ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 8, ISSUE 7,           SEPTEMBER, 2006
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A quick jump to most of the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, September Program (next), July Program (last), Camp Officers,
Longstreet's First Corps, Calendar of Events, Last Call, Lee's Lost Order, Wakeup Call,

Taylor Cowardin COMMANDER'S COMMENTS

Remembered by most civil war historians as the  surgeon  who
amputated  Stonewall Jackson's arm in a vain attempt to save
the courageous general, Hunter Holmes McGuire is  remembered
by  his  fellow  Virginians  as  one  of  the most important
medical doctors of his day.  Born on  October  11,  1835  to
Hugh  and  Eliza McGuire in Winchester, Virginia, Hunter was
destined to become a surgeon.  His father  was  a  prominent
eye  surgeon  and  from  an  early  age  the  elder  McGuire
instilled the knowledge and talent of a  successful  surgeon
to  his  son.   Young McGuire studied medicine at Winchester
Medical College and in 1855 left his  hometown  to  continue
his  studies at the University of Pennsylvania and Jefferson
College in Pennsylvania.                                    

After a year of study McGuire  was  forced  to  return  home
after a severe attack of rheumatism.  Once back home he soon
got a job teaching anatomy at his alma mater until 1858 when
he  was  compelled  to  return to Philadelphia to resume his
studies.  Being a southerner in a northern city McGuire  was
no  doubt sensitive to the issues of the times leading up to
the War Between the States.   When  John  Brown's  body  was
taken   through   Philadelphia   a  great  backlash  against
southerners was waged  and  many  sons  of  the  south  were
compelled  to leave the city for their homes down south.  By
that time Hunter had saved nearly $2000  from  teaching  and
was able to organize and pay the fares for some 300 students
to travel to Richmond.  Upon leaving Philadelphia, the young
men  moved  in one huge body and were well armed in order to
protect  themselves  from  any  violence   they   may   have
encountered before leaving the city.                        

Once  in  Richmond,  the  young  men were greeted with great
jubilation having Governor Wise giving a  great  speech  and
the  City  of  Richmond  reimbursing  the  fares for all the
students.  Dr.  McGuire arranged for  their  courses  to  be
completed at the Medical College of Virginia.  After this he
taught for a  brief  period  at  Tulane  University  in  New
Orleans.   In  1861  he  joined  the "The Winchester Rifles"
(Company F 2nd Virginia Infantry) as a private.  It was soon
realized his services were much more valuable as a doctor so
he was made a brigade surgeon and was ordered to  report  to
General  Jackson  at  Harper's  Ferry.  At first Jackson was
skeptical about McGuire's ability due to his youth, but  the
two became very close friends as the war progressed.        


Dr.   McGuire treated General Jackson after the First Battle
of Manassas, the  same  battle  in  which  the  general  was
immortalized as "Stonewall."                                

As you probably know, during that battle, Jackson raised his
left hand above his head to encourage the troops.  While  in
this  position  his  middle  finger was struck by a ball and
broken.  He remained upon the field  "'till  the  fight  was
over"  wanting  to take part in the pursuit, but was instead
ordered back to the hospital by the commanding general.   On
his  way  to the rear he was in so much pain that he stopped
at the first hospital he came to.  The surgeon  proposed  to
cut  the  finger  off,  but, while the doctor looked for his
instruments, and for a moment  turned  his  back,  Stonewall
silently  mounted  his horse and rode off to see McGuire who
was  busily  engaged  treating  the  wounded.   He   refused
treatment  until  "his  turn came." McGuire was able to save
the finger leaving it  only  slightly  deformed.   In  1862,
McGuire  was  promoted  to chief surgeon of Jackson's Corps,
serving under its Medical Director, Dr.  Lafayette Guild  In
May  of  1863  when  Jackson was fatally wounded by friendly
fire near Chancellorsville Dr.  McGuire amputated  his  left
arm  in  an  attempt  to  save  his  life.   Jackson died of
pneumonia a few days later.  McGuire recorded his last words
as:  "Let us cross over the river and rest beneath the shade
of the trees." Jackson's death affected McGuire greatly.  He
would always remember Jackson with the deepest reverence and
served as a pallbearer in Stonewall's funeral.              

