ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 14, ISSUE 10,           October 2012
SCV logo

A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, October Program (next),
September Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1862 Events (Oct,Nov), Coming Events Links,


Once again we are in the middle of a  heated  political  campaign  which
highlights  just  how  divided  our  country can be when politicians and
pundits seeks to divide us by seemingly every demographic.  Yet  as  bad
as  it  may seem, it pales in comparison to what our country experienced
in the middle of the 19th Century.  At that  time  the  vitriol  of  one
section  against  the other was being kept below the boiling point until
October 1859, 153 years ago this month.  It was then that John Brown and
his  band  of 20 like minded men illegally seized the federal arsenal in
Harper's Ferry in an attempt to duplicate in the South what had occurred
in the slave revolt in Haiti in 1791.  The results of that revolt, which
had virtually eliminated the white  population  of  Haiti,  had  forever
tainted black-white relations in the south and made widespread voluntary
emancipation politically impossible.                                    

John Brown's raid failed in its immediate goals  for  fermenting  revolt
but  it did ignite a powder keg of feeling over slavery in the north and
distrust and fear in the South of what would happen next  if  the  North
would  not take stronger actions to prevent a recurrence of this type of
activity.  As future events would show, too little was done by the north
to control the situation, including refusal to even extradite members of
Brown's party who had escaped to the north, and radicals  in  the  South
and North found firmer ground to tear the nation apart.                 

This  month  our  speaker,  Tom  Crew from the Library of Virginia, will
revisit this crucially important event with an emphasis on artifacts and
documents  related  to the event that are held by the library.  You will
not want to miss this presentation.                                     

Best wishes  to  Connie  Cowardin  on  her  continued  progress  towards
recovery  and  we  hope  and pray that she will soon be strong enough to
return home.                                                            

I received a post card from camp #1708 yesterday asking us to help promote a project they started. I checked it out an was impressed by how professional it looked and would like to help them promote it by including this in the newsletter: Help support the efforts of your Southern patriot and support battlefield and monument restoration at For a $6.00 contribution you can post a brief biography of each of your Confederate ancestors as a memorial to their sacrifice. This website is also a fantastic source of battle stories, historic photos and battle maps. This is a project of SCV Camp #1708. Andy


September deaths in the families of Camp members have saddened  us.   On
17  September  Mrs.  Virginia Call, mother of Linda (Mrs.  Rufus) Sarvay
passed at the age of 89.  On 21 September Gordon  Hutson  "Hut"  Tiller,
son  of  Sarah  and Pat Hoggard passed at the too young age of 56.  This
has been a terrible year for Pat and Sarah, as  they  are  in  temporary
quarters  while  their  home  is  being repaired after a tree fell on it
during the the bad storm of 25 June.                                    

Other families are hurting and recovering.   Connie  Cowardin,  wife  of
Brian,  mother  of  Taylor,  and  sister-in-law  of  Clint,  has had two
surgeries following collapsing at home in August.  She has been moved to
Retreat and is doing better.                                            

Louis  Armistead  Heindl  had  eye surgery in July, and Bob Moore had to
miss our September meeting due to cataract surgery.                     

Our prayers are with all.                                               

As of 6 October 83.75% of our members have paid renewal dues.   Generous
donations  to  Virginia  Division  special  funds  and  to our camp from
renewing members are much appreciated.  We hope that  renewals  will  be
received  by  our  16  October  Camp meeting.  Members renewing after 31
October will have to pay $ 10.00 in reinstatement fees.                 

The Museum of the Confederacy hit a home run with  the  speaker  at  the
17th  annual  Elizabeth  Roller  Bottimore  Lecture at the University of
Richmond on 27 September.  Amanda Foreman, discussed her recent book  "A
World  on Fire: Britain's Crucial Role in the American Civil War." There
was intense interest in The War in England.  Citizens often said to each
other  "I'm a Northerner" or " I'm a Southerner." One would have thought
that Britain, a key player in the abolition of the  slave  trade,  would
have  sided  with  the  North.   One  reason  they  didn't  was American
Secretary of State William Henry Seward, who in his effort to use hatred
of  Britain  as  a  unifying  theme for Union sympathizers, angered many
Britons.  Britain almost went to war  with  the  Union  over  the  Trent
Affair,  but Lincoln wisely backed down from the seizure of that ship by
Yankee sailor Charles Wilkes.  Ms.  Foreman's book  is  in  the  Henrico
County Public Library and is available from Amazon.                     

During the Civil War Trust's Annual Conference in Richmond the Museum of
the Confederacy received the Brian C.  Pohanka Preservation Organization
of  the  Year Award from the Civil War Trust, the preeminent battlefield
preservation organization.  Congratulations to  our  Camp  member  Waite
Rawls, Executive Director, and his staff.                               

