ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 14, ISSUE 6,           June 2012
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Chaplain, June Program (next), May Program (last),
Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1862 Events (May,June), Coming Events Links,

Taylor COMMANDER'S COMMENTS

I am very glad I attended last month's  Hood's  Texas  Brigade  monument
ceremony  at  Gaines'  Mill.   There  was  a  good  delegation  from the
Longstreet Camp in attendance.  There was  a  large  turnout  with  many
heritage  and  preservation groups represented.  The keynote speaker was
Gary Gallagher.  He spoke about the importance of the battle of  Gaines'
Mill  and  how its circumstances set the stage for Robert E.  Lee's rise
to immortality.  Lee's first victory would not have happened and the war
would  have  soon ended had it not been for Hood's Texas Brigade.  Their
heroic charge broke the Union line and caused  the  Yankees  to  retreat
saving  the  Confederate  Capital  from  being  captured.   Hood's Texas
Brigade suffered heavy casualties as a result of their  gallant  charge.
J.T.   Cunningham,  a  23 year old member of the 4th Texas Infantry, was
shot in the shoulder  during  the  battle  and  would  soon  succumb  to
infection  of  the  wounds  received  during  the  battle.  His grave at
Shockoe Hill Cemetery was marked by the Longstreet Camp last year.      

 
 Gaines' Mill and the new Texas Brigade Monument

I look forward to seeing y'all at the meeting on Tuesday, the 19th!

							Taylor     

Walter ADJUTANT'S REPORT

We have sent two certified membership applications to  headquarters  and
look   forward   to   receiving  their  membership  certificates.   Mike
Liesfeld's ancestor George Washington Jones served in Company G  of  the
62nd  Virginia  Infantry.  Art Wingo's ancestor served in Hurt's Battery
of the Alabama Light Artillery.  We welcome these gentlemen to our Camp.
Thanks  to  Andy  Keller,  who  recruited Mike, and to Rufus Sarvay, who
brought Art to us.                                                      

Congratulations to Bill Akers, who has earned  his  Chartered  Financial
Consultant designation.                                                 

May  and early June have had several Confederate activities.  Several of
our Camp members attended the dedication of  the  Hood's  Texas  Brigade
monument  at Gaines' Mill.  Our Camp has a connection to Hood's Brigade,
having held a dedication of a grave marker of one of its soldiers buried
at  Mt.   Olivet  Baptist Church, Beaverdam.  Lewis Mills identified the
soldier and led the effort in that meaningful ceremony.                 


At the 28 May Memorial Day service at the  Confederate  Memorial  Chapel
our Camp member Les Updike led the congregation in singing Dixie.       


Mike  Kidd  was  the  announcer  at  the 2 June Jefferson Davis Memorial
Program at Hollywood Cemetery.  Gary Cowardin was  responsible  for  the
sound.                                                                  

On  6 June our 1st LCDR Andy Keller presented our Buck Hurtt Scholarship
Award to Miss Carter Lyon at the Douglas S.  Freeman High School  Senior
Awards Night.  She was selected by the faculty as the outstanding senior
history student and plans to attend William and Mary.   Many  thanks  to
our loyal Camp members who contributed to this worthy effort.           

The   Museum   of  the  Confederacy  has  been  named  the  preservation
organization of the year by the Civil  War  Trust.   Congratulations  to
Museum  CEO  Waite  Rawls, his staff, and the trustees for their work in
earning  this  recognition  from  the   premier   national   battlefield
preservation  organization.   SCV  National  Commander-in-Chief  Michael
Givens and Virginia Division Commander visited the Museum recently.     

My wife Jackie and I visited the MOC in Appomattox in late May.   It  is
outstanding  and well worth the drive.  A Pizza Hut and a McDonald's are
near the Museum, so visitors will be fed  much  better  than  Robert  E.
Lee's  soldiers  were  prior  to  the  April  1865  surrender.  The most
interesting artifact to us was the bullet-riddled uniform coat of  Major
General  Patrick  Cleburne,  who  was  killed  at the battle of Franklin
Tennessee 30 November 1864.   Jackie's  great  grandfather  John  Wesley
Sheally  served  in the 45th Alabama Infantry, which was at that battle.
When we visited Franklin a few years ago, Tom Cartwright of the historic
Carter  House  said  to  us, "You folks from Richmond may like John Bell
Hood up there, but we don't think too highly of him down here."         

University of Richmond President Edward Ayers gave an  interesting  talk
during  alumni reunion weekend 1 June.  His students have reviewed 3,000
pages of deliberations of the Virginia Secession  conventions.   A  word
search  showed  that "rights" was mentioned 1,700 times, "slavery" 1,432
times, and  "tariffs"  81  times  in  those  deliberations.   The  first
convention  voted  to  remain in the Union.  The second convention, held
after Lincoln's call for volunteers, voted to  secede.   Four  men  from
Virginia had begged Lincoln not to reinforce Fort Sumter.               