After the death of General Jackson, McGuire served as  chief
surgeon of the Second Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia
under Lieutenant-General Ewell.  After defeating  Milroy  at
Winchester they were engaged at Gettysburg.  Surgeon McGuire
afterwards acted as Medical Director  of  the  Army  of  the
Valley  under  the command of Lieutenant-General Jubal Early
at Lynchburg.  He served during the Valley Campaign as Early
moved  down  through  Frederick  City  and  Monocacy, almost
reaching Washington.  He was also  at  Winchester,  Fisher's
Hill  and  Waynesboro,  where  he  was captured, paroled for
fifteen days and then released.  He rejoined the  2nd  Corps
under  General Gordon, and remained as Medical Director till
the surrender at Appomattox.                                

Following the war  McGuire  settled  in  Richmond  where  he
became  Chairman  of  Surgery  at  the  Medical  College  of
Virginia.  He married Mary Stuart of Staunton in 1867.  They
had ten children, many of who followed in his footsteps into
medicine.  They maintained a summer residence just  west  of
Richmond  in  Bon  Air.   Dr.   McGuire was president of the
American Medical Association and many  other  organizations.
He  founded  St.   Luke's  Hospital  and Training School for
Nurses, helped found the Medical Society of Virginia, and in
1893,  he  started  the  College of Physicians and Surgeons,
later University College of Medicine.                       

In 1904 Dr.  Hunter Holmes McGuire  was  immortalized  by  a
statue  by  William Couper that was placed on the grounds of
the Capitol, two  blocks  from  his  beloved  hospital.   It
reads:                                                      

Hunter  Holmes  McGuire,  M.D.,  L.L.D.   President  of  the
American Medical and of the American Surgical  Associations;
Founder  of  the  University  College  of  Medicine, Medical
Director, Jackson's Corps, Army of  Northern  Virginia.   An
Eminent Civil and Military Surgeon and Beloved Physician. An
Able Teacher and Vigorous Writer; A Useful Citizen and Broad
Humanitarian,  Gifted  in  Mind  and Generous in Heart, This
Monument is Erected by his Many Friends.                    

The Hunter Holmes McGuire  Veterans  Administration  Medical
Center  is  named  in  his honor.  It was the first Virginia
hospital to perform heart transplants.  Hunter McGuire was a
truly  gifted  individual.   He  was  a  talented surgeon, a
highly gifted and competent doctor,  a  superb  teacher,  an
outstanding   orator,   a  brilliant  administrator,  and  a
prolific author.  It was  once  said  that  he  treated  his
patients  "like a husband pondering the problems of the sick
wife; the father looking down on the afflicted  child."  His
contributions  to  Virginia,  the  Confederacy,  the  United
States, and medicine as a whole cannot be overlooked.       

					Taylor

Harry ADJUTANT'S REPORT

We extend our sympathy to the family  of  former  Longstreet
Camp  member  William Wheeler Jones, Sr., who passed Sunday,
August 20 at the age of 91.  Bill joined our Camp many years
ago  and  remained  a member until early 2002.  Jerold Evans
offered Bill rides to our meetings, but Bill had reached the
point where he preferred not to go out at night.  Bill loved
to do research about The War and was generous in sharing his
findings with fellow Camp members.                          

Our  Camp  continues to add new members.  John C.  Thompson,
Sr.  has moved back to Richmond  and  transferred  his  Camp
membership  to  Longstreet, along with his out of town sons,
Brian  and  Clayton.   We   have   received   from   General
Headquarters  the  membership certificate of John's Richmond
son John C.  Thompson, Jr., whom we  hope  to  induct  at  a
future  meeting.   The Thompsons' ancestor is Corporal James
Edward Jennings of Dance's Battery, Powhatan Artillery,  1st
Virginia  Artillery.   Another  family  has  brought  us two
members.  The transfer applications of SCV life  members  A.
S.   Bolling Knowles and Peter I.  C.  Knowles, III, sons of
Peter  Knowles  II,  have  been  processed  at  GHQ.   Their
ancestor,  Bartlett  Bolling, served in Companies C and D of
the 43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry, better known as Mosby's
Partisan Rangers.                                           

Sam  Craghead  has  rejoined  the  SCV  and  chosen  to make
Longstreet his home camp.  Sam's ancestor is Private  Thomas
Benton  Gilbert of Company D, Milton's Battalion, a Missouri
unit.  Gilbert was a courier and scout for General  Sterling
Price.                                                      

We heartily welcome these seven men to the Longstreet Camp. 