Our  semi-annual  road  cleanup  of our one mile section of Studley Road
(Route 606), Hanover County,  near  Enon  United  Methodist  Church,  is
scheduled    for    Saturday   3   November.    Please   email   me   at or telephone me if you'll help.   There  will  be  a
signup sheet at the October meeting.                                    

Mark  your calendars for Tuesday 4 December for our Christmas banquet at
the Westwood Club.  The Club always gives us excellent food and service.


FOLLOWUP: Special thanks to Alex Ray. We can all hope that young men will follow the example, that Alex has set, to continue upholding The Charge into the future. Thanks to Edwin Ray for his encouragement and work with his son. This was accomplished with several men of the Division helping with the stone, most especially Lee Hart. Thank you Lee, Mike Pullen See the news article in


NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, October 16, 2012




"John Brown - A Perfect Steel Trap"
Thomas  Crew  Jr.,  a  senior  reference  archivist  at  the  Library of
Virginia, will discuss John Brown's  Raid  and  the  extensive  archival
holdings  at the Library documenting his abortive attempt to capture the
U.S. Arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, on October 16, 1859.           

Month Speaker Topic November John Coski, MOC The Road Home from Appomattox December Marilyn Iglesias, UDC Captain Sally Tompkins, CSA Marilyn is a member of the UDC and will perform her one woman recreation of Confederate nurse and Captain Sally Tompkins. You may recall that we had a program from the Museum of the Confederacy on the Captain last November. This presentation should be special interest for our December meeting as there are generally many more women in attendance on that occasion.


Outstanding Richmond National Battlefield  Park  historian  Bobby  Krick
offered the following seven reasons why General Robert E.  Lee undertook
the Maryland Campaign in September 1862:                                
1.  Carry The War to the North.                                        
2.  Aid Marylanders loyal to the Confederacy.                          
3.  The Army of Northern Virginia could not afford to be idle.         
4.  Disrupt northern communications, particularly railroads and canals.
5.  Impress foreign powers, especially Great Britain and France.       
6.  Influence fall elections.                                          
7 . Influence public opinion.                                          

Bobby opined that Lee had been thinking about an invasion of  the  North
before  the  Seven  Days  Campaign.  Mrs.  Lee on 6 July 1862 wrote to a
friend in Georgia stating "Our men are anxious to go to  Pennsylvania.."
General Lee had visited his wife in Richmond after the conclusion of the
Seven days campaign.                                                    

In  pondering  whether  the  invasion  was  wise,  Bobby  offered  Lee's
1.  Move the Army east. It was not strong enough to besiege
2.  Taking the Army to Richmond would give up gains        
    of Seven Days and Manassas..                           
3.  Go west to the Shenandoah Valley.                      
4.  Do nothing.                                            

President Lincoln  had  two  armies  in  Virginia.   Lee  needed  to  do
something  to  delay  those armies until they went into winter quarters.
Yankee General Pope's defeat at Second Manassas  was  Lincoln's  biggest
crisis  at  that  stage of The War.  He put the conduct of The War above
his personal preference in recalling McClellan to command, sending  Pope
to  Minnesota.  When asked why, he responded, "We must use what tools we

The famous loss of Lee's orders and the  Yankee  finding  of  same  gave
McClellan  a  golden  opportunity  by  telling  him  that Lee's Army was
divided into five parts.  There were some  Confederate  sympathizers  in
McClellan's tent when he read Lee's orders, so word got back to Lee that
his orders were known to the Yankees.  Lee then attempted to consolidate
his forces.                                                             

Bobby  opined  that  Lee should not have fought the battle at Sharpsburg
with the Potomac River at his back on  17  September.   The  Union  Army
included  many  soldiers  who had just entered service in August and had
not been trained for battle.Yankee ineptitude enabled Lee to fight to  a
draw.   "Fighting"  Joe  Hooker,  oblivious to terrain, sent his I Corps
into the corn field subject to cannon fire from Nicodemus Heights in the
finest  performance  of  Confederate  artillery.   The  death  of Yankee
General Joseph King Fenno Mansfield rendered the XII  Corps  leaderless,
undercutting McClellan's plan.                                          

McClellan  was  either  misinformed  or  delusional  about the number of
soldiers opposing him, estimating Lee's Army as having  between  120,000
and  150,000  men.   The  actual  number  was  about  about 1/3 of those
estimates.  After The  War  McClellan  wrote  that  there  were  200,000
soldiers on the field that day.                                         

Lee was disappointed with the outcome of the battle, keeping his Army on
the field the next day.  After crossing the Potomac  into  Virginia,  he
seriously considered recrossing into Maryland.                          

