THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 8, ISSUE 2, FEBRUARY, 2006
For this month's commander's comments I originally set out to write about Richmond newspapers and their editorials during the war of northern aggression. However after starting to write about John Moncure Daniel, one of the most vitriolic and interesting editors of his time, I decided to devote this entire article to him. Although he lived a relatively short life, it is a wonder that he wasn't killed in a duel before he died of natural causes in 1865 at the age of 40. Born in Stafford County in 1825, Daniel was the son of a country doctor who was responsible for most of his son's early schooling. When he was fifteen he moved to Richmond to live with his great uncle Judge Peter V. Daniel. While still a young man he tried to embark on a career in law but soon found that he didn't like it very much. While librarian of the Patrick Henry Society, a reading and debating group for young men, he became editor of the Southern Planter and in 1847 he was made editor of the newly established Richmond Examiner. He held this post for the rest of his life. Over the following years this successful editor would not only gain a huge amount of notoriety but an equal amount of hatred from most of the prominent men in Virginia who he frequently attacked without mercy in his editorials. After only one year on the job he managed to enrage Edgar Allan Poe who quickly challenged him to a duel. Lucky for history the duel never took place and both men survived the scuffle (Poe would only live one more year). As the war crept closer, Daniel was in the forefront of those advocating secession. Once the war began, he wrote many slashing editorials criticizing both sides. He utterly disliked Yankees, calling them "incarnate demons," "infernal scoundrels," and "tyrants." He wrote that Abraham Lincoln was a "baboon" and that his election to the Presidency was "strewn with condensed lumps of imbecility, buffoonery and vulgar malignity." He also liked to call him "the hideous chimpanzee from Illinois." As the war progressed Daniel did not only take aim at the Yankees. He also took shots at Jefferson Davis and Robert E. Lee along with other well known officials. In 1862, the patriotism and integrity of Col. Marmaduke Johnson (the same man who escorted Lee down the aisle of the House of Delegates to accept the command of Virginia's forces) was called into question by Daniel. Before the war Johnson was part of the movement to keep Virginia in the Union. In a fiery editorial Daniel referred to Johnson as "the sleek black pony from Richmond who neighed submission: one master for him would be as good as another; what he went in for was a good feeding, and he believed he could get that from Old Abe as well as anybody else." Johnson was so infuriated by Daniel's remarks that when he later saw the editor walking down the sidewalk he pulled out his pistol and began shooting! Daniel drew his weapon and fired back. Although no one was injured the two men were arrested and jailed to keep the peace. Governor John Letcher, who also did not favor secession was called the "curse of Virginia" by Daniel. Robert E. Lee, a target of criticism for many southern editors declared "too bad that all of our worst generals are commanding the armies and our best generals are editing the newspapers." Daniel was definitely an eccentric. He never married and once said that if he did, "it must be with the explicit understanding that my wife and I should occupy separate houses." If this wasn't enough to keep him a bachelor he also said "there are two ways to manage a woman - to club her or to freeze her." He must have been a real heart throb! He usually worked until late at night not going to bed until 2 or 3 o'clock in the morning and rising for breakfast around 10 or 11. He didn't get along very well with his family and frequently had disagreements with his friends. Daniel did serve in the Confederate Army despite not having the best health. For years he struggled with symptoms of tuberculosis. He served during the Seven Day's battles where he received a gunshot wound to the right arm that ended his army career. Afterwards he returned to writing fiery editorials back in Richmond. In 1864 he managed to get himself challenged to another duel. This time it was with Confederate Treasurer E.C. Elmore who he accused of gambling and being unfit for his high office. Because of his war injury Daniel had to shoot with his left arm and missed. Elmore fired and hit him in his leg. Daniel lived to see another day but he never made any effort to repent. He continued to write until he finally succumbed to tuberculosis on April 30, 1865. Daniel was definitely an interesting individual. He contributed much to his generation and although he was hated as much as he was loved he made his mark in history. He is buried at Hollywood cemetery along with the other great figures of note in Virginia's history. Taylor