Congratulations  to  Hayes  Huff,  who  earned his degree in
construction management from J.  Sargeant Reynolds Community
College  in  the spring.  Hayes has moved to Norfolk to take
advantage of an employment opportunity.  We shall miss him. 

Wasn't it great to see  the  picture  and  story  about  the
Matthew  Fontaine  Maury  statue  in  the August 17 Richmond
Times-Dispatch?  I emailed my thanks to the writer and,  per
his  response  to my offer, sent him information about Maury
used in my Men of Statue slide presentation.   The  T-D  has
come  a long way since its 1999 map showing the locations of
the Monument  Avenue  statues,  which  map  omitted  Maury's
statue.                                                     

New  information  is constantly coming to my attention which
improves my Monument Avenue presentation.  Often this  comes
from  the audience.  A member of another SCV Camp brought to
my attention the fact that Arthur Ashe served in the  United
States Army.  This means that every man on the Avenue served
in the military forces  of  the  United  States.   The  Army
assigned him where his skills could be utilized, sending him
to the United States Military Academy to be assistant tennis
coach.   The  Army  also  allowed  him  to  play  in  tennis
tournaments while he served.                                

September 1 is the scheduled release  date  for  Richard  G.
Williams,  Jr.'s  Stonewall Jackson: The Black Man's Friend.
Bud Robertson's  foreword  says,  "Exhaustively  researched,
teeming  with  useful  nuggets.The  narrative  surprises and
informs, memorializes and inspires, all at the  same  time."
Mr.  Williams wrote in the May 6, 2006 Civil War page of the
Washington Times about  the  founder  of  the  Fifth  Avenue
Presbyterian Church of Roanoke, which church has a Stonewall
Jackson stained glass window.  An email from author Williams
says there's a picture of the window in his book.           

Many  thanks  to all Camp members who have paid dues for the
fiscal year which began August 1.  Particular thanks are due
to  those  who  sent  in a contribution to the Old War Horse
along with their dues.  Membership cards  for  paid  members
will  be  distributed  at  the  September  19  meeting.  The
portions of dues owed to General Headquarters  ($20.00)  and
to  Virginia  Division  ($10.00)  have  been  mailed for all
who've paid.  I sincerely request  that  those  who  haven't
paid  mail  your check to me or bring it to the September 19
meeting.  Dues amount for a regular member is $ 45.00.      

My home address  is  2524  Hawkesbury  Court,  Richmond,  VA
23233-2426.                                                 

I  hope  you're  having  a  good  summer and look forward to
seeing you in September.                                    

				Walter

GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247

NEXT MEETING-TUESDAY, September 19, 2006

ROMA'S RESTAURANT
8330 STAPLES MILL RD.
LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL"
TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF
THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER

DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM
MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM


SEPTEMBER PROGRAM

Our speaker for September will be Commander Dana Jackson  of
the  Stuart's Horse Artillery #1784, Floyd County, Virginia.
His  subject  will  be  "Confederates  Who  Served  in   the
Subsequent Indian Wars and in the Spanish-American War."    

Be  sure  to come to give a hearty Longstreet welcome to our
Compatriot  from  this  great  group,  whose  home  is   the
Southwest  of  Virginia.   His  presentation  should be very
interesting.                                                

JULY PROGRAM



Our  Adjutant,  Walter  Tucker,  gave  a  very   interesting
presentation  on the American Civil War Navy during our July
meeting.  The American navy was well behind the times at the
time  of  the civil war.  With the last naval warfare taking
place during the War of 1812, the country's war  ships  were
ill  equipped  to  fight a war on the scale of upcoming war.
During the period of 1861-1865 American naval  warfare  took
giant  leaps  in  advancement  due to the necessities of the
times.  Rifled cannons,  submarines,  iron  clad  ships  and
torpedoes  were  only  a  few  areas of advancement in naval
technology.  As with most things, a competitive  environment
leads to innovation.  This innovation gave the American Navy
an edge over other world powers and  helped  America  become
the superpower it is today.                                 

