THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 11, ISSUE 2, FEBRUARY, 2009
Well, another Super Bowl has come and gone and this year's game definitely had all of the excitement and drama that a contest of this magnitude should have. Once again my favorite team was not in "The Big Game" having lost in an earlier contest, so I didn't really have a favorite team playing - I just wanted to see a good, hard-fought close game. WOW-it couldn't have been any closer than it ended up being, and in the end the better (or luckier) team won. That hard work, determination and perseverance is something that I think each of us possesses within ourselves, and it is usually on display when things are their toughest. General Washington and his troops at Valley Forge during that horrible winter is something that comes to mind. General Lee and his troops defending the trenches outside of Petersburg in the winter of 1864-1865 against a vastly superior force in men and materials (But not leadership) is definitely an image that comes to mind, too. The 101st Airborne Division being surrounded by vastly numerical superior German forces outside and around Bastogne is an image that definitely comes to mind. The most famous quote of the battle came from the 101st's acting commander, Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe. When confronted with a written request from German General Luttwitz for surrender of Bastogne, he replied "NUTS!" (the commander of the 327th GIR interpreted it to the German truce party as "Go to hell!"). We need to try and remember that w f these people-this past, and that they should be properly honored for their service and duty to their country. Something along those lines has come up recently with some distant relatives of mine that has concerned me quite a bit. Some of you have probably already seen the photographs that have been circulated about a Kidd family cemetery located in Nelson County that is being over-run by some rather unscrupulous individuals. A few things are definitely known - there are four Kidd brothers buried in this cemetery who all served with honor and distinction for the Confederate States of America-only one of the brothers actually survived the war. Around them are buried at least 40 family members - like I said this is a family cemetery. However recent events have turned this hallowed sacred ground into something that the family members who are left simply cannot believe. Part of this family cemetery has been made into a "private" road, and apparently the individuals who are responsible for this are unwilling to admit any wrong-doings. I have been in contact with one of the members of the family and hope to go there and see this for myself in the coming weeks. I intend on taking as many pictures of the area as I possibly can, and if anyone attempts to force us to leave - I may just video tape things as well. Like I said, this is something that is a concern of mine - and I would greatly appreciate anyone's assistance with helping us right this unjustified wrong! I found a recent story in the Richmond Times-Dispatch interesting - seems that the statue of President Jefferson Davis that the SCV commissioned to be sculptured may have actually found a home at last. You might remember that this statue was first given to the Tredegar Museum, but then they (the Museum) determined that they didn't know where to put it. Now it seems it may actually end up in the State of Mississippi where the President spent a great deal of his time before and after the war. Surprisingly enough - the State of Mississippi has no statue of President Jefferson Davis anywhere (according to the Times-Dispatch). February is a time when we are all asking ourselves - "When is Spring going to get here?" Granted we have had some very typical days so far this year, but there have also been some days (and nights) when things have been almost unbearable. Try to remember to check on your friends, family and neighbors just to make sure that everyone is safe and warm. Remember - "Longstreet is the Camp boys - Longstreet is the Camp!" I look forward to seeing everyone at our next camp meeting! Deo Vindice! Mike
We were pleased to induct Don Jewett into the Camp at our January meeting and to have his wife and daughter with us for the ceremony. Our Camp member Andy Keller always has his antennae out for things of historic interest. Recently at the Library of Virginia he observed some pictures of downtown Richmond and brought them to the attention of Dick Nicholas of the 19th Virginia Infantry Camp of Charlottesville and me. Andy was able to pick out the old John Marshall High School, from which Dick and I graduated in the 1940's, and the Blues and Grays Armories. The Richmond Blues and the Richmond Grays have been significant in history, so it is well to reflect on them and their armories. The Blues Armory still stands at the corner of 6th and Marshall Streets. The Grays, at the corner of 7th and Marshall, was demolished in 1963 and replaced by a parking deck. The Virginian Army under George Washington during the French and Indian War is considered a spiritual ancestor of the Blues. Washington was with General Braddock when the latter was killed in battle. Washington supervised Braddock's burial and concealed the burial place so that Indians would not disinter the body and dismember it. Braddock's relatives had such a high regard for Washington and his soldiers that they furnished each member of his army with a handsome suit of blue regimentals, leading them to be called "The Blues." The official organization date of the Richmond Light Infantry was 1789. In a reorganization in 1793 the unit became the Richmond Light Infantry Blues. The Blues became the oldest company of the 1st Regiment of Virginia of Virginia Volunteers May 1, 1851. The 1st Regiment also included the Richmond Grays, which had been organized in 1844. The first appearance of the Regiment in a public ceremony occurred June 27, 1851 when President Millard Fillmore visited Richmond. The 1st paraded on such patriotic occasions as January 8 (Battle of New Orleans in War of 1812), Washington's birthday, July 4, and October 19 (Yorktown Day). In 1856 letter designations for companies of the regiment were used for the first time. The Richmond Grays were designated Company A, and the Blues, Company E. The 1st Virginia Regiment paraded, along with the VMI Cadet Corps, at the February 22, 1858 dedication of Crawford's equestrian statue of George Washington in Capitol Square. In the summer of 1858 the Regiment marched to Rockett's Landing to meet the steamer Jamestown bearing the remains of former President James Monroe. They then accompanied the body to Hollywood Cemetery for its re-interment. Both the Blues and the Grays were ordered to Charles Town, Virginia in November 1859 when there were rumors of attempts to free John Brown and his fellow prisoners who had been captured at Harper's Ferry. John Wilkes Booth, although not a member, accompanied the Grays and remained with them until Brown was executed. The 1st Virginia Regiment was called to active duty April 1861 when Virginia seceded from the Union and saw considerable action during the War Between The States. The Blues and the Grays later became units of the Virginia National Guard and were called to active duty in World War Two. Members were sent to different units of the Army. After the war they remained as units of the National Guard until a reorganization of the Guard about 1980. The John Marshall High School Cadet Corps used the Grays Armory during the years in which the school was located at 8th and Marshall Streets. John Marshall's basketball team played its home games there in the 1940's and 1950's. The University of Richmond played its home basketball games in the Blues Armory during that same period of time before moving to the Benedictine gym in the early 1950's. Some of the information about the Richmond Light Infantry Blues came from a short document produced in 1936 for the Works Progress Administration (WPA) of Virginia, a Depression era government agency. A copy of this document is in the Library of Virginia. Information about the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment came from Lee A. Wallace's regimental history, one of the H. E. Howard series. The Library of Virginia has copies of the books in this helpful series. Near the site of the Grays Armory, at the northwest corner of 9th and Marshall Streets, stands the home of one of the most influential men in American history, John Marshall (1755-1835). The home was in the same block as John Marshall High School until the latter was demolished in 1960 to make way for the present John Marshall Courts building. John Marshall was the most influential Chief Justice the Supreme Court ever had. Things worked a bit differently in those days. President John Adams appointed Marshall to the Court January, 1801, only a little over a month before Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated as President. Despite some unhappiness among "high" Federalists, Marshall was approved unanimously by the end of January. Marshall served as Chief Justice for 35 years and elevated the court from its previous lowly status to the most powerful branch of the federal government. Marshall and Jefferson were second cousins, but their different views of government led them to detest each other. The Virginia Historical Society had a program once about them called "Cussing Cousins." Marshall is buried in Richmond's Shockoe Cemetery. Richmond is the most historic city in the most historic state in the country (two countries, really!) We are indeed fortunate to live in the area. Let's take advantage of our good luck by visiting the historic sites here and by working to preserve them, particularly those pertaining to the besieged Confederate States of America. Walter
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
We are fortunate to have one of our stellar Camp members, J. Barton Campbell, as our speaker for February. Barton is a retired Army colonel and the former Director of the Museum of the Confederacy. He is an avid historian of the War and will give us a Power Point presentation covering "The Battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas." This battle on March 7-8,1862, was the largest battle fought west of the Mississippi River and if won by the Union forces, would enable them to conquer the State of Missouri.