Dr.   Ayers spoke of contributions to emancipation, some surprising.  If
McClellan's Army had taken Richmond during the Seven Days in  1862,  the
War  might  have  ended  then,  and  slavery would have remained intact.
Robert E.  Lee and Stonewall Jackson  might  be  considered  inadvertent
contributors to emancipation by forcing McClellan to retreat and abandon
his attempt to capture Richmond.                                        

Some Yankee soldiers who enlisted to fight were unhappy  to  be  digging
fortifications.   Their realization that slaves were digging Confederate
fortifications highlighted the  value  of  slaves  to  the  Confederacy.
200,000 blacks enlisted in the Union Army.                              

Slaves  fleeing  the  Confederacy did so when the Union Army was nearby.
3.5 million slaves were never near enough to the Union Army to defect.  

							Walter   

GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247

NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, June 19, 2012

ROMA'S RESTAURANT
8330 STAPLES MILL RD.
LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL"
TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF
THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER

DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM
MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM


OUR JUNE SPEAKER

Andrew H. Talkov

Andrew H.  Talkov is the Coordinator for Virginia's  Civil  War  at  the
Virginia  Historical  Society.   Mr.   Talkov's  assembled the traveling
Sesquicentennial exhibit  for  the  museum  and  has  now  arranged  the
museum's  current  exhibition  of  the  Civil War illustrations of Edwin
Forbes which will be the topic for our June meeting.                    

"Civil War Artist Edwin Forbes"
In  1862,  twenty-three-year-old  Edwin Forbes joined a corps of artists
sent to Virginia to capture scenes of the war that would illustrate  the
pages   of   Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated  Newspaper.   Forbes  and  his
colleagues did much to shape  public  perceptions-then  and  now-of  the
American   Civil   War.   The  full  exhibition  features  156  original
pen-and-ink drawings that  Forbes  produced  from  wartime  sketches  to
illustrate  his book, Thirty Years After: An Artist's Story of the Great
War.  His program will take a number of these drawings to help show  how
the  represented  the  war to those back home keeping in mind that these
types of illustrations were much more common than photographs to be  the
view that the common citizen had of the war.                            

Month        Speaker                         Topic                  
July      Richard Nicholas         Sheridan's Central Virginia Raid 
September Bob Krick,  NPS                                           
October   Tom Crew, LOV            John Brown - A Perfect Steel Trap
November  John Coski, MOC          The Road Home from Appomattox    

December  Marilyn Iglesias, UDC    Captain Sally Tompkins, CSA      
 
Marilyn is a member of the UDC and will perform her one woman recreation
of Confederate nurse and Captain Sally Tompkins.  You may recall that we
had a program from the Museum of the Confederacy  on  the  Captain  last
November.  This presentation should be special interest for our December
meeting as there are generally many more women  in  attendance  on  that
occasion.                                                               
                                                         Andy Keller

MAY PROGRAM


Becky Cumins of the National Park Service told us that Stonewall Jackson
was considered the number one Confederate general at the time of the May
1863 battle at Chancellorsville.  He was respected in the north and  the
south.  Jackson's motto was, "If it can be done, it will."              

Jackson  may  have been developing pneumonia on 1 May.  He slept outside
that night.  On the next day he wore a heavy raincoat.                  

After his devastating flank attack on 2 May, he asked, "What if one more
attack  would destroy the Yankees?" After sending some soldiers back, he
went out on a  reconnaissance  late  in  the  evening.   North  Carolina
troops,  who  had  been  told  to  shoot  anything, were coming forward.
Jackson was wounded in the right hand and  another  bullet  entered  his
left  elbow  and  came out at the wrist.  A shoulder wound shattered his
arm.                                                                    

He fell to the ground as soldiers helped him off his horse to put him in
a litter.  One of the soldiers carrying the litter fell, and Jackson hit
the  ground  on  the  wounded  shoulder.   Dr.   Hunter  Holmes  McGuire
amputated  his arm at a field hospital.  Lee was afraid Jackson would be
captured and ordered him moved.  He had to be transported  27  miles  on
muddy roads to the Chandler home at Guinea Station.                     

Mrs, Chandler welcomed General Jackson.  Dr.  McGuire inspected the home
and would not allow Jackson to go inside because some of the inhabitants
had  a  contagious  skin disease.  Stonewall was put in a small house in
which the Chandlers had stored junk.  Word was sent  to  Jackson's  wife
Anna.  Stoneman's Yankee cavalry had control of the railroad tracks, and
she couldn't get there until 7 May.  Anna said to Stonewall, "Julia  and
I are finally here." There was no response.                             