				Taylor

2005-2007 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247

Commander: Taylor Cowardin 356-9625 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: William F. Shumadine, III 285-4044 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Michael Kidd 270-9651 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Richard B. Campbell 278-6488 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978

PUBLICATIONS

Webmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org War Horse: David P. George 353-8392


horseman

LONGSTREET'S FIRST CORPS

The following is a cumulative listing of contributors to the
upkeep  of  “The  Old  War  Horse” for the period July, 2005
through  the  current  month. As you  know,  our  cumulative
listing starts in July of each year.                        

Ben Baird
Harry Boyd
Lloyd Brooks
Brian Cowardin
Clint Cowardin
Gary Cowradin
Ron Cowardin
Taylor Cowardin
Raymond Crews*
Jerold Evans
Kitty Faglie*
Richard Faglie*
David George
Charles Howard 
Chris Jewett
John Kane
Frank Marks
Lewis Mills
Joe Moschetti*
John Moschetti
Preston Nuttall*
Ken Parsons
Joey Seay
Bill Setzer
Austin Thomas
David Thomas
Walter Tucker*
John Vial*
David Ware
Harold Whitmore*
Hugh Williams
Joe Wright

In Memory of Chuck Walton-Anonymous
In Memory of Chuck Walton-Ben Baird
In Memory of Hef Ferguson-David George
In Memory of Tom Lauterbach-Harold Whitmore
In Memory of Bill Jones-Anonymous

Legend:                                    
* - Multiple contributions                 
§ - Visitor Donation                       
+ - in memory of Past Cmdr. Tom Lauterbach 

THE NEXT LONGSTREET MEETING WILL BE SEPTEMBER 19, 2006


CALENDAR OF EVENTS

THROUGH NOVEMBER 30 "Art of the Confederacy" at  the  Museum
of the Confederacy, Richmond.  Wonderful wartime and postwar
sketches, paintings, water colors, photos and  p.o.w.   art.
$7  adults,  $6  seniors, $3 students over age 6.  for info:
649-1861, www.moc.org

THROUGH 2006 Confederate navy  exhibit.   various  types  of
ships, commanders, naval technology, paintings, artifacts at
the  Museum  of  the  Confederacy,  Richmond.    for   info:
649-1861, www.moc.org

SEPTEMBER  9  Two-hour  Brandy  Station  Battlefield Tour of
Buford Knoll and Yew Ridge.   Leaves  from  Graffiti  House,
10:00  a.m.   No  advance registration required, $5 over age
12.   For  info:   (547)   4106,   bsfjune91863@aol.com   or
www.brandystationfoundation.com

SEPTEMBER   22-24   143rd   Anniversary  of  the  Battle  Of
Stanardsville.  Battles Saturday and Sunday, night artillery
fire,  buggy  rides,  Civil  War  Ball,  children's camp and
school for youngster soldier, ladies tea, music.   Admission
$5  per day, $8 weekend (advance sales.), $7 or $12 at gate.
Sponsored by the Greene County Development  Authority.   For
info: (434)985-6663; www.greenva.com

SEPTEMBER  23  Two-hour  Brandy  Station Battlefield Tour of
Beverly Ford and St.  James  Church,  from  Graffiti  House,
Brandy  Station,  10:00  a.m.   No reservation required.  $5
over age 12.  Sponsored by Brandy Station  Foundation.   For
info:     (540)     547-4106,     bfsjube91863@aol.com    or
www.brandystationfoundation.com

SEPTEMBER 28 11th  Annual  Bottimore  Lecture:  "Confederate
Emancipation"  by  Professor  Bruce  Levine  at Keller Hall,
University  of  Richmond  Campus,   Richmond.    7:30   p.m.
Cosponsored  by  The  Museum  of  the  Confederacy  and  The
University of Richmond.  No charge,  reservations  required.
For info, reservations: (804)649-1861, Ext.  28

SEPTEMBER  30  Bus  tour: "Lee's Retreat" after the Siege of
Petersburg.  Leaving from Petersburg.  Sites where  fighting
took  place  between Petersburg and Appomattox C.H., such as
Sailor's  Creek  and  Sutherland  Station.    Sponsored   by
Petersburg  National Battlefield.  For info: Tracy Chernault
(804) 265-8244