How great it was to have such a large turnout for our first meeting of 2006! The 44 members and 11 guests attending were the second highest totals in my memory. It was good to have this outstanding attendance for the induction of Hayes Huff. Attending our meeting for the first time in January was Michael G. Miller, who transferred his membership to Longstreet. While pleased with this nice crowd, we mustn't forget loyal camp members whose health situations prevent them from attending. Neither Ben Baird nor Phil Cheatham has been able to attend recently. Frank Marks also has had to miss several recent meetings. We know they're with us in spirit. There's too often a tendency in life to take things for granted without appreciating our good fortune. Several years ago a speaker at our meeting remarked, "You gentlemen are so fortunate in having Confederate ancestors. I don't, and I wish I did." The second blessing is living in the Commonwealth of Virginia, described properly as the seat of The War. Despite the railings of avid fans of the Western Theater, The War basically ended with General Lee's surrender only one week after Richmond was abandoned to the Yankees. Nashville, New Orleans, Chattanooga, and Atlanta fell in earlier years, but The War went on. This morning's obituary page of the Richmond Times-Dispatch featured a story about Virginia Montague Evans Puller, beloved widow of Lewis Burwell "Chesty" Puller. Jon T, Hoffman in his biography Chesty wrote that Chesty's grandfather Major John W. Puller of the 5th Virginia Cavalry was killed at Kelly's Ford 17 March 1863. John's younger brother Sam served in the same regiment and escorted John's body back to Gloucester County. A Confederate chaplain on leave conducted a funeral service at the Puller home and quoted from David's lament in the first chapter of Second Samuel, "How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan." Eighty-one years after Kelly's Ford, Chesty Puller's brother Sam was killed when the Marines were retaking Guam from the Japanese. More than seven years ago past Longstreet Camp commanders Hef Ferguson, Chuck Walton, and I went to Christ Church, (burial site of Chesty Puller on Route 33 near the school of the same name), to the service held in November remembering Chesty. It was a cold, rainy day, but Mrs. Puller sat through the outdoor portion of the service at Chesty's grave shivering under an umbrella. We were all concerned about her as she looked pretty frail. Several years after that Chuck and I were going to Historic Christ Church to visit Hef's grave site and place a Confederate flag thereon. Chuck showed me Chesty's childhood home in West Point and his last home in Saluda. Chuck related that in his youth he and a friend were double dating, his friend's date being one of Chesty's daughters. The General greeted them at the door of the Saluda home, instructing them in that distinctive voice, "Have her back here by 11:00." Chuck said that as they walked to the car, he told his friend, "We'd better be back here by 10:30." Chesty's command presence was still there after his retirement from the Corps. Hoffman went on to write in Chesty's biography, "The Civil War left the Puller family with a heroic legacy and little else." Their economic circumstances were tough, but that legacy is something that all the money in the world cannot buy. We have a comparable legacy. I'm sure that you, like I, have sometimes been asked, "Why bother about that all that stuff which happened so long ago?" That's an easy question to answer. Our ancestors were there, so it's part of us. Chuck's great grandfather Buck Hurtt died in the Yankee prison at Elmira. Times could not have been easy for his widow. The soldiers who survived the War struggled mightily to rebuild their beloved homeland. We're now in the midst of birthday commemorations of Lee, Jackson, Maury, and Stuart. It is difficult, if not impossible, to top Douglas Southall Freeman's words, "We Virginians do not go to the storied shrines of the past to do worship, but rather to gain inspiration." Compatriots, we should stand tall today and every day for our Confederate heritage, a blessing which we had nothing to do with, but for which we should be eternally grateful. Walter
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM
Our speaker for February will be Ben Greenbaum, professor of history at the Collegiate Schools. His talk will cover medical practices during the War and hospital sites still extant in Richmond. Ben is a great speaker and will have many artifacts on display for us.
WILLIAM CONNERY William Connery of Baltimore began his talk about CSS Shenandoah by telling us about Theodore Roosevelt Sr.'s brother-in-law James Dunwoody Bulloch, a Confederate representative in England responsible for the acquisition of ships and the equipping of them for warfare. Bulloch was in the merchant marine prior to the War Between the States, giving him a great knowledge of ships. He was foiled in his efforts to obtain ironclads by Yankee representative Charles Francis Adams, who threatened war with Great Britain if ironclads were delivered to the Confederacy. Bulloch sold two ironclads to the British. Bulloch contracted to have ships built along the lines of merchant ships and then sent them to islands away from Britain for outfitting as warships to concentrate on commerce raiding. Bulloch and Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephen Mallory elected to attack one of the Union's most lucrative businesses-the New Bedford Whaling Fleet operating in the Pacific and Arctic oceans off Siberia. To achieve this, Bulloch purchased the British ship Sea King and sailed her in and out of several British seaports to give the appearance that she was an innocent merchant ship. Bulloch bought a large supply ship, the Laurel, and had her loaded with guns, powder, and supplies, along with Confederate officers and seamen including his relative Irvine Bulloch, Robert E. Lee's nephew Sydney Smith Lee, Jr., and Stephen Mallory's choice to command the warship, U. S. Naval Academy graduate James Iredell Waddell of North Carolina. Sea King and Laurel sailed to Funchal, Madeira. Guns and supplies were transferred to Sea King at Desertas, a rocky island near Madeira. The Union Jack was lowered and replaced by the Confederate naval ensign, thus creating CSS Shenandoah. She sailed to Melbourne, Australia, ostensibly for repairs, but primarily to recruit seamen to fill out the crew. Shenandoah sank many whalers in the Sea of Okhotsk before moving to the Carolines, where she sank four in April 1865. In late May Waddell got a bunch of newspapers from his first postwar victim, the bark Abigal, from San Francisco. He learned of Lee's surrender. However, the paper stated that Jefferson Davis had moved the Confederate capital to Danville and that Joe Johnston still had an army in the field. Waddell decided to continue his raiding. After destroying more ships, the officers of Shenandoah decided to attack San Francisco. In August, Waddell received word from an English bark Barracouta of the surrender of the Confederacy and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Waddell decided that the honorable thing to do was to sail to Liverpool. Shenandoah arrived there 6 November 1865 and surrendered to Royal Navy Captain J. G. Paynter commanding HMS Donegal. Waddell's officers were not imprisoned, but gave their word they would not leave the ship. The Earl of Clarendon announced that the British government concluded that the Confederate officers were not guilty of any charges and were free. The Earl did order Captain Paynter to question the crew to determine if any were British subjects. Coached by their Confederate shipmates, the Brits and Scotties in their cockney accents and broad Scottish burrs rattled off the names of Confederate towns and cities from which they allegedly came. Captain Paynter let them all go. Manned by a merchant crew, Shenandoah left Liverpool, but encountered rough weather and returned. Unable to get another captain and crew, Charles Francis Adams sold her to the Sultan of Zanzibar. Being told that converting her to a luxury yacht was too expensive, he renamed her Majidi and assigned her as a freighter transporting ivory, gum, and coal. In 1872 a hurricane wrecked the Sultan's entire fleet. Majidi was flung up on the beach and left to rot. A British salvage company made her watertight and towed her to Bombay for repairs. In July she put to sea with a German crew and captain. She sank. Opinion varies as to the cause of the sinking. Waddell returned to the United States in 1875. He captained the liner San Francisco and took her to Melbourne, where a welcoming crowd cheered his name. On the return voyage, San Francisco went aground on an unmarked reef off the coast of Mexico. The Pacific Mail Company did not blame Waddell. He remained with them for several years before retiring to Annapolis. In the 1880's Maryland's Governor put him in charge of a war being waged against Chesapeake Bay oyster pilots. After several raids, Waddell's small force wiped out the pirates. Waddell died in March 1886 and is buried at St. Anne's Episcopal Church, Annapolis. Walter
2003-2004 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Taylor Cowardin 356-9625 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: William F. Shumadine, III 285-4044 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Michael Kidd 270-9651 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Richard B. Campbell 278-6488 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978
PUBLICATIONSWebmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org War Horse: David P. George 353-8392
The following is a cumulative listing of contributors to the upkeep of “The Old War Horse” for the period July, 2005 through the current month. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year. Harry Boyd Lloyd Brooks Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Taylor Cowardin Raymond Crews* Jerold Evans Kitty Faglie Richard Faglie Charles Howard Chris Jewett John Kane Frank Marks Lewis Mills Joe Moschetti John Moschetti Joey Seay Bill Setzer Austin Thomas David Thomas Walter Tucker* David Ware Harold Whitmore Hugh Williams Anonymous (In memory of Chuck Walton) Legend: * - Multiple contributions § - Visitor Donation + - in memory of Past Cmdr. Tom Lauterbach
THROUGH 2006 Confederate Navy Exhibit, featuring ships, commanders, naval technology, paintings and artifacts. Museum of the Confederacy, Richmond. For info: (804)649-1861 or www.moc.org FEBRUARY 25 "Controversial Confederates" symposium at the Library of Virginia. 9 a.m.-4 p.m.Speakers Gary Gallagher, Leslie Gordon, Brian Wills and Jeffrey Wert address controversial careers of Confederate officers, Jubal Early, George Pickett, James Longstreet, John S. Mosby and Nathan Bedford Forrest.Co-sponsored by the Museum of the Confederacy. Pre-registration required. For information: (804) 649-1861, Ext. 28. MARCH 16 "Art in the Civil War South" lecture by Harold Holzer of the Metropolitan Museum of Art at the Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, 12:00 p.m. Co-sponsored by the Museum of the Confederacy. Reservations not required. Adults $5, seniors $4, students and children $3. Free to members. For information: (804) 649-1861. MARCH 18 "Defending the Peninsula" tour from Lee Hall Mansion, Newport News., 9 a.m.- 4 p.m. Following the advance of the Army of the Potomac with Michael Moore. Tour includes Fort Monroe, Monitor-Merrimac Overlook, Young's Mill, Warwick Court House, Lee's Mill, Skiffe's Creek Redoubt and Dam No. 1. $40. for info: (757) 888-3371; www.leehall.org MARCH 18, 19 145th Anniversary of the Battle of Big Bethel, Endview Plantation, Newport News, 10 a.m.-4 p.m.. Living History programs, encampments and battles each day, $7. House admission separate. For info: (757) 887-1862; www.endview.org APRIL 7,8 Virginia Artillery School. School of the movement in Hume. Hands-on instruction on how to deploy full battery, gun maintenance and troop movement. Classroom instruction and actual movement. Instructed by the Artillery Reserve, hosted by Stribling's Battery. Pre-registration required, $30 includes hot meals. For information: Sandy Fischer, (814) 326-0804.
1ST LT. COMMANDER SHUMADINE ADMINISTERS THE OATH TO HAYES HUFF We are delighted to welcome Hayes Huff to Longstreet Camp. If you did not greet him at the January meeting, please be sure to introduce yourself to him at the next meeting. and help him to feel at home with us and the wonderful fellowship that we enjoy here in Longstreet.
Our longtime member, Harold Whitmore was the happy winner of this month's drawing. Congratulations, Harold!
He who slings mud generally loses ground. Adlai Stevenson, 1954 An infallible method of conciliating a tiger is to allow oneself to be devoured. Conrad Adenauer In any group of eagles, you will find some turkeys. Fish die by their mouth. The function of the expert is not to be more right than other people, but to be wrong for more sophisticated reasons.
