THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 7, ISSUE 5, MAY, 2005
A CALL TO ARMS!!! THE LONG ROLL IS SOUNDING!!!YOUR LONGSTREET COMPATRIOTS NEED YOU TO JOIN THEM AT THE ANNUAL CONVENTION OF THE VIRGINIA DIVISION AT THE SHERATON RICHMOND WEST HOTEL 6624 WEST BROAD STREET IN RICHMOND, VA. FRIDAY, MAY 20, 2005-SUNDAY, MAY 22, 2005 HELP US TO MAKE THIS AN UNFORGETTABLE CONVENTION FOR THE MEN OF THE VIRGINIA DIVISION. DO IT NOW BY SENDING IN YOUR REGISTRATION OR BY REGISTERING ON LINE. ADJUTANT WALTER TUCKER WILL HAVE FORMS ON HAND AT THE MAY MEETING. FILL ONE OUT BEFORE YOU LEAVE. LET'S ALL HELP TO HAVE A GOOD TURNOUT AT THE CONVENTION. YOUR OFFICERS HAVE WORKED VERY HARD TO MAKE THIS THE BEST STATE CONVENTION EVER! SHOW THEM YOUR SUPPORT BY ATTENDING!
How very much like our ancestors we Sons of Confederate Veterans really are!! As I peruse the veritable cornucopia of legal documents, court opinions, press releases and policy analyses, not to mention the overabundance of bellicose saber rattling and vitriolic rhetoric that seems to infest my home computer on a daily basis all heralding the arrival of some new crisis within the organization and more often than not portraying men who are supposedly our Compatriots and Brothers-in-Cause as little more than liars and rogues, I am reminded of the post-War musing of an unidentified Confederate veteran. "If we had expended as much time and effort fighting the Yankees as we did fighting ourselves, we would have won the War." A very astute observation and one which is indeed timely given the current state of affairs within the SCV. But rancor and contention have been a part of the Confederate mindset since the very first murmurs of secession rumbled across the South like distant peals of thunder. The collective leadership of the Confederate military, as well as that of the civil government of the CSA, spent most of its existence embroiled in one internal squabble after another, most caused by arrogance, ego and an inability (or refusal) to acknowledge another's point of view. To enumerate each instance of internecine controversy within the CSA would require a tome of Biblical proportions, but one case that serves to enlighten us as to the ramifications of internal conflict is that of Stonewall Jackson and A. P. Hill. The two first met in 1842 as newly appointed Cadets to the Academy at West Point. Reticent, nearly impoverished and lacking even basic social skills, Thomas Jackson immediately (although unintentionally) ran afoul of his fellow Cadets including the aristocratic and socially adept Ambrose Powell Hill. "Cadet Jackson is a jackass!" was the consensus among Jackson's Virginia classmates, and Hill and his elitist associates promptly resolved to have nothing further to do with the marginal Cadet Jackson who graduated only "by the skin of his teeth." But fate often takes a hand in such matters and by 1862 "Jackson the jackass" was A. P. Hill's commanding officer in the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. It was only through the urging of no less a personage than Robert E. Lee himself that Hill was persuaded to serve under the eccentric and authoritarian Jackson, now dubbed "Stonewall." Their mutual dislike had only intensified since leaving West Point, and Hill had publicly stated that Jackson should be held criminally derelict for his tardiness at Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill and Glendale during the Seven Days Battles. Jackson held Hill in equally low esteem. So it was that September 3, 1862 found A. P. Hill at Stonewall's headquarters being briefed on the Army's next mission. General Lee had ordered an invasion of the North and Jackson's troops were to occupy Maryland. Hill was ordered to set his watch by Jackson's own timepiece and was given meticulous instructions for the next day's movements. Timing was critical and Hill's Division was to move quickly, marching in 50 minute intervals, halting only for a 10 minute rest period each hour. As always, Jackson expected his orders to be obeyed to the letter and it was with much chagrin early on the morning of September 4 that he discovered half of the Light Division still in camp without any coordination of effort and apparently oblivious to the fact that they were at least half an hour behind schedule. To make matters worse, General Hill was nowhere to be found. Jackson immediately went in search of his missing subordinate but soon found out that Hill who should have been accompanying the column, had taken the point in the march and was far ahead and out of sight of his troops. Now thoroughly annoyed, Jackson joined the lead elements of Hill's Division on the march and when the appointed time came for the required rest stop Jackson ordered a halt. Very shortly thereafter, A. P. Hill and his staff thundered up to the head of the now stationary column. Completely ignoring Jackson, Hill angrily demanded of a subordinate officer the reason for the halt, and with a fair amount of discomfort the officer attempted to explain that Corps Commander Jackson himself had issued the order. Seething with rage Hill glared at Jackson, removed his sword from its scabbard and thrust the hilt toward Stonewall declaring, "I submit my resignation, sir!" Jackson stifled his own anger, ignored the extended sword and answered curtly, "General Hill, consider yourself under arrest for disobedience of orders." Hill angrily sheathed his sword and rode quickly toward the rear. Stonewall immediately replaced Hill with a senior brigadier and later stated with obvious satisfaction, "I found that under (Hill's) successor, my orders were much better carried out." The animosity between two of the brightest stars ever to grace the firmament of the Confederate military continued until Jackson was shot by his own men at Chancellorsville. It was then and only then that A. P. Hill and Stonewall Jackson resolved their personal conflict as Hill earnestly sought to ease the suffering of his mortally wounded commander in the darkness of the woods lining the Plank Road. Hill held Jackson's head on his knee as Jackson relinquished command of the Second Corps to his former nemesis. Hill's tone evidenced his genuine concern and compassion for Jackson when he spoke, "I have been trying to make the men stop firing. I am very sorry that you are hurt General. I will try to keep your accident from the knowledge of the troops." A grateful Stonewall replied simply, "Thank you." It was the last communication between the two. The nature of this relationship had, as is to be expected, caused others to "take sides," with each man attracting his respective supporters and detractors. As fate would have it, Jackson's fatal wounds were inflicted by troops under Hill's direct command giving rise to the belief by some that the incident might not have been "accidental." There was no truth to such rumors but truth is not a necessary ingredient in the recipe to concoct ill feelings, suspicion and contempt. Did A. P. Hill order the assassination of a General whom he considered "criminally derelict?" Did Hill wish command of the Second Corps for himself, which would have been impossible while Jackson was alive? Did Hill's troops of their own accord exact revenge upon the man responsible for the false accusations and humiliation of their beloved commander? The answer to all of these questions is of course no, but the ill feelings and contention stemming from the Jackson-Hill controversy were like ripples from a stone thrown into a quiet pond. Such ripples are now spreading throughout the SCV. It is indeed unfortunate that we as an organization are expending precious time and resources fighting among ourselves rather than resolving to honor our history and heritage in a manner befitting the sacred memory of our ancestors and one that will not furnish our detractors with more than ample weaponry to be used against us in the arena of public opinion. I often wonder these days if this organization will be able to carry on in service to the Cause as did A. P. Hill, or whether it will come to its own Chancellorsville, following Stonewall Jackson to "cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees." Harry
Please mark you calendars for four key dates: Saturday May 14 10:00 AM. Grave marker ceremony at Shady Grove United Methodist Church, 4825 Pouncey Tract Road, Glen Allen, honoring Sergeant Pembroke Somerset Leake of Taylor's Battery. The church is a white frame building approximately 1.3 miles north of West Broad Street Road, just beyond Strikers Park. Tuesday May 17 6:00 PM. Camp meeting. Please bring your Ukrop's Golden Gift Certificates to this meeting. The deadline for turning them in to Ukrop's by our Camp is ten days before our June meeting. We have been able to make donations to several battlefield preservation organizations with the money raised by your generous contributions. Please mail your certificates to me if you don't plan to attend this meeting. Friday May 20 through Sunday May 22 Virginia Division Convention at the Sheraton Richmond West, 6624 West Broad Street, hosted by our Camp. There's still time to register. Please do so and support our Camp. Saturday June 4 10:00 AM Jefferson Davis Memorial Service Hollywood Cemetery. Our Camp Commander Harry Boyd will be the keynote speaker. Let's turn out and support him. Sincere thanks to Lewis Mills, Gene Golden, Pat Hoggard, and Peyton Roden for cleaning up the Longstreet camp's one mile stretch of Studley Road (Route 606), Hanover County, near Enon Church on Saturday, April 16. Lewis is team leader for this project. Peyton deserves extra thanks for bring an extra stick with a nail in the end which helped the back of the stick wielder. We are always pleased to have guests at our meetings. Matthew Ferguson's induction at the April meeting encouraged his mother, grandmother, an aunt, and an uncle to attend. Our Camp member David Ware, Matthew's uncle, was also in attendance. It was great to have Ken Parsons back with us after surgery. If you're ever at Exit 98 on I-95, Santee, SC, be sure to stop at Maurice's Barbecue. Proudly flying outside are flags representing 13 Confederate states, in addition to a Confederate flag. These do not deter anyone in search of good barbecue. There's a great quote from John Shelton Reed in the May 4 Richmond Times-Dispatch, "Southern barbecue is the closest thing we have in the U.S. to Europe's wine and cheeses. Drive a hundred miles and the barbecue changes." The walls inside Maurice's contain prints of The War. A drawing of Wade Hampton includes this quote from that great Confederate cavalry general, "If we were wrong in our contest, then the Declaration of Independence of 1776 was a grave mistake and the revolution which led to it was a great crime. If Washington was a patriot, Lee cannot have been a rebel." The Military Order of the Stars and Bars recently awarded its prize for the outstanding War Between The States book to Edward G. Longacre for his biography of Hampton entitled Gentleman and Soldier: A Biography of Wade Hampton. In his remarks at the ceremony held at the Museum of the Confederacy Mr. Longacre stated that Hampton represented the ideal citizen soldier. Our Camp member and Museum Executive Director Waite Rawls took the attendees on a tour of the Museum's current feature exhibit on the Confederate Navy. The exhibit is outstanding. Walter Tucker
(The New) ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER- SOCIAL 6:00 PM
The speaker for May will be Mr. Carl Wood. He is an avid artillery collector and student of Civil War Artillery Technology. He will be giving a "show and tell" on the artillery shells and technology used during the War of Northern Aggression. This is a subject that, to our knowledge, has not been presented to us before. It should be a very interesting program. Be sure to attend and bring along a prospective member or a friend.
Dr. Louis Manarin, retired Chief Archivist of the Library of Virginia spoke about his book Henrico County Field of Honor at our April 19 meeting. The idea for the book originated in Henrico County Manager Virgil Hazelett's interviewing Dr. Manarin about a study of two War Between the States battlefields, Savage's Station and New Market Heights. This resulted in Dr. Manarin's submitting a 90 page report. County Manager Hazelett asked him to expand it. Thanks to this, we now have a 970 page work in two volumes which gives us much more information than we've had before. Dr. Manarin was delighted to return to his love of research and writing, after managing 40 some archivists at the Library. He reminded us of technological advances in The War, such as ground torpedoes (land mines), railroad artillery, and an observation balloon. The latter was included in the McIlwain sketches. Volume 1 of his book, which goes through Malvern Hill (July 1, 1862), has several human interest stories of Henrico citizens during The Seven Days Campaign. George Savage sent his family away from their home during McClellan's 1862 campaign to take Richmond. Mr. Savage wanted to stay at the home to protect it from Yankee depredations. Major General Samuel Heintzelman took it as his headquarters, requiring Savage to take an oath of allegiance to the United States. Mr. Savage later said that he took it "without kissing the Book." When the Yankees left, the Confederates heard about this and required him to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederate States of America. The Reverend Oscar Littleton was a pastor in the Methodist Episcopal Church South at Willis Church. He had three family members serving as Confederate Army officers. Because of this, he refused to say that he would not aid Confederate Army officers. The Yankee Provost Marshal had him arrested and sent as a prisoner to Fort Monroe. Volume 2 opens with a chapter entitled "War Returns to Henrico." The County was relatively quiet after the Seven Days until Grant's Overland Campaign brought him south in 1864. Much previous writing focused on Petersburg after Cold Harbor. Dr. Manarin was able to take advantage of a wealth of material that has turned up in recent years and of modern technology which has enabled students of The War to determine better what happened where. He combined these with use of the Jed Hotchkiss 1864 map in the Library of Congress, a map of Oliver Wendell Holmes, and the fine collection of maps at the University of North Carolina to give us a better view. In his book Dr. Manarin reminds us of the importance of Henrico in Grant's 1864-1865 campaigns by devoting significant space to Second Deep Bottom, Fussell's Mill, Fort Harrison, and New Market Heights. There are excellent maps and drawings. The latter represent the conversion of rough sketches into finished drawings by an English artist contracted with by Dr. Manarin. Dr. Manarin has performed a valuable service in highlighting Henrico County's role in The War in his fine two volume study. There are ample copies available at branches of the Henrico County Library. Each branch has a circulating copy and a reference copy. Walter
In the top picture, Matthew Warren Ferguson is being sworn in by Lt. Commander Taylor Cowardin. In the bottom picture, Matthew receives his certificate and pin from Adjutant/Treasurer Walter Tucker. It's great to have Matthew aboard! Be sure to introduce yourself to him at the next meeting if you have not already done so. Let's let him know that we are as happy to have him as he is to be with us.
2003-2004 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Harry Boyd 741-2060 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 356-9625 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Michael Kidd 270-9651 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 340-8948
PUBLICATIONSWebmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org War Horse: David P. George 353-8392
The following is a cumulative listing of contributors to the upkeep of “The Old War Horse” for the period July, 2004 through the current month. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year. Ben Baird Lloyd Brooks Phil Cheatham John Coski § Brian Cowardin* Clint Cowardin Gary Cowardin* Ron Cowardin* Taylor Cowardin Raymond Crews* Lee Crenshaw John Deacon* Jerold Evans Pat Hoggard* Charles Howard Chris Jewett Jack Kane* Michael Kidd Ann Lauterbach+ Frank Marks Lewis Mills* Conway Moncure Kitty Moreau § Jerry Morris Joe Moschetti Richard Mountcastle* Preston Nuttall Martha Petro § Ken Parsons Norman Plunkett §* Joseph Seay Bill Setzer Will Shumadine Austin Thomas Walter Tucker* John Vial David Ware Hugh Williams Bobby Williams Legend: * - Multiple contributions § - Visitor Donation + - in memory of Past Cmdr. Tom Lauterbach
TWO NEW WINNERS!!THE LUCK OF THE DRAW!! The winner of our monthly drawing was Richard Faglie shown here with his guest , Kitty Moreau. They both seem delighted at the drawing's result, but then most everyone at our meetings smiles a lot. Why not? We have a wonderful group of compatriots and guests and they enjoy the fellowship found at our monthly meetings!