SEPTEMBER 30 Magnolia and  Memories  Southern  Ball  at  the
Virginia  Beach  Resort Hotel and Conference Center.  Social
hour: 5.00 p.m., buffet dinner: 6.00 p.m.  dance  to  period
music:  7:15-10.00  p.m.   Period  dress requested.  $50 per
person pre-paid registration required.  Proceeds to fund the
completion  of  the  Confederate monument with a Confederate
Soldier  in  Elmwood  Cemetery,   Norfolk.    Sponsored   by
Pickett-Buchanan   Chapter   21,  United  Daughters  of  the
Confederacy.  For information and reservations, Mrs.  Roland
Lewis (757) 853-4663

OCTOBER  6-8 North-South Skirmish Association 114th National
Competition  near  Winchester.   Uniformed  competitors   in
member    units    competing    with    muskets,   carbines,
breech-loading  rifles,  revolvers,  mortars   and   cannon.
Largest  Civil  War  live-fire  event  in the country.  Free
admission, sutlers, food.  For info: spartan1@attglobal.net;
www.n-ssa.org

THE LAST ROLL CALL



WILLIAM WHEELER JONES, SR.
1905-2006

William Wheeler Jones, Senior, 91, of Richmond, passed  away
Sunday, August 20, 2006.                                    

He  is survived by his wife of 60 years, Florence W.  Jones;
two daughters, Susan Case and husband,  John  of  Midlothian
and Carol Cardwell and husband, Richard of Richmond; son, W.
Wheeler  Jones,  Jr.   and  wife  Cynthia  of  York,   South
Carolina; eight grandchildren, three great-grandchildren and
many nieces and nephews.  Billy served as a  Marine  in  the
Pacific Theater during World War II.                        

He was a proud alumnus of The McGuire School in Richmond and
spent his entire working  career  at  Home  Beneficial  Life
Insurance Company.                                          

"Death is only an old door set in a garden wall." 

                  Nancy Byrd Turner

LEE'S FAMOUS LOST ORDER

On September 13, 1862, the following order of General  Lee's
fell  into  the  hands  of  General  McClellan.  It had been
picked up  by  Private  Mitchell  of  the  27th  Indiana  at
Frederick,   Maryland  and  immediately  rushed  to  General
McClellan.  It supposedly  had  been  wrapped  around  three
cigars!                                                     

"Special Orders No. 191.
Headquarters Army of Northern Virginia,
September 9, 1862

The  army  will  resume  its  march  to-morrow,  taking  the
Hagerstown  Road.   General  Jackson's command will form the
advance, and, after passing Middletown, with  such  portions
as  he  may select, take the route towards Sharpsburg, cross
the Potomac at the most convenient  point,  and,  by  Friday
night,  take  the  possession  of  the  Baltimore  and  Ohio
Railroad,  capture  such  of  the  enemy  as   may   be   at
Martinsburg,  and  intercept  such  as may attempt to escape
from Harper's Ferry.                                        

General Longstreet's command will pursue the  same  road  as
far  as  Boonsboro,  where  it  will  halt with the reserve,
supply and baggage trains of the army.                      

General McLaws, with his own division and that of General R.
H.   Anderson,  will  follow General Longstreet; on reaching
Middletown, he will take the route to Harper's  Ferry,  and,
by  Friday morning, possess himself of the Maryland heights,
and endeavor to capture the  enemy  at  Harper's  Ferry  and
vicinity.                                                   

General  Walker, with his division,, after accomplishing the
object in which he is now engaged, will cross the Potomac at
Cheek's  ford,  ascend  its right bank to Lovettsville, take
possession of Loudon  heights,  if  practicable,  by  Friday
morning;  Key's  ford  on his left, and the road between the
end of the mountain and the Potomac on the right.   He  will
as  far  as  practicable, co-operate with General McLaws and
General Jackson in intercepting the retreat of the enemy.   

General D.  H.  Hill's division will form the rear guard  of
the  army,  pursuing  the  road taken by the main body.  The
reserve artillery, ordnance, and supply  trains,  &c.,  will
precede General Hill.                                       

General   Stuart  will  detach  a  squadron  of  cavalry  to
accompany the command of  Generals  Longstreet  and  McLaws,
and, with the main body of the cavalry, will cover the route
of the army, and bring up all stragglers that may have  been
left  behind.   The  commands of General Jackson, McLaws and
Walker, after accomplishing the objects for which they  have
been  detached,  will  join  the  main  body  of the army at
Boonsboro or Hagerstown.                                    

Each regiment on the march will habitually carry its axes in
the  regimental ordnance wagons, for use of the men in their
encampments, to procure wood &c.                            

	By command of General R. E. Lee.
	R.H. Chilton,                   
	Assistant Adjutant General."    

When McClellan received Lee's order, he immediately  ordered
his  troops  forward  and forced Turner's Gap and Crampton's
Gap, going on to Second Bull Run and Antietam.              

Lee learned the next day that McClellan had obtained a  copy
of  his order, but it is unknown what changes he made in his
plans.                                                      

The Historian of the  Army  of  Northern  Virginia,  Colonel
Allen  stated  that  Lee  said later, in 1868, that "Had the
lost dispatch not been lost, I would have had all my  troops
reconcentrated  on  the  Maryland  side,  stragglers up, men
rested, and intended then to  attack  McClellan  hoping  the
best  results  from  the state of my troops and those of the
enemy."                                                     

A WAKEUP CALL FROM THE
MUSEUM OF THE CONFEDERACY!!

The following letter  from  Waite  Rawles  appeared  in  the
Summer 2006 issue of The Museum of the Confederacy Magazine.

Dear Friends,                                               
In  my two and a half years at the helm of the Museum of the
Confederacy, this is my most important  letter  to  you.   I
have  said before that, when the going gets tough, the tough
get going.  Well, the going is now very tough.  This  letter
outlines what we are doing.                                 

Let  me  start  with  an  overview  of our position and then
elaborate on the details.  As we have told  you  previously,
we  requested  $700,000  in  grants from the Commonwealth of
Virginia to cover our operating deficit and  to  finance  an
independent  study  of our situation by outside experts.  We
were awarded a grant from the state of only $50,000 on  July
1st.    Despite  this  setback,  our  independent  study  is
proceeding (please be sure to read the interview  with  Nick
Muller on page 6), and the Executive Committee of your Board
of Trustees heard its first interim report in mid-July.   We
have a number of tough long-term decisions before us, and we
have already made some tough immediate  decisions.   Let  me
elaborate on each of these points.                          

The Museum's leadership has worked hard for two years now on
our   planning   process,   beginning  when  the  hospital's
announcement of their expansion made it clear to us that our
site  was  being  completely  compromised as a viable museum
location.  Knowing that  we  represent  a  public  asset  we
approached  the  state  and  requested  that  it "study" our
situation  fully-before   we   asked   for   any   financial
assistance.   The  General  Assembly's  study concluded last
November and stated that we represent one of the state's and
country's  greatest assets.  Further, our financial problems
were "largely of the Commonwealth's  making"  and  that  the
state  should, therefore, cover our annual operating deficit
for one year and cover the cost of an  independent  analysis
of our future options.  At the January session of Virginia's
General Assembly, we requested $700,000 -$500,000  to  cover
our  estimated deficit and $200,000 to cover the cost of the
study-all  consistent  with  the  conclusion  of  their  own
recommendations.   At  our  June Board meeting, ard approved
our budget, which was in line with those previous estimates.

In Virginia, the General Assembly is charged  to  produce  a
budget  in  March in time for a July 1st implementation, but
it ended its session without  a  budget  accord.   On-again,
off-again  discussions  led to a mad scramble in mid-June to
construct  a  budget  in  order  to  avoid  a  shut-down  of
government  functions  on  July  1st.   We had done our job.
Legislators across the board supported us.  Republicans  and
Democrats.   Liberals and Conservatives.  Blacks and Whites.
But, in its rush to deadline, the General  Assembly  dropped
the ball, and a grant of only $50,000 was made.  In spite of
our following correct procedures and having  much  assurance
that our request would be overwhelmingly approved, the state
faltered and did not live up to its responsibility.         

This grant is a significant  disappointment,  and  we  could
spend  valuable  time determining who is to blame.  Instead,
we are facing up to reality and dealing with  the  situation
by  making  some  painful  short-term  decisions.  Above all
else, we are doing everything in our power  to  protect  the
collection  and  to  minimize  the  negative  effects on our
visitors  and  members.   But  we  must  act  now  to  raise
emergency revenues and cut all non-essential expenses.  There
are  many  measures  being  taken  behind  the   scenes   to
accomplish  this goal.  As I write this letter, the Board is
hard at work on  the  former-contacting  some  of  our  best
supporters for emergency funding.                           

On the latter, I must announce a few decisions:             

"The Museum of the Confederacy has been open 362 days a year
for  most  of the last 110 years.  But, effective from Labor
Day to Memorial Day, the Museum and the White House will  be
closed to the public one day  a  week.   We  will  close  on
Wednesdays, traditionally our lightest day for visitors.    

We  will  close the White House for public tours for several
months a year-starting in January 2007.                     

We will indefinitely postpone  mounting  all  new  exhibits,
except  for  an  exhibit  on  Virginia  in  the Confederacy,
1861-1865,which has been privately funded by the Lee-Jackson
Educational Foundation.  "The Confederate Navy" exhibit will
not end this December but will continue into the future.    

Long time members will remember that there was a 30% cut  in
staff  in  2002,  and we will cut an additional 10% of staff
now (through attrition).                                    

The independent consulting budget has been cut by over  50%,
representing  the  single  largest  savings.   The  study is
critical  to  our  long  term  viability   and   cannot   be
eliminated,  but  we  are  forced  to  cut  down markedly in
several vital  areas,  especially  the  much-desired  market
research  portion.   The  study  will  nevertheless remain a
valid and solid step toward our future.                     

Our Magazine has been a great success with everyone, but  we
will  cut  it  from four issues per year to three.  (This is
another good excuse for you to make sure that we  have  your
e-mail address.)                                            

What comes next?  The independent consultants will meet with
the Executive Committee in September and the full  Board  at
an  all  day  retreat  later  in the month.  A great deal of
their work will be revealed to members shortly after.   Some
of  their  conclusions,  however,  will  necessitate further
negotiations with public or private parties and will require
some confidentiality for now.                               

We  have  consistently  maintained  that we have three basic
options: (1) stay here, (2) split the museum and White House
by  moving  only the collection to a new museum site, or (3)
move both the collection and White House to a new site. From
the  consultant's  work to date, it does not appear that the
current site is viable for the museum, so work continues  to
determine the impact of a move and an appropriate location. 

I   want   to   address   one  issue  very  specifically-our
collection.  The depth and importance of our collection, its
historic  legacy  and  provenance, and its importance to the
modern mission of education-set it apart  from  all  others.
More than anything else, we all-staff, board and members-are
fiduciaries  of  the  collection.   We   owe   it   to   the
donors-whether  a hundred years ago or last week-to preserve
and exhibit the artifacts.  The collection is at risk today.
If we cannot afford to continue and preserve and exhibit the
artifacts, the collection could be broken up  and  dispersed
to  other locations and collections.  And future generations
would be  denied  the  benefits  of  its  staying  together,
unified  with  its  legacy.   We  all  saw the public outcry
recently when the papers of Doctor Martin Luther  King,  Jr.
were  put  up for sale.  It would have been a tragedy if the
sale had gone forward.  It likewise would be a great tragedy
for historic preservation if we were ever forced to consider
similar actions.  That possibility remains our absolute last
resort.                                                     

In  summary,  these are truly difficult times for The Museum
of the Confederacy.  The Board and the staff are working  as
hard  as possible to protect our collection, our mission and
our legacy.  We know that we are  not  a  "sinking  ship"-we
will  succeed  in  the  face of adversity.  We know that our
decisions  will  not  please  every  single  person  in  our
constituency;  but,  if  there  ever  was  a  time when your
support is needed-emotionally and financially, it is now. As
I  pointed out in my last letter, we learn from studying the
history of the Confederacy that  success  came  when  debate
about  strategy ended before the attack began.  We will soon
move  from   strategy   to   tactics,   from   planning   to
implementation.   If we are to succeed, we need your support
and are confident that you will be there when the command is
given, "Shoulder arms.  Forward march."                     

I am your most obedient servant,                            

					S.  Waite Rawls, III


The current state of affairs.
The White House is at the upper right!

We must, as Longstreet Camp compatriots, consider what we can do individually or collectively to help the Museum to survive. Whether it be financial help or communicating to our Governor and our legislators our concern over this patently unfair treatment of the Museum by the Commonwealth or both, we must become involved!

Dave George Editor

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©2006 James Longstreet Camp, #1247, SCV - Richmond, Virginia