THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 14, ISSUE 10, October 2012
Once again we are in the middle of a heated political campaign which highlights just how divided our country can be when politicians and pundits seeks to divide us by seemingly every demographic. Yet as bad as it may seem, it pales in comparison to what our country experienced in the middle of the 19th Century. At that time the vitriol of one section against the other was being kept below the boiling point until October 1859, 153 years ago this month. It was then that John Brown and his band of 20 like minded men illegally seized the federal arsenal in Harper's Ferry in an attempt to duplicate in the South what had occurred in the slave revolt in Haiti in 1791. The results of that revolt, which had virtually eliminated the white population of Haiti, had forever tainted black-white relations in the south and made widespread voluntary emancipation politically impossible. John Brown's raid failed in its immediate goals for fermenting revolt but it did ignite a powder keg of feeling over slavery in the north and distrust and fear in the South of what would happen next if the North would not take stronger actions to prevent a recurrence of this type of activity. As future events would show, too little was done by the north to control the situation, including refusal to even extradite members of Brown's party who had escaped to the north, and radicals in the South and North found firmer ground to tear the nation apart. This month our speaker, Tom Crew from the Library of Virginia, will revisit this crucially important event with an emphasis on artifacts and documents related to the event that are held by the library. You will not want to miss this presentation. Best wishes to Connie Cowardin on her continued progress towards recovery and we hope and pray that she will soon be strong enough to return home. Andy
I received a post card from camp #1708 yesterday asking us to help promote a project they started. I checked it out an was impressed by how professional it looked and would like to help them promote it by including this in the newsletter: Help support the efforts of your Southern patriot and support battlefield and monument restoration at www.ourconfederateheros.org For a $6.00 contribution you can post a brief biography of each of your Confederate ancestors as a memorial to their sacrifice. This website is also a fantastic source of battle stories, historic photos and battle maps. This is a project of SCV Camp #1708. Andy
September deaths in the families of Camp members have saddened us. On 17 September Mrs. Virginia Call, mother of Linda (Mrs. Rufus) Sarvay passed at the age of 89. On 21 September Gordon Hutson "Hut" Tiller, son of Sarah and Pat Hoggard passed at the too young age of 56. This has been a terrible year for Pat and Sarah, as they are in temporary quarters while their home is being repaired after a tree fell on it during the the bad storm of 25 June. Other families are hurting and recovering. Connie Cowardin, wife of Brian, mother of Taylor, and sister-in-law of Clint, has had two surgeries following collapsing at home in August. She has been moved to Retreat and is doing better. Louis Armistead Heindl had eye surgery in July, and Bob Moore had to miss our September meeting due to cataract surgery. Our prayers are with all. As of 6 October 83.75% of our members have paid renewal dues. Generous donations to Virginia Division special funds and to our camp from renewing members are much appreciated. We hope that renewals will be received by our 16 October Camp meeting. Members renewing after 31 October will have to pay $ 10.00 in reinstatement fees. The Museum of the Confederacy hit a home run with the speaker at the 17th annual Elizabeth Roller Bottimore Lecture at the University of Richmond on 27 September. Amanda Foreman, discussed her recent book "A World on Fire: Britain's Crucial Role in the American Civil War." There was intense interest in The War in England. Citizens often said to each other "I'm a Northerner" or " I'm a Southerner." One would have thought that Britain, a key player in the abolition of the slave trade, would have sided with the North. One reason they didn't was American Secretary of State William Henry Seward, who in his effort to use hatred of Britain as a unifying theme for Union sympathizers, angered many Britons. Britain almost went to war with the Union over the Trent Affair, but Lincoln wisely backed down from the seizure of that ship by Yankee sailor Charles Wilkes. Ms. Foreman's book is in the Henrico County Public Library and is available from Amazon. During the Civil War Trust's Annual Conference in Richmond the Museum of the Confederacy received the Brian C. Pohanka Preservation Organization of the Year Award from the Civil War Trust, the preeminent battlefield preservation organization. Congratulations to our Camp member Waite Rawls, Executive Director, and his staff. Our semi-annual road cleanup of our one mile section of Studley Road (Route 606), Hanover County, near Enon United Methodist Church, is scheduled for Saturday 3 November. Please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org or telephone me if you'll help. There will be a signup sheet at the October meeting. Mark your calendars for Tuesday 4 December for our Christmas banquet at the Westwood Club. The Club always gives us excellent food and service. Walter
FOLLOWUP: Special thanks to Alex Ray. We can all hope that young men will follow the example, that Alex has set, to continue upholding The Charge into the future. Thanks to Edwin Ray for his encouragement and work with his son. This was accomplished with several men of the Division helping with the stone, most especially Lee Hart. Thank you Lee, Mike Pullen See the news article in fauquier.com
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
"John Brown - A Perfect Steel Trap" Thomas Crew Jr., a senior reference archivist at the Library of Virginia, will discuss John Brown's Raid and the extensive archival holdings at the Library documenting his abortive attempt to capture the U.S. Arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, on October 16, 1859.