After  the  battle a Wisconsin doctor wrote perceptively that "This Army
will not succeed  under  McClellan."  Confederates  benefited  from  the
Campaign  by  capturing  many  Yankee  cannon  at  Harper's  Ferry on 15
September.  They also captured 12,000 Yankee soldiers.  A South Carolina
newspaperman wrote, "The troops have the utmost respect for General Lee"
Confederate General Dorsey Pender felt that Lee should  not  have  taken
the  Army of Northern Virginia into Maryland because of the skulking and

The indecisive battle at Sharpsburg 17 September 1862  resulted  in  the
largest number of casualties in any one day in American history.  It did
give Lincoln  the  opportunity  he'd  been  looking  for  to  issue  the
preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.                                  
September Meeting Attendance: 24


Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 Chaplain Emeritus: Henry Langford For officer E-mail addresses see our
Contact Us page.


War Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          17 July, 2011 through 3 October 2012           

Walt Beam         Richard Chenery    Brian Cowardin      Clint Cowardin
Gary Cowardin     Lee Crenshaw       Cecil Duke          Jerold Evans  
Michael Hendrick  Phil Jones         Crawley Joyner	 Jack Kane     
Peter Knowles,II  Michael Liesfeld   Lewis Mills         Conway Moncure
Bob Moore         Glenn Mozingo      Joe Price           Waite Rawls   
Peyton Roden,Sr.  Paul Sacra         Cary Shelton        JEB Stuart, IV
Pat Sweeney       Chris Trinite      Walter Tucker       Hugh Williams 
Art Wingo                                                              

October 1862

1 Confederate Major General John C. Pemberton took command of the Department of Mississippi and east Louisiana, his primary duty being the defense of Vicksburg. 2-3 Lincoln conferred with McClellan at the latter's headquarters in Maryland. 4 Confederates were driven away from Corinth, Mississippi after a two day battle. 8 Yankees under Don Carlos Buell won a partial victory at Perryville KY, ending Bragg's invasion of Kentucky. 12 Stuart completed another ride around McClellan in Maryland and Virginia. 13 Lincoln in a lengthy letter to McClellan urged renewed activity. 16 McClellan launched two major reconnaisances from Sharpsburg to Smithfield in western Virginia and from Harper's Ferry to Charles Town, western Virginia. 20 Lincoln ordered political MGEN John A. McClernand to proceed to Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa to organize troops for an expedition to Vicksburg. This caused much friction between McClernand and U. S. Grant. 22 Bragg's Confederate Army made good its escape from Yankee Don Carlos Buell in Kentucky, following the battle of Perryville. 24 Yankee MGEN William S. Rosecrans replaced Buell as commander in Kentucky and Tennessee, due to the escape of Bragg's Confederates. 25 Lincoln wired McClellan asking him what the horses of his army had done to become fatigued after the battle of Antietam. Grant became commander of the 13th Army Corps and the Department of the Tennessee. 26 The Army of the Potomac began crossing the Potomac into Virginia. Bragg completed the evacuation of his army from Kentucky. 30 France's Emperor Napoleon III proposed to Russia and Great Britain that they unite in offering to mediate in The War.

November 1862

1 Grant prepared an overland campaign against Vicksburg. 4 Democrats made sizable gains in Northern state and congressional elections, particularly in New York, New Jersey, and Wisconsin. Republicans kept control of the House of Representatives with victories in New England, border states, California, and Michigan. 5 Lincoln relieved McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac and replaced him with MGEN Ambrose Burnside. He named Joseph Hooker to replace FitzJohn Porter, a pro-McClellan partisan, as a corps commander. 6 James Longstreet and Stonewall Jackson were promoted to lieutenant general and given command of the 1st and 2nd Army Corps respectively. 7 McClellan received the orders relieving him. 8 MGEN Nathaniel P. Banks replaced Beast Butler as commander of the Union Department of the Gulf. 14 Burnside reorganized the Army of the Potomac into the Right Grand Division under MGEN Edwin V. Sumner, the Central Grand Division under Hooker, and the Left Grand Division under MGEN William B. Franklin. 15 The Army of the Potomac began moving from Warrenton toward Fredericksburg. Jefferson Davis accepted the resignation of Secretary of War George Wythe Randolph. 17 Sumner's Right Grand Division arrived at Falmouth. 19 Longstreet's 1st Corps took position on the heights above Fredericksburg. Burnside arrived the same day, making his headquarters near Falmouth. 20 Lee arrived at Fredericksburg. The Confederate Army of Tennessee was officially constituted with Bragg commanding. Corps commanders in this Army were E. Kirby Smith, Leonidas Polk, and William Hardee.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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