Richmond Battlefield Park historian Mike Gorman enlightened us once again at our January meeting with his presentation of photos entitled "Richmond Taken Again (by photographers!)." Another title might be "A Love Letter to the Library of Congress" for digitizing the photos and making them available. The photographers who descended on Richmond after its April 1865 abandonment by the Army of Northern Virginia came because they thought they were going to make a fortune selling their pictures. They overlooked the fact that the photos were simply not affordable to Yankee soldiers, whose average pay was $ 13.00 per month. The venture was a financial catastrophe. The most memorable entrepreneur among the locusts was Matthew Brady, who, like an early day Alfred Hitchcock, liked to appear in his pictures. The clarity of the pictures blown up is remarkable and shows better detail than digital pictures taken today. Ships photographed were the prison boat Monohansett and Lincoln's flagship River Queen, which brought the U. S. President to Richmond just after the Union Army came in. In February 1865 at Fort Monroe River Queen was the meeting place of the Hampton Roads Peace conference in which Confederates Vice President Alexander Stephens, Assistant Secretary of War John A. Campbell, and Senator Robert M. T. Hunter met with Yankees Lincoln and Secretary of State William H. Seward. At City Point on March 28, 1865 Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, and Admiral David Dixon Porter met aboard River Queen at City Point to discuss the end of the war and how to "get the deluded men of the rebel armies disarmed and back to their homes." River Queen transported Mary Todd Lincoln back to Washington after she had a hissy fit about her husband being with Mrs. E. O. C. Ord at a review. Mike showed us photos of captured siege guns, the Gallego flour mills, Hollywood Cemetery, and Oakwood Cemetery. He could read the soldier's name on a marker which contemporary captions said was Hollywood. Mike determined from cemetery records that the cemetery was actually Oakwood. Then followed pictures of Tredegar and Belle Isle both during and after the War. Other interesting scenes were St. John's Church, Capitol Square, the Governor's Mansion, and the Spottswood Hotel. One picture showed a large crowd gathered April 15, 1865 awaiting the arrival of Robert E. Lee. Another was the famous picture of Lee on the porch of the home on East Franklin Street. There is no way that the written word can have the same impact as seeing these fascinating pictures. We are indebted to Mike for the work he has done in studying them, interpreting them, organizing them and giving interesting presentations with them. Walter
2005-2009 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Michael Kidd 270-9651 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Thomas G. Vance 282-6278 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978
PUBLICATIONSWebmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org War Horse: David P. George 200-1311
The following is a listing of contributors to the upkeep of "The Old War Horse" from July, 2008. through the current month. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. Lloyd Brooks Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin* Taylor Cowardin* Raymond Crews Jerold Evans Mike Hendrick Jack Kane Peter Knowles,II Preston Nuttall Bob Moore Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Joe Moschetti John Moschetti Waite Rawls Peyton Roden Bill Setzer Tom Spivey Walter Tucker* John Vial David Ware Harold Whitmore Bobbie Williams Hugh Williams Keith Zimmerman Legend: * - Multiple contributions
HURTT SCHOLARSHIP FUNDLee Crenshaw Jack Kane Peter Knowles, II Joe Moschetti Preston Nuttall Walter Tucker Hugh Williams Tom Vance Anonymous
VIRGINIA DIVISION, SCV FUNDWalter Beam Crawley Joyner Bob Moore Cary Shelton
COMING EVENTSThrough May, 3rd "Photography in Virginia," an exhibit of more than 300 photographs taken in Virghinia since the 1840s, including the Civil War Period. At The Virginia Historical Society Richmond. Sundays free. Under age 18 always free. For information, (804)353-4901, www.vahistorical.org Through May 10th "Jed Hotchkiss: Shenandoah Valley Mapmaker" exhibiting original maps that Hotchkiss made for Stonewall Jackson and other Confederate officers and his postwar career. At the Museum of the Shenandoah Valley in Winchester. Open Tuesday-Sunday 10 to 4. Information, (888) 556-5799 or www.shenandoahmuseum.org Through September "Beyond Brady: Photography in the Civil War Era" Exhibit At Pamplin Historic Park & The Museum of the Civil War Soldier. Featuring more than 130 artifacts. For information, hours, 877-PAMPLIN, www.pamplinpark.org February 21 "Generals Behaving Badly" Symposium at the Library of Virginia Lecture Hall, Richmond, 9:30-4. Speakers include Ed Bearss, Robert K. Krick, John Quarstein, Hunter Lesser.
SHARPSBURG CANDLE LIGHTINGCommander Kidd accompanied his son's Boy Scout Troop #736 to Sharpsburg, Maryland for their annual service project, the Sharpsburg Battlefield Annual Lighting Ceremony. This ceremony takes place during the first weekend on Sharpsburg Battlefield to honor the fallen men buried there. A luminary is placed on each of the 23,110 graves by the volunteers during the day and they are lighted at nightfall. Mike tells us that it is really awe-inspiring to see the thousands of flickering candles at night and to be a part of the volunteers that make it possible. The area that Troop 736 was responsible for was the area surrounding Mumma's Farm.