Come, let us cross over the river, and rest beneath the trees. And list the merry leaflets at sport with every breeze; Our rest is won by fighting, and Peace awaits us there. Strange that a cause so blighting produces fruit so fair! Come let us cross the river, those that have gone before, Crushed in the strife for freedom, await on yonder shore; So bright the sunshine sparkles, so merry hums the breeze, Come let us cross the river, and rest beneath the trees. Come let us cross the river, the stream that runs so dark; 'Tis none but cowards quiver, so let us all embark. Come men with hearts undaunted, we'll stem the tide with [ease. We'll cross the flowing river, and rest beneath the trees. Come, let us cross the river, the dying hero cried, And God, of life the giver, then bore him o'er the tide. Life's wars for him are over, the warrior takes his ease, There by the flowing river, at rest beneath the trees. "A few moments before his death, Stonewall Jackson called out in his delirium: 'Order A. P. Hill to prepare for action. Pass the infantry rapidly to the front. Tell Major Hawks..' Here the sentence was left unfinished. But soon after, a sweet smile overspread his face, and he murmured quietly, with an air of relief: 'Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees.' These were his last words; and, without any expression of pain, or sign of struggle, his spirit passed away." Jackson died at 3:15 p. m. on Sunday, May 10, 1863, at Chandlers, near Guinea Station, on the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Rail Road.
As Walter pointed out in his Adjutant's Report, we had the best turnout in quite a while for the January meeting. It was hard to get the exact number but the consensus is that we had 54 (or 55) members and guests present!! This really says something about Longstreet Camp. We are attracting great applicants for membership and we are having enjoyable meetings with good speakers and good food to offer our members. Granted, we had visitors and guests as well as members present, but when you have a turnout that equals 78.6% of your total membership, we must be doing something right. Keep on inviting friends and relatives to join. Have them attend a meeting with you. You can see how successful this has been for our Camp.
Your editor was unusually successful in his snapshots in January and thought it would be a chance to show off our Compatriots in their natural habitat. So here goes!
This is an old newspaper clipping furnished by Compatriot Pat Hoggard showing the Oath that our people had to take and the Parole that they had to give after the surrender of our Nation to the Federal Forces. This is one issued at Libby Prison. It was a very bitter pill! The text follows: "I ______________ do solemnly swear, In the presence of Almighty God, that I will henceforth faithfully support, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States, and the Union of the States thereunder; and I will in like manner abide by and faithfully support all acts of Congress passed during the existing rebellion with reference to slaves, so long and so far as not repealed, modified or held void by Congress or by decision of the Supreme Court; and that I will in like manner abide by and faithfully support all Proclamations of the President made during the existing rebellion, having reference to slaves, so long and so far as not modified or declared void by decision of the Supreme Court-So Help Me God; and I give my solemn parole of honor (to be enforced according to military law.) that I will hold no correspondence with, or afford any aid or comfort to any enemies or opposers of the United States, save as an act of humanity, to administer the necessities of individuals, who are in sickness or dis lemnly declare that this Oath and Parole are taken and given freely and willingly, without any mental reservation or evasion whatever, and with full intention to keep the same." Military law now applied to our citizens and "Reconstruction" now commenced. However, there were many "Unreconstructed Rebels" and opposition continued both overtly and covertly throughout the South. The result, of course, was the rigid enforcement of so-called "Military Law" by such sterling Federal Officers as "Beast Butler." The Occupation of the South was dreadful under such iron-handed enforcement and "Reconstruction" remains a blot upon the escutcheon of both the Federal Army and the Federal government to this day. A pity that the history books spend such little time covering this period of our Nation's history. The truth about the shocking and inhuman treatment of our people, the destruction and confiscation of their property should be made known to the youth of today in order that they might not make the same mistakes that were made in the post- War Between the States era of our history. One can only wonder what the outcome would have been had Lincoln not been assassinated by the unemployed actor, John Wilkes Booth, on April 14, 1865. Dave George