On 10 May, Dr.  Mcguire told Anna that her husband would not survive the
day.  In the custom of the  day,  Anna  presented  Julia  to  the  dying
Stonewall.   He  held  the baby, and asked, "Anna, what day is it?" When
told it was Sunday, he said, "I always wished to die on the Lord's day."
She  said,  "I  don't know where to bury you." He told her Lexington and
told her to go to North Carolina.  Visions of battle entered  his  mind,
and  he  said, "Push up the columns." Before his last moment of life, he
said, "Let us cross over the river and  rest  under  the  shade  of  the
trees."  His  earthly life ended at 3:15 PM, at which time the clock was
stopped.                                                                

A  window  was  opened  to  let  his  spirit  depart.   People  gathered
wildflowers  to  give  to  Anna.   It took the train 14 hours to get the
Jacksons to Richmond.  The body lay in state in the State Capitol, where
a  Confederate soldier remarked, "I lost my arm for that general." On 15
May he was buried in Lexington.  Anna Jackson was 33  when  her  husband
died,  and their daughter Julia was five months old .  Julia married and
moved to California.  She later died  of  typhoid  at  a  young  age  in
Charlotte   NC,   leaving  her  two  children  to  be  raised  by  their
grandmother.                                                            

Becky's talk was very moving and had us feeling as if we were  with  the
Mighty Stonewall in his dying days at Guinea Station.                   
							Walter   
May Meeting Attendance: 34

2011-2012 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247

Commander: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Andy Keller 270-0522 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 270-1292 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 Chaplain Emeritus: Henry Langford

PUBLICATIONS

War Horse editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin
cowardin@juno.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org


horseman

LONGSTREET'S FIRST CORPS

Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 July, 2011 through 6 June 2012               

Marian and Walt Beam   Barton Campbell   Richard Chenery 
Brian Cowardin         Clint Cowardin                    
Lee Crenshaw           Ray Crews         Michael Hendrick 
Don and Karen Jewett in memory of their son Chris         
Crawley Joyner         Jack Kane         Peter Knowles,III
Lewis Mills            Conway Mocure     Bob Moore        
Glenn Mozingo          Preston Nuttall   Joe Price        
Waite  Rawls           Peyton Roden,Sr.  Cary Shelton     
Will Shumadine         Chris Trinite     Walter Tucker    
Hugh Williams     Keith Zimmerman                         

June 1862

1 General Longstreet's attack was repulsed by Yankees at fair Oaks. Jefferson Davis appointed Robert E. Lee to command of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. 3 Confederates abandoned Fort Pillow, Tennessee, rendering northern Mississippi River outposts of the South useless. 6 Yankee gunboats defeated Confederate warships at Memphis. 8 Confederates, primarily under General Ewell, defeated Yankees under John C. Fremont at Cross Keys. 9 Confederates beat Yankees at Port Republic, concluding Jackson's brilliant Valley Campaign. 12 Confederate cavalry under J. E. B. Stuart began just north of Richmond the famous ride around McClellan. 15 Stuart arrived in Richmond to report to Lee on the ride around McClellan. 17 General Braxton Bragg was named commander of the Western Department of the Confederate Army. 18 Yankees under Brigadier General George W. Morgan occupied Cumberland Gap. 19 President Lincoln signed into law a measure prohibiting slavery in the territories of the United States. 20 Confederate MGEN Earl VanDorn took command of the Department of Southern Mississippi and East Louisiana, charged with the defense of the Mississippi River. 23 General Lee outlined his plans for an offensive in a meeting with his generals, including newly arrived Stonewall Jackson at the Dabbs House near Richmond. 25 The Seven Days began with secondary engagements. 26 A. P. Hill attacked at Mechanicsville and drove FitzJohn Porter back to Beaver Dam Creek. During the night Porter withdrew to Gaines' Mill. 27 Troops of John Bell Hood's Texas Brigade and George E. Pickett broke through Porter's line at Gaines' Mill. Porter withdrew his troops across the Chickahominy River. 28 McClellan abandoned his base at White House Landing on the Pamunkey River and began moving it to the James River. 29 McClellan's rear guard withstood a Confederate drive at Savage's Station. 30 Lee attempted to attack McClellan across White Oak Swamp. Jackson allegedly did not fulfill his role. Longstreet was unable to break the Union line.

July 1862

1 Lee's frontal assault at Malvern Hill failed. However, he had prevented McClellan from taking Richmond and thus prolonged The War. Lincoln approved income tax increases and a transcontinental railroad. 2 McClellan retreated his army to Harrison's Landing. Lincoln approved land grant colleges. 4 Confederate John Hunt Morgan embarked on his first Kentucky raid. 8 Lincoln conferred with McClellan at Fort Monroe and reviewed the Army of the Potomac. 10 Yankee general John Pope issued draconian orders in the Shenandoah Valley against civilians designed to prevent guerilla actions. 11 Major General Henry W. Halleck was named General-in-Chief of all Yankee Armies. 12 Lincoln at the White House appealed to border state congressmen to support compensated emancipation of slaves. 13 Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Murfreesboro, TN. 14 John Pope called for an advance against the Confederates, proclaiming "I have come to you from the West, where we have always seen the backs of our enemies." 20 border state representatives opposed Lincoln's compenasated emancipation, while only seven supported the plan. The U.S. Senate approved the secession of western Virginia from Virginia and the creation of a new state. 17 MGEN U. S. Grant assumed command of all troops in the Army of the Tennessee and the Army of the Mississippi and in the District of the Mississippi and Cairo.

COMING EVENTS LINKS

Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar

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