THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 9, ISSUE 11, NOVEMBER, 2007
November is always a special time for all Americans as we spend this month honoring, celebrating and re-dedicating ourselves to the ideals that have helped to shape this country - including honoring all veterans of all American wars (President Eisenhower's words). As members of the Sons of Confederate Veterans organization, it is the duty of all of us to see that the past is not forgotten, but is preserved for present and future generations. It is our job to see that history and this country do not forget the Confederate Soldier and all of the sacrifices that he and his families made during those terrible four years. As I recently reminded some people at the State Fair, history is something that we all can learn from - it isn't politically correct, and it can't be rewritten to suit everyone. It is what it is, and we all should learn from it, or we are assuredly doomed to repeat it. Let's do our part this November by remembering all the veterans in our communities - those that are still with us; those who are returning home from combat; and those who have gone on. They are the fabric of this nation, and they are who we are. I recently had the opportunity to accompany my son's 5th grade class from Springfield Park Elementary on a field-trip to Pamplin Historical Park in Dinwiddie County just south of Petersburg. For those of you who have either not gone in a while or have never gone - I strongly encourage you to go. The Park continues to amaze me - and so many things are constantly being added. I hadn't been in about four years myself, and was really amazed at the added attractions that the Park now offers - not to mention all the different programs they have for young people including camp-outs. If you haven't gone before or haven't gone in a while, I can tell you that it definitely worth your time to go. I recently had the honor to witness something that now has happened twice in my lifetime - I got to see my beloved Boston Red Sox win the World Series. As I sat and watched those last few outs being made in Colorado - I couldn't help but smile because I just knew that our former Longstreet Camp Commander, Chuck Walton, was above smiling and enjoying every minute - and I also thought that knowing Chuck he was probably sitting with Ted Williams discussing the fine art of hitting a baseball, and in my opinion there was never a greater hitter than Ted Williams - ever! Sometimes we forget that people like Ted Williams fought in this country's armed forces - both in Europe in World War II, and also in Korea during the Korean conflict. And still he had some of the best numbers ever achieved in the sport of baseball - and is still the last man to ever hit .400 or better for an entire season (he did that in 1941 when he hit .406). As a reminder to all the members of the Longstreet Camp, a proposed book to be developed with the help of members of the Virginia Division-SCV is in the planning stages. This book will contain photographs of our ancestors that we are able to reproduce, accompanied by a small, but vital amount of historical information. This book arrangement is being coordinated by Rosemarie Kidd (no relation), a member of the UDC Chapter in Hampton, VA - and will be produced by Arcadia Books. Next time you are in your favorite bookstore, go to their Regional Books Section, and you may find some books similar to what she is proposing also done by Arcadia. You may have seen some emails floating around your computer in-boxes recently about this project. I strongly encourage all members of the Longstreet Camp to participate in this venture. Likewise if you know of any members of other SCV Camps within the Virginia Division let them know about this so they may get their camp members to participate. This book is for us and our ancestors and their families - this is our chance to get their stories out for everyone to read. The Longstreet Camp Christmas Banquet is set for Tuesday, December 11th at the Westwood Club - I hope to see everyone there. It promises to be an excellent program as always. Please make sure to get your reservation form in as quickly as is possible. Remember - "Longstreet is the camp boys-Longstreet is the camp!" I look forward to seeing everyone at our next camp meeting! Deo Vindice! Mike
What a pleasure it was to induct two new members, Rodney Gleason and Tom Hicks at our October meeting and to have two of Tom's family members with us for the occasion. We welcome back to our Camp Ed Thornton, a long time friend of our late Commander Chuck Walton. Ed's ancestors served in the 26th Virginia Infantry. Our Camp members were busy on worthwhile projects in September and October. 