Month Speaker Topic November John Coski, MOC The Road Home from Appomattox December Marilyn Iglesias, UDC Captain Sally Tompkins, CSA Marilyn is a member of the UDC and will perform her one woman recreation of Confederate nurse and Captain Sally Tompkins. You may recall that we had a program from the Museum of the Confederacy on the Captain last November. This presentation should be special interest for our December meeting as there are generally many more women in attendance on that occasion.
Outstanding Richmond National Battlefield Park historian Bobby Krick offered the following seven reasons why General Robert E. Lee undertook the Maryland Campaign in September 1862: 1. Carry The War to the North. 2. Aid Marylanders loyal to the Confederacy. 3. The Army of Northern Virginia could not afford to be idle. 4. Disrupt northern communications, particularly railroads and canals. 5. Impress foreign powers, especially Great Britain and France. 6. Influence fall elections. 7 . Influence public opinion. Bobby opined that Lee had been thinking about an invasion of the North before the Seven Days Campaign. Mrs. Lee on 6 July 1862 wrote to a friend in Georgia stating "Our men are anxious to go to Pennsylvania.." General Lee had visited his wife in Richmond after the conclusion of the Seven days campaign. In pondering whether the invasion was wise, Bobby offered Lee's alternatives: 1. Move the Army east. It was not strong enough to besiege Washington. 2. Taking the Army to Richmond would give up gains of Seven Days and Manassas.. 3. Go west to the Shenandoah Valley. 4. Do nothing. President Lincoln had two armies in Virginia. Lee needed to do something to delay those armies until they went into winter quarters. Yankee General Pope's defeat at Second Manassas was Lincoln's biggest crisis at that stage of The War. He put the conduct of The War above his personal preference in recalling McClellan to command, sending Pope to Minnesota. When asked why, he responded, "We must use what tools we have." The famous loss of Lee's orders and the Yankee finding of same gave McClellan a golden opportunity by telling him that Lee's Army was divided into five parts. There were some Confederate sympathizers in McClellan's tent when he read Lee's orders, so word got back to Lee that his orders were known to the Yankees. Lee then attempted to consolidate his forces. Bobby opined that Lee should not have fought the battle at Sharpsburg with the Potomac River at his back on 17 September. The Union Army included many soldiers who had just entered service in August and had not been trained for battle.Yankee ineptitude enabled Lee to fight to a draw. "Fighting" Joe Hooker, oblivious to terrain, sent his I Corps into the corn field subject to cannon fire from Nicodemus Heights in the finest performance of Confederate artillery. The death of Yankee General Joseph King Fenno Mansfield rendered the XII Corps leaderless, undercutting McClellan's plan. McClellan was either misinformed or delusional about the number of soldiers opposing him, estimating Lee's Army as having between 120,000 and 150,000 men. The actual number was about about 1/3 of those estimates. After The War McClellan wrote that there were 200,000 soldiers on the field that day. Lee was disappointed with the outcome of the battle, keeping his Army on the field the next day. After crossing the Potomac into Virginia, he seriously considered recrossing into Maryland. After the battle a Wisconsin doctor wrote perceptively that "This Army will not succeed under McClellan." Confederates benefited from the Campaign by capturing many Yankee cannon at Harper's Ferry on 15 September. They also captured 12,000 Yankee soldiers. A South Carolina newspaperman wrote, "The troops have the utmost respect for General Lee" Confederate General Dorsey Pender felt that Lee should not have taken the Army of Northern Virginia into Maryland because of the skulking and straggling. The indecisive battle at Sharpsburg 17 September 1862 resulted in the largest number of casualties in any one day in American history. It did give Lincoln the opportunity he'd been looking for to issue the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. Walter September Meeting Attendance: 24
2012-2014 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Andy Keller 270-0522 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 754-5256 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Les Updike 285-1475 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 Chaplain Emeritus: Henry Langford For officer E-mail addresses see our Contact Us page.
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse Editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 17 July, 2011 through 3 October 2012 Walt Beam Richard Chenery Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Gary Cowardin Lee Crenshaw Cecil Duke Jerold Evans Michael Hendrick Phil Jones Crawley Joyner Jack Kane Peter Knowles,II Michael Liesfeld Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Bob Moore Glenn Mozingo Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Paul Sacra Cary Shelton JEB Stuart, IV Pat Sweeney Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Hugh Williams Art Wingo
October 18621 Confederate Major General John C. Pemberton took command of the Department of Mississippi and east Louisiana, his primary duty being the defense of Vicksburg. 2-3 Lincoln conferred with McClellan at the latter's headquarters in Maryland. 4 Confederates were driven away from Corinth, Mississippi after a two day battle. 8 Yankees under Don Carlos Buell won a partial victory at Perryville KY, ending Bragg's invasion of Kentucky. 12 Stuart completed another ride around McClellan in Maryland and Virginia. 13 Lincoln in a lengthy letter to McClellan urged renewed activity. 16 McClellan launched two major reconnaisances from Sharpsburg to Smithfield in western Virginia and from Harper's Ferry to Charles Town, western Virginia. 20 Lincoln ordered political MGEN John A. McClernand to proceed to Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa to organize troops for an expedition to Vicksburg. This caused much friction between McClernand and U. S. Grant. 22 Bragg's Confederate Army made good its escape from Yankee Don Carlos Buell in Kentucky, following the battle of Perryville. 24 Yankee MGEN William S. Rosecrans replaced Buell as commander in Kentucky and Tennessee, due to the escape of Bragg's Confederates. 25 Lincoln wired McClellan asking him what the horses of his army had done to become fatigued after the battle of Antietam. Grant became commander of the 13th Army Corps and the Department of the Tennessee. 26 The Army of the Potomac began crossing the Potomac into Virginia. Bragg completed the evacuation of his army from Kentucky. 30 France's Emperor Napoleon III proposed to Russia and Great Britain that they unite in offering to mediate in The War.
November 18621 Grant prepared an overland campaign against Vicksburg. 4 Democrats made sizable gains in Northern state and congressional elections, particularly in New York, New Jersey, and Wisconsin. Republicans kept control of the House of Representatives with victories in New England, border states, California, and Michigan. 5 Lincoln relieved McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac and replaced him with MGEN Ambrose Burnside. He named Joseph Hooker to replace FitzJohn Porter, a pro-McClellan partisan, as a corps commander. 6 James Longstreet and Stonewall Jackson were promoted to lieutenant general and given command of the 1st and 2nd Army Corps respectively. 7 McClellan received the orders relieving him. 8 MGEN Nathaniel P. Banks replaced Beast Butler as commander of the Union Department of the Gulf. 14 Burnside reorganized the Army of the Potomac into the Right Grand Division under MGEN Edwin V. Sumner, the Central Grand Division under Hooker, and the Left Grand Division under MGEN William B. Franklin. 15 The Army of the Potomac began moving from Warrenton toward Fredericksburg. Jefferson Davis accepted the resignation of Secretary of War George Wythe Randolph. 17 Sumner's Right Grand Division arrived at Falmouth. 19 Longstreet's 1st Corps took position on the heights above Fredericksburg. Burnside arrived the same day, making his headquarters near Falmouth. 20 Lee arrived at Fredericksburg. The Confederate Army of Tennessee was officially constituted with Bragg commanding. Corps commanders in this Army were E. Kirby Smith, Leonidas Polk, and William Hardee.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar