THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 14, ISSUE 6, June 2012
I am very glad I attended last month's Hood's Texas Brigade monument ceremony at Gaines' Mill. There was a good delegation from the Longstreet Camp in attendance. There was a large turnout with many heritage and preservation groups represented. The keynote speaker was Gary Gallagher. He spoke about the importance of the battle of Gaines' Mill and how its circumstances set the stage for Robert E. Lee's rise to immortality. Lee's first victory would not have happened and the war would have soon ended had it not been for Hood's Texas Brigade. Their heroic charge broke the Union line and caused the Yankees to retreat saving the Confederate Capital from being captured. Hood's Texas Brigade suffered heavy casualties as a result of their gallant charge. J.T. Cunningham, a 23 year old member of the 4th Texas Infantry, was shot in the shoulder during the battle and would soon succumb to infection of the wounds received during the battle. His grave at Shockoe Hill Cemetery was marked by the Longstreet Camp last year. Gaines' Mill and the new Texas Brigade Monument I look forward to seeing y'all at the meeting on Tuesday, the 19th! Taylor
We have sent two certified membership applications to headquarters and look forward to receiving their membership certificates. Mike Liesfeld's ancestor George Washington Jones served in Company G of the 62nd Virginia Infantry. Art Wingo's ancestor served in Hurt's Battery of the Alabama Light Artillery. We welcome these gentlemen to our Camp. Thanks to Andy Keller, who recruited Mike, and to Rufus Sarvay, who brought Art to us. Congratulations to Bill Akers, who has earned his Chartered Financial Consultant designation. May and early June have had several Confederate activities. Several of our Camp members attended the dedication of the Hood's Texas Brigade monument at Gaines' Mill. Our Camp has a connection to Hood's Brigade, having held a dedication of a grave marker of one of its soldiers buried at Mt. Olivet Baptist Church, Beaverdam. Lewis Mills identified the soldier and led the effort in that meaningful ceremony. At the 28 May Memorial Day service at the Confederate Memorial Chapel our Camp member Les Updike led the congregation in singing Dixie. Mike Kidd was the announcer at the 2 June Jefferson Davis Memorial Program at Hollywood Cemetery. Gary Cowardin was responsible for the sound. On 6 June our 1st LCDR Andy Keller presented our Buck Hurtt Scholarship Award to Miss Carter Lyon at the Douglas S. Freeman High School Senior Awards Night. She was selected by the faculty as the outstanding senior history student and plans to attend William and Mary. Many thanks to our loyal Camp members who contributed to this worthy effort. The Museum of the Confederacy has been named the preservation organization of the year by the Civil War Trust. Congratulations to Museum CEO Waite Rawls, his staff, and the trustees for their work in earning this recognition from the premier national battlefield preservation organization. SCV National Commander-in-Chief Michael Givens and Virginia Division Commander visited the Museum recently. My wife Jackie and I visited the MOC in Appomattox in late May. It is outstanding and well worth the drive. A Pizza Hut and a McDonald's are near the Museum, so visitors will be fed much better than Robert E. Lee's soldiers were prior to the April 1865 surrender. The most interesting artifact to us was the bullet-riddled uniform coat of Major General Patrick Cleburne, who was killed at the battle of Franklin Tennessee 30 November 1864. Jackie's great grandfather John Wesley Sheally served in the 45th Alabama Infantry, which was at that battle. When we visited Franklin a few years ago, Tom Cartwright of the historic Carter House said to us, "You folks from Richmond may like John Bell Hood up there, but we don't think too highly of him down here." University of Richmond President Edward Ayers gave an interesting talk during alumni reunion weekend 1 June. His students have reviewed 3,000 pages of deliberations of the Virginia Secession conventions. A word search showed that "rights" was mentioned 1,700 times, "slavery" 1,432 times, and "tariffs" 81 times in those deliberations. The first convention voted to remain in the Union. The second convention, held after Lincoln's call for volunteers, voted to secede. Four men from Virginia had begged Lincoln not to reinforce Fort Sumter. Dr. Ayers spoke of contributions to emancipation, some surprising. If McClellan's Army had taken Richmond during the Seven Days in 1862, the War might have ended then, and slavery would have remained intact. Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson might be considered inadvertent contributors to emancipation by forcing McClellan to retreat and abandon his attempt to capture Richmond. Some Yankee soldiers who enlisted to fight were unhappy to be digging fortifications. Their realization that slaves were digging Confederate fortifications highlighted the value of slaves to the Confederacy. 200,000 blacks enlisted in the Union Army. Slaves fleeing the Confederacy did so when the Union Army was nearby. 3.5 million slaves were never near enough to the Union Army to defect. Walter
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
Andrew H. Talkov Andrew H. Talkov is the Coordinator for Virginia's Civil War at the Virginia Historical Society. Mr. Talkov's assembled the traveling Sesquicentennial exhibit for the museum and has now arranged the museum's current exhibition of the Civil War illustrations of Edwin Forbes which will be the topic for our June meeting. "Civil War Artist Edwin Forbes" In 1862, twenty-three-year-old Edwin Forbes joined a corps of artists sent to Virginia to capture scenes of the war that would illustrate the pages of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. Forbes and his colleagues did much to shape public perceptions-then and now-of the American Civil War. The full exhibition features 156 original pen-and-ink drawings that Forbes produced from wartime sketches to illustrate his book, Thirty Years After: An Artist's Story of the Great War. His program will take a number of these drawings to help show how the represented the war to those back home keeping in mind that these types of illustrations were much more common than photographs to be the view that the common citizen had of the war. Month Speaker Topic July Richard Nicholas Sheridan's Central Virginia Raid September Bob Krick, NPS October Tom Crew, LOV John Brown - A Perfect Steel Trap November John Coski, MOC The Road Home from Appomattox December Marilyn Iglesias, UDC Captain Sally Tompkins, CSA Marilyn is a member of the UDC and will perform her one woman recreation of Confederate nurse and Captain Sally Tompkins. You may recall that we had a program from the Museum of the Confederacy on the Captain last November. This presentation should be special interest for our December meeting as there are generally many more women in attendance on that occasion. Andy Keller
Becky Cumins of the National Park Service told us that Stonewall Jackson was considered the number one Confederate general at the time of the May 1863 battle at Chancellorsville. He was respected in the north and the south. Jackson's motto was, "If it can be done, it will." Jackson may have been developing pneumonia on 1 May. He slept outside that night. On the next day he wore a heavy raincoat. After his devastating flank attack on 2 May, he asked, "What if one more attack would destroy the Yankees?" After sending some soldiers back, he went out on a reconnaissance late in the evening. North Carolina troops, who had been told to shoot anything, were coming forward. Jackson was wounded in the right hand and another bullet entered his left elbow and came out at the wrist. A shoulder wound shattered his arm. He fell to the ground as soldiers helped him off his horse to put him in a litter. One of the soldiers carrying the litter fell, and Jackson hit the ground on the wounded shoulder. Dr. Hunter Holmes McGuire amputated his arm at a field hospital. Lee was afraid Jackson would be captured and ordered him moved. He had to be transported 27 miles on muddy roads to the Chandler home at Guinea Station. Mrs, Chandler welcomed General Jackson. Dr. McGuire inspected the home and would not allow Jackson to go inside because some of the inhabitants had a contagious skin disease. Stonewall was put in a small house in which the Chandlers had stored junk. Word was sent to Jackson's wife Anna. Stoneman's Yankee cavalry had control of the railroad tracks, and she couldn't get there until 7 May. Anna said to Stonewall, "Julia and I are finally here." There was no response. On 10 May, Dr. Mcguire told Anna that her husband would not survive the day. In the custom of the day, Anna presented Julia to the dying Stonewall. He held the baby, and asked, "Anna, what day is it?" When told it was Sunday, he said, "I always wished to die on the Lord's day." She said, "I don't know where to bury you." He told her Lexington and told her to go to North Carolina. Visions of battle entered his mind, and he said, "Push up the columns." Before his last moment of life, he said, "Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees." His earthly life ended at 3:15 PM, at which time the clock was stopped. A window was opened to let his spirit depart. People gathered wildflowers to give to Anna. It took the train 14 hours to get the Jacksons to Richmond. The body lay in state in the State Capitol, where a Confederate soldier remarked, "I lost my arm for that general." On 15 May he was buried in Lexington. Anna Jackson was 33 when her husband died, and their daughter Julia was five months old . Julia married and moved to California. She later died of typhoid at a young age in Charlotte NC, leaving her two children to be raised by their grandmother. Becky's talk was very moving and had us feeling as if we were with the Mighty Stonewall in his dying days at Guinea Station. Walter May Meeting Attendance: 34
