General Ulysses S. Grant had enacted a nationwide ban on prisoner exchanges; knowing that the South did not possess the food and supplies to properly care for prisoners, Grant sealed their fate by refusing to even accept an offer by Captain Wirz to provide food and medical relief for the prisoners. Following the War, Captain Wirz was blamed for the malnutrition and lack of medical service provided to the prisoners in Andersonville. His efforts to alleviate their suffering went unheard; and on November 10, 1865 at 10:32 a.m., Henry Wirz was hanged in Washington, D.C. In an act of barbarity, his body was dismembered; and parts of it were placed on public display in Northern museums. For the last 150 years, both Captain Wirz and the South have been blamed for the death of the prisoners who fell at Andersonville; but little has been said of his efforts to save them or of the same percentages of Confederate guards who died at the Camp. For more of the true story see:

November 1862

1 Grant prepared an overland campaign against Vicksburg. 4 Democrats made sizable gains in Northern state and congressional elections, particularly in New York, New Jersey, and Wisconsin. Republicans kept control of the House of Representatives with victories in New England, border states, California, and Michigan. 5 Lincoln relieved McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac and replaced him with MGEN Ambrose Burnside. He named Joseph Hooker to replace FitzJohn Porter, a pro-McClellan partisan, as a corps commander. 6 James Longstreet and Stonewall Jackson were promoted to lieutenant general and given command of the 1st and 2nd Army Corps respectively. 7 McClellan received the orders relieving him. 8 MGEN Nathaniel P. Banks replaced Beast Butler as commander of the Union Department of the Gulf. 14 Burnside reorganized the Army of the Potomac into the Right Grand Division under MGEN Edwin V. Sumner, the Central Grand Division under Hooker, and the Left Grand Division under MGEN William B. Franklin. 15 The Army of the Potomac began moving from Warrenton toward Fredericksburg. Jefferson Davis accepted the resignation of Secretary of War George Wythe Randolph. 17 Sumner's Right Grand Division arrived at Falmouth. 19 Longstreet's 1st Corps took position on the heights above Fredericksburg. Burnside arrived the same day, making his headquarters near Falmouth. 20 Lee arrived at Fredericksburg. The Confederate Army of Tennessee was officially constituted with Bragg commanding. Corps commanders in this Army were E. Kirby Smith, Leonidas Polk, and William Hardee. 21 President Jefferson Davis appointed James A. Seddon Secretary of War. Yankee General Ambrose Burnside called on the city of Fredericksburg to surrender, which it refused to do. 24 Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston was assigned to major command in the west. His main responsinbility was to superrvise Braxton Bragg in Tennessee and John Pemberton at Vicksburg. 26 Lincoln went down the Potomac River to Belle Plain to confer with General Burnside. 29 Confederate Major General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the District of Texas,New Mexico, and Arizona.

December 1862

7 Yankees maintained control of northwest Arkansas by the battle of Prairie Grove. 11 Burnside's Yankees began constructing five pontoon bridges across the Rappahannock River to Fredericksburg. Confederate sharpshooters under William Barksdale drove the builders away time after time, but by noon two bridges were laid. A four regiment Yankee force crossed in boats, and the other bridges were laid. 12 Yankee Right and Left Grand Divisions crossed the Rappahannock. 13 Yankee troops of William B. Franklin's Left Grand Division drove toward the Confederate right under Stonewall Jackson and were repulsed. Edwin Sumner's Right Grand Division and Joe Hooker's Center Grand Division unsuccessfully attacked Longstreet's forces at Marye's Heights. A Yankee commented "It was a great slaughter pen.. They might as well have tried to take Hell." 14 Burnside's subordinates persuaded him not to renew the attack. During the night the Yankee army withdrew across the river. 16 Yankee Nathaniel Banks replaced Beast Butler at New Orleans. 17 Grant from his headquarters at Holly Springs, MS, expelled Jews from his department. Lincoln would not accept the resignation of Secretary of State Seward which was offered because of a political dispute with Treasury Secretary Salmon P. Chase. 20 Confederates under Earl Van Dorn captured at least 1,500 Yankees and destroyed substantial military supplies at Holly Springs. 23 Jefferson Davis proclaimed that Beast Butler was a felon, an outlaw, and a common enemy of mankind; if captured, he should be hanged immediately. 24 Yankees occupied Galveston, TX. 29 Pemberton's Confederates repulsed Sherman's Yankees at Chickasaw Bayou north of Vicksburg, MS. 31 Bragg's Confederates were successful at Murfreesboro (Stone's River), TN, but Yankee lines did not break. The armies remained within range of each other.

January 1863

1 Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. 2 Fighting continued at Murfreesboro. Both armies paused, each hoping that the other would withdraw. 3 Bragg's army withdrew from Murfreesboro. 5 Yankee troops entered Murfreesboro. 11 Yankee David Dixon Porter's gunboats and McClernand's land forces caused the surrender of Fort Hindman, AR. 15 Yankee soldiers and sailors burned Mound City AR, a center of guerilla activities. 17 Lincoln signed a resolution of Congress providing for immedoiate payment of the armed forces and asked for currency reforms to halt the additional issue of notes that increased the cost of living through inflation.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Tuesday, November 27, 2012 An Evening with Dr. James I. "Bud" Robertson, Jr. Admission is $35.00 per person 5:30 - 7:00pm: Social & Book Signing 7:00 - 8:00pm: Presentation of "Civil War: A Nation At Risk" The Westin Richmond's Chesapeake Ballroom, 6631 W. Broad Street, Richmond, VA 23230 - Please e-mail or call (804)454-4654 if you have any questions or want more information about this event.
Thursday, 6 December, 2012, 12:00-1:00 pm James McPherson To Speak At Library Of Virginia McPherson will discuss his new book War on the Waters: The Union and Confederate Navies 1861-1865
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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