2nd Brigade Commander Rob Millikin commended Commander Mike Kidd, associate member Ken Parsons, and Jerry Wells for their help in manning the Virginia Division booth at the State Fair. He praised Jerry particularly for opening the booth every morning, closing it many nights, and helping man the booth when needed. Saturday morning, October 13, was our day to clean up our one mile section of Route 606, Studley Road, Hanover County. Thanks go to Ray Crews, Clint Cowardin, Gene Golden, Tom Hicks, Andy Keller, and Lewis Mills, who made the road look better in a relatively short time. A prior commitment prevented Lee Crenshaw from being with us, but he donated two more pickup tools which helped our backs immensely. Lewis always does a fine job in managing this effort. He supplies us with blaze orange vests and refreshes us with soft drinks after completion. Adding to our store of useless knowledge were empty cans of a couple of high energy drinks which we had not seen before. The trash from companies whose ads we see too frequently on television continues to dominate. Thanks to all who have sent in renewal dues. Any renewals now will be considered as reinstatements and will be $55.00, which includes $10.00 in reinstatement fees. The Museum of the Confederacy is a significant contributor of artifacts and information to the current Lee and Grant exhibition at the Virginia Historical Society. This exhibition is well worth a visit. Soon to retire VHS President, Dr. Charles Bryan, has done a great job in leading the growth of the Society and in broadening its membership. Outstanding programs, exhibitions, and speakers have attracted many people to the Society. The University of Richmond's new president Dr. Edward L. Ayers is a historian whose concentration is on the South. He is teaching a class of freshmen. Five of his books, including What Caused the Civil War, are in the Henrico County public library. Dr. Ayers hails from western North Carolina and east Tennessee and thinks that people in this area speak with an accent. He is working to strengthen ties between the school and the community. The University is fortunate to have a president who understands that Richmond is in Virginia and that Virginia is in the South. Make plans to attend our December 11 Christmas banquet at the Westwood Club, which always provides us with excellent food and service. This year's speaker, John Quarstein, is dynamic and will hold our attention as he enlightens us about the colorful Confederate Major General John Bankhead "Prince John" Magruder. Walter
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
Our November speaker will be Marc Leepson. Mr. Leepson is a journalist, historian and the author of six books including Flag: An American Biography , the history of the Stars and Stripes from the beginnings until today; Saving Monticello: The Levy Family's Epic Quest to Rescue the House that Jefferson Built and, most recently, Desperate Engagement, the story of the Civil War Battle of Monocacy and Confederate General Jubal Early's subsequent march on Washington. A former staff writer for Congressional Quarterly in Washington, D.C., Mr. Leepson has been a free-lance writer since 1986. He has written for many newspapers and magazines, including Preservation, Smithsonian, Military History, Vietnam magazines, the Washington Post, New York Times, New York Times Book Review, Baltimore Sun, and the Chicago Tribune. He has been interviewed many times on radio and television, including "The Today Show," CNN, MSNBC, "Fox News," and "All Things Considered." Mr. Leepson is going to speak to us about his latest book, Desperate Engagement, and will have copies available for purchase.
"Southerners can't stand to eat alone. If we're going to cook a mess of greens, we want to eat them with a mess of people." Julia Reed
Jon Hock Jon Hock, Senior Historical Interpreter, at Shirley Plantation, began his talk by telling us that today's property originated as part of a 4,000 acre land grant issued in 1613 to Thomas West by King James I of England. It was called "West and Sherley Hundred." Thomas West died in 1618. His widow, Shirley, had never come to Virginia, had no interest in the property, and sold it to Colonel Edward Hill. In 1723 Elizabeth Hill, daughter of Edward Hill III, married John Carter, a son of Robert "King" Carter. John began building the great house. Ann Hill Carter married Light Horse Harry Lee at Shirley in 1793. They became the parents of Robert E. Lee. The plantation prospered under the ownership of Hill Carter, seventh generation, beginning in 1816. The War changed things. Five Carter sons entered Confederate service. Twelve slaves were sent to Williamsburg on July 25, 1861 to assist with Confederate defenses. Plantation operations were reasonably normal until the Seven Days Campaign, when the Yankee army arrived at Shirley on June 30, 1862. Those vandals stole animals and ruined crops. Hill Carter and a son were placed under arrest. The Yankees left some wounded soldiers at Shirley, where their wounds were attended to. Hill Carter submitted a claim for damages. General McClellan sent Alfred Pleasanton to investigate and paid the claim. McClellan wrote a thank you letter to Hill Carter for looking after the wounded soldiers. McClellan wrote that he did not intend to make war on civilians. Hill Carter also received a letter of safeguard from McClellan and Benjamin Butler reinstated the safeguard order when his Army came to the area in 1864. In 1861 there were between 130 and 150 slaves on the plantation. Some left on July 14, 1862. More escaped to Yankee gunboats which came up the James River in July of 1863. Bernard Hill "Hilly" Carter was killed at Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. One of his brothers accompanied the body to Shirley. Hilly's mother died on May 2, 1864. Robert Randolph Carter commanded the blockade runner Coquette and remained in England after the war. The present CEO of Shirley is Charles Hill Carter, III, age 45. His goal is to preserve, to protect, and to pass on the plantation. An easement of 200 acres has been granted to the Virginia Outdoors Foundation. Shirley's primary crops today are corn and soybeans. Additional evidence of the stewardship of the Carter family is the reclamation of wetlands. We in this area are fortunate to have this jewel so near to us. Shirley welcomes visitors. Further information about Shirley, with a detailed timeline, is available on the web site http://www.shirleyplantation.com Walter
2005-2007 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Michael Kidd 270-9651 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Thomas G. Vance 282-6278 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978
PUBLICATIONSWebmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org War Horse: David P. George 200-1311
The following is a listing of contributors to the upkeep of "The Old War Horse" from July, 2007. through the current month. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. Lloyd Brooks* Brian Cowardin Taylor Cowardin Jerold Evans Kitty Faglie Richard Faglie Michael Hendrick Michael Kidd Peter Knowles,II Robert Moore Joe Moschetti John Moschetti Peyton Roden Bill Setzer Austin Thomas Jerry Wells Hugh Williams In memory of Robert Mahone-Raymond Crews In memory of Hef Ferguson and Chuck Walton-Walter Tucker Legend: * - Multiple contributions § - Visitor Donation + - in memory of Past Cmdr. Tom Lauterbach
NOVEMBER 7, 2007 By Walter Dunn Tucker, Adjutant Brian Holden Reid, Professor of American History in the Department of War Studies at King's College, London, gave this year's talk, sponsored by the Museum of the Confederacy and the University of Richmond, at the University's Keller Hall. His topic was "The British View of General Robert E. Lee." He stated that the British esteem for Lee was partly because he was considered such a gentleman-British style. Many British citizens, despite their opposition to slavery, held a favorable regrard for the Confederacy because of shared values. Initially, the British were enamored of Stonewall Jackson because of his brilliant Shenandoah Valley campaign. Lee was so less well known than Jackson that Prime Minister Palmerston thought that the latter commanded the Army of Northern Virginia. Lee's subsequent victories at the Seven Days, Second Manassas, and Chancellorsville, with Jackson's death, put things in proper perspective. Lieutenant Colonel Arthur James Lyon Fremantle (1835-1901), on leave from the Coldstream Guards, introduced himself to General Longstreet June 27, 1863 on the way to Gettysburg. Fremantle met Lee June 30 and encountered him again July 3. Fremantle later wrote Three Months in the Southern States. He thought highly of Lee, but faulted him for his excessive amiability with subordinates and his delegation of too much authority to them. Another English officer on leave, Lieutenant Colonel Garnet Joseph Wolseley (1833-1913), met Lee in Winchester after the September 1862 battle of Sharpsburg (aka Antietam). Wolseley, one of the two most prominent generals of the late 19th century British army, described Lee as the greatest man he ever met. Wolseley compared him favorably with the Duke of Marlborough. Pro-Confederate writer of the London Times Francis Lawley wrote that Lee was overconfident and was better on defense than on attack. Lawley ranked Lee as a commander right after Marlborough and Wellington. John Frederick Maurice (1841-1912), later professor of military history at the British Army Staff College wrote that Lee was far greater than Wellington. Maurice praised Lee for his energy, promptness, and decisiveness. Maurice agreed with Lee that Virginia was the decisive theater of the war, but he felt that Lee was too amiable with his subordinates. George Francis Robert Henderson (1854-1903), also a Staff College professor, is most famous for his military biography of Stonewall Jackson. Henderson visited Civil War battlefields in 1883. He described Lee as the greatest English-speaking general. Wolseley and Henderson had British Army issues in mind in their writings. Wolseley advocated a large standing army. Henderson pushed for more flexibility of command. Robert E. Lee's reputation reached its summit in England in the 1920's. Two prominent 20th century British military historians, both of whom served in World War One and were appalled at its horrors, turned the tide against Lee with their prolific pens during a time of discussion of British military strategy beginning about 1926. Basil Henry Liddell Hart (1895-1970), gassed in The Great War, maintained that Henderson had taught British staff officers to count the blades of grass in the Shenandoah Valley. Liddell Hart was offered an opportunity to write a biography of Lee, which he declined. Liddell Hart was an advocate of the indirect approach in warfare. John Frederick Charles Fuller (1878-1966), had four criticisms of Lee: 1. His strategy was fitful. 2. He failed to focus on the overall war. 3. He relied too much on subordinates. 4. He was bereft of political insight. Liddell Hart and Fuller felt that Grant and Sherman were modern generals and that Lee was too old-fashioned. Military historian John Keegan (born 1934) felt that Grant was the greatest Civil War general. Winston Churchill (1874-1965) had an unbounded admiration for Lee in his segment on the American Civil War in his History of the English-Speaking Peoples. This was later published as a separate book. Despite the writings of Liddell Hart and Fuller and ineffectual assaults by modern Americans Thomas Connelly and Alan Nolan, Lee's reputation remains bright and is aptly described by the subtitle of Professor Reid's book "Icon for a Nation." Writer's note: Seven members of the Longstreet Camp attended this interesting lecture. Professor Reid's book is available at the Museum of the Confederacy. sad to say it is, as yet, not in the Library of Virginia or in the Henrico County Library.
DECEMBER 1-31 Christmas at Endview Plantation, Newport News. Greenery and period decorations for 1861 holidays. Included with regular admission. For information: (757) 887-1862; www.endview.org. DECEMBER 1 Christmas Remembered at Stonewall Jackson's House, Lexington. Free tours by costumed docents, music, refreshments, children's crafts. For information: (540) 463-2552; www.stonewalljackson.org DECEMBER 8,9 Living History to commemorate 145th Anniversary of the Battle of Fredericksburg. Infantry and artillery located at the sunken road and Marye's Heights. Special tours, Firing demonstrations. Innis House will be open. For information: Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center, (540) 373-6122; www.nps.gov/frsp DECEMBER 8,9 145th Anniversary Reenactment of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Saturday 8-4, Sunday 12-3. First Reenactment: The attack of the Irish Brigade on the actual ground of Marye's Heights. Federals will represent five regiments in Meagher's Brigade. Saturday, Urban combat demonstrations, living history scenarios, 3 pm street battle scenario, 3:30 pm,"The Battle of Marye's Heights." Sunday, 12 noon, National Park Service "March of the Irish Brigade" from City Dock to the stone wall; 2pm commemorative ceremony at Kirkland Memorial Registration $10: after December 1st, $15, including walk-ons. All proceeds donated to the CWPT for the Slaughter Pen Project. For information: Confederate and civilian, email@example.com; Federals; firstname.lastname@example.org DECEMBER 13, 14 Saint Nicholas at Endview Plantation, Newport News, 5-7 pm. Toys for Tots program. 1861 Christmas, keepsake photo, refreshments. Adults to bring two presents, one wrapped for their child, the other unwrapped for the Marine Corps Toys for Tots program. $3 per child. Reservations suggested. For information, (757) 887-1862; www.endview.org
The Museum of the Confederacy online exhibition features letters, photographs and artifacts of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson. "The Lee and Jackson Resources" section features 30 gallery pages with 450 images. The Letters and Documents galleries offer images of official and personal correspondence and The Photograph and Portraits Galleries include copies of the few images taken of the two men from life. A brief narrative introduces visitors to the galleries' themes and highlights. Visit them virtually at www.moc.org
www.pamplinpark.org Covers the activities and offerings of this fantastic museum. www.mdgorman.com Wonderful information and pictures of wartime Richmond. dlxs.richmond.edu/d/ddr Online images and transcriptions of every page of the Richmond Daily Dispatch published during the War.
2007 has been a bonus year for new Civil War releases! Below are some excellent choices: Cry Havoc: The Crooked Road to Civil War, 1861, Nelson D. Lankford, 308pp., 2007, Viking Press, $27.95. Our own Richmond author has written a great book. Really a good read!! Beleaguered Winchester: A Virginia Community At War, Richard R. Duncan. 380pp., 2007, Louisiana State University Press, P.O.Box 25053, Baton Rouge, LA 70893. $40 plus shipping. Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 by O. Edward Cunningham, edited by Gary D. Joiner and Timothy B. Smith. 476 pp, 2007. Savas Beatie, LLC, P.O. Box 4527, El Dorado Hills, Ca 95762. $34.95 plus shipping. Swords of the American Civil War by Richard H. Bezdek, 316 pp. softbound, Paladin Press, Paladin Enterprises, Inc, Gunbarrel Tech Center, 7077 Winchester Circle, Boulder CO 80301. $50 plus shipping. and again... You're wearing a suit. I thought you'd be chewing a blade of grass! A woman in Manhattan, on meeting Roy Blount, Jr.