2011-2012 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Andy Keller 270-0522 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 270-1292 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 Chaplain Emeritus: Henry Langford
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 July, 2011 through 6 June 2012 Marian and Walt Beam Barton Campbell Richard Chenery Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Lee Crenshaw Ray Crews Michael Hendrick Don and Karen Jewett in memory of their son Chris Crawley Joyner Jack Kane Peter Knowles,III Lewis Mills Conway Mocure Bob Moore Glenn Mozingo Preston Nuttall Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton Will Shumadine Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Hugh Williams Keith Zimmerman
June 18621 General Longstreet's attack was repulsed by Yankees at fair Oaks. Jefferson Davis appointed Robert E. Lee to command of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. 3 Confederates abandoned Fort Pillow, Tennessee, rendering northern Mississippi River outposts of the South useless. 6 Yankee gunboats defeated Confederate warships at Memphis. 8 Confederates, primarily under General Ewell, defeated Yankees under John C. Fremont at Cross Keys. 9 Confederates beat Yankees at Port Republic, concluding Jackson's brilliant Valley Campaign. 12 Confederate cavalry under J. E. B. Stuart began just north of Richmond the famous ride around McClellan. 15 Stuart arrived in Richmond to report to Lee on the ride around McClellan. 17 General Braxton Bragg was named commander of the Western Department of the Confederate Army. 18 Yankees under Brigadier General George W. Morgan occupied Cumberland Gap. 19 President Lincoln signed into law a measure prohibiting slavery in the territories of the United States. 20 Confederate MGEN Earl VanDorn took command of the Department of Southern Mississippi and East Louisiana, charged with the defense of the Mississippi River. 23 General Lee outlined his plans for an offensive in a meeting with his generals, including newly arrived Stonewall Jackson at the Dabbs House near Richmond. 25 The Seven Days began with secondary engagements. 26 A. P. Hill attacked at Mechanicsville and drove FitzJohn Porter back to Beaver Dam Creek. During the night Porter withdrew to Gaines' Mill. 27 Troops of John Bell Hood's Texas Brigade and George E. Pickett broke through Porter's line at Gaines' Mill. Porter withdrew his troops across the Chickahominy River. 28 McClellan abandoned his base at White House Landing on the Pamunkey River and began moving it to the James River. 29 McClellan's rear guard withstood a Confederate drive at Savage's Station. 30 Lee attempted to attack McClellan across White Oak Swamp. Jackson allegedly did not fulfill his role. Longstreet was unable to break the Union line.
July 18621 Lee's frontal assault at Malvern Hill failed. However, he had prevented McClellan from taking Richmond and thus prolonged The War. Lincoln approved income tax increases and a transcontinental railroad. 2 McClellan retreated his army to Harrison's Landing. Lincoln approved land grant colleges. 4 Confederate John Hunt Morgan embarked on his first Kentucky raid. 8 Lincoln conferred with McClellan at Fort Monroe and reviewed the Army of the Potomac. 10 Yankee general John Pope issued draconian orders in the Shenandoah Valley against civilians designed to prevent guerilla actions. 11 Major General Henry W. Halleck was named General-in-Chief of all Yankee Armies. 12 Lincoln at the White House appealed to border state congressmen to support compensated emancipation of slaves. 13 Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Murfreesboro, TN. 14 John Pope called for an advance against the Confederates, proclaiming "I have come to you from the West, where we have always seen the backs of our enemies." 20 border state representatives opposed Lincoln's compenasated emancipation, while only seven supported the plan. The U.S. Senate approved the secession of western Virginia from Virginia and the creation of a new state. 17 MGEN U. S. Grant assumed command of all troops in the Army of the Tennessee and the Army of the Mississippi and in the District of the Mississippi and Cairo.
COMING EVENTS LINKSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar